Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

Bahrain: Employed population (15+ years old) by nationality (Bahraini/Non-Bahraini) sex and highest educational level (2001)

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Bahraini Non-Bahraini Total
males females total males females total males females total
Illiterate/ Read only 3,606 545 4,151 22,077 6,640 28,717 25,683 7,185 32,868
Read & Write 4,972 577 5,549 21,427 9,562 30,989 26,399 10,139 36,538
Primary 10,814 1,054 11,868 14,487 2,734 17,221 25,301 3,788 29,089
Preparatory 13,979 1,690 15,669 16,827 2,639 19,466 30,806 4,329 35,135
Above Preparatory 2,225 295 2,520 5,473 680 6,153 7,698 975 8,673
Secondary 32,656 9,602 42,258 25,430 4,856 30,286 58,086 14,458 72,544
Above Secondary / Diploma 4,609 3,564 8,173 5,176 1,911 7,087 9,785 5,475 15,260
BSC or BA. 7,377 6,281 13,658 9,118 2,309 11,427 16,495 8,590 25,085
High Diploma 2,689 1,782 4,471 2,576 777 3,353 5,265 2,559 7,824
Master’s 1,513 497 2,010 1,884 365 2,249 3,397 862 4,259
Doctorate 471 178 649 398 78 476 869 256 1,125
Unknown 9 2 11 21,731 1,236 22,967 21,740 1,238 22,978
Total 84,920 26,067 110,987 146,604 33,787 180,391 231,524 59,854 291,378

Source: Central Informatics Organisation (CIO) – Bahrain

ANNEXED NOTE

1. Technical Notes and Definitions

census year reference period implementing institution implementation method population covered
1981 November 16 Ministry of Finance
Statistics Department
field interviews de jure, de facto all individuals (nationals and non-nationals): 1- present within the country’s borders during time of reference; 2- residing in Bahrain irrespective of where are they at census times
1991 April 6 Central Informatics Organisation (CIO) field interviews
2001 April 7 field interviews; characteristics of population in collective households (among which labour camps) was obtained from sponsors
2010 April 27 based on administrative records

Nationality of the person is defined by the passport used to enter the country. A Non-Bahrainis is considered as such depending on the passport used to enter the country (or obtain the visa).
Period of reference for employment refers to the 7-days period prior to the survey.
Population of reference in table: all employed individuals (nationals and non-nationals) aged 15 and above

Employed population includes population in the following categories:
Employer is defined as a person who operates his / her own economic enterprise or engages independently in a profession for trade and hires one or more employees.
Self-Employed is defined as a person who operates his / her own economic enterprise or engages independently in a profession or trade and hires nobody.
Paid Employee is defined as a person who works for a public or private organization and receives regular wages/salary whether in cash or in kind.
Unpaid Employee is defined as a person works for an enterprise, usually owned by some of his relatives, without receiving regulat wages/salary whether in cash or in kind.

Primary education comprises a total of six grades (1-6) and is generally the beginning of systematic apprenticeship of reading, writing mathematics and other subjects.
Preparatory education comprises a total of three grades (7-9).
Secondary education comprises of the last three grades of the schooling system (10-12) prior to graduation.

2. Institution which provides data

Central Informatics Organization, known prior to 2001 as the “Central Statistics Organisation” under the Ministry of Cabinet Affairs.

3. Data availability

Figures and results reported here are available on the Central Informatics Organisation (CIO) website. For Arabic version: (http://www.cio.gov.bh/cio_ara/default.aspx). For the English version: (http://www.cio.gov.bh/CIO_ENG/Default.aspx)
The CIO often provides its figures and estimates through tables in PDF format.
Figures of this 2001′ census table can also be found, divided into Bahraini and non-Bahraini employed population in: (http://www.cio.gov.bh/cio_eng/SubDetailed.aspx?subcatid=378)

Date of access: July 2014

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