Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

Bahrain: New employment and dependent visas by sector of economic activity (Q3 2009 – Q2 2014)

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Agriculture, hunting and forestry Fishing Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas and water supply Construction Wholesale and retail trade, repair Hotels and restaurants Transport, storage, communication Financial intermediation Real estate, renting, business activities Public administration Education Health and social work Other social, personal services Extra-territorial organizations, bodies Not specified Total
Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent
2009 Q3 190 12 163 1 114 45 3,795 569 17 2 6,895 767 5,389 1,656 2,401 286 879 393 383 473 1,800 896 38 104 378 227 72 34 787 43 912 396 24,213 5,904
Q4 244 6 164 0 41 31 4,471 559 21 7 8,267 548 5,330 1,306 2,211 170 799 307 411 396 1,916 818 15 22 273 258 51 20 801 55 619 616 25,634 5,119
2010 Q1 162 15 202 7 58 34 3,856 724 3 36 7,719 901 5,774 1,809 2,248 297 723 276 383 396 2,151 983 28 48 209 157 102 49 780 49 590 460 24,988 6,241
Q2 209 14 195 2 43 20 3,563 676 12 18 8,270 799 5,103 1,798 2,152 308 897 325 361 437 1,790 954 13 29 149 143 132 38 661 40 679 420 24,229 6,021
Q3 183 14 185 4 91 39 3,912 667 22 15 8,259 760 4,997 1,730 2,346 284 803 338 451 397 1,946 913 31 43 332 185 83 34 750 67 808 305 25,199 5,795
Q4 247 15 301 5 118 52 3,764 510 18 21 9,003 618 4,825 1,329 2,560 178 670 268 431 337 2,147 826 88 320 198 191 151 63 643 43 102 114 25,266 4,890
2011 Q1 210 6 247 7 128 65 2,977 526 8 17 8,327 744 4,616 1,447 2,399 225 730 274 327 320 1,927 732 50 323 167 104 166 59 572 48 78 127 22,929 5,024
Q2 167 26 310 5 112 55 3,474 688 7 28 7,579 893 4,472 1,783 1,760 296 696 333 312 353 2,232 969 48 296 142 154 131 58 552 85 108 113 22,102 6,135
Q3 215 13 369 7 185 59 4,353 517 22 9 10,340 803 5,721 1,635 2,506 255 864 330 389 348 2,125 885 374 176 385 183 109 43 799 49 154 138 28,910 5,450
Q4 258 8 277 0 184 80 3,833 563 24 3 9,804 693 5,900 1,287 2,779 204 886 277 355 418 2,496 765 186 403 161 199 126 50 840 30 0 1 157 86 28,266 5,067
2012 Q1 296 19 257 5 194 156 4,071 766 12 26 11,282 1,059 6,366 1,824 2,819 335 912 368 330 398 2,198 921 224 259 161 122 144 53 1,078 82 0 1 173 159 30,517 6,553
Q2 313 14 528 2 169 110 4,293 763 9 18 10,296 1,175 6,719 2,111 2,855 373 716 322 325 304 2,595 1,029 103 374 218 108 163 71 1,018 90 165 167 30,485 7,031
Q3 293 19 571 3 206 97 4,354 730 7 13 10,349 1,043 6,658 1,897 3,117 361 694 368 349 370 2,442 1,106 409 182 353 233 145 91 1,038 84 1 0 97 166 31,083 6,763
Q4 318 18 441 1 219 71 3,851 506 15 11 9,592 710 6,536 1,479 2,852 276 664 282 252 260 2,463 736 221 157 218 177 162 57 902 49 0 6 108 140 28,814 4,936
2013 Q1 409 27 469 3 173 85 4,606 871 6 11 9,704 1,243 7,180 2,435 3,407 387 808 303 323 335 3,576 964 130 562 168 136 129 48 1,025 96 0 1 87 129 32,200 7,636
Q2 441 14 490 1 140 88 4,587 851 8 5 9,293 1,180 7,175 2,383 3,457 456 718 306 318 353 3,782 1,031 100 703 162 112 180 62 1,218 102 0 0 112 167 32,181 7,814
Q3 361 19 407 1 108 86 3,834 663 18 7 8,173 939 6,312 1,983 3,355 400 670 316 289 306 2,915 842 598 199 351 210 141 60 1,201 105 7 1 101 111 28,841 6,248
Q4 267 20 276 4 67 47 3,252 535 9 13 6,521 716 6,061 1,556 2,991 327 620 210 243 329 2,534 842 371 409 261 248 138 35 951 79 1 4 86 118 24,649 5,492
2014 Q1 274 16 266 2 63 59 3,233 774 6 15 8,327 937 6,611 2,214 3,388 359 736 340 240 298 2,344 950 79 530 208 121 125 77 1,152 71 0 2 124 190 27,176 6,955
Q2 317 22 354 0 109 68 3,933 875 12 12 9,963 1,042 7,443 2,711 3,442 469 880 348 289 310 2,441 1,149 56 632 211 177 167 108 1,454 116 1 1 62 132 31,134 8,172

Source: Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA), Expatriate Management System (EMS)
ANNEXED NOTE

1. Technical Notes and Definitions

This table shows the flow of new permits (or visas) that are given to foreigners by the LMRA for new employment and dependent visas.
The LMRA Expatriate Management System (EMS) stores information and past history of sponsors and workers, and their dependents, within the scope of Law No. 19/2006 on regulating the labour market. The scope of the system covers regular, temporary and investor work visas for foreign workers, their dependents, in the commercial sector, the government sector and the non-commercial, non-government sector. It presently excludes domestic workers, and work visas for artists and certain other categories of workers in non-civilian organizations. It distinguishes four types of visas for operational purposes: regular work visas for workers with 24-month validity; temporary work visas issued for workers with 6-month validity; investor work visas issued for investors investing up to BD 100,000; and dependent visas issued for dependent members of eligible foreign workers.The system tracks visa applications, renewals, mobility of workers between employers and from one occupation to another as well as notification of termination and runaway workers, and in general all operations of LMRA including inspection and offence management. The system is updated continuously and linked with other labour-related databases of the Kingdom, including CIO, GDNPR, GOSI, PFC, CSB, Ministry of Labour (MoL), and Ministry of Industry and Commerce (MOIC).
Work Visa is a legal certificate to allow a foreign worker to enter the country for working purposes for a period of two years with the possibility of renewal.
Worker is a generic term that refers to an employed person in general, or to an employee, a self-employed, or a particular category of worker, such as full-time or part-time worker, depending on the context in which the term is used. Four major categories of workers in terms of their status in employment are employees, employers, own-account workers, and unpaid family workers.

2. Institution which provides data

Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA).

3. Data availability

The LMRA publishes these data under its Bahrain Labour Market Indicators (BLMI) section. The BLMI dashboard can be found in: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/mi_dashboard.xml). The general BLMI data with other non-LMRA sources can be found: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/mi_data.xml)
Figures and results are often reported in tables in both PDF and Excel formats.
Data for this LMRA table for 2009 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2009/09/data/lmr/Table_35a.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2009/12/data/lmr/Table_35a.pdf).
Data for 2010 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2010/03/data/ems/Table_35a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2010/06/data/ems/Table_35a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2010/09/data/ems/Table_35a.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2010/12/data/ems/Table_35a.pdf).
Data for 2011 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/03/data/ems/Table_35a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/06/data/ems/Table_35a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/09/data/ems/Table_35a.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/12/data/ems/Table_35a.pdf).
Data for 2012 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2012/03/data/ems/Table_35a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2012/06/data/ems/Table_35a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2012/09/data/ems/Table_35a.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2012/12/data/ems/Table_35a.pdf).
Data for 2013 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2013/03/data/ems/Table_35a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2013/06/data/ems/Table_35a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2013/09/data/ems/Table_35a.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2013/12/data/ems/Table_35a.pdf).
Data for 2014 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/data/ems/Table_35a.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/06/data/ems/Table_35a.pdf).
The definitions that the LMRA adopts for its data can be found in the Glossary section: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/mi_glossary.xml).

Date of access: September 2014

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