Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

Bahrain: Employed population (15+ years old) by nationality (Bahraini/Non-Bahraini), employment status, sex and highest educational level (2010)

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  Bahraini Non Bahraini
  Employer Sel-Employed Paid Employee Employer Paid Employee
  males females total males females total males females total males females total males females total
Illiterate/ Read only 618 272 890 407 40 447 1,232 807 2,039 135 13 148 18,163 7,785 25,948
Read & Write 964 344 1,308 728 73 801 9,783 3,327 13,110 453 53 506 133,466 37,263 170,729
Primary 592 196 788 507 47 554 12,266 2,023 14,289 176 13 189 77,490 7,381 84,871
Preparatory 794 436 1,230 599 84 683 18,775 4,674 23,449 268 42 310 63,897 11,447 75,344
Secondary 1,758 1,195 2,953 790 146 936 47,730 22,034 69,764 570 90 660 67,544 8,051 75,595
Above Secondary/Diploma 455 255 710 128 30 158 10,248 7,294 17,542 341 63 404 39,108 9,345 48,453
BSC or BA. 281 96 377 41 17 58 9,560 11,433 20,993 414 63 477 24,074 4,768 28,842
High Diploma 39 9 48 8 0 8 719 787 1,506 73 9 82 7,104 1,632 8,736
Masters 49 15 64 8 1 9 1,071 718 1,789 76 12 88 3,120 490 3,610
Doctorate 16 4 20 5 0 5 362 108 470 30 4 34 879 194 1,073
Unknown 2 2 4 1 0 1 14 15 29 1 0 1 12 63 75
Total 5,568 2,824 8,392 3,222 438 3,660 111,760 53,220 164,980 2,537 362 2,899 434,857 88,419 523,276

Source: Central Informatics Organisation (CIO) – Bahrain

ANNEXED NOTE

1. Technical Notes and Definitions

census year reference period implementing institution implementation method population covered
1981 November 16 Ministry of Finance
Statistics Department Ministry of Finance
Statistics Department
field interviews de jure, de facto all individuals (nationals and non-nationals): 1- present within the country’s borders during time of reference; 2- residing in Bahrain irrespective of where are they at census times
1991 April 6 Central Informatics Organisation (CIO) field interviews
2001 April 7 field interviews; characteristics of population in collective households (among which labour camps) was obtained from sponsors
2010 April 27 based on administrative records

 

Nationality of the person is defined by the passport used to enter the country. A Non-Bahrainis is considered as such depending on the passport used to enter the country (or obtain the visa). Nationality of the person is defined by the passport used to enter the country. A Non-Bahrainis is considered as such depending on the passport used to enter the country (or obtain the visa).
Employer is defined as a person (15 years or older) who operates his / her own economic enterprise or engages independently in a profession or trade and hires one or more employees with or without cash or in-kind payment.Employer is defined as a person (15 years or older) who operates his / her own economic enterprise or engages independently in a profession or trade and hires one or more employees with or without cash or in-kind payment.
Self-Employed is defined as a person (15 years or older) who operates his / her own economic enterprise or engages independently in a profession or trade and hires nobody.Self-Employed is defined as a person (15 years or older) who operates his / her own economic enterprise or engages independently in a profession or trade and hires nobody.
Paid Employee is defined as a person (15 years or older) who works for a public or private organization and has received at the time of the census a full or part salary, whether in cash or in kind.Paid Employee is defined as a person (15 years or older) who works for a public or private organization and has received at the time of the census a full or part salary, whether in cash or in kind.
Illiterate refers to a person who cannot read or write a brief, simple sentence about his/her daily life in any language.
Read Only refers to a person who can read only but cannot write, such as those persons who have learned to read the Quran.
Read and Write refers to a person who is 10 years or older and passed one of the classes within primary education, but has not obtained any certificate of any formal education. This is a person who has can write and read simple sentences about his/her daily life in any language. This includes a blind person who can read and write using Braille. Read and Write refers to a person who is 10 years or older and passed one of the classes within primary education, but has not obtained any certificate of any formal education. This is a person who has can write and read simple sentences about his/her daily life in any language. This includes a blind person who can read and write using Braille.
Primary education accepts children who are six years old and above, and comprises of six grades (1-6 grade). It also includes adults who are enrolled in literacy classes.
Preparatory education accepts students who have completed and passed primary education, and comprises of three grades (7-9 grades). It also includes adults who are enrolled in advanced fellow-up education. Preparatory education accepts students who have completed and passed primary education, and comprises of three grades (7-9 grades). It also includes adults who are enrolled in advanced fellow-up education.
Secondary education accepts students who have completed and passed primary education, and comprises of three grades (10-12 grades). It also includes adults who are enrolled in advanced strengthening classes.Secondary education accepts students who have completed and passed primary education, and comprises of three grades (10-12 grades). It also includes adults who are enrolled in advanced strengthening classes.
Above Secondary/Diploma education accepts students who have completed and passed secondary education, and comprises of one or two additional years. The student obtains a post-Secondary diploma that is officially certified.
B.Sc. or B.A. education accepts students who have completed and passed secondary or above secondary/diploma education.
High Diploma education accepts students who have completed and passed Bachelor’s degree, and could be one or two years. The student obtains an officially certified diploma.
Master’s education accepts students who have completed a Bachelor’s or high diploma degrees, and could comprise of one or more years. The student obtains upon graduation a Master’s degree.
Doctorate education accepts students who have obtained a Bachelor’s degree with experience, or Master’s degree or High Diploma, and comprises of two or more years. The student obtains a doctorate upon completion.
Not Stated or Unknown refers to a case where the interviewer does not know or is not certain of the highest level of education of the interviewee.

2. Institution which provides data

Central Informatics Organization, known prior to 2001 as the “Central Statistics Organisation” under the Ministry of Cabinet Affairs.

3. Data availability

Figures and results reported here are available on the Central Informatics Organisation (CIO) website. For Arabic version: (http://www.cio.gov.bh/cio_ara/default.aspx). For the English version: (http://www.cio.gov.bh/CIO_ENG/Default.aspx)
The CIO often provides its figures and estimates through tables in PDF format
The 2010′ census figures on the labor force can be found: (http://www.cio.gov.bh/cio_eng/SubDetailed.aspx?subcatid=493)
This 2010′ census data for Bahraini males can be found: (http://www.cio.gov.bh/cio_ara/English/Publications/Census/LabourForce/4.11.5.pdf)
Figures for Bahraini females can be found: (http://www.cio.gov.bh/cio_ara/English/Publications/Census/LabourForce/4.11.6.pdf)
Figures for Non-Bahraini males can be found: (http://www.cio.gov.bh/cio_ara/English/Publications/Census/LabourForce/4.11.8.pdf)
Figures for Non-Bahraini females can be found: (http://www.cio.gov.bh/cio_ara/English/Publications/Census/LabourForce/4.11.9.pdf)
Further detailed data and definitions on the 2010 Census can be found on the census’s separate website: (http://www.census2010.gov.bh/results.php)

Date of access: June 2014

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