Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

Bahrain: Residence permits by reason of residence (1991; 2001)

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1991 2001
Work 131,814 177,626
With Family 39,908 46,519
Study/Training 969 1,073
Medical Treatment 31 53
Marriage 2,686 3,971
Tourism 287 438
Business Mission 199 366
Others 8,838 14,891
Total 184,732 244,937

Source: Central Informatics Organization (CIO)

1. Technical Notes and Definitions

This table shows the non-Bahraini residences by nationality group in the censuses of 1991 and 2001.

census year reference period implementing institution implementation method population covered
1981 November 16 Ministry of Finance
Statistics Department
field interviews de jure, de facto all individuals (nationals and non-nationals): 1- present within the country’s borders during time of reference; 2- residing in Bahrain irrespective of where are they at census times
1991 April 6 Central Informatics Organisation (CIO) field interviews
2001 April 7 field interviews; characteristics of population in collective households (among which labour camps) was obtained from sponsors
2010 April 27 based on administrative records

Nationality of the person is defined by the passport used to enter the country. A Non-Bahrainis is considered as such depending on the passport used to enter the country (or obtain the visa).

2. Institution which provides data

Central Informatics Organization, known prior to 2001 as the “Central Statistics Organisation” under the Ministry of Cabinet Affairs.

3. Data availability

Figures and results reported here are available on the Central Informatics Organisation (CIO) website: (
CIO figures and results are often reported in tables in both PDF and Excel formats.
The 1991 data for this table can be found: (
The 2001 data for this table can be found: (
They can also be found in the Statistical Abstracts of 2000, 2001 and 2002 under the Population section.

Date of access: August 2014

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