Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

Bahrain: Employed population (15+ years old) by nationality (Bahraini/Non-Bahraini) sex and highest educational level (1991)

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Bahraini Non-Bahraini Total
males females total males females total males females total
Illiterate/ Read only 7,183 467 7,650 11,188 1,799 12,987 18,371 2,266 20,637
Read & Write 8,315 280 8,595 27,441 5,415 32,856 35,756 5,695 41,451
Primary 9,875 415 10,290 19,485 1,989 21,474 29,360 2,404 31,764
Preparatory 8,541 563 9,104 13,076 1,919 14,995 21,617 2,482 24,099
Above Preparatory 1,408 114 1,522 4,677 672 5,349 6,085 786 6,871
Secondary 19,129 5,361 24,490 20,646 4,218 24,864 39,775 9,579 49,354
Above Secondary / Diploma 3,252 2,186 5,438 4,784 2,160 6,944 8,036 4,346 12,382
BSC or BA. 4,403 2,945 7,348 7,936 2,558 10,494 12,339 5,503 17,842
High Diploma 1,097 641 1,738 1,714 434 2,148 2,811 1,075 3,886
Master’s 593 157 750 1,206 235 1,441 1,799 392 2,191
Doctorate 218 50 268 350 54 404 568 104 672
Unknown 69 6 75 568 278 846 637 284 921
Total 64,083 13,185 77,268 113,071 21,731 134,802 177,154 34,916 212,070

Source: Central Informatics Organisation (CIO) – Bahrain

ANNEXED NOTE

1. Technical Notes and Definitions

census year reference period implementing institution implementation method population covered
1981 November 16 Ministry of Finance
Statistics Department
field interviews de jure, de facto all individuals (nationals and non-nationals): 1- present within the country’s borders during time of reference; 2- residing in Bahrain irrespective of where are they at census times
1991 April 6 Central Informatics Organisation (CIO) field interviews
2001 April 7 field interviews; characteristics of population in collective households (among which labour camps) was obtained from sponsors
2010 April 27 based on administrative records

Nationality of the person is defined by the passport used to enter the country. A Non-Bahrainis is considered as such depending on the passport used to enter the country (or obtain the visa).
Period of reference for employment refers to the 7-days period prior to the survey.
Population of reference in table: all employed individuals (nationals and non-nationals) aged 15 and above
Overall definitions for the Censuses of 1991 are not available on the CIO website. However, the 2001 censuses used the following definitions:

Employed population includes population in the following categories:
Employer is defined as a person who operates his / her own economic enterprise or engages independently in a profession for trade and hires one or more employees.
Self-Employed is defined as a person who operates his / her own economic enterprise or engages independently in a profession or trade and hires nobody.
Paid Employee is defined as a person who works for a public or private organization and receives regular wages/salary whether in cash or in kind.
Unpaid Employee is defined as a person works for an enterprise, usually owned by some of his relatives, without receiving regulat wages/salary whether in cash or in kind.

Primary education comprises a total of six grades (1-6) and is generally the beginning of systematic apprenticeship of reading, writing mathematics and other subjects.
Preparatory education comprises a total of three grades (7-9).
Secondary education comprises of the last three grades of the schooling system (10-12) prior to graduation.
Classification of educational levels are encoded in line with the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), as noted by the CIO.

2. Institution which provides data

Central Informatics Organization, known prior to 2001 as the “Central Statistics Organisation” under the Ministry of Cabinet Affairs.

3. Data availability

Figures and results reported here are available on the Central Informatics Organisation (CIO) website. For Arabic version: (http://www.cio.gov.bh/cio_ara/default.aspx). For the English version: (http://www.cio.gov.bh/CIO_ENG/Default.aspx)
The CIO often provides its figures and estimates through tables in PDF format.
Figures of this 1991′ census table can be found in the Statistical Abstract 2000, Labor Force section: (http://www.cio.gov.bh/CIO_ENG/SubDetailed.aspx?subcatid=172)
General information on the classifications used under the CIO can be found: (http://www.cio.gov.bh/cio_eng/SubDetailed.aspx?subcatid=278)
Information on the ISCED educational calassification under the UNESCO can be found: (http://www.uis.unesco.org/Education/Pages/international-standard-classification-of-education.aspx)

Date of access: July 2014

 

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