Gulf Labour Markets and Migration
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The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour markets and migration, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholders

GLMM Database - Demographic and Economic Database

Bahrain: Terminations of work visas by type (Q3 2008 – Q2 2018)

Regular workers Investors Temporary workers
2008 Q3 3,914 2 83
Q4 5,370 0 659
2009 Q1 15,255 10 1,755
Q2 15,211 4 657
Q3 14,032 6 816
Q4 14,744 9 943
2010 Q1 16,043 12 1,016
Q2 15,662 6 549
Q3 16,806 8 420
Q4 16,433 13 377
2011 Q1 17,629 7 716
Q2 17,472 14 698
Q3 14,606 9 311
Q4 15,143 12 310
2012 Q1 14,748 10 226
Q2 14,628 14 328
Q3 14,087 21 582
Q4 17,086 24 1,510
2013 Q1 19,998 26 1,457
Q2 20,057 31 713
Q3 22,051 24 475
Q4 23,957 32 444
2014 Q1 22,855 30 411
Q2 23,041 44 905
Q3 20,548 42 373
Q4 21,832 57 236
2015 Q1 23,297 69 313
Q2 24,001 50 665
Q3 22,198 39 379
Q4 26,034 46 374
2016 Q1 22,919 57 385
Q2 24,944 82 536
Q3 23,625 60 399
Q4 28,076 64 290
2017 Q1 27,958 58 275
Q2 26,204 74 144
Q3 25,559 61 43
Q4 26,131 90 1
2018 Q1 26,984 136
Q2 27,384 108

Source: Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA), Expatriate Management System (EMS)
 
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Technical Notes and Definitions

Within the scope of Law No. 19/2006 on regulating the labour market, the LMRA Expatriate Management System (EMS)
issues regular, temporary and investor work visas for foreign workers in the private, governmental and non-commercial, non-government sectors,
as well as records and issues residency visas to their family dependents.
The system tracks visa applications, renewals, mobility of workers between employers and from one occupation to another.
Domestic workers are registered separately and are not included in the present figures.
The system is updated continuously and linked with other labour-related databases of the Kingdom, including CIO, GDNPR, GOSI, PFC, CSB,
Ministry of Labour (MoL), and Ministry of Industry and Commerce (MOIC).

The Expat Management System (EMS) distinguishes four types of visas for operational purposes: regular work visas for workers with 24-month validity;
temporary work visas issued for workers with 6-month validity; investor work visas issued for investors investing up to BD 100,000;
and dependent visas issued for family members of eligible foreign workers.
A Regular worker is engaged to work in an enterprise for a long period of time, i.e. for more than six months and usually two years with possibility of renewal.
An Investor is a person who invests up to 100,000 Bahraini dinars.
A Temporary worker is engaged to work in an enterprise for a short period of time, i.e. for less than two years and usually six months.
Four major categories of workers in terms of their status in employment are employees, employers, own-account workers, and unpaid family workers.

The definitions that the LMRA adopts for its data can be found in the Glossary section: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/mi_glossary.xml)

2. Institution which provides data 

Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA).

3. Data availability 

The LMRA publishes these data under its Bahrain Labour Market Indicators (http://www.lmra.bh/blmi), data section (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2018/06/mi_data.xml), table 33.
Figures and results are often reported in tables in both PDF and Excel formats.

Date of access: December 2018

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