Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

Bahrain: Renewed temporary worker visas by size of establishment (Q3 2009 – Q2 2014)

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Sector / Number of Employees
Commercial Government Non Commercial Non Government
0 -5 6 – 9 10 – 19 20 – 99 100 – 499 500+ Total 0 -5 6 – 9 10 – 19 20 – 99 100 – 499 500+ Total 0 -5 6 – 9 10 – 19 20 – 99 100 – 499 500+ Total
2009 Q3 0 19 28 43 139 177 406 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Q4 12 3 33 66 109 359 582 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2010 Q1 23 35 25 31 93 70 277 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Q2 0 11 23 129 30 137 330 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Q3 2 19 61 152 74 166 474 0 0 0 3 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Q4 2 7 25 63 73 207 377 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2011 Q1 16 5 22 16 60 98 217 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Q2 8 4 2 57 158 151 380 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Q3 8 5 4 21 41 99 178 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Q4 4 7 53 32 34 228 358 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2012 Q1 0 8 11 34 94 230 377 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Q2 0 25 5 53 120 234 437 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Q3 2 1 25 83 66 218 395 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Q4 2 8 23 85 114 217 449 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2013 Q1 5 7 23 42 123 164 364 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Q2 1 7 5 30 59 108 210 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Q3 1 9 8 31 76 185 310 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Q4 0 6 11 29 53 158 257 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2014 Q1 0 4 9 48 59 118 238 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Q2 3 0 18 29 20 62 132 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Source: Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA), Expatriate Management System (EMS)
ANNEXED NOTE

1. Technical Notes and Definitions

This table shows the flow of new permits (or visas) that are given to foreign temporary workers by the LMRA by the size of the establishment.
The LMRA Expatriate Management System (EMS) stores information and past history of sponsors and workers, and their dependents, within the scope of Law No. 19/2006 on regulating the labour market. The scope of the system covers regular, temporary and investor work visas for foreign workers, their dependents, in the commercial sector, the government sector and the non-commercial, non-government sector. It presently excludes domestic workers, and work visas for artists and certain other categories of workers in non-civilian organizations. It distinguishes four types of visas for operational purposes: regular work visas for workers with 24-month validity; temporary work visas issued for workers with 6-month validity; investor work visas issued for investors investing up to BD 100,000; and dependent visas issued for dependent members of eligible foreign workers.The system tracks visa applications, renewals, mobility of workers between employers and from one occupation to another as well as notification of termination and runaway workers, and in general all operations of LMRA including inspection and offence management. The system is updated continuously and linked with other labour-related databases of the Kingdom, including CIO, GDNPR, GOSI, PFC, CSB, Ministry of Labour (MoL), and Ministry of Industry and Commerce (MOIC).
Temporary Worker is a worker engaged to work in an enterprise for a short period of time, i.e. for less than two years and usually six months.
Work Visa is a legal certificate to allow a foreign worker to enter the country for working purposes for a period of two years with the possibility of renewal.
Worker is a generic term that refers to an employed person in general, or to an employee, a self-employed, or a particular category of worker, such as full-time or part-time worker, depending on the context in which the term is used. Four major categories of workers in terms of their status in employment are employees, employers, own-account workers, and unpaid family workers.
Size of establishment is the number of persons engaged in an establishment at a given period, including, in principle, all employees and unpaid family workers as well as any working proprietor. In practice, it refers to the total number of employees registered by anemployer at the responsible administrative agency.

2. Institution which provides data

Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA).

3. Data availability

The LMRA publishes these data under its Bahrain Labour Market Indicators (BLMI) section. The BLMI dashboard can be found in: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/mi_dashboard.xml). The general BLMI data with other non-LMRA sources can be found: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/mi_data.xml)
Figures and results are often reported in tables in both PDF and Excel formats.
Data for this LMRA table for 2009 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2009/09/data/lmr/Table_36b.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2009/12/data/lmr/Table_36b.pdf).
Data for 2010 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2010/03/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2010/06/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2010/09/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2010/12/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf).
Data for 2011 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/03/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/06/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/09/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/12/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf).
Data for 2012 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2012/03/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2012/06/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2012/09/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2012/12/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf).
Data for 2013 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2013/03/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2013/06/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2013/09/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2013/12/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf).
Data for 2014 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/06/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf).
The definitions that the LMRA adopts for its data can be found in the Glossary section: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/mi_glossary.xml).

Date of access: September 2014

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