Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
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Bahrain: Employed Bahraini population by sex, occupation and highest educational level (1991)

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Illiterate / Read Only Read & Write Primary Preparatory Above Preparatory Secondary Above Secondary Diploma B.Sc. or B.A High Diploma Master’s Degree Ph.D. or Equivalent Not Stated Total
males females males females males females males females males females males females males females males females males females males females males females males females males females total
Legislators, Senior Officials, Managers and Business Owners 648 8 841 18 913 31 775 45 150 5 2507 214 614 126 1504 210 353 91 229 23 52 9 9 0 8595 780 9375
Scientific, Technical and Humanities Professionals 12 0 33 3 169 20 194 28 35 14 1394 524 617 288 1701 1188 386 216 317 113 162 39 1 0 5021 2433 7454
Scientific, Technical and Humanities Technicians 5 0 22 5 519 109 465 162 89 29 2141 1246 1000 1186 731 1313 195 238 18 14 1 2 2 2 5188 4306 9494
Clerical Workers 3 2 400 20 895 61 1155 159 205 43 7393 3021 525 553 241 180 11 12 1 0 2 0 3 1 10834 4052 14886
Sales Workers 622 3 396 13 269 17 297 33 58 3 647 129 59 7 47 8 12 1 1 0 0 0 5 0 2413 214 2627
Services Workers 2,175 444 2817 197 3722 145 3082 87 415 11 708 66 41 7 16 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 11 3 12992 960 13952
Agricultural, Animal Husbandry Workers, Hunters and Fishermen 677 0 230 0 135 0 80 0 20 0 82 2 4 0 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 1234 3 1237
Industrial, Chemical and Food Industries Workers 356 9 526 23 605 22 569 42 115 9 1479 146 227 15 128 39 43 4 12 0 1 0 2 0 4063 309 4372
Principal and Auxiliary Engineering Occupation 2660 1 3026 1 2617 3 1887 2 313 0 2726 7 155 3 32 4 15 0 2 0 0 0 22 0 13455 21 13476
Unknown 25 0 24 0 31 7 37 5 8 0 52 6 10 1 3 2 75 79 13 7 0 0 10 0 288 107 395
Total 7183 467 8315 280 9875 415 8541 563 1408 114 19129 5361 3252 2186 4403 2945 1097 641 593 157 218 50 69 6 64083 13185 77268

Source: Central Informatics Organisation (CIO) – Bahrain

ANNEXED NOTE

1. Technical Notes and Definitions

census year reference period implementing institution implementation method population covered
1981 November 16 Ministry of Finance
Statistics Department
field interviews de jure, de facto all individuals (nationals and non-nationals): 1- present within the country’s borders during time of reference; 2- residing in Bahrain irrespective of where are they at census times
1991 April 6 Central Informatics Organisation (CIO) field interviews
2001 April 7 field interviews; characteristics of population in collective households (among which labour camps) was obtained from sponsors
2010 April 27 based on administrative records

Nationality of the person is defined by the passport used to enter the country. A Non-Bahrainis is considered as such depending on the passport used to enter the country (or obtain the visa).
Period of reference for employment refers to the 7-days period prior to the survey.
Population of reference in table: all employed individuals (nationals and non-nationals) aged 15 and above
Employed population includes population in the following categories:
Employer: A person who operates his / her own economic enterprise or engages independently in a profession for trade and hires one or more employees.
Self-employed: A person who operates his / her own economic enterprise or engages independently in a profession or trade and hires nobody.
Paid employee: A person who works for a public or private organization and receives regular wages / salary whether in cash or in kind.
Unpaid worker: A person works for an enterprise, usually owned by some of his relatives, without receiving a salary / wage
Classification of occupations are encoded in line with the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO) of the International Labour Organization (ILO), as noted by the CIO.
Classification of educational levels are encoded in line with the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), as noted by the CIO.

2. Institution which provides data

Central Informatics Organization, known prior to 2001 as the “Central Statistics Organisation” under the Ministry of Cabinet Affairs

3. Data availability

Figures and results reported here are available on the Central Informatics Organisation (CIO) website. For Arabic version: (http://www.cio.gov.bh/cio_ara/default.aspx). For the English version: (http://www.cio.gov.bh/CIO_ENG/Default.aspx)
The CIO often provides its figures and estimates through tables in PDF format
Figures for this 1991′ census table can be found: (http://www.cio.gov.bh/cio_ara/English/Publications/Statistical%20Abstract/ABS2009/CH11/9A.pdf)
These figures can also be found in the Statistical Abstract 2010, found through: (http://www.cio.gov.bh/CIO_ENG/SubDetailed.aspx?subcatid=324)
This data can also be found in Statistical Abstract 2000, Labor Force section, found through: (http://www.cio.gov.bh/CIO_ENG/SubDetailed.aspx?subcatid=172)
General information on the classifications used under the CIO can be found: (http://www.cio.gov.bh/cio_eng/SubDetailed.aspx?subcatid=278)
Information on the ISCO occupations classification under the ILO can be found: (http://www.ilo.org/public/english/bureau/stat/isco/)
Information on the ISCED educational calassification under the UNESCO can be found: (http://www.uis.unesco.org/Education/Pages/international-standard-classification-of-education.aspx)

Date of access: July 2014

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