Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

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Bahrain: Estimated total employed Bahraini population by sex and sector (public, private, domestic) (Quarterly: Q1 2003 – Q1 2014)

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Public Sector Private Sector Domestic Workers Total
Year Quarter males females total males females total males females total males females total
2003 Q1 25,389 14,623 40,012 50,677 15,076 65,753 0 0 0 76,066 29,699 105,765
Q2 25,570 14,718 40,288 51,345 15,019 66,364 0 0 0 76,915 29,737 106,652
Q3 25,589 15,101 40,690 51,769 14,864 66,633 0 0 0 77,358 29,965 107,323
Q4 26,138 15,453 41,591 52,833 15,410 68,243 0 0 0 78,971 30,863 109,834
2004 Q1 26,129 15,645 41,774 53,195 15,574 68,769 0 0 0 79,324 31,219 110,543
Q2 26,239 15,663 41,902 54,348 16,079 70,427 0 0 0 80,587 31,742 112,329
Q3 26,638 16,227 42,865 55,655 16,720 72,375 0 0 0 82,293 32,947 115,240
Q4 26,819 16,419 43,238 57,560 17,478 75,038 0 0 0 84,379 33,897 118,276
2005 Q1 26,841 16,501 43,342 56,280 17,407 73,687 0 0 0 83,121 33,908 117,029
Q2 27,000 16,619 43,619 57,161 17,233 74,394 0 0 0 84,161 33,852 118,013
Q3 27,350 16,933 44,283 56,722 17,443 74,165 0 0 0 84,072 34,376 118,448
Q4 27,581 17,157 44,738 59,106 18,489 77,595 0 0 0 86,687 35,646 122,333
2006 Q1 27,741 17,263 45,004 62,112 18,894 81,006 0 0 0 89,853 36,157 126,010
Q2 28,154 17,333 45,487 62,114 19,020 81,134 0 0 0 90,268 36,353 126,621
Q3 28,803 17,550 46,353 62,372 18,989 81,361 0 0 0 91,175 36,539 127,714
Q4 29,437 18,125 47,562 62,223 19,425 81,648 0 0 0 91,660 37,550 129,210
2007 Q1 28,097 18,433 46,530 62,074 19,862 81,936 0 0 0 90,171 38,295 128,466
Q2 28,345 18,660 47,005 61,924 20,298 82,222 0 0 0 90,269 38,958 129,227
Q3 28,567 19,034 47,601 62,254 20,328 82,582 0 0 0 90,821 39,362 130,183
Q4 28,779 19,228 48,007 61,789 20,334 82,123 0 0 0 90,568 39,562 130,130
2008 Q1 28,625 19,211 47,836 61,769 20,354 82,123 0 0 0 90,394 39,565 129,959
Q2 28,202 19,255 47,457 64,082 21,738 85,820 0 0 0 92,284 40,993 133,277
Q3 27,246 18,992 46,238 65,757 22,723 88,480 0 0 0 93,003 41,715 134,718
Q4 27,353 19,423 46,776 68,043 25,276 93,319 0 0 0 95,396 44,699 140,095
2009 Q1 27,383 19,532 46,915 69,070 26,657 95,727 0 0 0 96,453 46,189 142,642
Q2 27,439 19,620 47,059 66,628 24,977 91,605 0 0 0 94,067 44,597 138,664
Q3 27,461 19,675 47,136 66,242 24,627 90,869 0 0 0 93,703 44,302 138,005
Q4 27,507 20,023 47,530 64,646 24,356 89,002 0 0 0 92,153 44,379 136,532
2010 Q1 27,465 20,100 47,565 65,976 24,815 90,791 0 0 0 93,441 44,915 138,356
Q2 27,370 20,315 47,685 66,407 25,254 91,661 0 0 0 93,777 45,569 139,346
Q3 27,328 20,287 47,615 67,154 25,146 92,300 0 0 0 94,482 45,433 139,915
Q4 27,438 20,673 48,111 67,142 25,386 92,528 0 0 0 94,580 46,059 140,639
2011 Q1 27,291 20,707 47,998 67,739 25,527 93,266 0 0 0 95,030 46,234 141,264
Q2 26,802 20,509 47,311 65,519 24,924 90,443 0 0 0 92,321 45,433 137,754
Q3 26,622 20,603 47,225 66,315 24,935 91,250 0 0 0 92,937 45,538 138,475
Q4 26,636 21,006 47,642 67,248 25,276 92,524 0 0 0 93,884 46,282 140,166
2012 Q1 26,867 22,206 49,073 68,188 25,387 93,575 0 0 0 95,055 47,593 142,648
Q2 27,446 24,486 51,932 68,341 25,364 93,705 0 0 0 95,787 49,850 145,637
Q3 27,449 24,477 51,926 68,667 25,237 93,904 0 0 0 96,116 49,714 145,830
Q4 27,614 24,629 52,243 68,880 25,616 94,496 0 0 0 96,494 50,245 146,739
2013 Q1 27,623 25,225 52,848 69,070 25,863 94,933 0 0 0 96,693 51,088 147,781
Q2 30,145 26,390 56,535 69,517 26,193 95,710 0 0 0 99,662 52,583 152,245
Q3 30,115 26,550 56,665 69,139 26,090 95,229 0 0 0 99,254 52,640 151,894
Q4 30,169 26,696 56,865 69,354 26,254 95,608 0 0 0 99,523 52,950 152,473
2014 Q1 30,213 26,775 56,988 69,738 26,799 96,537 0 0 0 99,951 53,574 153,525

Source: Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA) – Bahrain

ANNEXED NOTE

1. Technical Notes and Definitions

The table provides figures of Bahrain’s total employed population (nationals only) based on their sex and place of employment as collated and reported by the LMRA.
The LMRA estimates take into account official sources of employment data such as the pension organizations (General Organisation for Social Insurance, GOSI, for the private sector, and the Pension Fund Comission, PFC, for the public sector) in addition to the Civil Service Bureau (CSB) and Labour Force Surveys under the Central Informatics Organization (CIO). However, the LMRA-produced figures also take into account unregistered employment that is not included in GOSI and PFC. Not every employed person is registered either because registration of certain categories is not mandatory by law, or because there are delays and errors in the registration system. The LMRA estimates, for example, account for unpaid family workers, uninsured self-employed persons, multiple job holders and civilian employees in non-civilian organizations. The LMRA estimates take into account official sources of employment data such as the pension organizations (General Organisation for Social Insurance, GOSI, for the private sector, and the Pension Fund Comission, PFC, for the public sector) in addition to the Civil Service Bureau (CSB) and Labour Force Surveys under the Central Informatics Organization (CIO). However, the LMRA-produced figures also take into account unregistered employment that is not included in GOSI and PFC. Not every employed person is registered either because registration of certain categories is not mandatory by law, or because there are delays and errors in the registration system. The LMRA estimates, for example, account for unpaid family workers, uninsured self-employed persons, multiple job holders and civilian employees in non-civilian organizations.
Note that the LMRA data, along with GOSI and PFC, do not include non-civilian employees (engaged in military and defense and other relevant entities).Note that the LMRA data, along with GOSI and PFC, do not include non-civilian employees (engaged in military and defense and other relevant entities).
This LMRA table included several notes:
1. Data for 2006 Q2 is that of 2006 April and for 2006 Q3 is that of 2006 August.
2. From 2008 Q2 onward, “Public sector” for Non-Bahraini workers refers to workers in the “Government sector” of the Expatriate Management System (EMS) of LMRA. Correspondingly, “Private Sector” for Non-Bahraini workers refers to the sum of “Commercial” and “Non-Commercial, Non-Government” (NCNG) sectors of LMRA’s EMS system.
3. Male popluation includes persons with unrecorded sex attribute.
4. Details may not add up to totals due to rounding error.
Employee is defined here as who works in a paid employment job, that is to say, a job where the explicit or implicit contract of employment gives the incumbent a basic remuneration that is independent of the revenue of the unit for which he or she works (the unit can be a corporation, a non-profit institution, a government or a household).Employee is defined here as who works in a paid employment job, that is to say, a job where the explicit or implicit contract of employment gives the incumbent a basic remuneration that is independent of the revenue of the unit for which he or she works (the unit can be a corporation, a non-profit institution, a government or a household).
A Bahraini citizen is defined here as a legal national of the Kingdom of Bahrain. This category excludes nationals of the GCC.A Bahraini citizen is defined here as a legal national of the Kingdom of Bahrain. This category excludes nationals of the GCC.
A Non-Bahraini citizen is defined here as any foreigner or expatriate of a nationality other than Bahraini.A Non-Bahraini citizen is defined here as any foreigner or expatriate of a nationality other than Bahraini.
Public Sector is defined here as the one where employees are registered at the Public Fund Commission (PFC)Public Sector is defined here as the one where employees are registered at the Public Fund Commission (PFC)
Private Sector is defined here as the one where employees are registered at the General Organisation for Social Insurance (GOSI)Private Sector is defined here as the one where employees are registered at the General Organisation for Social Insurance (GOSI)
Domestic Worker is defined here as an employee who works, and often lives within the employer’s household.Domestic Worker is defined here as an employee who works, and often lives within the employer’s household.
Employment as defined by the LMRA is in line with the ILO resolution concerning statistics of the economically active population, employment, unemployment and underemployment, Thirteenth International Conference of Labour Statisticians, Geneva, October 1982. It includes all persons above a specific age during a specific period either in paid employment or in self-employment and includes the following:Employment as defined by the LMRA is in line with the ILO resolution concerning statistics of the economically active population, employment, unemployment and underemployment, Thirteenth International Conference of Labour Statisticians, Geneva, October 1982. It includes all persons above a specific age during a specific period either in paid employment or in self-employment and includes the following:
(a) paid employment
(a1) at work: persons who during the reference period performed some work for wage or salary, in cash or in kind, even for one hour
(a2) with a job but not at work: persons who, having already worked in their present job, were temporarily not at work during the reference period and had a formal attachment to their job (e.g., absence because of illness or injury, holiday or vacation, strike or lockout, educational or training leave, maternity or parental leave, reduction in economic activity, temporary disorganization or suspension of work due to such reasons as bad weather, mechanical or electrical breakdown, or shortage of raw materials or fuels).
(b) self employment
(b1) at work: persons who during the reference period performed some work for profit or family gain, in cash or in kind
(b2) with an enterprise but not at work: persons with an enterprise, which may be a business enterprise, a farm or a service undertaking, who were temporarily not at work during the reference period for any specific reason.

2. Institution which provides data

Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA)
The LMRA data is collated using several sources: data extracted from files submitted by Expatriate Management System (LMRA-EMS), General Organisation for Social Insurance (GOSI), Pension Fund Commission (PFC), and Civil Service Bureau (CSB) monthly data files to LMRA, and Labour Force Survey 2004.

3. Data availability

The LMRA publishes these data under its Bahrain Labourr Market Indicators (BLMI) section. The BLMI dashboard can be found in: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/mi_dashboard.xml). The general BLMI data with other non-LMRA sources can be found: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/mi_data.xml)
Figures and results are often reported in tables in both PDF and Excel formats.
Data for this LMRA table is split between a table for females by citizenship and employment sector, found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/data/lmr/Table_A2.pdf), and a table for males by citizenship and employment sector, found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/data/lmr/Table_A1.pdf)
The definitions that the LMRA adopts for its data can be found in the Glossary section: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/mi_glossary.xml)
For some details on the way the LMRA estimates employment, refer to the documents titled “Estimation of Employment and Wages (Tables A & B)” and “Comparison of LMRA Employment Data with Those of CBB” and “LMRA Estimation of Unregistered (at GOSI and PFC) Bahraini Employed Persons” in the Documents page: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/mi_documents.xml)

Date of access: July 2014

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