Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

Bahrain: Employed population (15+ years old) by nationality (Bahraini/Non-Bahraini), sex and major economic activity (1981)

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Bahraini Non-Bahrainis Total
males females total males females total males females total
Agriculture and Fishing 2,406 14 2,420 1263 8 1,271 3,669 22 3,691
Mining and Quarrying 3,520 82 3,602 1094 76 1,170 4,614 158 4,772
Manufacturing 3,681 141 3,822 7399 133 7,532 11,080 274 11,354
Electricity, Gas and Water 1,765 81 1,846 972 27 999 2,737 108 2,845
Construction 3,793 59 3,852 25208 148 25,356 29,001 207 29,208
Wholesale, Retail Trade, Restaurants and Hotels 5,478 345 5,823 12256 414 12,670 17,734 759 18,493
Transport, Storage and Communications 7,903 730 8,633 3957 567 4,524 11,860 1,297 13,157
Financing, Insurance, Real Estate and Business Services 1,878 901 2,779 1490 345 1,835 3,368 1,246 4,614
Community, Social and Personal Services 16,994 5374 22,368 20083 5,064 25,147 37,077 10,438 47,515
Non-Specified Activities 125 22 147 195 15 210 320 37 357
Bahrainis Working Abroad 1,761 125 1,886 0 0 0 1,761 125 1,886
Total 49,304 7,874 57,178 73,917 6,797 80,714 123,221 14,671 137,892

Source: Central Informatics Organisation (CIO) – Bahrain

ANNEXED NOTE

1. Technical Notes and Definitions

census year reference period implementing institution implementation method population covered
1981 November 16 Ministry of Finance
Statistics Department
field interviews de jure, de facto all individuals (nationals and non-nationals): 1- present within the country’s borders during time of reference; 2- residing in Bahrain irrespective of where are they at census times
1991 April 6 Central Informatics Organisation (CIO) field interviews
2001 April 7 field interviews; characteristics of population in collective households (among which labour camps) was obtained from sponsors
2010 April 27 based on administrative records

Nationality of the person is defined by the passport used to enter the country. A Non-Bahrainis is considered as such depending on the passport used to enter the country (or obtain the visa).
Period of reference for employment refers to the 7-days period prior to the survey.
Population of reference in table: all employed individuals (nationals and non-nationals) aged 15 and above
Employed population includes population in the following categories:
Employer: A person who operates his / her own economic enterprise or engages independently in a profession for trade and hires one or more employees.
Self-employed: A person who operates his / her own economic enterprise or engages independently in a profession or trade and hires nobody.
Paid employee: A person who works for a public or private organization and receives regular wages / salary whether in cash or in kind.
Unpaid worker: A person works for an enterprise, usually owned by some of his relatives, without receiving a salary / wage
Classification of economic activity are encoded in line with the Standard Industrial Directory of Economic Activities (ISIC) of United Nations Statistics Division, as noted by the CIO.

2. Institution which provides data

Central Informatics Organization, known prior to 2001 as the “Central Statistics Organisation” under the Ministry of Cabinet Affairs.

3. Data availability

Figures and results reported here are available on the Central Informatics Organisation (CIO) website. For Arabic version: (http://www.cio.gov.bh/cio_ara/default.aspx). For the English version: (http://www.cio.gov.bh/CIO_ENG/Default.aspx)
The CIO often provides its figures and estimates through tables in PDF format.
These 1981′ census figures can be found in the Statistical Abstract 2000, Labor Force section: (http://www.cio.gov.bh/CIO_ENG/SubDetailed.aspx?subcatid=172)
General information on the classifications used under the CIO can be found: (http://www.cio.gov.bh/cio_eng/SubDetailed.aspx?subcatid=278)
Information on the ISIC classification used under the CIO can be found: (http://unstats.un.org/unsd/iiss/International-Standard-Industrial-Classification-of-all-Economic-Activities-ISIC.ashx)

Date of access: July 2014

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