Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

Bahrain: Employed population (15+ years old) by nationality (Bahraini/Non-Bahraini), sex and major economic activity (1991)

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Bahraini Non-Bahrainis Total
males females total males females total males females total
Agriculture and Animal Husbandry 951 30 981 2213 19 2,232 3,164 49 3,213
Fishing 991 18 1,009 881 5 886 1,872 23 1,895
Mining and Quarrying 2,661 115 2,776 808 54 862 3,469 169 3,638
Manufacturing 5,883 518 6,401 18681 1,536 20,217 24,564 2,054 26,618
Electricity, Gas and Water 946 37 983 1895 20 1,915 2,841 57 2,898
Construction 2,077 69 2,146 24426 166 24,592 26,503 235 26,738
Trades and Repairs 5,604 504 6,108 16096 828 16,924 21,700 1,332 23,032
Restaurants and Hotels 689 89 778 5500 651 6,151 6,189 740 6,929
Transport, Storage and Communications 7,327 803 8,130 4821 838 5,659 12,148 1,641 13,789
Real Estate and Business 2,540 1132 3,672 1261 333 1,594 3,801 1,465 5,266
Real Estate and Business 1,897 281 2,178 9437 375 9,812 11,334 656 11,990
Government, Defense, Foreign Affairs and Security 23,749 3066 26,815 13696 441 14,137 37,445 3,507 40,952
Educational Establishment 3,046 4158 7,204 1709 1,531 3,240 4,755 5,689 10,444
Hospital, Health Center, Clinic and Social Work 1,610 1753 3,363 668 1,110 1,778 2,278 2,863 5,141
Community, Social and Personal Services 2,769 470 3,239 5239 432 5,671 8,008 902 8,910
Households with Employed Persons 37 16 53 4434 13,267 17,701 4,471 13,283 17,754
Regional and Inter-regional Organisations 114 41 155 489 99 588 603 140 743
Unknown 142 5 147 817 26 843 959 31 990
Not Applicable* 1,050 80 1,130 0 0 0 1,050 80 1,130
Total 64,083 13,185 77,268 113,071 21,731 134,802 177,154 34,916 212,070

Source: Central Informatics Organisation (CIO) – Bahrain
*Bahrainis working abroad

ANNEXED NOTE

1. Technical Notes and Definitions

census year reference period implementing institution implementation method population covered
1981 November 16 Ministry of Finance
Statistics Department
field interviews de jure, de facto all individuals (nationals and non-nationals): 1- present within the country’s borders during time of reference; 2- residing in Bahrain irrespective of where are they at census times
1991 April 6 Central Informatics Organisation (CIO) field interviews
2001 April 7 field interviews; characteristics of population in collective households (among which labour camps) was obtained from sponsors
2010 April 27 based on administrative records

Nationality of the person is defined by the passport used to enter the country. A Non-Bahrainis is considered as such depending on the passport used to enter the country (or obtain the visa).
Period of reference for employment refers to the 7-days period prior to the survey.
Population of reference in table: all employed individuals (nationals and non-nationals) aged 15 and above
Employed population includes population in the following categories:
Employer: A person who operates his / her own economic enterprise or engages independently in a profession for trade and hires one or more employees.
Self-employed: A person who operates his / her own economic enterprise or engages independently in a profession or trade and hires nobody.
Paid employee: A person who works for a public or private organization and receives regular wages / salary whether in cash or in kind.
Unpaid worker: A person works for an enterprise, usually owned by some of his relatives, without receiving a salary / wage
Classification of economic activity are encoded in line with the Standard Industrial Directory of Economic Activities (ISIC) of United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD), as noted by the CIO.

2. Institution which provides data

Central Informatics Organization, known prior to 2001 as the “Central Statistics Organisation” under the Ministry of Cabinet Affairs.

3. Data availability

Figures and results reported here are available on the Central Informatics Organisation (CIO) website. For Arabic version: (http://www.cio.gov.bh/cio_ara/default.aspx). For the English version: (http://www.cio.gov.bh/CIO_ENG/Default.aspx)
The CIO often provides its figures and estimates through tables in PDF format.
These 1991′ census figures can be found: (http://www.cio.gov.bh/CIO_ARA/English/Publications/Statistical%20Abstract/ABS2009/CH11/10A.pdf)
They can also be found in the Statistical Abstract 2000, Labor Force section: (http://www.cio.gov.bh/CIO_ENG/SubDetailed.aspx?subcatid=172)
General information on the classifications used under the CIO can be found: (http://www.cio.gov.bh/cio_eng/SubDetailed.aspx?subcatid=278)
Information on the ISIC classification used under the CIO can be found: (http://unstats.un.org/unsd/iiss/International-Standard-Industrial-Classification-of-all-Economic-Activities-ISIC.ashx)

Date of access: July 2014

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