Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

Bahrain: Foreign population by country of citizenship, sex and migration status (worker/ family dependent) (selected countries, June 2018)

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Workers Dependents
Males Females Total Males Females Total
India 229,998 11,217 241,215 20,434 48,456 68,890
Bangladesh 123,360 170 123,530 1,428 3,432 4,860
Pakistan 46,477 781 47,258 3,397 7,407 10,804
Philippines 13,844 17,926 31,770 1,303 2,523 3,826
Sri Lanka 3,595 505 4,100 422 1,212 1,634
Egypt 9,308 1,593 10,901 4,929 8,203 13,132
Jordan 2,752 467 3,219 1,744 2,810 4,554
Yemen 2,624 52 2,676 1,401 2,236 3,637
Syria 1,379 104 1,483 848 1,386 2,234
United Kingdom 1,831 606 2,437 587 1,126 1,713
Other nationalities 30,915 8,987 39,902 3,568 7,562 11,130
Total 466,083 42,408 508,491 40,061 86,353 126,414

Source: Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA), Expatriate Management System (EMS)
1. Technical Notes and Definitions

The data displays the stocks, at a given date, of expats visa holders, registered as workers or as family dependants (LMRA Law 19/2006) in EMS.
Non-Bahraini workers (for male, female and both sexes) are Expat visa applications (GCC workers are not included).
The scope of the system covers regular, temporary and investor work visas for foreign workers, their dependents, in the commercial sector,
the government sector and the non-commercial, non-government sector.
It presently excludes domestic workers, and work visas for artists and certain other categories of workers in non-civilian organizations. 
It distinguishes four types of visas for operational purposes: regular work visas for workers with 24-month validity; temporary work visas
issued for workers with 6-month validity; investor work visas issued for investors investing up to BD 100,000; and dependent visas issued
for dependent members of eligible foreign workers.
The system tracks visa applications, renewals, mobility of workers between employers and from one occupation to another as well as
notification of termination and runaway workers, and in general all operations of LMRA including inspection and offence management.
The system is updated continuously and linked with other labour-related databases of the Kingdom, including CIO, GDNPR, GOSI, PFC, CSB,
Ministry of Labour (MoL), and Ministry of Industry and Commerce (MOIC).

Work Visa is a legal certificate to allow a foreign worker to enter the country for working purposes for a period of two years with the possibility of renewal.

Worker  is a generic term that refers to an employed person in general, or to an employee, a self-employed, or a particular category of worker,
such as full-time or part-time worker, depending on the context in which the term is used. Four major categories of workers in terms of their
status in employment are employees, employers, own-account workers, and unpaid family workers.

2. Institution which provides data 

Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA).

3. Data availability 

Source: Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA), Kingdom of Bahrain, based on data from Bahrain Labour Market Indicators website
The data can be retrieved from the data section of LMRA website. Tables are updated on a quarterly basis and are available in PDF and in Excel formats.

Last date of access: October 2018.

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