Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

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Bahrain: Employed population (15+ years old) by nationality (Bahraini/Non-Bahraini) sex and marital status (2010)

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Bahraini Non-Bahraini Total
males females total males females total males females total
Never Married 28,113 12,485 40,598 293,734 66,460 360,194 321,847 78,945 400,792
Married 89,222 39,810 129,032 143,047 21,861 164,908 232,269 61,671 293,940
Divorced 2,771 2,968 5,739 375 311 686 3,146 3,279 6,425
Widowed 444 1,219 1,663 238 149 387 682 1,368 2,050
Total 120,550 56,482 177,032 437,394 88,781 526,175 557,944 145,263 703,207

Source: Central Informatics Organisation (CIO) – Bahrain


1. Technical Notes and Definitions 

census year reference period implementing institution implementation method population covered
1981 November 16 Ministry of Finance
Statistics Department
field interviews de jure, de facto all individuals (nationals and non-nationals): 1- present within the country’s borders during time of reference; 2- residing in Bahrain irrespective of where are they at census times
1991 April 6 Central Informatics Organisation (CIO) field interviews
2001 April 7 field interviews; characteristics of population in collective households (among which labour camps) was obtained from sponsors
2010 April 27 based on administrative records

Nationality of the person is defined by the passport used to enter the country. A Non-Bahrainis is considered as such depending on the passport used to enter the country (or obtain the visa).
Period of reference for employment refers to the 7-days period prior to the survey.
Population of reference in table: all employed individuals (nationals and non-nationals) aged 15 and above
Overall definitions for the Censuses of 1991 are not available on the CIO website. However, the 2001 censuses used the following definitions:

Employed population includes population in the following categories:
Employer is defined as a person who operates his / her own economic enterprise or engages independently in a profession for trade and hires one or more employees.
Self-Employed is defined as a person who operates his / her own economic enterprise or engages independently in a profession or trade and hires nobody.
Paid Employee is defined as a person who works for a public or private organization and receives regular wages/salary whether in cash or in kind.

Marital Status refers to the personal status with regard to marriage/divorce laws and customs.
Never married refers to to a person who has never been in marital life before or a person who has a civil contract but is not living with a partner.
Married refers to a person who is legally married with respect to marriage laws and customs.
Divorced refers to an ever married person but not currently married, whose marriage was dissolved by divorce.
Widowed refers to an ever married person but not currently married, whose marriage has been dissolved by the death of the spouse.

2. Institution which provides data

Central Informatics Organization, known prior to 2001 as the “Central Statistics Organisation” under the Ministry of Cabinet Affairs

3. Data availability

Figures and results reported here are available on the Central Informatics Organisation (CIO) website. For Arabic version: ( For the English version: (
The CIO often provides its figures and estimates through tables in PDF format.
The 2010′ census figures on the labor force can be found: (
This 2010′ census data is deduced from a larger set of tables that also include employment status.
This 2010′ census data for Bahraini employed population can be found: (
Figures for non-Bahraini employed population can be found: (
These figures can also be found in the Statistical Abstract 2000, Labor Force Section: (
Further detailed data and definitions on the 2010 Census can be found on the census’s separate website: (

Date of access: July 2014

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