Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

Bahrain: New visas by size of establishment (Q3 2009 – Q2 2014)

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Sector / Number of Employees
Commercial Government Non Commercial Non Government
0 -5 6 – 9 10 – 19 20 – 99 100 – 499 500+ Total 0 -5 6 – 9 10 – 19 20 – 99 100 – 499 500+ Total 0 -5 6 – 9 10 – 19 20 – 99 100 – 499 Total
Q3 10,111 2,863 2,882 6,066 3,571 2,947 28,440 8 29 7 174 319 507 1,044 657 153 48 167 235 1,260
Q4 9,855 2,683 2,636 7,216 4,239 3,054 29,683 3 8 11 80 192 550 844 588 149 70 172 175 1,154
Q1 8,897 3,699 3,193 7,287 4,833 3,367 31,276 8 7 29 110 168 372 694 606 136 63 137 109 1,051
Q2 9,551 2,814 2,665 7,087 4,110 3,028 29,255 3 10 15 71 125 323 547 812 115 49 102 80 1,158
Q3 9,535 2,628 2,912 6,850 4,520 3,180 29,625 6 8 33 84 219 389 739 608 157 60 162 226 1,213
Q4 8,717 2,396 2,700 6,860 5,236 3,416 29,325 4 11 33 56 174 414 692 505 81 74 109 143 912
Q1 8,079 2,289 2,918 6,163 4,771 3,762 27,982 5 0 19 63 171 392 650 410 98 32 131 67 738
Q2 7,722 2,394 2,398 5,961 5,407 3,600 27,482 1 30 10 54 237 316 648 472 89 42 133 85 821
Q3 9,328 2,745 3,127 6,949 5,181 5,766 33,096 4 9 13 56 299 540 921 557 93 38 127 249 1,064
Q4 9,258 2,754 3,212 6,157 5,932 5,002 32,315 11 6 6 66 209 571 869 511 125 48 90 146 920
Q1 10,480 3,539 3,549 7,346 5,319 6,174 36,407 9 3 22 119 201 527 881 474 107 56 96 84 817
Q2 12,038 3,434 3,417 7,189 5,656 5,121 36,855 1 6 24 101 183 563 878 770 160 62 116 91 1,199
Q3 11,705 3,212 3,270 7,408 6,246 4,792 36,633 7 8 20 94 240 607 976 757 187 67 205 213 1,429
Q4 11,198 2,864 2,849 6,320 5,773 4,661 33,665 2 7 21 81 149 421 681 698 122 38 156 147 1,161
Q1 13,512 3,335 3,219 8,034 6,016 5,114 39,230 12 3 16 93 165 669 958 760 128 44 145 77 1,154
Q2 13,616 3,535 3,078 8,178 5,905 4,047 38,359 8 0 17 153 133 858 1,169 734 160 43 104 72 1,113
Q3 12,000 3,323 2,580 6,213 5,607 3,642 33,365 6 18 10 63 217 827 1,141 652 144 47 117 257 1,217
Q4 11,243 2,719 2,368 5,017 4,306 3,207 28,860 11 6 12 93 167 795 1,084 483 83 39 108 212 925
Q1 12,942 3,183 2,824 6,285 4,977 3,333 33,544 6 2 12 134 181 639 974 456 104 39 84 114 797
Q2 14,776 3,715 3,135 7,108 5,712 3,560 38,006 8 14 12 88 161 672 955 587 120 53 92 140 992

Source: Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA), Expatriate Management System (EMS)
ANNEXED NOTE

1. Technical Notes and Definitions

This table shows the flow of new permits (or visas) that are given to foreigners by the LMRA by the size of establishment as per the number of their employees. These new visas combine those given for regular and temporary workers, investors and dependents.
The LMRA Expatriate Management System (EMS) stores information and past history of sponsors and workers, and their dependents, within the scope of Law No. 19/2006 on regulating the labour market. The scope of the system covers regular, temporary and investor work visas for foreign workers, their dependents, in the commercial sector, the government sector and the non-commercial, non-government sector. It presently excludes domestic workers, and work visas for artists and certain other categories of workers in non-civilian organizations. It distinguishes four types of visas for operational purposes: regular work visas for workers with 24-month validity; temporary work visas issued for workers with 6-month validity; investor work visas issued for investors investing up to BD 100,000; and dependent visas issued for dependent members of eligible foreign workers.The system tracks visa applications, renewals, mobility of workers between employers and from one occupation to another as well as notification of termination and runaway workers, and in general all operations of LMRA including inspection and offence management. The system is updated continuously and linked with other labour-related databases of the Kingdom, including CIO, GDNPR, GOSI, PFC, CSB, Ministry of Labour (MoL), and Ministry of Industry and Commerce (MOIC).
Size of establishment is the number of persons engaged in an establishment at a given period, including, in principle, all employees and unpaid family workers as well as any working proprietor. In practice, it refers to the total number of employees registered by anemployer at the responsible administrative agency.
Work Visa is a legal certificate to allow a foreign worker to enter the country for working purposes for a period of two years with the possibility of renewal.
Worker is a generic term that refers to an employed person in general, or to an employee, a self-employed, or a particular category of worker, such as full-time or part-time worker, depending on the context in which the term is used. Four major categories of workers in terms of their status in employment are employees, employers, own-account workers, and unpaid family workers.

2. Institution which provides data

Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA).

3. Data availability

The LMRA publishes these data under its Bahrain Labour Market Indicators (BLMI) section. The BLMI dashboard can be found in: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/mi_dashboard.xml). The general BLMI data with other non-LMRA sources can be found: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/mi_data.xml)
Figures and results are often reported in tables in both PDF and Excel formats.
Data for this LMRA table for 2009 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2009/09/data/lmr/Table_35b.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2009/12/data/lmr/Table_35b.pdf).
Data for 2010 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2010/03/data/ems/Table_35b.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2010/06/data/ems/Table_35b.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2010/09/data/ems/Table_35b.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2010/12/data/ems/Table_35b.pdf).
Data for 2011 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/03/data/ems/Table_35b.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/06/data/ems/Table_35b.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/09/data/ems/Table_35b.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/12/data/ems/Table_35b.pdf).
Data for 2012 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2012/03/data/ems/Table_35b.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2012/06/data/ems/Table_35b.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2012/09/data/ems/Table_35b.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2012/12/data/ems/Table_35b.pdf).
Data for 2013 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2013/03/data/ems/Table_35b.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2013/06/data/ems/Table_35b.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2013/09/data/ems/Table_35b.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2013/12/data/ems/Table_35b.pdf).
Data for 2014 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/data/ems/Table_35b.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/data/ems/Table_35b.pdf).
The definitions that the LMRA adopts for its data can be found in the Glossary section: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/mi_glossary.xml).

Date of access: September 2014

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