Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

Bahrain: New employment and dependent visas by size of establishment (Q3 2009 – Q2 2014)

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    Sector / Number of Employees
    Commercial Government Non Commercial Non Government
    0 -5 6 – 9 10 – 19 20 – 99 100 – 499 500+ Total 0 -5 6 – 9 10 – 19 20 – 99 100 – 499 500+ Total 0 -5 6 – 9 10 – 19 20 – 99 100 – 499 Total
    Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent
2009 Q3 8,528 1,431 2,347 505 2,204 567 4,613 1,366 2,579 869 2,347 457 22,618 5,195 1 7 12 17 1 6 61 113 144 175 305 202 524 520 621 36 136 17 40 8 136 31 138 97 1,071 189
Q4 8,466 1,259 2,272 373 2,162 424 5,863 1,087 3,331 808 2,412 298 24,506 4,249 3 0 5 3 7 4 28 52 88 104 60 490 191 653 574 14 136 13 53 17 106 66 68 107 937 217
2010 Q1 7,133 1,413 3,063 596 2,381 631 5,583 1,475 3,319 1,029 2,414 452 23,893 5,596 2 6 2 5 18 11 28 77 60 108 106 266 216 473 574 32 129 7 36 27 92 45 48 61 879 172
Q2 7,750 1,594 2,232 570 2,097 503 5,501 1,465 3,067 949 2,439 385 23,086 5,466 1 2 2 8 5 10 13 51 51 74 47 276 119 421 789 23 104 11 42 7 60 42 29 51 1,024 134
Q3 7,888 1,457 2,092 531 2,285 569 5,324 1,445 3,506 904 2,683 363 23,778 5,904 2 4 6 2 8 25 27 52 117 102 230 159 390 344 576 32 147 10 53 7 122 40 133 93 1,031 182
Q4 7,406 1,155 1,978 402 2,277 413 5,545 1,134 4,207 762 2,910 363 24,323 4,229 2 2 0 11 15 18 21 35 63 111 114 300 215 477 474 31 72 9 53 21 85 24 44 99 728 184
2011 Q1 6,639 1,284 1,866 393 2,371 538 4,941 1,044 3,531 786 2,785 387 22,133 4,432 5 0 7 12 23 40 57 114 74 318 166 484 395 15 89 9 24 8 87 44 35 32 630 108
Q2 6,000 1,574 1,775 570 1,784 533 4,512 1,343 4,308 1,024 2,882 464 21,261 5,508 1 0 8 22 6 4 17 36 101 136 42 274 175 472 441 31 71 18 23 19 94 39 37 48 666 155
Q3 7,771 1,432 2,299 436 2,494 606 5,711 1,140 4,133 867 5,023 463 27,431 4,944 3 1 2 7 3 10 19 37 147 152 372 168 546 375 528 29 90 3 28 10 98 29 189 60 933 131
Q4 7,908 1,229 2,362 354 2,729 454 5,013 1,040 4,916 824 4,259 456 27,187 4,357 4 7 2 4 1 5 36 30 100 109 181 390 324 545 484 27 116 9 28 20 66 24 61 85 755 165
2012 Q1 8,691 1,622 2,965 548 2,945 569 5,636 1,341 4,026 1,112 5,140 777 29,403 5,969 3 6 2 1 4 18 58 61 118 83 232 295 417 464 435 39 106 1 43 13 70 26 43 41 697 120
Q2 9,829 1,989 2,760 648 2,773 634 5,425 1,402 4,437 941 3,895 706 29,119 6,320 1 6 4 20 44 57 93 90 177 386 318 560 745 25 142 18 41 21 67 49 53 38 1,048 151
Q3 9,579 1,893 2,626 563 2,590 627 5,800 1,377 4,842 1,109 3,872 563 29,309 6,132 4 3 3 5 7 13 45 49 103 137 393 214 555 421 727 30 160 27 56 11 138 67 138 75 1,219 210
Q4 9,380 1,320 2,388 454 2,249 503 5,296 913 4,487 793 3,706 419 27,506 4,402 1 1 2 5 16 5 21 60 65 84 238 183 343 338 650 48 118 4 28 10 95 61 74 73 965 196
2013 Q1 11,093 2,155 2,646 681 2,570 606 6,220 1,587 4,586 1,140 3,857 583 30,972 6,752 3 9 2 1 2 14 40 53 76 89 113 556 236 722 717 43 117 11 34 10 78 67 46 31 992 162
Q2 11,092 2,270 2,826 700 2,408 630 6,497 1,589 4,854 950 3,268 629 30,945 6,768 3 5 7 10 60 93 62 71 119 739 251 918 696 38 143 17 28 15 79 25 39 33 985 128
Q3 9,989 1,805 2,736 571 2,015 554 4,821 1,311 4,617 895 2,907 510 27,085 5,646 2 4 10 8 4 6 26 37 103 114 611 216 756 385 609 43 119 25 37 10 81 36 154 103 1,000 217
Q4 9,365 1,629 2,240 474 1,913 426 3,900 988 3,357 797 2,649 394 23,424 4,708 4 7 1 5 6 6 35 58 76 91 381 414 503 581 461 22 74 9 25 14 72 36 90 122 722 203
2014 Q1 10,188 2,238 2,558 606 2,217 573 4,878 1,288 3,638 944 2,811 421 26,290 6,070 3 3 2 4 8 34 100 97 84 78 561 216 758 426 30 94 10 24 15 49 35 77 37 670 127
Q2 11,739 2,631 3,018 692 2,427 689 5,473 1,571 4,603 1,055 2,919 542 30,179 7,180 1 7 4 10 1 11 19 69 69 92 57 615 151 804 545 42 110 10 26 27 61 31 62 78 804 188

Source: Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA), Expatriate Management System (EMS)
ANNEXED NOTE

1. Technical Notes and Definitions

This table shows the flow of new permits (or visas) that are given to employees and dependents by the LMRA by the size of establishment as per the number of their employees.
The LMRA Expatriate Management System (EMS) stores information and past history of sponsors and workers, and their dependents, within the scope of Law No. 19/2006 on regulating the labour market. The scope of the system covers regular, temporary and investor work visas for foreign workers, their dependents, in the commercial sector, the government sector and the non-commercial, non-government sector. It presently excludes domestic workers, and work visas for artists and certain other categories of workers in non-civilian organizations. It distinguishes four types of visas for operational purposes: regular work visas for workers with 24-month validity; temporary work visas issued for workers with 6-month validity; investor work visas issued for investors investing up to BD 100,000; and dependent visas issued for dependent members of eligible foreign workers.The system tracks visa applications, renewals, mobility of workers between employers and from one occupation to another as well as notification of termination and runaway workers, and in general all operations of LMRA including inspection and offence management. The system is updated continuously and linked with other labour-related databases of the Kingdom, including CIO, GDNPR, GOSI, PFC, CSB, Ministry of Labour (MoL), and Ministry of Industry and Commerce (MOIC).
Size of establishment is the number of persons engaged in an establishment at a given period, including, in principle, all employees and unpaid family workers as well as any working proprietor. In practice, it refers to the total number of employees registered by anemployer at the responsible administrative agency.
Work Visa is a legal certificate to allow a foreign worker to enter the country for working purposes for a period of two years with the possibility of renewal.
Worker is a generic term that refers to an employed person in general, or to an employee, a self-employed, or a particular category of worker, such as full-time or part-time worker, depending on the context in which the term is used. Four major categories of workers in terms of their status in employment are employees, employers, own-account workers, and unpaid family workers.

2. Institution which provides data

Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA).

3. Data availability

The LMRA publishes these data under its Bahrain Labour Market Indicators (BLMI) section. The BLMI dashboard can be found in: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/mi_dashboard.xml). The general BLMI data with other non-LMRA sources can be found: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/mi_data.xml)
Figures and results are often reported in tables in both PDF and Excel formats.
Data for this LMRA table for 2009 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2009/09/data/lmr/Table_35b.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2009/12/data/lmr/Table_35b.pdf).
Data for 2010 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2010/03/data/ems/Table_35b.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2010/06/data/ems/Table_35b.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2010/09/data/ems/Table_35b.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2010/12/data/ems/Table_35b.pdf).
Data for 2011 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/03/data/ems/Table_35b.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/06/data/ems/Table_35b.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/09/data/ems/Table_35b.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/12/data/ems/Table_35b.pdf).
Data for 2012 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2012/03/data/ems/Table_35b.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2012/06/data/ems/Table_35b.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2012/09/data/ems/Table_35b.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2012/12/data/ems/Table_35b.pdf).
Data for 2013 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2013/03/data/ems/Table_35b.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2013/06/data/ems/Table_35b.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2013/09/data/ems/Table_35b.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2013/12/data/ems/Table_35b.pdf).
Data for 2014 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/data/ems/Table_35b.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/data/ems/Table_35b.pdf).
The definitions that the LMRA adopts for its data can be found in the Glossary section: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/mi_glossary.xml).

Date of access: September 2014

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