Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

Bahrain: New visas, renewals and terminations by type of visa (Q3 2008 – Q1 2014)

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    New Visas Renewals Termination
    Dependent Employment Investor Temporary Worker Total Dependent Employment Investor Temporary Worker Total Dependent Employment Investor Temporary Worker Total
2008 Q3 3,080 9,014 31 455 12,580 3,073 13,505 8 397 16,983 1,023 3,914 2 83 5,022
  Q4 6,128 27,238 78 1,793 35,237 4,451 19,375 46 463 24,335 894 5,370 0 659 6,923
2009 Q1 7,123 34,458 93 2,340 44,014 6,439 26,459 142 338 33,378 1,929 15,255 10 1,755 18,949
  Q2 7,581 27,663 105 1,013 36,362 8,326 29,300 125 558 38,309 2,214 15,211 4 657 18,086
  Q3 5,904 24,211 91 538 30,744 5,152 25,753 65 406 31,376 1,845 14,032 6 816 16,699
  Q4 5,119 25,633 97 832 31,681 6,974 31,793 69 582 39,418 1,708 14,744 9 943 17,404
2010 Q1 6,241 24,988 139 1,653 33,021 11,539 43,168 94 285 55,086 1,828 16,043 12 1,016 18,899
  Q2 6,021 24,229 186 524 30,960 10,897 34,048 121 336 45,402 2,433 15,662 6 549 18,650
  Q3 5,795 25,199 139 444 31,577 6,670 29,847 131 478 37,126 2,041 16,806 8 420 19,275
  Q4 4,890 25,266 141 632 30,929 7,244 25,632 170 380 33,426 1,736 16,433 13 377 18,559
2011 Q1 5024 22929 117 1300 29,370 9538 28220 193 214 38,165 2,067 17,629 7 716 20,419
  Q2 6135 22102 153 561 28,951 9199 27880 189 380 37,648 2,759 17,472 14 698 20,943
  Q3 5450 28910 128 593 35,081 5910 22968 137 178 29,193 2,062 14,606 9 311 16,988
  Q4 5067 28266 121 650 34,104 7319 28141 143 358 35,961 2,052 15,143 12 310 17,517
2012 Q1 6,553 30,517 172 863 38,105 9,953 32,925 238 377 43,493 2,469 14,748 10 226 17,453
  Q2 7,031 30,485 222 1,194 38,932 9,923 28,613 244 437 39,217 2,661 14,628 14 328 17,631
  Q3 6,763 31,083 236 956 39,038 7,057 26,381 213 395 34,046 2,082 14,087 21 582 16,772
  Q4 4,936 28,814 210 1,547 35,507 7,970 27,357 252 449 36,028 2,463 17,086 24 1,510 21,083
2013 Q1 7,636 32,200 264 1,242 41,342 10,150 28,589 302 364 39,405 3,390 19,998 26 1,457 24,871
  Q2 7,814 32,181 260 386 40,641 11,056 28,210 278 210 39,754 4,124 20,057 31 713 24,925
  Q3 6,248 28,841 214 420 35,723 7,375 27,855 218 310 35,758 3,569 22,051 24 475 26,119
  Q4 5,492 24,649 253 475 30,869 8,746 31,480 269 257 40,752 3,579 23,957 32 444 28,012
2014 Q1 6,955 27,176 320 864 35,315 11,595 37,012 348 238 49,193 4,002 22,855 30 411 27,298

Source: Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA), Expatriate Management System (EMS)
ANNEXED NOTE

1. Technical Notes and Definitions

This table shows the flow of work permits (or visas) that are given to foreigners distinguished by the type permit granted by the LMRA (for employment, temporary employment, investor and dependendent) and separated into new visas, renewals to already existing visas and termination of visas.

The LMRA Expatriate Management System (EMS) stores information and past history of sponsors and workers, and their dependents, within the scope of Law No. 19/2006 on regulating the labour market. The scope of the system covers regular, temporary and investor work visas for foreign workers, their dependents, in the commercial sector, the government sector and the non-commercial, non-government sector.
Until September 2014 the system excluded domestic workers, and work visas for artists and certain other categories of workers in non-civilian organizations. It distinguishes four types of visas for operational purposes: regular work visas for workers with 24-month validity; temporary work visas issued for workers with 6-month validity; investor work visas issued for investors investing up to BD 100,000; and dependent visas issued for dependent members of eligible foreign workers.The system tracks visa applications, renewals, mobility of workers between employers and from one occupation to another as well as notification of termination and runaway workers, and in general all operations of LMRA including inspection and offence management. The system is updated continuously and linked with other labour-related databases of the Kingdom, including CIO, GDNPR, GOSI, PFC, CSB, Ministry of Labour (MoL), and Ministry of Industry and Commerce (MOIC).
Work Visa is a legal certificate to allow a foreign worker to enter the country for working purposes for a period of two years with the possibility of renewal.
Regular Worker is a worker engaged to work in an enterprise for a long period of time, i.e. for more than six months and usually two years with possibility of renewal.
Investor is a person who invests up to 100,000 Bahraini dinars.
Temporary Worker is a worker engaged to work in an enterprise for a short period of time, i.e. for less than two years and usually six months.
Dependent is a person who is a dependent member of the family of the eligible foreign worker.
Worker is a generic term that refers to an employed person in general, or to an employee, a self-employed, or a particular category of worker, such as full-time or part-time worker, depending on the context in which the term is used. Four major categories of workers in terms of their status in employment are employees, employers, own-account workers, and unpaid family workers.
Termination refers to an employer’s application to the LMRA announcing the end of employment of a foraign worker in theeconomic unit (CR/Branch)

2. Institution which provides data

Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA).

3. Data availability

The LMRA publishes these data under its Bahrain Labour Market Indicators (BLMI) section. The BLMI dashboard can be found in: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/mi_dashboard.xml). The general BLMI data with other non-LMRA sources can be found: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/mi_data.xml)
Figures and results are often reported in tables in both PDF and Excel formats.
Data for this LMRA table can be found in two separate links here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/12/data/ems/Table_33.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/data/ems/Table_33.pdf).
The definitions that the LMRA adopts for its data can be found in the Glossary section: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/mi_glossary.xml).

Date of access: August 2014

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