Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
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Bahrain: Employed population by nationality (Bahraini/Non-Bahraini), sex and occupation (2001)

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Bahraini Non-Bahraini Total
males females total males females total males females total
Legislators, Senior Officials, Managers, and Business Owners 12,161 2,100 14,261 6,025 455 6,480 18,186 2,555 20,741
Scientific, Technical and Humanities Professionals 8,270 4,758 13,028 11,212 1,768 12,980 19,482 6,526 26,008
Scientific, Technical and Humanities Technicians 7,194 6,789 13,983 4,380 2,261 6,641 11,574 9,050 20,624
Clerical Workers 15,570 6,961 22,531 6,815 1,166 7,981 22,385 8,127 30,512
Sales Workers 2,878 1,078 3,956 5,203 452 5,655 8,081 1,530 9,611
Services Workers 16,619 1,485 18,104 32,706 24,342 57,048 49,325 25,827 75,152
Agricultural, Animal Husbandry Workers, Hunters and Fishermen 893 7 900 5,988 10 5,998 6,881 17 6,898
Industrial, Chemical and Food Industries Workers 2,832 2,772 5,604 15,107 3,021 18,128 17,939 5,793 23,732
Principal and Auxiliary Engineering Occupation 18,141 59 18,200 55,278 24 55,302 73,419 83 73,502
Unknown 362 58 420 3,890 288 4,178 4,252 346 4,598
Total 84,920 26,067 110,987 146,604 33,787 180,391 231,524 59,854 291,378

Source: Central Informatics Organisation (CIO) – Bahrain


1. Technical Notes and Definitions

census year reference period implementing institution implementation method population covered
1981 November 16 Ministry of Finance
Statistics Department
field interviews de jure, de facto all individuals (nationals and non-nationals): 1- present within the country’s borders during time of reference; 2- residing in Bahrain irrespective of where are they at census times
1991 April 6 Central Informatics Organisation (CIO) field interviews
2001 April 7 field interviews; characteristics of population in collective households (among which labour camps) was obtained from sponsors
2010 April 27 based on administrative records

Nationality of the person is defined by the passport used to enter the country. A Non-Bahrainis is considered as such depending on the passport used to enter the country (or obtain the visa).
Period of reference for employment refers to the 7-days period prior to the survey.
Population of reference in table: all employed individuals (nationals and non-nationals) aged 15 and above
Employed population includes population in the following categories:
Employer: A person who operates his / her own economic enterprise or engages independently in a profession for trade and hires one or more employees.
Self-employed: A person who operates his / her own economic enterprise or engages independently in a profession or trade and hires nobody.
Paid employee: A person who works for a public or private organization and receives regular wages / salary whether in cash or in kind.
Unpaid worker: A person works for an enterprise, usually owned by some of his relatives, without receiving a salary / wage
Classification of occupations are encoded in line with the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO) of the International Labour Organization (ILO), as noted by the CIO.

2. Institution which provides data

Central Informatics Organization, known prior to 2001 as the “Central Statistics Organisation” under the Ministry of Cabinet Affairs.

3. Data availability

Figures and results reported here are available on the Central Informatics Organisation (CIO) website. For Arabic version: ( For the English version: (
The CIO often provides its figures and estimates through tables in PDF format.
The CIO has 2001′ census figures for this particular classification in total population and Bahraini population. Therefore, the non-Bahraini population division was calculated as total minus Bahraini for each sex
Data and figures for the 1991′ and 2001′ censuses regarding the labor force can be found: (
Figures for this 2001′ census total employed population can be found: (
Figures for this 2001′ census Bahraini employed population can be found: (
Relevant data can be also found in Statistical Abstract 2001, found through: (
General information on the coding of occupation classifications under the CIO can be found: (
Information on the ISCO occupations classification under the ILO can be found: (

Date of access: July 2014