Bahrain: New visas, renewals and terminations by type of visa (Q3 2008 – Q1 2014)
|Dependent||Employment||Investor||Temporary Worker||Total||Dependent||Employment||Investor||Temporary Worker||Total||Dependent||Employment||Investor||Temporary Worker||Total|
Source: Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA), Expatriate Management System (EMS)
1. Technical Notes and Definitions
This table shows the flow of work permits (or visas) that are given to foreigners distinguished by the type permit granted by the LMRA (for employment, temporary employment, investor and dependendent) and separated into new visas, renewals to already existing visas and termination of visas.
The LMRA Expatriate Management System (EMS) stores information and past history of sponsors and workers, and their dependents, within the scope of Law No. 19/2006 on regulating the labour market. The scope of the system covers regular, temporary and investor work visas for foreign workers, their dependents, in the commercial sector, the government sector and the non-commercial, non-government sector.
Until September 2014 the system excluded domestic workers, and work visas for artists and certain other categories of workers in non-civilian organizations. It distinguishes four types of visas for operational purposes: regular work visas for workers with 24-month validity; temporary work visas issued for workers with 6-month validity; investor work visas issued for investors investing up to BD 100,000; and dependent visas issued for dependent members of eligible foreign workers.The system tracks visa applications, renewals, mobility of workers between employers and from one occupation to another as well as notification of termination and runaway workers, and in general all operations of LMRA including inspection and offence management. The system is updated continuously and linked with other labour-related databases of the Kingdom, including CIO, GDNPR, GOSI, PFC, CSB, Ministry of Labour (MoL), and Ministry of Industry and Commerce (MOIC).
Work Visa is a legal certificate to allow a foreign worker to enter the country for working purposes for a period of two years with the possibility of renewal.
Regular Worker is a worker engaged to work in an enterprise for a long period of time, i.e. for more than six months and usually two years with possibility of renewal.
Investor is a person who invests up to 100,000 Bahraini dinars.
Temporary Worker is a worker engaged to work in an enterprise for a short period of time, i.e. for less than two years and usually six months.
Dependent is a person who is a dependent member of the family of the eligible foreign worker.
Worker is a generic term that refers to an employed person in general, or to an employee, a self-employed, or a particular category of worker, such as full-time or part-time worker, depending on the context in which the term is used. Four major categories of workers in terms of their status in employment are employees, employers, own-account workers, and unpaid family workers.
Termination refers to an employer’s application to the LMRA announcing the end of employment of a foraign worker in theeconomic unit (CR/Branch)
2. Institution which provides data
Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA).
3. Data availability
The LMRA publishes these data under its Bahrain Labour Market Indicators (BLMI) section. The BLMI dashboard can be found in: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/mi_dashboard.xml). The general BLMI data with other non-LMRA sources can be found: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/mi_data.xml)
Figures and results are often reported in tables in both PDF and Excel formats.
Data for this LMRA table can be found in two separate links here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/12/data/ems/Table_33.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/data/ems/Table_33.pdf).
The definitions that the LMRA adopts for its data can be found in the Glossary section: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/mi_glossary.xml).
Date of access: August 2014