Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

Bahrain: Employed population (15+ years old) by nationality (Bahraini/Non-Bahraini), sex and highest educational level (1981)

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Bahraini Non-Bahraini Total
males females total males females total males females total
Illiterate/ Read only 13,528 631 14,159 16,304 906 17,210 29,832 1,537 31,369
Read & Write 10,339 287 10,626 20,036 1,554 21,590 30,375 1,841 32,216
Primary 6,990 438 7,428 8,572 394 8,966 15,562 832 16,394
Preparatory 5,719 692 6,411 7,113 433 7,546 12,832 1,125 13,957
Above Preparatory 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Secondary 10,805 4,920 15,725 16,474 2,605 19,079 27,279 7,525 34,804
Above Secondary / Diploma 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BSC or BA. 1,668 864 2,532 4,624 788 5,412 6,292 1,652 7,944
High Diploma 250 41 291 785 112 897 1,035 153 1,188
Master’s 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Doctorate 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Unknown 5 1 6 9 5 14 14 6 20
Total 49,304 7,874 57,178 73,917 6,797 80,714 123,221 14,671 137,892

Source: Central Informatics Organisation (CIO) – Bahrain

ANNEXED NOTE

1. Technical Notes and Definitions

census year reference period implementing institution implementation method population covered
1981 November 16 Ministry of Finance
Statistics Department
field interviews de jure, de facto all individuals (nationals and non-nationals): 1- present within the country’s borders during time of reference; 2- residing in Bahrain irrespective of where are they at census times
1991 April 6 Central Informatics Organisation (CIO) field interviews
2001 April 7 field interviews; characteristics of population in collective households (among which labour camps) was obtained from sponsors
2010 April 27 based on administrative records

Nationality of the person is defined by the passport used to enter the country. A Non-Bahrainis is considered as such depending on the passport used to enter the country (or obtain the visa).
Period of reference for employment refers to the 7-days period prior to the survey.
Population of reference in table: all employed individuals (nationals and non-nationals) aged 15 and above

Employed population includes population in the following categories:
Employer is defined as a person who operates his / her own economic enterprise or engages independently in a profession for trade and hires one or more employees.
Self-Employed is defined as a person who operates his / her own economic enterprise or engages independently in a profession or trade and hires nobody.
Paid Employee is defined as a person who works for a public or private organization and receives regular wages/salary whether in cash or in kind.
Unpaid Employee is defined as a person works for an enterprise, usually owned by some of his relatives, without receiving regulat wages/salary whether in cash or in kind.

Primary education comprises a total of six grades (1-6) and is generally the beginning of systematic apprenticeship of reading, writing mathematics and other subjects.
Preparatory education comprises a total of three grades (7-9).
Secondary education comprises of the last three grades of the schooling system (10-12) prior to graduation.
Classification of educational levels are encoded in line with the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), as noted by the CIO.

2. Institution which provides data

Central Informatics Organization, known prior to 2001 as the “Central Statistics Organisation” under the Ministry of Cabinet Affairs.

3. Data availability

Figures and results reported here are available on the Central Informatics Organisation (CIO) website. For Arabic version: (http://www.cio.gov.bh/cio_ara/default.aspx). For the English version: (http://www.cio.gov.bh/CIO_ENG/Default.aspx)
The CIO often provides its figures and estimates through tables in PDF format.
Figures of this 1981′ census table can be found in the Statistical Abstract 2000, Labor Force section: (http://www.cio.gov.bh/CIO_ENG/SubDetailed.aspx?subcatid=172)
General information on the classifications used under the CIO can be found: (http://www.cio.gov.bh/cio_eng/SubDetailed.aspx?subcatid=278)
Information on the ISCED educational calassification under the UNESCO can be found: (http://www.uis.unesco.org/Education/Pages/international-standard-classification-of-education.aspx)

Date of access: July 2014

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