Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

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Bahrain: Employed population by country of citizenship and sex in the public sector as registered in the Pension Fund Commission (Q1 2014)

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  males females Total
Bahraini 30,213 26,775 56,988
Arab Nationals 5,173 1,865 7,038
GCC 88 90 178
Saudi Arabia 28 42 70
Kuwait 1 15 16
United Arab Emirates 2 11 13
Oman 55 7 62
Qatar 2 15 17
Other Arab 5,085 1,775 6,860
Egypt 3,393 1,266 4,659
Iraq 58 16 74
Syrian Arab Republic 61 19 80
Lebanon 30 14 44
Yemen, Rep. of 29 13 42
West bank and Gaza strip 44 17 61
Morocco 243 21 264
Jordan 1,069 351 1,420
Sudan 100 32 132
Tunisia 35 21 56
Algeria 14 3 17
Libya 9 2 11
Other Nationalities 11,734 3,866 15,600
Asia 10,922 3,520 14,442
India 6,228 2,887 9,115
Bangladesh 1,547 15 1,562
Pakistan 1,737 39 1,776
Philippines 975 496 1,471
Nepal 143 18 161
Sri Lanka 111 6 117
Thailand 16 2 18
China 0 10 10
Indonesia 9 6 15
Iran, Islamic Rep. of 77 19 96
Korea, Republic of 2 1 3
Japan 8 1 9
Malaysia 48 14 62
Singapore 6 3 9
Uzbekistan 1 0 1
Afghanistan 8 2 10
Hong Kong, China 6 1 7
Europe 413 149 562
United Kingdom 234 92 326
Turkey 10 5 15
France 10 5 15
Germany 4 3 7
Ireland 32 18 50
Switzerland 60 7 67
Italy 4 3 7
Romania 2 0 2
Cyprus 11 1 12
Greece 14 0 14
Netherlands 3 1 4
Spain 1 2 3
Bulgaria 1 1 2
Belgium 9 1 10
Portugal 3 2 5
Denmark 2 0 2
Sweden 4 2 6
Austria 3 4 7
Finland 2 1 3
Slovakia 1 0 1
Czech Republic 1 1 2
Poland 2 0 2
Noth America 106 64 170
United States 67 33 100
Canada 39 31 70
South America 1 1 2
Brazil 0 1 1
El Salvador 1 0 1
Oceania 83 30 113
Australia 32 15 47
New Zealand 51 15 66
Africa 105 37 142
Tanzania, United Republic of 53 10 63
Nigeria 15 5 20
Somalia 14 5 19
South Africa 7 8 15
Seychelles 5 2 7
Ehtiopia 4 2 6
Mauritania 2 4 6
Kenya 5 0 5
Djibouti 0 1 1
Other 86 50 136
Not Specified 18 15 33
Total 47,120 32,506 79,626

Source: Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA) – Bahrain
Data extracted from files submitted by Pension Fund Commission (PFC) monthly data files to LMRA

ANNEXED NOTE

1. Technical Notes and Definitions

The table provides figures of Bahrain’s total employed population based on their country of citizenship and sex, as registered under the public pension fund (Pension Fund Commission, PFC).
Note that the LMRA data, along with GOSI and PFC, do not include non-civilian employees (engaged in military, defense and other relevant armed forces activities, and ranked as non-civilian).Note that the LMRA data, along with GOSI and PFC, do not include non-civilian employees (engaged in military, defense and other relevant armed forces activities, and ranked as non-civilian).
Employee is defined here as who works in a paid employment job, that is to say, a job where the explicit or implicit contract of employment gives the incumbent a basic remuneration that is independent of the revenue of the unit for which he or she works (the unit can be a corporation, a non-profit institution, a government or a household).Employee is defined here as who works in a paid employment job, that is to say, a job where the explicit or implicit contract of employment gives the incumbent a basic remuneration that is independent of the revenue of the unit for which he or she works (the unit can be a corporation, a non-profit institution, a government or a household).
A Bahraini citizen is defined here as a legal national of the Kingdom of Bahrain. This category excludes nationals of the GCC.A Bahraini citizen is defined here as a legal national of the Kingdom of Bahrain. This category excludes nationals of the GCC.
A Non-Bahraini citizen is defined here as any foreigner or expatriate of a nationality other than Bahraini.A Non-Bahraini citizen is defined here as any foreigner or expatriate of a nationality other than Bahraini.
Public Sector is defined here as the one where employees are registered at the Public Fund Commission (PFC)Public Sector is defined here as the one where employees are registered at the Public Fund Commission (PFC)
Private Sector is defined here as the one where employees are registered at the General Organisation for Social Insurance (GOSI)Private Sector is defined here as the one where employees are registered at the General Organisation for Social Insurance (GOSI)
The Pension Fund Commission (PFC) provides insurance against old age, disability and death (Type A benefits) and against work-related injuries (Type B benefits) to all eligible workers in the public sector. It is now managed by the newly established SociaThe Pension Fund Commission (PFC) provides insurance against old age, disability and death (Type A benefits) and against work-related injuries (Type B benefits) to all eligible workers in the public sector. It is now managed by the newly established Socia
PFC includes under mandatory coverage:PFC includes under mandatory coverage:
1. All government employees, and Bahraini and non-Bahraini workers covered under the governmental Pension law number 13, 1975.
2. Members and officers of the armed forces and public security covered under the governmental Pension Law number 11, 1976
3. Semi governmental organization workers like the Economic Development Board.
4. Some large establishment company in private sector that prefer to register in PFC like Arab Open University.
5. Non Bahrainis governmental workers under the injuries insurance.
PFC exclusions from mandatory coverage:PFC exclusions from mandatory coverage:
1. Workers in private-sector establishments.
2. Workers in co-operatives and joint ventures not explicitly excluded.
3. Workers in agriculture enterprises, manufacturing or marketing their products, and workers operating and repairing mechanical agriculture machines, as well as guards and management.
4. Private drivers, guards, elevator operators and workers in gardeners.
5. Workers in ships including engineers and crews, operating within the territorial region.
6. Family members of employers working in the establishment, including sons and brothers above 18 years old, and daughters and married sisters.
7. Workers in probation period, workers in vocational training, workers under training, and students working during the summer.
The Social Insurance Organization (SIO) was created according to Law (3) of 2008 to replace the separate entities of PFC and GOSI. However, the laws of these public and private sector funds still apply.

2. Institution which provides data

Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA)
Pension Fund Commission (PFC)

3. Data availability

The LMRA publishes these data under its Bahrain Labourr Market Indicators (BLMI) section. The BLMI dashboard can be found in: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/mi_dashboard.xml). The general BLMI data with other non-LMRA sources can be found: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/mi_data.xml)
Figures and results are often reported in both PDF and Excel formats.
Data for this LMRA table can be found in the Data section of the LMRA website, available for each quarter of the years: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/mi_data.xml)
Data for this LMRA table Q4 2014 can be found: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/data/pfc/Table_07a.pdf)
The definitions that the LMRA adopts for its data can be found in the Glossary section: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/mi_glossary.xml
For some details on the way the LMRA estimates employment, refer to the Documents page: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/mi_documents.xml)
More details on the PFC and GOSI can be found on the Social Insurance Organization (SIO) website: (https://www.sio.bh)

Date of access: July 2014

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