Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

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Bahrain: Estimated total employed Non-Bahraini population by sex and sector (public, private, domestic) (Quarterly, 2003-2014)

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Public Sector Private Sector Domestic Workers Total
Year Quarter males females total males females total males females total males females total
2003 Q1 6,471 2,061 8,532 154,959 10,884 165,843 11,371 22,087 33,458 172,801 35,032 207,833
Q2 6,492 2,088 8,580 158,030 10,598 168,628 11,848 22,819 34,667 176,370 35,505 211,875
Q3 6,599 2,134 8,733 161,683 10,106 171,789 12,185 23,481 35,666 180,467 35,721 216,188
Q4 6,630 2,175 8,805 164,915 10,186 175,101 12,904 24,735 37,639 184,449 37,096 221,545
2004 Q1 6,660 2,212 8,872 172,034 9,963 181,997 13,341 25,651 38,992 192,035 37,826 229,861
Q2 6,680 2,272 8,952 176,688 10,244 186,932 13,884 27,006 40,890 197,252 39,522 236,774
Q3 7,079 2,340 9,419 183,877 10,530 194,407 14,660 28,180 42,840 205,616 41,050 246,666
Q4 7,119 2,363 9,482 190,195 10,770 200,965 15,270 29,316 44,586 212,584 42,449 255,033
2005 Q1 7,148 2,371 9,519 206,525 11,911 218,436 16,002 30,506 46,508 229,675 44,788 274,463
Q2 7,177 2,397 9,574 218,034 12,155 230,189 17,145 32,283 49,428 242,356 46,835 289,191
Q3 7,326 2,414 9,740 211,944 11,832 223,776 17,745 33,077 50,822 237,015 47,323 284,338
Q4 7,338 2,441 9,779 222,159 12,254 234,413 18,102 33,545 51,647 247,599 48,240 295,839
2006 Q1 7,356 2,449 9,805 231,006 12,468 243,474 18,372 34,150 52,522 256,734 49,067 305,801
Q2 7,358 2,451 9,809 232,686 12,490 245,176 18,897 35,304 54,201 258,941 50,245 309,186
Q3 7,392 2,560 9,952 238,815 12,688 251,503 19,640 36,356 55,996 265,847 51,604 317,451
Q4 7,582 2,696 10,278 249,906 12,923 262,829 20,378 37,570 57,948 277,866 53,189 331,055
2007 Q1 7,568 2,719 10,287 260,998 13,158 274,156 20,873 38,480 59,353 289,439 54,357 343,796
Q2 7,570 2,750 10,320 272,602 13,418 286,020 22,187 40,664 62,851 302,359 56,832 359,191
Q3 8,527 3,036 11,563 280,142 13,571 293,713 22,803 41,324 64,127 311,472 57,931 369,403
Q4 8,869 3,090 11,959 283,288 13,798 297,086 23,230 41,380 64,610 315,387 58,268 373,655
2008 Q1 8,917 3,169 12,086 288,219 14,132 302,351 24,391 43,112 67,503 321,527 60,413 381,940
Q2 8,983 3,218 12,201 300,185 14,746 314,931 25,338 44,448 69,786 334,506 62,412 396,918
Q3 5,341 1,870 7,211 313,051 17,331 330,382 25,633 44,905 70,538 344,025 64,106 408,131
Q4 5,667 1,965 7,632 335,971 19,558 355,529 26,384 46,157 72,541 368,022 67,680 435,702
2009 Q1 5,593 1,944 7,537 351,368 20,652 372,020 27,320 48,073 75,393 384,281 70,669 454,950
Q2 5,528 1,971 7,499 364,464 21,452 385,916 27,431 48,060 75,491 397,423 71,483 468,906
Q3 5,596 2,042 7,638 350,007 21,700 371,707 28,035 48,009 76,044 383,638 71,751 455,389
Q4 5,662 2,098 7,760 352,643 22,344 374,987 29,169 50,042 79,211 387,474 74,484 461,958
2010 Q1 5,747 2,115 7,862 343,347 22,423 365,770 30,495 51,177 81,672 379,589 75,715 455,304
Q2 5,641 2,086 7,727 344,011 22,517 366,528 31,457 51,981 83,438 381,109 76,584 457,693
Q3 5,751 2,136 7,887 342,909 22,831 365,740 31,625 52,235 83,860 380,285 77,202 457,487
Q4 5,762 2,150 7,912 343,621 23,174 366,795 31,542 52,460 84,002 380,925 77,784 458,709
2011 Q1 5,759 2,169 7,928 339,489 23,047 362,536 31,387 51,811 83,198 376,635 77,027 453,662
Q2 5,676 2,146 7,822 333,755 22,664 356,419 32,182 52,291 84,473 371,613 77,101 448,714
Q3 5,978 2,192 8,170 336,800 23,055 359,855 32,680 53,609 86,289 375,458 78,856 454,314
Q4 5,936 2,238 8,174 338,958 23,508 362,466 32,828 54,592 87,420 377,722 80,338 458,060
2012 Q1 6,026 2,303 8,329 343,077 24,236 367,313 33,067 55,557 88,624 382,170 82,096 464,266
Q2 5,979 2,433 8,412 348,529 24,555 373,084 33,341 56,783 90,124 387,849 83,771 471,620
Q3 6,286 2,447 8,733 354,842 25,159 380,001 34,369 58,192 92,561 395,497 85,798 481,295
Q4 6,399 2,505 8,904 359,051 25,726 384,777 35,813 59,484 95,297 401,263 87,715 488,978
2013 Q1 6,473 2,613 9,086 366,052 26,335 392,387 37,285 61,039 98,324 409,810 89,987 499,797
Q2 6,455 2,691 9,146 372,914 27,213 400,127 37,915 62,434 100,349 417,284 92,338 509,622
Q3 6,644 2,889 9,533 374,824 28,178 403,002 38,916 63,786 102,702 420,384 94,853 515,237
Q4 6,786 3,160 9,946 371,669 28,813 400,482 39,629 64,099 103,728 418,084 96,072 514,156
2014 Q1 6,834 3,176 10,010 363,777 29,012 392,789 40,398 64,805 105,203 411,009 96,993 508,002

Source: Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA) – Bahrain

ANNEXED NOTE

1. Technical Notes and Definitions
The table provides figures of Bahrain’s total employed population (non-nationals only) based on their sex and place of employment as collated and reported by the LMRA.
The LMRA estimates take into account official sources of employment data such as the pension organizations (General Organisation for Social Insurance, GOSI, for the private sector, and the Pension Fund Comission, PFC, for the public sector) in addition to the Civil Service Bureau (CSB) and Labour Force Surveys under the Central Informatics Organization (CIO). However, the LMRA-produced figures also take into account unregistered employment that is not included in GOSI and PFC. Not every employed person is registered either because registration of certain categories is not mandatory by law, or because there are delays and errors in the registration system. The LMRA estimates, for example, account for unpaid family workers, uninsured self-employed persons, multiple job holders and civilian employees in non-civilian organizations, in addition to domestic workers and other expatriates registed under the LMRA’s Expatriate Management System (EMS) The LMRA estimates take into account official sources of employment data such as the pension organizations (General Organisation for Social Insurance, GOSI, for the private sector, and the Pension Fund Comission, PFC, for the public sector) in addition to the Civil Service Bureau (CSB) and Labour Force Surveys under the Central Informatics Organization (CIO). However, the LMRA-produced figures also take into account unregistered employment that is not included in GOSI and PFC. Not every employed person is registered either because registration of certain categories is not mandatory by law, or because there are delays and errors in the registration system. The LMRA estimates, for example, account for unpaid family workers, uninsured self-employed persons, multiple job holders and civilian employees in non-civilian organizations, in addition to domestic workers and other expatriates registed under the LMRA’s Expatriate Management System (EMS)
Note that the LMRA data, along with GOSI and PFC, do not include non-civilian employees (engaged in military and defense and other relevant entities).Note that the LMRA data, along with GOSI and PFC, do not include non-civilian employees (engaged in military and defense and other relevant entities).
This LMRA table included several notes:
1. Data for 2006 Q2 is that of 2006 April and for 2006 Q3 is that of 2006 August.
2. From 2008 Q2 onward, “Public sector” for Non-Bahraini workers refers to workers in the “Government sector” of the Expatriate Management System (EMS) of LMRA. Correspondingly, “Private Sector” for Non-Bahraini workers refers to the sum of “Commercial” and “Non-Commercial, Non-Government” (NCNG) sectors of LMRA’s EMS system.
3. Male popluation includes persons with unrecorded sex attribute.
4. Details may not add up to totals due to rounding error.
Employee is defined here as who works in a paid employment job, that is to say, a job where the explicit or implicit contract of employment gives the incumbent a basic remuneration that is independent of the revenue of the unit for which he or she works (the unit can be a corporation, a non-profit institution, a government or a household).Employee is defined here as who works in a paid employment job, that is to say, a job where the explicit or implicit contract of employment gives the incumbent a basic remuneration that is independent of the revenue of the unit for which he or she works (the unit can be a corporation, a non-profit institution, a government or a household).
A Bahraini citizen is defined here as a legal national of the Kingdom of Bahrain. This category excludes nationals of the GCC.A Bahraini citizen is defined here as a legal national of the Kingdom of Bahrain. This category excludes nationals of the GCC.
A Non-Bahraini citizen is defined here as any foreigner or expatriate of a nationality other than Bahraini.A Non-Bahraini citizen is defined here as any foreigner or expatriate of a nationality other than Bahraini.
Public Sector is defined here as the one where employees are registered at the Public Fund Commission (PFC)Public Sector is defined here as the one where employees are registered at the Public Fund Commission (PFC)
Private Sector is defined here as the one where employees are registered at the General Organisation for Social Insurance (GOSI)Private Sector is defined here as the one where employees are registered at the General Organisation for Social Insurance (GOSI)
Domestic Worker is defined here as an employee who works, and often lives within the employer’s household.Domestic Worker is defined here as an employee who works, and often lives within the employer’s household.
Employment as defined by the LMRA is in line with the ILO resolution concerning statistics of the economically active population, employment, unemployment and underemployment, Thirteenth International Conference of Labour Statisticians, Geneva, October 1982. It includes all persons above a specific age during a specific period either in paid employment or in self-employment and includes the following:Employment as defined by the LMRA is in line with the ILO resolution concerning statistics of the economically active population, employment, unemployment and underemployment, Thirteenth International Conference of Labour Statisticians, Geneva, October 1982. It includes all persons above a specific age during a specific period either in paid employment or in self-employment and includes the following:
(a) paid employment
(a1) at work: persons who during the reference period performed some work for wage or salary, in cash or in kind, even for one hour
(a2) with a job but not at work: persons who, having already worked in their present job, were temporarily not at work during the reference period and had a formal attachment to their job (e.g., absence because of illness or injury, holiday or vacation, strike or lockout, educational or training leave, maternity or parental leave, reduction in economic activity, temporary disorganization or suspension of work due to such reasons as bad weather, mechanical or electrical breakdown, or shortage of raw materials or fuels).
(b) self employment
(b1) at work: persons who during the reference period performed some work for profit or family gain, in cash or in kind
(b2) with an enterprise but not at work: persons with an enterprise, which may be a business enterprise, a farm or a service undertaking, who were temporarily not at work during the reference period for any specific reason.

2. Institution which provides data

Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA)
The LMRA data is collated using several sources: data extracted from files submitted by Expatriate Management System (LMRA-EMS), General Organisation for Social Insurance (GOSI), Pension Fund Commission (PFC), and Civil Service Bureau (CSB) monthly data files to LMRA, and Labour Force Survey 2004

3. Data availability

The LMRA publishes these data under its Bahrain Labourr Market Indicators (BLMI) section. The BLMI dashboard can be found in: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/mi_dashboard.xml). The general BLMI data with other non-LMRA sources can be found: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/mi_data.xml)
Figures and results are often reported in tables in both PDF and Excel formats.
Data for this LMRA table is split between a table for females by citizenship and employment sector, found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/data/lmr/Table_A2.pdf), and a table for males by citizenship and employment sector, found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/data/lmr/Table_A1.pdf)
The definitions that the LMRA adopts for its data can be found in the Glossary section: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/mi_glossary.xml)
For some details on the way the LMRA estimates employment, refer to the documents titled “Estimation of Employment and Wages (Tables A & B)” and “Comparison of LMRA Employment Data with Those of CBB” and “LMRA Estimation of Unregistered (at GOSI and PFC) Bahraini Employed Persons” in the Documents page: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/mi_documents.xml)

Date of access: July 2014

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