Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

Bahrain: Renewed employment and dependent visas by sector of economic activity (Q3 2009 – Q2 2014)

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  Agriculture, hunting and forestry Fishing Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas and water supply Construction Wholesale and retail trade, repair Hotels and restaurants Transport, storage, communication Financial intermediation Real estate, renting, business activities Public administration Education Health and social work Other social, personal services Extra-territorial organizations, bodies Not specified Total
  Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent
2009 Q3 189 16 38 0 160 69 4,167 656 11 9 8,604 751 5,806 1,550 1,875 196 1,111 309 388 373 1,667 666 29 34 114 103 30 15 602 59 0 0 974 346 25,765 5,152
Q4 207 21 43 1 202 83 5,331 845 7 15 10,456 853 7,512 1,961 2,358 210 995 412 481 458 2,064 832 51 49 261 217 61 20 637 23 0 0 1,132 973 31,798 6,973
2010 Q1 185 19 67 4 307 167 6,061 1,204 11 18 12,617 1,096 8,811 2,702 2,967 373 1,069 535 753 891 2,517 1,345 75 105 241 290 101 62 713 70 0 0 1,275 1,256 37,770 10,137
Q2 82 14 65 4 151 125 4,346 1,117 9 6 9,219 1,013 5,670 2,218 1,911 295 1,000 440 612 764 2,382 1,190 38 41 372 325 118 43 575 66 0 0 777 716 27,327 8,377
Q3 54 4 26 1 96 32 2,806 550 4 3 7,057 580 3,679 1,191 1,261 157 606 244 373 300 1,290 440 12 16 118 87 50 18 322 40 0 0 338 301 18,092 3,964
Q4 179 19 142 7 183 94 3,145 723 6 7 8,966 745 5,150 1,867 1,916 218 802 313 467 502 1,921 817 516 1,117 233 239 167 47 536 46 0 0 236 220 24,565 6,981
2011 Q1 266 11 149 0 246 139 4,579 1,298 16 19 9,517 1,142 7,007 2,836 2,260 283 1,157 490 672 767 2,423 1,194 740 1,295 311 301 216 80 630 90 0 0 343 350 30,532 10,295
Q2 268 13 175 5 308 96 4,588 1,174 20 23 7,812 1,184 6,836 2,610 2,162 305 936 522 601 672 2,244 1,160 388 605 447 435 152 47 720 75 0 0 223 273 27,880 9,199
Q3 188 7 196 3 190 80 3,953 716 15 33 6,155 765 5,999 1,785 1,782 186 884 323 398 401 1,714 736 301 382 181 147 84 41 686 71 0 0 242 230 22,968 5,906
Q4 255 16 188 5 167 78 4,772 921 18 21 8,603 978 6,443 2,274 2,327 253 932 375 498 471 2,235 885 360 472 266 218 120 67 744 68 0 0 213 217 28,141 7,319
2012 Q1 284 31 265 8 195 129 5,063 1,191 13 20 10,689 1,200 7,454 2,762 2,710 367 976 504 737 766 2,249 1,196 748 1,064 295 273 212 67 764 116 1 0 271 259 32,926 9,953
Q2 259 17 286 3 158 147 4,337 1,219 25 29 9,094 1,246 6,449 2,605 1,995 423 954 490 668 753 2,122 1,265 554 802 454 468 223 94 784 109 0 1 251 253 28,613 9,924
Q3 247 14 346 2 194 115 4,068 806 30 39 8,317 957 6,250 2,040 1,932 250 825 352 487 488 1,838 793 520 680 236 199 212 52 647 57 0 0 232 213 26,381 7,057
Q4 239 24 301 6 149 87 3,763 921 23 22 9,295 1,002 6,364 2,438 2,211 302 878 432 495 505 1,746 850 486 820 262 202 225 68 727 92 0 0 193 199 27,357 7,970
2013 Q1 269 25 225 3 236 115 3,868 1,160 13 24 8,728 1,158 6,988 3,080 2,260 302 989 538 622 700 2,235 1,168 626 1,019 320 289 207 102 682 93 0 0 321 374 28,589 10,150
Q2 271 18 184 8 178 106 4,157 1,335 25 45 8,205 1,398 6,688 3,121 2,238 368 919 511 589 729 2,328 1,293 788 1,202 481 413 165 52 714 130 0 0 280 327 28,210 11,056
Q3 258 15 256 3 246 94 4,119 958 9 14 8,751 1,000 6,851 2,281 2,137 243 838 412 492 467 2,079 946 476 424 207 187 111 41 807 55 0 0 218 235 27,855 7,375
Q4 278 32 294 10 209 167 4,714 1,006 22 29 10,302 1,317 7,492 2,801 2,601 339 970 419 467 533 2,060 1,045 570 418 245 206 151 71 833 107 0 0 272 246 31,480 8,746
2014 Q1 297 37 270 4 294 210 5,382 1,334 15 25 12,367 1,373 8,449 3,242 3,118 475 986 545 638 749 2,328 1,311 976 1,474 334 255 234 107 1,026 131 1 2 297 321 37,012 11,595
Q2 372 38 268 3 283 174 4,995 1,327 31 51 11,065 1,583 7,696 3,316 2,732 498 1,101 546 593 748 2,250 1,354 750 1,178 520 496 226 114 902 109 0 347 377 34,131 11,912

Source: Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA), Expatriate Management System (EMS)
ANNEXED NOTE

1. Technical Notes and Definitions

This table shows the flow of renewed permits (or visas) that are given to foreign regular workers and dependents by the LMRA, by sector of economic activity.
The LMRA Expatriate Management System (EMS) stores information and past history of sponsors and workers, and their dependents, within the scope of Law No. 19/2006 on regulating the labour market. The scope of the system covers regular, temporary and investor work visas for foreign workers, their dependents, in the commercial sector, the government sector and the non-commercial, non-government sector. It presently excludes domestic workers, and work visas for artists and certain other categories of workers in non-civilian organizations. It distinguishes four types of visas for operational purposes: regular work visas for workers with 24-month validity; temporary work visas issued for workers with 6-month validity; investor work visas issued for investors investing up to BD 100,000; and dependent visas issued for dependent members of eligible foreign workers.The system tracks visa applications, renewals, mobility of workers between employers and from one occupation to another as well as notification of termination and runaway workers, and in general all operations of LMRA including inspection and offence management. The system is updated continuously and linked with other labour-related databases of the Kingdom, including CIO, GDNPR, GOSI, PFC, CSB, Ministry of Labour (MoL), and Ministry of Industry and Commerce (MOIC).
Work Visa is a legal certificate to allow a foreign worker to enter the country for working purposes for a period of two years with the possibility of renewal.
Worker is a generic term that refers to an employed person in general, or to an employee, a self-employed, or a particular category of worker, such as full-time or part-time worker, depending on the context in which the term is used. Four major categories of workers in terms of their status in employment are employees, employers, own-account workers, and unpaid family workers.

2. Institution which provides data

Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA).

3. Data availability

The LMRA publishes these data under its Bahrain Labour Market Indicators (BLMI) section. The BLMI dashboard can be found in: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/mi_dashboard.xml). The general BLMI data with other non-LMRA sources can be found: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/mi_data.xml)
Figures and results are often reported in tables in both PDF and Excel formats.
Data for this LMRA table for 2009 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2009/09/data/lmr/Table_36a.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2009/12/data/lmr/Table_36a.pdf).
Data for 2010 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2010/03/data/ems/Table_36a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2010/06/data/ems/Table_36a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2010/09/data/ems/Table_36a.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2010/12/data/ems/Table_36a.pdf).
Data for 2011 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/03/data/ems/Table_36a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/06/data/ems/Table_36a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/09/data/ems/Table_36a.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/12/data/ems/Table_36a.pdf).
Data for 2012 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2012/03/data/ems/Table_36a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2012/06/data/ems/Table_36a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2012/09/data/ems/Table_36a.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2012/12/data/ems/Table_36a.pdf).
Data for 2013 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2013/03/data/ems/Table_36a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2013/06/data/ems/Table_36a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2013/09/data/ems/Table_36a.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2013/12/data/ems/Table_36a.pdf).
Data for 2014 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/data/ems/Table_36a.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/06/data/ems/Table_36a.pdf).
The definitions that the LMRA adopts for its data can be found in the Glossary section: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/mi_glossary.xml).

Date of access:September 2014

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