Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
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Bahrain: Employed population by country of citizenship and sex in the private sector (Q1, 2014)

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males females Total
Bahraini 59,266 25,856 85,122
Arab Nationals 7,927 737 8,664
GCC 441 179 620
Saudi Arabia 234 96 330
Kuwait 14 8 22
United Arab Emirates 9 1 10
Oman 180 69 249
Qatar 4 5 9
Other Arab 7,486 558 8,044
Iraq 387 66 453
Syrian Arab Republic 1,278 104 1,382
Lebanon 804 189 993
Yemen, Rep. of 3,279 6 3,285
West bank and Gaza strip 191 21 212
Jordan 1,547 172 1,719
Other Nationalities 394,446 28,072 422,518
Asia 381,445 24,233 405,678
India 196,492 5,845 202,337
Bangladesh 108,795 388 109,183
Pakistan 42,002 427 42,429
Philippines 12,878 13,281 26,159
Nepal 15,027 768 15,795
Sri Lanka 3,983 1,948 5,931
Thailand 744 916 1,660
China 451 236 687
Indonesia 327 232 559
Iran, Islamic Rep. of 186 10 196
Myanmar 65 82 147
Korea, Republic of 104 17 121
Japan 106 3 109
Viet Nam 103 4 107
Malaysia 81 23 104
Singapore 27 14 41
Uzbekistan 23 10 33
Kazakhstan 9 9 18
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. of 14 2 16
Kyrgyzstan 5 6 11
Cambodia 4 4 8
Turkmenistan 3 4 7
Afghanistan 6 0 6
Azerbaijan 5 0 5
Maldives 4 0 4
Hong Kong, China 0 2 2
Taiwan, China 1 1 2
Tajikistan 0 1 1
Europe 4,042 1,290 5,332
United Kingdom 1,659 544 2,203
Turkey 804 24 828
France 222 65 287
Australia 147 61 208
Germany 171 35 206
Ireland 118 78 196
Switzerland 97 50 147
Poland 84 57 141
Italy 103 20 123
Russian Federation 33 65 98
Romania 42 51 93
Cyprus 73 12 85
Greece 64 14 78
Netherlands 65 11 76
Spain 54 22 76
Bulgaria 27 40 67
Belgium 51 5 56
Ukraine 29 23 52
Portugal 40 7 47
Belarus 6 39 45
Denmark 23 4 27
Sweden 23 4 27
Austria 19 5 24
Hungary 8 6 14
Norway 10 4 14
Finland 10 3 13
Albania 5 7 12
Estonia 7 5 12
Serbia and Montenegro 8 4 12
Slovakia 6 4 10
Croatia 4 5 9
Czech Republic 3 4 7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3 3 6
Lithuania 2 3 5
Slovenia 3 1 4
Armenia 2 1 3
Iceland 3 0 3
Latvia 3 0 3
Georgia 2 0 2
Moldova, Rep. of 2 2 4
Malta 7 2 9
Noth America 1,002 259 1,261
United States 726 173 899
Canada 253 70 323
Mexico 14 7 21
Trinidad and Tobago 8 2 10
Dominican Republic 1 7 8
Central America 13 0 13
Guatemala 7 0 7
Panama 3 0 3
Costa Rica 1 0 1
Nicaragua 2 0 2
South America 80 32 112
Brazil 25 15 40
Colombia 18 7 25
Venezuela 24 4 28
Peru 7 2 9
Argentina 3 1 4
Uruguay 1 2 3
Chile 2 0 2
El Salvador 0 1 1
Oceania 60 19 79
New Zealand 58 19 77
Kiribati 2 0 2
Other 9 5 14
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1 0 1
Jamaica 2 1 3
Cayman Islands 2 0 2
Virgin Islands (British) 2 1 3
Cuba 1 1 2
Saint Lucia 1 1 2
Dominica 0 1 1
Not Specified 7,795 2,234 10,029
Total 461,639 54,665 516,304

Source: Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA) – Bahrain
Data extracted from files submitted by General Organisation for Social Insurance (GOSI) monthly data files to LMRA.

ANNEXED NOTE

1. Technical Notes and Definitions

The table provides figures of Bahrain’s total employed population (nationals and non-nationals) based on their country of citizenship and sex, as registered by the private sector pension fund (General Organisation for Social Insurance, GOSI).
Employee is defined here as who works in a paid employment job, that is to say, a job where the explicit or implicit contract of employment gives the incumbent a basic remuneration that is independent of the revenue of the unit for which he or she works (the unit can be a corporation, a non-profit institution, a government or a household).
A Bahraini citizen is defined here as a legal national of the Kingdom of Bahrain. This category excludes nationals of the GCC.
A Non-Bahraini citizen is defined here as any foreigner or expatriate of a nationality other than Bahraini.A Non-Bahraini citizen is defined here as any foreigner or expatriate of a nationality other than Bahraini.
Public Sector is defined here as the one where employees are registered at the Public Fund Commission (PFC)Public Sector is defined here as the one where employees are registered at the Public Fund Commission (PFC)
Private Sector is defined here as the one where employees are registered at the General Organisation for Social Insurance (GOSI)Private Sector is defined here as the one where employees are registered at the General Organisation for Social Insurance (GOSI)
General Organisation for Social Insurance (GOSI) provides insurance against old age, disability and death (Type A benefits) and against employment injuries (Type B benefits) to all eligible workers in the private sector in accordance with their employment contracts. Employers or economic units falling within the scope of the GOSI law are required to insure their employees on a mandatory basis. Other employers or economic units may insure their employees on an optional basis. It is now managed by the newly established Social Insurance Organization (SIO).General Organisation for Social Insurance (GOSI) provides insurance against old age, disability and death (Type A benefits) and against employment injuries (Type B benefits) to all eligible workers in the private sector in accordance with their employment contracts. Employers or economic units falling within the scope of the GOSI law are required to insure their employees on a mandatory basis. Other employers or economic units may insure their employees on an optional basis. It is now managed by the newly established Social Insurance Organization (SIO).
An employer under GOSI is a physical or legal person engaging one or more worker. In case, the employer has more than one branch and all have the same economic activity, they are considered as one employer. If the branches have different economic activities with separate accounts, each activity is considered as one employer.
GOSI inclusions under mandatory coverage: GOSI inclusions under mandatory coverage:
1. Workers in private-sector establishments with 10 or more workers – fourth stage 2002. On June 2004, mandatory insurance coverage was extended to workers in establishments with 5 or more workers; and as of June 2005 to workers in all establishments with one or more workers.
2. Workers in co-operatives and joint ventures not explicitly excluded
3. Workers in agriculture enterprises, manufacturing or marketing their products, and workers operating and repairing mechanical agriculture machines, as well as guards and management.
4. Private drivers, guards, elevator operators and workers in gardeners.
5. Workers in ships including engineers and crews, operating within the territorial region.
6. Family members of employers working in the establishment, including sons and brothers above 18 years old, and daughters and married sisters.
7. Workers in probation period, workers in vocational training, workers under training, and students working during the summer.
GOSI exclusions from mandatory coverage:GOSI exclusions from mandatory coverage:
1. All government employees, and Bahraini and non-Bahraini workers covered under the governmental Pension Law number 13, 1975.
2. Members and officers of the armed forces and public security.
3. Workers in public institutions expressly excluded from the Social Insurance Scheme.
4. Staff of diplomatic agencies holding the same nationality of the institution.
5. Employees working on international assignments.
6. Personnel of vessels such as engineers and screw working in international territory
7. Domestic workers.
8. Agriculture labourers in agriculture establishments not marketing or processing their products.
9. Family members of employers working in the establishment, including wives, sons and brothers below 18 year old, unmarried daughters and sisters, and parents.
10. Workers engaged on temporary jobs not more than 3 months, or on ad-hoc jobs, not forming part of the activity of the employer.
11. Expatriate workers assigned by holding companies or a branch outside Bahrain to their local branch in Bahrain for the purpose of training local employees in their work for a period not more than 12 months.
12. Students joining an establishment for practical experience, not for official training.
The Social Insurance Organization (SIO) was created according to Law (3) of 2008 to replace the separate entities of PFC and GOSI. However, the laws of each public and private sector funds still apply.

2. Institution which provides data

Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA)
General Organisation for Social Insurance (GOSI)

3. Data availability

The LMRA publishes these data under its Bahrain Labourr Market Indicators (BLMI) section. The BLMI dashboard can be found in: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/mi_dashboard.xml). The general BLMI data with other non-LMRA sources can be found: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/mi_data.xml)
Figures and results are often reported in tables in both PDF and Excel formats.
Data for this LMRA table can be found in the Data section of the LMRA website, available for each quarter of the years: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/mi_data.xml)
Data for Q1 2014 can be found: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/data/gos/Table_07a.pdf)
The definitions that the LMRA adopts for its data can be found in the Glossary section: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/mi_glossary.xml)
For some details on the way the LMRA estimates employment, refer to the Documents page: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/mi_documents.xml)
More details on the PFC and GOSI can be found on the Social Insurance Organization (SIO) website: (https://www.sio.gov.bh/)

Date of access: July 2014

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