Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

Bahrain: Renewed employment and dependent visas by size of establishment (Q3 2009 – Q2 2014)

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Sector / Number of Employees
Commercial Government Non Commercial Non Government
0 -5 6 – 9 10 – 19 20 – 99 100 – 499 500+ Total 0 -5 6 – 9 10 – 19 20 – 99 100 – 499 500+ Total 0 -5 6 – 9 10 – 19 20 – 99 100 – 499 Total
Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent
2009 Q3 4,217 968 1,950 356 2,314 446 5,514 1,241 5,418 1,027 5,158 609 24,571 4,647 3 9 6 10 5 4 60 71 128 146 337 154 539 394 409 25 95 7 42 11 57 29 52 39 655 111
Q4 4,801 1,049 2,416 463 2,974 545 7,323 1,605 7,020 1,298 5,738 760 30,272 5,720 4 2 1 2 8 3 111 111 208 259 427 732 759 1,109 436 28 76 5 70 14 84 33 101 64 767 144
2010 Q1 4,947 1,366 2,791 850 3,764 884 9,293 2,287 8,205 2,055 7,156 1,105 36,156 8,547 0 4 2 0 11 25 102 107 121 227 144 1,001 380 1,364 455 25 142 21 63 29 125 46 149 105 934 226
Q2 3,973 1,326 1,903 579 2,568 784 6,037 1,990 5,517 1,719 6,106 953 26,104 7,351 4 5 2 3 9 18 53 94 74 138 196 460 338 718 391 39 78 15 53 13 134 86 229 155 885 308
Q3 2,505 746 1,242 319 1,684 374 3,835 904 4,664 668 3,655 562 17,585 3,573 0 1 1 0 3 3 27 42 27 47 45 216 103 309 236 6 35 10 26 2 50 23 57 41 404 82
Q4 4,115 1,144 1,851 467 2,165 576 5,741 1,384 4,676 1,195 4,609 610 23,157 5,376 3 0 2 0 9 13 48 61 232 226 541 1,121 835 1,421 285 18 90 25 32 9 82 47 84 85 573 184
2011 Q1 4,967 1,689 2,251 757 3,066 893 7,334 2,150 6,119 1,756 4,850 1,082 28,587 8,327 5 7 4 1 45 75 98 134 205 213 758 1,267 1,115 1,697 412 38 100 26 70 25 151 68 97 114 830 271
Q2 5,625 1,662 2,302 670 2,837 789 6,087 2,028 5,221 1,763 4,129 922 26,201 7,834 5 8 4 5 18 18 85 106 225 283 375 592 712 1,012 500 47 88 18 57 21 136 83 186 184 967 353
Q3 4,908 1,218 1,916 465 2,268 593 4,953 1,136 3,985 1,122 3,670 560 21,700 5,094 3 4 2 3 14 10 62 74 201 199 282 368 564 658 443 23 76 12 50 17 80 38 55 64 704 154
Q4 5,094 1,400 2,404 621 2,772 669 6,176 1,658 5,450 1,273 4,812 773 26,708 6,394 5 3 5 8 10 10 81 84 180 196 340 453 621 754 476 35 88 12 41 21 96 30 111 73 812 171
2012 Q1 5,634 1,820 2,806 882 3,292 787 7,049 2,183 6,554 1,693 5,552 924 30,887 8,289 5 8 10 11 17 22 133 148 164 163 755 1,065 1,084 1,417 520 30 128 10 67 37 106 50 134 120 955 247
Q2 5,148 1,721 2,256 689 2,694 842 5,999 2,291 5,489 1,708 4,956 1,042 26,542 8,293 5 6 3 6 19 23 90 95 221 269 578 844 916 1,243 594 68 137 26 56 15 150 61 218 218 1,155 388
Q3 4,753 1,278 2,106 531 2,412 646 5,296 1,482 5,524 1,266 4,498 736 24,589 5,939 3 1 9 15 15 14 98 101 188 172 520 681 833 984 584 23 120 16 49 10 105 27 101 58 959 134
Q4 4,958 1,531 2,222 672 2,563 661 5,855 1,653 5,691 1,385 4,421 787 25,710 6,689 3 5 3 11 16 68 86 127 107 518 860 732 1,072 526 40 105 8 48 19 124 55 112 87 915 209
2013 Q1 5,055 1,779 2,228 734 2,768 936 6,411 2,091 6,016 1,825 4,122 1,025 26,600 8,390 5 6 9 17 29 39 87 103 237 229 677 1,080 1,044 1,474 492 52 137 24 47 30 142 83 127 97 945 286
Q2 5,320 2,105 2,374 827 2,712 970 5,818 2,211 5,518 1,776 4,275 1,094 26,017 8,983 4 16 12 16 25 40 90 123 235 254 844 1,263 1,210 1,712 475 51 126 34 40 29 143 83 199 164 983 361
Q3 5,313 1,585 2,262 604 2,716 651 5,511 1,545 5,552 1,353 4,861 745 26,215 6,483 3 6 7 6 9 6 59 84 145 132 525 466 748 700 536 25 116 27 47 21 120 64 73 55 892 192
Q4 5,829 1,821 2,579 785 2,992 832 6,343 1,823 6,405 1,583 5,454 958 29,602 7,802 2 4 2 2 9 9 121 97 171 151 586 454 891 717 590 57 131 15 51 21 110 47 105 87 987 227
2014 Q1 6,594 2,264 3,196 881 3,586 1,043 7,677 2,279 7,518 1,859 5,966 1,105 34,537 9,431 3 9 12 15 13 19 113 136 226 211 1,006 1,512 1,373 1,902 623 50 132 15 69 29 123 40 155 128 1,102 262
Q2 6,421 2,308 2,856 827 3,300 981 6,509 2,470 6,895 1,940 5,212 1,099 31,193 9,625 5 0 10 14 9 13 117 127 322 352 771 1,214 1,234 1,720 632 56 152 31 56 19 156 90 242 237 1,238 433

Source: Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA), Expatriate Management System (EMS)
ANNEXED NOTE

1. Technical Notes and Definitions

This table shows the flow of renewed permits (or visas) that are given to foreign regular workers and dependents by the LMRA by the size of establishment.
The LMRA Expatriate Management System (EMS) stores information and past history of sponsors and workers, and their dependents, within the scope of Law No. 19/2006 on regulating the labour market. The scope of the system covers regular, temporary and investor work visas for foreign workers, their dependents, in the commercial sector, the government sector and the non-commercial, non-government sector. It presently excludes domestic workers, and work visas for artists and certain other categories of workers in non-civilian organizations. It distinguishes four types of visas for operational purposes: regular work visas for workers with 24-month validity; temporary work visas issued for workers with 6-month validity; investor work visas issued for investors investing up to BD 100,000; and dependent visas issued for dependent members of eligible foreign workers.The system tracks visa applications, renewals, mobility of workers between employers and from one occupation to another as well as notification of termination and runaway workers, and in general all operations of LMRA including inspection and offence management. The system is updated continuously and linked with other labour-related databases of the Kingdom, including CIO, GDNPR, GOSI, PFC, CSB, Ministry of Labour (MoL), and Ministry of Industry and Commerce (MOIC).
Work Visa is a legal certificate to allow a foreign worker to enter the country for working purposes for a period of two years with the possibility of renewal.
Worker is a generic term that refers to an employed person in general, or to an employee, a self-employed, or a particular category of worker, such as full-time or part-time worker, depending on the context in which the term is used. Four major categories of workers in terms of their status in employment are employees, employers, own-account workers, and unpaid family workers.
Size of establishment is the number of persons engaged in an establishment at a given period, including, in principle, all employees and unpaid family workers as well as any working proprietor. In practice, it refers to the total number of employees registered by anemployer at the responsible administrative agency.

2. Institution which provides data

Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA).

3. Data availability

The LMRA publishes these data under its Bahrain Labour Market Indicators (BLMI) section. The BLMI dashboard can be found in: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/mi_dashboard.xml). The general BLMI data with other non-LMRA sources can be found: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/mi_data.xml)
Figures and results are often reported in tables in both PDF and Excel formats.
Data for this LMRA table for 2009 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2009/09/data/lmr/Table_36b.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2009/12/data/lmr/Table_36b.pdf).
Data for 2010 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2010/03/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2010/06/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2010/09/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2010/12/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf).
Data for 2011 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/03/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/06/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/09/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/12/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf).
Data for 2012 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2012/03/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2012/06/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2012/09/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2012/12/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf).
Data for 2013 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2013/03/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2013/06/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2013/09/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2013/12/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf).
Data for 2014 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/06/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf).
The definitions that the LMRA adopts for its data can be found in the Glossary section: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/mi_glossary.xml).

Date of access: September 2014

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