Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

Bahrain: Employed population (15+ years old) by nationality (Bahraini/Non-Bahraini), sex and major economic activity (2010)

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Bahraini Non-Bahrainis Total
males females total males females total males females total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 1,086 58 1,144 6,393 14 6,407 7,479 72 7,551
Mining and quarrying 289 43 332 1,389 15 1,404 1,678 58 1,736
Manufacturing 14,236 4,865 19,101 62,901 2,372 65,273 77,137 7237 84,374
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 391 27 418 57 3 60 448 30 478
Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 113 27 140 548 3 551 661 30 691
Construction 9,626 4,444 14,070 145,416 1,222 146,638 155,042 5666 160,708
Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 15,545 7,915 23,460 80,226 5,808 86,034 95,771 13723 109,494
Transportation and storage 4,760 1,013 5,773 9,447 1,685 11,132 14,207 2698 16,905
Accommodation and food service activities 2,506 1,450 3,956 26,812 4,744 31,556 29,318 6194 35,512
Information and communication 2,197 957 3,154 3,557 425 3,982 5,754 1382 7,136
Financial and insurance activities 6,302 3,788 10,090 6,028 1,235 7,263 12,330 5023 17,353
Real estate activities 1,164 535 1,699 5,427 526 5,953 6,591 1061 7,652
Professional, scientific and technical activities 2,088 2,028 4,116 8,445 1,496 9,941 10,533 3524 14,057
Administrative and support service activities 2,915 1,224 4,139 14,585 924 15,509 17,500 2148 19,648
Public administration and defence; compulsory social security 42,751 12,224 54,975 25,073 3,009 28,082 67,824 15233 83,057
Education 5,840 12,029 17,869 4,870 1,534 6,404 10,710 13563 24,273
Human health and social work activities 464 650 1,114 963 1,339 2,302 1,427 1989 3,416
Arts, entertainment and recreation 213 58 271 643 211 854 856 269 1,125
Other service activities 727 1,275 2,002 8,642 2,221 10,863 9,369 3496 12,865
Activities of extraterritorial organizations and
bodies
192 75 267 1,306 258 1,564 1,498 333 1,831
Activities of households as emplyers of domestic
personnel
0 0 0 24,666 59,737 84,403 24,666 59737 84,403
Not Applicable * 7,145 1,797 8,942 0 0 0 7,145 1797 8,942
Total 120,550 56,482 177,032 437,394 88,781 526,175 557,944 145,263 703,207

Source: Central Informatics Organisation (CIO) – Bahrain
*Includes population working abroad

ANNEXED NOTE

1. Technical Notes and Definitions

census year reference period implementing institution implementation method population covered
1981 November 16 Ministry of Finance
Statistics Department
field interviews de jure, de facto all individuals (nationals and non-nationals): 1- present within the country’s borders during time of reference; 2- residing in Bahrain irrespective of where are they at census times
1991 April 6 Central Informatics Organisation (CIO) field interviews
2001 April 7 field interviews; characteristics of population in collective households (among which labour camps) was obtained from sponsors
2010 April 27 based on administrative records

Nationality of the person is defined by the passport used to enter the country. A Non-Bahrainis is considered as such depending on the passport used to enter the country (or obtain the visa).
Period of reference for employment refers to the 7-days period prior to the survey.
Population of reference in table: all employed individuals (nationals and non-nationals) aged 15 and above
Employed population includes population in the following categories:
Employer: A person who operates his / her own economic enterprise or engages independently in a profession for trade and hires one or more employees.
Self-employed: A person who operates his / her own economic enterprise or engages independently in a profession or trade and hires nobody.
Paid employee: A person who works for a public or private organization and receives regular wages / salary whether in cash or in kind.
Unpaid worker: A person works for an enterprise, usually owned by some of his relatives, without receiving a salary / wage
Classification of economic activity are encoded in line with the Standard Industrial Directory of Economic Activities (ISIC-Ver. 3.1) of United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD), as noted by the CIO.

2. Institution which provides data

Central Informatics Organization, known prior to 2001 as the “Central Statistics Organisation” under the Ministry of Cabinet Affairs.

3. Data availability

Figures and results reported here are available on the Central Informatics Organisation (CIO) website. For Arabic version: (http://www.cio.gov.bh/cio_ara/default.aspx). For the English version: (http://www.cio.gov.bh/CIO_ENG/Default.aspx)
The CIO often provides its figures and estimates through tables in PDF format.
The 2010′ census figures for this table can be found: (http://www.cio.gov.bh/cio_ara/English/Publications/Census/LabourForce/4.13.pdf)
the 2010′ census figures in general can be found: (http://www.cio.gov.bh/CIO_ENG/SubDetailed.aspx?subcatid=256)
Further detailed data and definitions on the 2010 Census can be found on the census’s separate website: (http://www.census2010.gov.bh/results.php)
Further detailed data and definitions on the 2010 Census can be found on the census’s separate website: (http://www.census2010.gov.bh/results.php)
General information on the classifications used under the CIO can be found: (http://www.cio.gov.bh/cio_eng/SubDetailed.aspx?subcatid=278)
Information on the ISIC-Ver. 3.1 classification used under the CIO can be found: (http://unstats.un.org/unsd/cr/registry/regcst.asp?Cl=17)

Date of access: July 2014

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