Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

Bahrain: Foreign population by country of citizenship, sex and migration status (worker/ family dependent) (selected countries, June 2013)

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Workers Dependents*
Males Females Total Males Females Total
India 192,504 7,169 199,673 16,178 39,745 55,923
Egypt 6,612 916 7,528 3,472 6,116 9,588
Pakistan 39,178 305 39,483 2,523 5,783 8,306
Jordan 2,131 244 2,375 1,345 2,215 3,560
Bangladesh 89,683 152 89,835 863 2,067 2,930
Philippines 11,622 13,052 24,674 986 2,178 3,164
Yemen 3,716 18 3,734 542 876 1,418
Sri Lanka 3,710 1,736 5,446 393 1,184 1,577
United Kingdom 1,815 536 2,351 561 1,127 1,688
Syria  1,158 72 1,230 383 659 1,042
Others 26,735 5,520 32,255 2,596 5,765 8,361
Total 378,864 29,720 408,584 29,842 67,715 97,557

Source: Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA), Expatriate Management System (EMS)

1. Technical Notes and Definitions

The data displays the stocks, at a given date, of expats visa holders, registered as workers or as family dependants (LMRA Law 19/2006) in EMS.
Non-Bahraini workers (for male, female and both sexes) are Expat visa applications (GCC workers are not included).
The scope of the system covers regular, temporary and investor work visas for foreign workers, their dependents, in the commercial sector, the government sector and the non-commercial, non-government sector.
It presently excludes domestic workers, and work visas for artists and certain other categories of workers in non-civilian organizations.
It distinguishes four types of visas for operational purposes: regular work visas for workers with 24-month validity; temporary work visas issued for workers with 6-month validity; investor work visas issued for investors investing up to BD 100,000;
and dependent visas issued for dependent members of eligible foreign workers.
The system tracks visa applications, renewals, mobility of workers between employers and from one occupation to another as well as notification of termination and runaway workers, and in general all operations of LMRA including inspection and offence management.
The system is updated continuously and linked with other labour-related databases of the Kingdom, including CIO, GDNPR, GOSI, PFC, CSB, Ministry of Labour (MoL), and Ministry of Industry and Commerce (MOIC).

Work Visa is a legal certificate to allow a foreign worker to enter the country for working purposes for a period of two years with the possibility of renewal.
Worker is a generic term that refers to an employed person in general, or to an employee, a self-employed, or a particular category of worker, such as full-time or part-time worker, depending on the context in which the term is used. Four major categories of workers in terms of their status in employment are employees, employers, own-account workers, and unpaid family workers.
* The figure of family dependents is for July 2013.

2. Institution which provides data

Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA).

3. Data availability

Source: Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA), Kingdom of Bahrain, based on data from Bahrain Labour Market Indicators website
The data can be retrieved from the data section of LMRA website. Tables are updated on a quarterly basis and are available in PDF and in Excel formats.

Date of access: 13 October 2015

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