Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

Bahrain: Renewed visas by sector of economic activity (Q3 2009 – Q2 2014)

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Agriculture, hunting and forestry Fishing Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas and water supply Construction Wholesale and retail trade, repair Hotels and restaurants Transport, storage, communication Financial intermediation Real estate, renting, business activities Public administration Education Health and social work Other social, personal services Extra-territorial organizations, bodies Not specified Total
2009 Q3 216 38 229 4,989 20 9,486 7,419 2,076 1,420 767 2,380 63 217 45 690 0 1,321 31,376
Q4 228 44 285 6,297 22 11,614 9,632 2,576 1,411 940 2,943 100 480 81 660 0 2,105 39,418
2010 Q1 204 71 474 7,311 29 13,854 11,587 3,346 1,606 1,648 3,941 180 532 163 783 0 2,539 48,268
Q2 97 69 276 5,605 15 10,384 7,950 2,210 1,442 1,384 3,636 79 697 161 642 0 1,493 36,140
Q3 58 27 128 3,534 7 7,847 4,969 1,423 854 680 1,788 28 205 71 364 0 642 22,625
Q4 198 149 278 4,099 13 9,824 7,108 2,138 1,120 979 2,821 1,633 474 214 585 0 457 32,090
2011 Q1 277 149 385 6,003 35 10,747 9,974 2,554 1,650 1,446 3,684 2,035 613 296 722 0 693 41,263
Q2 281 181 405 5,961 43 9,153 9,529 2,474 1,461 1,285 3,508 993 884 199 795 0 496 37,648
Q3 195 199 273 4,800 48 6,956 7,848 1,972 1,210 806 2,513 683 328 125 761 0 472 29,189
Q4 271 193 248 5,960 44 9,633 8,789 2,586 1,309 979 3,198 832 485 187 817 0 430 35,961
2012 Q1 315 273 328 6,459 33 12,043 10,322 3,086 1,487 1,513 3,564 1,812 569 279 880 1 530 43,494
Q2 276 289 306 5,686 54 10,621 9,192 2,423 1,449 1,437 3,487 1,356 922 318 897 1 504 39,218
Q3 261 348 310 4,998 69 9,484 8,439 2,190 1,183 988 2,722 1,200 437 268 704 0 445 34,046
Q4 263 307 252 4,934 46 10,384 9,017 2,519 1,312 1,012 2,702 1,306 465 293 824 0 392 36,028
2013 Q1 294 228 353 5,294 41 9,956 10,223 2,573 1,532 1,331 3,542 1,645 611 309 778 0 695 39,405
Q2 291 192 286 5,652 71 9,644 9,931 2,614 1,434 1,331 3,752 1,990 895 217 847 0 607 39,754
Q3 273 260 343 5,321 23 9,788 9,236 2,390 1,254 973 3,131 900 395 152 866 0 453 35,758
Q4 311 304 379 5,910 51 11,647 10,412 2,949 1,400 1,010 3,252 988 454 222 945 0 518 40,752
2014 Q1 334 274 506 6,876 40 13,778 11,858 3,607 1,542 1,401 3,815 2,450 589 343 1,159 3 618 49,193
Q2 410 271 458 6,438 82 12,658 11,202 3,239 1,648 1,364 3,756 1,928 1,016 345 1,014 0 724 46,553

Source: Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA), Expatriate Management System (EMS)

ANNEXED NOTE

1. Technical Notes and Definitions

This table shows the flow of renewed permits (or visas) that are given to foreigners by the LMRA by sector of economic activity. These renwed visas combine those given for regular and temporary workers, investors and dependents.
The LMRA Expatriate Management System (EMS) stores information and past history of sponsors and workers, and their dependents, within the scope of Law No. 19/2006 on regulating the labour market. The scope of the system covers regular, temporary and investor work visas for foreign workers, their dependents, in the commercial sector, the government sector and the non-commercial, non-government sector. It presently excludes domestic workers, and work visas for artists and certain other categories of workers in non-civilian organizations. It distinguishes four types of visas for operational purposes: regular work visas for workers with 24-month validity; temporary work visas issued for workers with 6-month validity; investor work visas issued for investors investing up to BD 100,000; and dependent visas issued for dependent members of eligible foreign workers.The system tracks visa applications, renewals, mobility of workers between employers and from one occupation to another as well as notification of termination and runaway workers, and in general all operations of LMRA including inspection and offence management. The system is updated continuously and linked with other labour-related databases of the Kingdom, including CIO, GDNPR, GOSI, PFC, CSB, Ministry of Labour (MoL), and Ministry of Industry and Commerce (MOIC).
Work Visa is a legal certificate to allow a foreign worker to enter the country for working purposes for a period of two years with the possibility of renewal.
Worker is a generic term that refers to an employed person in general, or to an employee, a self-employed, or a particular category of worker, such as full-time or part-time worker, depending on the context in which the term is used. Four major categories of workers in terms of their status in employment are employees, employers, own-account workers, and unpaid family workers.

2. Institution which provides data

Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA).

3. Data availability

The LMRA publishes these data under its Bahrain Labour Market Indicators (BLMI) section. The BLMI dashboard can be found in: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/mi_dashboard.xml). The general BLMI data with other non-LMRA sources can be found: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/mi_data.xml)
Figures and results are often reported in tables in both PDF and Excel formats.
Data for this LMRA table for 2009 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2009/09/data/lmr/Table_36a.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2009/12/data/lmr/Table_36a.pdf).
Data for 2010 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2010/03/data/ems/Table_36a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2010/06/data/ems/Table_36a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2010/09/data/ems/Table_36a.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2010/12/data/ems/Table_36a.pdf).
Data for 2011 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/03/data/ems/Table_36a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/06/data/ems/Table_36a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/09/data/ems/Table_36a.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/12/data/ems/Table_36a.pdf).
Data for 2012 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2012/03/data/ems/Table_36a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2012/06/data/ems/Table_36a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2012/09/data/ems/Table_36a.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2012/12/data/ems/Table_36a.pdf).
Data for 2013 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2013/03/data/ems/Table_36a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2013/06/data/ems/Table_36a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2013/09/data/ems/Table_36a.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2013/12/data/ems/Table_36a.pdf).
Data for 2014 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/data/ems/Table_36a.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/06/data/ems/Table_36a.pdf).
The definitions that the LMRA adopts for its data can be found in the Glossary section: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/mi_glossary.xml).

Date of access: September 2014

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