Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

Bahrain: Foreign population by country of citizenship, sex and migration status (worker/ family dependent) (selected countries, January 2013)

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Workers Dependents
Males Females Total Males Females Total
India 189,760 6,868 196,628 15,178 37,516 52,694
Egypt 6,302 780 7,082 3,278 5,820 9,098
Pakistan 37,149 283 37,432 2,374 5,474 7,848
Jordan 2,039 180 2,219 1,326 2,187 3,513
Bangladesh 80,473 141 80,614 771 1,825 2,596
Philippines 11,443 12,175 23,618 913 2,029 2,942
Yemen 4,119 15 4,134 403 677 1,080
Sri Lanka 3,636 1,713 5,349 368 1,153 1,521
United Kingdom 1,928 586 2,514 572 1,157 1,729
Syria  1,076 68 1,144 316 562 878
Others 27,003 5,236 32,239 2,582 5,777 8,359
Total 364,928 28,045 392,973 28,081 64,177 92,258

Source: Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA), Expatriate Management System (EMS)

1. Technical Notes and Definitions

The data displays the stocks, at a given date, of expats visa holders, registered as workers or as family dependants (LMRA Law 19/2006) in EMS.
Non-Bahraini workers (for male, female and both sexes) are Expat visa applications (GCC workers are not included).
The scope of the system covers regular, temporary and investor work visas for foreign workers, their dependents, in the commercial sector, the government sector and the non-commercial, non-government sector.
It presently excludes domestic workers, and work visas for artists and certain other categories of workers in non-civilian organizations.
It distinguishes four types of visas for operational purposes: regular work visas for workers with 24-month validity; temporary work visas issued for workers with 6-month validity; investor work visas issued for investors investing up to BD 100,000;
and dependent visas issued for dependent members of eligible foreign workers.
The system tracks visa applications, renewals, mobility of workers between employers and from one occupation to another as well as notification of termination and runaway workers, and in general all operations of LMRA including inspection and offence management.
The system is updated continuously and linked with other labour-related databases of the Kingdom, including CIO, GDNPR, GOSI, PFC, CSB, Ministry of Labour (MoL), and Ministry of Industry and Commerce (MOIC).

Work Visa is a legal certificate to allow a foreign worker to enter the country for working purposes for a period of two years with the possibility of renewal.
Worker is a generic term that refers to an employed person in general, or to an employee, a self-employed, or a particular category of worker, such as full-time or part-time worker, depending on the context in which the term is used. Four major categories of workers in terms of their status in employment are employees, employers, own-account workers, and unpaid family workers.

2. Institution which provides data

Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA).

3. Data availability

Source: Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA), Kingdom of Bahrain, based on data from Bahrain Labour Market Indicators website
The data can be retrieved from the data section of LMRA website. Tables are updated on a quarterly basis and are available in PDF and in Excel formats.

Date of access: October 2015

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