Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

Bahrain: New visas by sector of economic activity (Q3 2009 – Q2 2014)

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Agriculture, hunting and forestry Fishing Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas and water supply Construction Wholesale and retail trade, repair Hotels and restaurants Transport, storage, communication Financial intermediation Real estate, renting, business activities Public administration Education Health and social work Other social, personal services Extra-territorial organizations, bodies Not specified Total
2009 Q3 202 164 160 4,465 19 7,846 7,210 2,693 1,290 882 2,819 142 605 106 833 0 1,308 30,744
Q4 250 165 74 5,355 28 9,099 6,744 2,385 1,116 816 2,917 37 531 71 858 0 1,235 31,681
2010 Q1 177 209 92 5,042 39 9,534 7,757 2,552 1,003 802 3,331 76 366 152 829 0 1,060 33,021
Q2 224 197 63 4,451 30 9,241 7,021 2,466 1,241 814 2,900 42 292 170 702 0 1,106 30,960
Q3 199 189 130 4,770 37 9,188 6,847 2,635 1,150 862 2,931 74 517 118 817 0 1,113 31,577
Q4 262 306 172 4,506 39 9,929 6,236 2,744 938 776 3,107 408 389 215 686 0 216 30,929
2011 Q1 216 254 210 4,050 25 9,349 6,491 2,626 1,005 654 2,793 373 271 225 623 0 205 29,370
Q2 194 315 172 4,469 42 8,611 6,338 2,073 1,035 671 3,339 344 298 189 640 0 221 28,951
Q3 229 376 260 5,184 31 11,340 7,412 2,776 1,202 747 3,107 550 569 154 852 0 292 35,081
Q4 266 277 266 4,511 88 10,837 7,295 2,994 1,167 783 3,379 589 360 177 871 1 243 34,104
2012 Q1 316 262 376 5,020 70 12,832 8,309 3,163 1,286 749 3,265 483 283 197 1,161 1 332 38,105
Q2 327 531 306 5,423 32 12,067 9,057 3,235 1,040 647 3,785 477 326 238 1,109 0 332 38,932
Q3 312 574 317 5,441 22 11,836 8,707 3,487 1,069 738 3,735 591 586 237 1,122 1 263 39,038
Q4 337 442 310 4,826 124 11,099 8,143 3,137 947 533 3,411 378 395 219 952 6 248 35,507
2013 Q1 436 472 274 5,947 18 11,577 9,806 3,802 1,113 675 4,709 692 306 177 1,121 1 216 41,342
Q2 455 491 259 5,609 14 10,553 9,702 3,924 1,036 696 4,980 803 274 242 1,324 0 279 40,641
Q3 380 408 221 4,761 26 9,149 8,416 3,765 994 610 3,901 797 564 203 1,308 8 212 35,723
Q4 287 280 142 3,983 118 7,294 7,758 3,328 835 590 3,548 780 510 176 1,031 5 204 30,869
2014 Q1 291 268 191 4,147 21 9,790 9,027 3,764 1,079 554 3,499 609 330 205 1,224 2 314 35,315
Q2 340 354 196 4,931 24 11,066 10,309 3,929 1,232 615 3,834 688 388 277 1,574 2 194 39,953

Source: Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA), Expatriate Management System (EMS)
ANNEXED NOTE

1. Technical Notes and Definitions

This table shows the flow of new permits (or visas) that are given to foreigners by the LMRA. These new visas combine those given for regular and temporary workers, investors and dependents.
The LMRA Expatriate Management System (EMS) stores information and past history of sponsors and workers, and their dependents, within the scope of Law No. 19/2006 on regulating the labour market. The scope of the system covers regular, temporary and investor work visas for foreign workers, their dependents, in the commercial sector, the government sector and the non-commercial, non-government sector. It presently excludes domestic workers, and work visas for artists and certain other categories of workers in non-civilian organizations. It distinguishes four types of visas for operational purposes: regular work visas for workers with 24-month validity; temporary work visas issued for workers with 6-month validity; investor work visas issued for investors investing up to BD 100,000; and dependent visas issued for dependent members of eligible foreign workers.The system tracks visa applications, renewals, mobility of workers between employers and from one occupation to another as well as notification of termination and runaway workers, and in general all operations of LMRA including inspection and offence management. The system is updated continuously and linked with other labour-related databases of the Kingdom, including CIO, GDNPR, GOSI, PFC, CSB, Ministry of Labour (MoL), and Ministry of Industry and Commerce (MOIC).
Work Visa is a legal certificate to allow a foreign worker to enter the country for working purposes for a period of two years with the possibility of renewal.
Worker is a generic term that refers to an employed person in general, or to an employee, a self-employed, or a particular category of worker, such as full-time or part-time worker, depending on the context in which the term is used. Four major categories of workers in terms of their status in employment are employees, employers, own-account workers, and unpaid family workers.

2. Institution which provides data

Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA).

3. Data availability

The LMRA publishes these data under its Bahrain Labour Market Indicators (BLMI) section. The BLMI dashboard can be found in: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/mi_dashboard.xml). The general BLMI data with other non-LMRA sources can be found: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/mi_data.xml)
Figures and results are often reported in tables in both PDF and Excel formats.
Data for this LMRA table for 2009 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2009/09/data/lmr/Table_35a.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2009/12/data/lmr/Table_35a.pdf).
Data for 2010 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2010/03/data/ems/Table_35a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2010/06/data/ems/Table_35a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2010/09/data/ems/Table_35a.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2010/12/data/ems/Table_35a.pdf).
Data for 2011 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/03/data/ems/Table_35a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/06/data/ems/Table_35a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/09/data/ems/Table_35a.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/12/data/ems/Table_35a.pdf).
Data for 2012 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2012/03/data/ems/Table_35a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2012/06/data/ems/Table_35a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2012/09/data/ems/Table_35a.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2012/12/data/ems/Table_35a.pdf).
Data for 2013 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2013/03/data/ems/Table_35a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2013/06/data/ems/Table_35a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2013/09/data/ems/Table_35a.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2013/12/data/ems/Table_35a.pdf).
Data for 2014 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/data/ems/Table_35a.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/06/data/ems/Table_35a.pdf).
The definitions that the LMRA adopts for its data can be found in the Glossary section: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/mi_glossary.xml).

Date of access: September 2014

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