Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

Bahrain: Terminated temporary worker visas by sector of economic activity (Q2 2009 – Q2 2014)

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Agriculture, hunting and forestry Fishing Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas and water supply Construction Wholesale and retail trade, repair Hotels and restaurants Transport, storage, communication Financial intermediation Real estate, renting, business activities Public administration Education Health and social work Other social, personal services Extra-territorial organizations, bodies Not specified Total
2009 Q2 31 0 0 231 0 237 90 1 27 1 38 0 0 0 0 0 1 657
Q3 0 0 0 40 0 21 14 1 0 0 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 84
Q4 0 0 0 147 0 49 420 1 4 2 36 0 0 0 0 0 0 659
2010 Q1 2 0 0 355 0 503 93 1 4 3 53 0 0 0 0 0 2 1,016
Q2 0 0 0 90 0 329 82 0 2 4 38 0 0 0 0 0 4 549
Q3 2 0 0 49 0 226 68 0 1 1 70 0 0 0 0 0 3 420
Q4 0 0 0 131 0 187 33 0 0 0 26 0 0 0 0 0 0 377
2011 Q1 0 0 0 181 0 266 236 0 1 1 31 0 0 0 0 0 0 716
Q2 0 0 3 311 0 248 97 0 2 0 36 0 0 0 0 0 1 698
Q3 0 0 0 154 0 113 20 2 0 0 22 0 0 0 0 0 0 311
Q4 0 0 1 138 0 126 11 6 1 3 25 0 0 0 0 0 0 311
2012 Q1 0 0 1 124 0 67 6 3 1 2 22 0 0 0 0 0 0 226
Q2 0 0 4 197 0 68 11 6 0 1 41 0 0 0 0 0 0 328
Q3 0 0 6 178 0 340 26 3 2 0 27 0 0 0 0 0 0 582
Q4 0 0 4 383 0 941 146 4 2 0 30 0 0 0 0 0 0 1,510
2013 Q1 0 0 26 338 70 125 97 0 1 0 56 0 0 0 0 0 0 713
Q2 0 0 26 338 70 125 97 0 1 0 56 0 0 0 0 0 0 713
Q3 0 0 12 277 5 64 69 4 9 0 35 0 0 0 0 0 0 475
Q4 0 0 21 235 65 67 28 0 3 0 24 0 0 0 1 0 0 444
2014 Q1 0 0 34 253 0 48 44 6 5 1 20 0 0 0 0 0 0 411
Q2 0 0 28 233 4 502 82 2 7 1 40 0 0 0 2 0 0 901

Source: Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA), Expatriate Management System (EMS)
ANNEXED NOTE

1. Technical Notes and Definitions

This table shows the flow of renewed permits (or visas) that are given to foreigners by the LMRA. These renwed visas combine those given for regular and temporary workers, investors and dependents.
The LMRA Expatriate Management System (EMS) stores information and past history of sponsors and workers, and their dependents, within the scope of Law No. 19/2006 on regulating the labour market. The scope of the system covers regular, temporary and investor work visas for foreign workers, their dependents, in the commercial sector, the government sector and the non-commercial, non-government sector. It presently excludes domestic workers, and work visas for artists and certain other categories of workers in non-civilian organizations. It distinguishes four types of visas for operational purposes: regular work visas for workers with 24-month validity; temporary work visas issued for workers with 6-month validity; investor work visas issued for investors investing up to BD 100,000; and dependent visas issued for dependent members of eligible foreign workers.The system tracks visa applications, renewals, mobility of workers between employers and from one occupation to another as well as notification of termination and runaway workers, and in general all operations of LMRA including inspection and offence management. The system is updated continuously and linked with other labour-related databases of the Kingdom, including CIO, GDNPR, GOSI, PFC, CSB, Ministry of Labour (MoL), and Ministry of Industry and Commerce (MOIC).
Termination refers to an employer’s application to the LMRA announcing the end of employment of a foraign worker in theeconomic unit (CR/Branch)
Temporary Worker is a worker engaged to work in an enterprise for a short period of time, i.e. for less than two years and usually six months.
Work Visa is a legal certificate to allow a foreign worker to enter the country for working purposes for a period of two years with the possibility of renewal.
Worker is a generic term that refers to an employed person in general, or to an employee, a self-employed, or a particular category of worker, such as full-time or part-time worker, depending on the context in which the term is used. Four major categories of workers in terms of their status in employment are employees, employers, own-account workers, and unpaid family workers.

2. Institution which provides data

Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA).

3. Data availability

The LMRA publishes these data under its Bahrain Labour Market Indicators (BLMI) section. The BLMI dashboard can be found in: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/mi_dashboard.xml). The general BLMI data with other non-LMRA sources can be found: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/mi_data.xml)
Figures and results are often reported in tables in both PDF and Excel formats.
Data for this LMRA table for 2009 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2009/06/data/lmr/Table_37a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2009/09/data/lmr/Table_37a.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2009/12/data/lmr/Table_37a.pdf).
Data for 2010 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2010/03/data/ems/Table_37a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2010/06/data/ems/Table_37a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2010/09/data/ems/Table_37a.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2010/12/data/ems/Table_37a.pdf)
Data for 2011 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/03/data/ems/Table_37a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/06/data/ems/Table_37a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/09/data/ems/Table_37a.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2011/12/data/ems/Table_37a.pdf)
Data for 2012 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2012/03/data/ems/Table_37a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2012/06/data/ems/Table_37a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2012/09/data/ems/Table_37a.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2012/12/data/ems/Table_37a.pdf).
Data for 2013 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2013/03/data/ems/Table_37a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2013/06/data/ems/Table_37a.pdf), (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2013/09/data/ems/Table_37a.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2013/12/data/ems/Table_37a.pdf).
Data for 2014 can be found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/data/ems/Table_37a.pdf) and (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/06/data/ems/Table_37a.pdf).
The definitions that the LMRA adopts for its data can be found in the Glossary section: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/mi_glossary.xml).

Date of access: September 2014

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