Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

Bahrain: Renewed visas by size of establishment (Q3 2009 – Q2 2014)

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Sector / Number of Employees
Commercial Government Non Commercial Non Government
0 -5 6 – 9 10 – 19 20 – 99 100 – 499 500+ Total 0 -5 6 – 9 10 – 19 20 – 99 100 – 499 500+ Total 0 -5 6 – 9 10 – 19 20 – 99 100 – 499 Total
2009 Q3 5,221 2,330 2,790 6,806 6,584 5,945 29,676 12 16 9 131 274 491 933 434 102 53 87 91 767
Q4 5,912 2,890 3,557 8,995 8,427 6,857 36,638 6 3 11 222 467 1,159 1,868 465 81 84 117 165 912
2010 Q1 6,394 3,693 4,681 11,611 10,354 8,331 45,064 4 2 36 209 348 1,445 2,044 480 163 92 171 254 1,160
Q2 5,363 2,515 3,385 8,164 7,267 7,197 33,891 9 5 27 147 212 656 1,056 430 93 66 220 384 1,193
Q3 3,328 1,588 2,125 4,893 5,407 4,383 21,724 1 1 6 72 74 261 415 242 45 28 73 98 486
Q4 5,390 2,345 2,771 7,198 5,945 5,426 29,075 3 2 22 110 458 1,662 2,257 303 115 42 129 169 758
2011 Q1 6,852 3,029 3,995 9,508 7,936 6,030 37,350 12 5 120 232 418 2,025 2,812 450 126 95 219 211 1,101
Q2 7,439 2,992 3,635 8,188 7,146 5,204 34,604 13 9 36 191 508 967 1,724 547 106 78 219 370 1,320
Q3 6,241 2,397 2,874 6,117 5,149 4,330 27,108 7 5 24 136 400 650 1,222 466 88 67 119 119 859
Q4 6,616 3,046 3,500 7,870 6,757 5,813 33,602 8 13 20 165 376 793 1,375 512 100 62 126 184 984
2012 Q1 7,637 3,728 4,101 9,278 8,341 6,706 39,791 13 21 39 281 327 1,820 2,501 550 138 104 156 254 1,202
Q2 7,056 2,996 3,554 8,359 7,319 6,232 35,516 11 9 42 185 490 1,422 2,159 662 163 71 211 436 1,543
Q3 6,195 2,658 3,096 6,876 6,859 5,452 31,136 4 24 29 199 360 1,201 1,817 607 136 59 132 159 1,093
Q4 6,704 2,915 3,259 7,605 7,192 5,425 33,100 3 8 27 154 234 1,378 1,804 566 113 67 179 199 1,124
2013 Q1 7,078 2,997 3,745 8,557 7,966 5,312 35,655 11 26 68 190 466 1,757 2,518 544 161 77 226 224 1,232
Q2 7,647 3,233 3,702 8,074 7,354 5,477 35,487 20 28 65 213 489 2,107 2,922 526 160 69 227 363 1,345
Q3 7,071 2,897 3,382 7,097 6,986 5,793 33,226 9 13 15 143 277 991 1,448 561 143 68 184 128 1,084
Q4 7,871 3,388 3,850 8,208 8,042 6,570 37,929 6 4 18 218 322 1,040 1,608 648 146 72 157 192 1,215
2014 Q1 9,133 4,107 4,667 10,022 9,436 7,189 44,554 12 27 32 249 437 2,518 3,275 673 147 98 163 283 1,364
Q2 9,031 3,719 4,310 9,031 8,859 6,373 41,323 5 24 22 244 674 1,985 2,954 688 183 75 246 479 1,671

Source: Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA), Expatriate Management System (EMS)
ANNEXED NOTE

1. Technical Notes and Definitions

This table shows the flow of renewed permits (or visas) that are given to foreigners by the LMRA by the size of the establishment where they work. These renwed visas combine those given for regular and temporary workers, investors and dependents.
The LMRA Expatriate Management System (EMS) stores information and past history of sponsors and workers, and their dependents, within the scope of Law No. 19/2006 on regulating the labour market. The scope of the system covers regular, temporary and investor work visas for foreign workers, their dependents, in the commercial sector, the government sector and the non-commercial, non-government sector. It presently excludes domestic workers, and work visas for artists and certain other categories of workers in non-civilian organizations. It distinguishes four types of visas for operational purposes: regular work visas for workers with 24-month validity; temporary work visas issued for workers with 6-month validity; investor work visas issued for investors investing up to BD 100,000; and dependent visas issued for dependent members of eligible foreign workers.The system tracks visa applications, renewals, mobility of workers between employers and from one occupation to another as well as notification of termination and runaway workers, and in general all operations of LMRA including inspection and offence management. The system is updated continuously and linked with other labour-related databases of the Kingdom, including CIO, GDNPR, GOSI, PFC, CSB, Ministry of Labour (MoL), and Ministry of Industry and Commerce (MOIC).
Work Visa is a legal certificate to allow a foreign worker to enter the country for working purposes for a period of two years with the possibility of renewal.
Worker is a generic term that refers to an employed person in general, or to an employee, a self-employed, or a particular category of worker, such as full-time or part-time worker, depending on the context in which the term is used. Four major categories of workers in terms of their status in employment are employees, employers, own-account workers, and unpaid family workers.
Size of establishment is the number of persons engaged in an establishment at a given period, including, in principle, all employees and unpaid family workers as well as any working proprietor. In practice, it refers to the total number of employees registered by anemployer at the responsible administrative agency.

2. Institution which provides data

Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA).

3. Data availability

The LMRA publishes these data under its Bahrain Labour Market Indicators (BLMI) section. The BLMI dashboard can be found in: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/mi_dashboard.xml). The general BLMI data with other non-LMRA sources can be found: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/mi_data.xml)
Figures and results are often reported in tables in both PDF and Excel formats.
Data for this LMRA table for 2009 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2009/09/data/lmr/Table_36b.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2009/12/data/lmr/Table_36b.pdf).
Data for 2010 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2010/03/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2010/06/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2010/09/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2010/12/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf).
Data for 2011 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/03/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/06/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/09/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/12/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf).
Data for 2012 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2012/03/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2012/06/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2012/09/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2012/12/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf).
Data for 2013 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2013/03/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2013/06/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2013/09/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2013/12/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf).
Data for 2014 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/06/data/ems/Table_36b.pdf).
The definitions that the LMRA adopts for its data can be found in the Glossary section: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/mi_glossary.xml).

Date of access: September 2014

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