Bahrain: Employed population by country of citizenship and sex in the private sector (Q1, 2014)
|United Arab Emirates||9||1||10|
|Syrian Arab Republic||1,278||104||1,382|
|Yemen, Rep. of||3,279||6||3,285|
|West bank and Gaza strip||191||21||212|
|Iran, Islamic Rep. of||186||10||196|
|Korea, Republic of||104||17||121|
|Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. of||14||2||16|
|Hong Kong, China||0||2||2|
|Serbia and Montenegro||8||4||12|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||3||3||6|
|Moldova, Rep. of||2||2||4|
|Trinidad and Tobago||8||2||10|
|Saint Vincent and the Grenadines||1||0||1|
|Virgin Islands (British)||2||1||3|
Source: Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA) – Bahrain
Data extracted from files submitted by General Organisation for Social Insurance (GOSI) monthly data files to LMRA.
1. Technical Notes and Definitions
The table provides figures of Bahrain’s total employed population (nationals and non-nationals) based on their country of citizenship and sex, as registered by the private sector pension fund (General Organisation for Social Insurance, GOSI).
Employee is defined here as who works in a paid employment job, that is to say, a job where the explicit or implicit contract of employment gives the incumbent a basic remuneration that is independent of the revenue of the unit for which he or she works (the unit can be a corporation, a non-profit institution, a government or a household).
A Bahraini citizen is defined here as a legal national of the Kingdom of Bahrain. This category excludes nationals of the GCC.
A Non-Bahraini citizen is defined here as any foreigner or expatriate of a nationality other than Bahraini.A Non-Bahraini citizen is defined here as any foreigner or expatriate of a nationality other than Bahraini.
Public Sector is defined here as the one where employees are registered at the Public Fund Commission (PFC)Public Sector is defined here as the one where employees are registered at the Public Fund Commission (PFC)
Private Sector is defined here as the one where employees are registered at the General Organisation for Social Insurance (GOSI)Private Sector is defined here as the one where employees are registered at the General Organisation for Social Insurance (GOSI)
General Organisation for Social Insurance (GOSI) provides insurance against old age, disability and death (Type A benefits) and against employment injuries (Type B benefits) to all eligible workers in the private sector in accordance with their employment contracts. Employers or economic units falling within the scope of the GOSI law are required to insure their employees on a mandatory basis. Other employers or economic units may insure their employees on an optional basis. It is now managed by the newly established Social Insurance Organization (SIO).General Organisation for Social Insurance (GOSI) provides insurance against old age, disability and death (Type A benefits) and against employment injuries (Type B benefits) to all eligible workers in the private sector in accordance with their employment contracts. Employers or economic units falling within the scope of the GOSI law are required to insure their employees on a mandatory basis. Other employers or economic units may insure their employees on an optional basis. It is now managed by the newly established Social Insurance Organization (SIO).
An employer under GOSI is a physical or legal person engaging one or more worker. In case, the employer has more than one branch and all have the same economic activity, they are considered as one employer. If the branches have different economic activities with separate accounts, each activity is considered as one employer.
GOSI inclusions under mandatory coverage: GOSI inclusions under mandatory coverage:
1. Workers in private-sector establishments with 10 or more workers – fourth stage 2002. On June 2004, mandatory insurance coverage was extended to workers in establishments with 5 or more workers; and as of June 2005 to workers in all establishments with one or more workers.
2. Workers in co-operatives and joint ventures not explicitly excluded
3. Workers in agriculture enterprises, manufacturing or marketing their products, and workers operating and repairing mechanical agriculture machines, as well as guards and management.
4. Private drivers, guards, elevator operators and workers in gardeners.
5. Workers in ships including engineers and crews, operating within the territorial region.
6. Family members of employers working in the establishment, including sons and brothers above 18 years old, and daughters and married sisters.
7. Workers in probation period, workers in vocational training, workers under training, and students working during the summer.
GOSI exclusions from mandatory coverage:GOSI exclusions from mandatory coverage:
1. All government employees, and Bahraini and non-Bahraini workers covered under the governmental Pension Law number 13, 1975.
2. Members and officers of the armed forces and public security.
3. Workers in public institutions expressly excluded from the Social Insurance Scheme.
4. Staff of diplomatic agencies holding the same nationality of the institution.
5. Employees working on international assignments.
6. Personnel of vessels such as engineers and screw working in international territory
7. Domestic workers.
8. Agriculture labourers in agriculture establishments not marketing or processing their products.
9. Family members of employers working in the establishment, including wives, sons and brothers below 18 year old, unmarried daughters and sisters, and parents.
10. Workers engaged on temporary jobs not more than 3 months, or on ad-hoc jobs, not forming part of the activity of the employer.
11. Expatriate workers assigned by holding companies or a branch outside Bahrain to their local branch in Bahrain for the purpose of training local employees in their work for a period not more than 12 months.
12. Students joining an establishment for practical experience, not for official training.
The Social Insurance Organization (SIO) was created according to Law (3) of 2008 to replace the separate entities of PFC and GOSI. However, the laws of each public and private sector funds still apply.
2. Institution which provides data
Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA)
General Organisation for Social Insurance (GOSI)
3. Data availability
The LMRA publishes these data under its Bahrain Labourr Market Indicators (BLMI) section. The BLMI dashboard can be found in: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/mi_dashboard.xml). The general BLMI data with other non-LMRA sources can be found: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/mi_data.xml)
Figures and results are often reported in tables in both PDF and Excel formats.
Data for this LMRA table can be found in the Data section of the LMRA website, available for each quarter of the years: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/mi_data.xml)
Data for Q1 2014 can be found: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/data/gos/Table_07a.pdf)
The definitions that the LMRA adopts for its data can be found in the Glossary section: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/mi_glossary.xml)
For some details on the way the LMRA estimates employment, refer to the Documents page: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/mi_documents.xml)
More details on the PFC and GOSI can be found on the Social Insurance Organization (SIO) website: (https://www.sio.gov.bh/)
Date of access: July 2014
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