Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

Bahrain: Terminated employment and dependent visas by sector of economic activity (Q2 2009 – Q2 2014)

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Agriculture, hunting and forestry Fishing Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas and water supply Construction Wholesale and retail trade, repair Hotels and restaurants Transport, storage, communication Financial intermediation Real estate, renting, business activities Public administration Education Health and social work Other social, personal services Extra-territorial organizations, bodies Not specified Total
Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent Employment Dependent
2009 Q2 118 9 46 82 9 2,401 328 1 1 5,664 299 3,197 587 1,231 103 336 108 237 232 1,036 382 11 176 69 39 6 329 5 0 0 381 141 15,285 2,279
Q3 13 3 5 0 13 10 660 97 1 1,079 94 781 229 313 45 209 166 80 92 423 160 2 6 63 52 29 5 120 6 0 0 155 83 3,946 1,048
Q4 13 0 11 3 22 15 980 95 4 4 1,663 108 1,120 244 437 28 153 45 137 129 440 149 3 0 54 23 20 5 162 3 0 0 153 45 5,372 896
2010 Q1 41 7 73 1 83 13 2,153 195 3 3 7,012 302 2,843 497 1,368 79 479 102 207 169 1,018 331 6 15 84 35 29 8 340 6 0 0 308 71 16,047 1,834
Q2 52 0 69 1 36 16 2,179 292 1 5,879 310 2,925 584 1,401 91 719 156 260 211 1,184 423 16 18 175 122 46 19 351 20 0 0 374 175 15,667 2,438
Q3 182 7 67 1 61 5 2,519 236 5 6 6,788 273 2,768 458 1,418 72 694 140 286 222 1,169 401 14 9 110 98 47 16 359 10 0 0 323 88 16,810 2,042
Q4 123 0 171 0 41 15 2,310 200 1 0 6,542 201 3,298 481 1,402 64 623 146 225 202 1,136 333 18 9 63 22 62 20 378 13 0 0 43 31 16,436 1,737
2011 Q1 105 17 168 0 74 8 2,378 196 1 0 7,235 300 3,392 673 1,562 105 571 135 196 166 1,337 335 20 18 64 41 75 27 405 16 0 0 47 31 17,630 2,068
Q2 146 10 132 4 73 22 2,292 304 3 6 7,030 367 3,287 700 1,618 107 482 154 253 242 1,481 603 94 74 198 88 81 24 384 29 0 0 60 53 17,614 2,787
Q3 168 6 153 0 61 20 2,069 192 5 1 5,040 260 2,839 521 1,296 99 393 112 230 205 1,203 463 31 41 110 62 101 19 318 7 0 0 692 63 14,709 2,071
Q4 134 0 151 0 51 21 2,046 193 5 2 6,380 342 2,991 573 1,348 95 433 125 201 155 1,024 327 25 83 74 27 79 18 329 8 1 0 491 115 15,763 2,084
2012 Q1 132 3 138 0 76 88 1858 272 6 0 5591 384 2846 603 1386 105 456 161 205 169 1031 441 21 75 88 50 59 12 388 16 0 0 469 91 14,750 2,470
Q2 113 7 110 2 45 29 1911 309 5 6 5163 384 3037 679 1399 96 489 148 248 223 1085 411 121 170 198 88 66 29 353 13 0 0 296 70 14,639 2,664
Q3 162 7 192 0 41 17 1894 227 11 6 5040 326 2945 605 1423 94 408 122 176 141 1000 280 36 37 140 137 73 30 363 17 0 0 193 37 14,097 2,083
Q4 148 1 209 2 78 26 2091 249 13 6 6574 467 3437 665 1677 120 452 134 200 186 1296 394 27 33 113 61 92 27 463 39 0 0 221 54 17,091 2,464
2013 Q1 139 9 268 2 132 45 2,571 328 12 12 7,493 559 4,087 936 1,893 153 701 258 234 204 1,519 586 51 91 130 92 78 24 533 21 0 0 157 70 19,998 3,390
Q2 138 2 274 0 139 68 2,575 336 8 6 7,212 654 4,057 1,058 1,847 155 722 382 297 262 1,607 647 118 245 288 178 62 23 593 45 0 0 120 63 20,057 4,124
Q3 182 2 391 5 143 46 2,760 352 5 8,125 672 4,327 880 2,153 201 818 224 302 257 1,748 493 73 157 220 172 79 28 639 36 0 0 86 44 22,051 3,569
Q4 253 7 299 1 167 43 3,128 352 14 12 8,669 621 4,960 930 2,174 188 659 252 269 268 2,181 585 68 114 129 78 76 27 803 48 0 0 108 53 23,957 3,579
2014 Q1 270 10 303 1 143 56 2,932 455 11 7 8,340 603 4,782 1,218 2,307 235 544 219 281 225 1,744 614 64 83 171 126 73 32 801 42 0 0 88 76 22,854 4,002
Q2 266 8 370 6 141 65 2,781 418 4 2 8,399 661 4,517 1,099 2,191 186 544 205 229 206 1,667 544 204 196 283 96 79 32 820 32 0 0 115 85 22,610 3,841

Source: Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA), Expatriate Management System (EMS)
ANNEXED NOTE

1. Technical Notes and Definitions

This table shows the flow of renewed permits (or visas) that are given to foreigners by the LMRA. These renwed visas combine those given for regular and temporary workers, investors and dependents.
The LMRA Expatriate Management System (EMS) stores information and past history of sponsors and workers, and their dependents, within the scope of Law No. 19/2006 on regulating the labour market. The scope of the system covers regular, temporary and investor work visas for foreign workers, their dependents, in the commercial sector, the government sector and the non-commercial, non-government sector. It presently excludes domestic workers, and work visas for artists and certain other categories of workers in non-civilian organizations. It distinguishes four types of visas for operational purposes: regular work visas for workers with 24-month validity; temporary work visas issued for workers with 6-month validity; investor work visas issued for investors investing up to BD 100,000; and dependent visas issued for dependent members of eligible foreign workers.The system tracks visa applications, renewals, mobility of workers between employers and from one occupation to another as well as notification of termination and runaway workers, and in general all operations of LMRA including inspection and offence management. The system is updated continuously and linked with other labour-related databases of the Kingdom, including CIO, GDNPR, GOSI, PFC, CSB, Ministry of Labour (MoL), and Ministry of Industry and Commerce (MOIC).
Termination refers to an employer’s application to the LMRA announcing the end of employment of a foraign worker in theeconomic unit (CR/Branch)
Work Visa is a legal certificate to allow a foreign worker to enter the country for working purposes for a period of two years with the possibility of renewal.
Worker is a generic term that refers to an employed person in general, or to an employee, a self-employed, or a particular category of worker, such as full-time or part-time worker, depending on the context in which the term is used. Four major categories of workers in terms of their status in employment are employees, employers, own-account workers, and unpaid family workers.
* When there is a discrepancy between the calculated total and that shown in the LMRA original table (such as in Q2 2014 for Dependent visas), the calculated total is used.

2. Institution which provides data

Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA).

3. Data availability

The LMRA publishes these data under its Bahrain Labour Market Indicators (BLMI) section. The BLMI dashboard can be found in: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/mi_dashboard.xml). The general BLMI data with other non-LMRA sources can be found: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/mi_data.xml)
Figures and results are often reported in tables in both PDF and Excel formats.
Data for this LMRA table for 2009 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2009/06/data/lmr/Table_37a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2009/09/data/lmr/Table_37a.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2009/12/data/lmr/Table_37a.pdf).
Data for 2010 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2010/03/data/ems/Table_37a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2010/06/data/ems/Table_37a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2010/09/data/ems/Table_37a.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2010/12/data/ems/Table_37a.pdf)
Data for 2011 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/03/data/ems/Table_37a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/06/data/ems/Table_37a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/09/data/ems/Table_37a.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/12/data/ems/Table_37a.pdf)
Data for 2012 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2012/03/data/ems/Table_37a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2012/06/data/ems/Table_37a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2012/09/data/ems/Table_37a.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2012/12/data/ems/Table_37a.pdf).
Data for 2013 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2013/03/data/ems/Table_37a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2013/06/data/ems/Table_37a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2013/09/data/ems/Table_37a.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2013/12/data/ems/Table_37a.pdf).
Data for 2014 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/data/ems/Table_37a.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/06/data/ems/Table_37a.pdf).
The definitions that the LMRA adopts for its data can be found in the Glossary section: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/mi_glossary.xml).

Date of access: September 2014

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