Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

Bahrain: Work visas for Non-Bahrainis by type or nature of status (Q3 2008 – Q1 2014)

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Regular Workers Investors Temporary
New Visas Renewals Total New Visas Renewals Total New Visas Renewals Total
2008 Q3 9,014 5,630 14,644 31 5 36 455 3 3
  Q4 27,238 5,640 32,878 78 23 101 1,793 24 24
2009 Q1 34,458 8,298 42,756 93 55 148 2,340 86 86
  Q2 27,693 29,431 57,124 105 128 233 1,013 620 620
  Q3 24,234 25,948 50,182 91 65 156 538 406 406
  Q4 25,648 32,258 57,906 97 69 166 832 582 582
2010 Q1 24,992 39,256 64,248 139 86 225 1,653 277 277
  Q2 24,229 31,852 56,081 186 111 297 524 330 330
  Q3 25,208 27,477 52,685 139 115 254 445 476 476
  Q4 25,266 27,382 52,648 141 177 318 632 346 346
2011 Q1 22,929 28,220 51,149 117 193 310 1,300 214 214
  Q2 22,070 27,210 49,280 153 187 340 561 378 378
  Q3 29,075 22,966 52,041 128 137 265 593 178 178
  Q4 28,407 28,141 56,548 121 143 264 650 358 358
2012 Q1 30,517 32,925 63,442 172 238 410 863 377 377
  Q2 30,485 28,613 59,098 222 244 466 1,194 437 437
  Q3 31,083 26,381 57,464 236 213 449 956 395 395
  Q4 28,814 27,357 56,171 210 252 462 1,547 449 449
2013 Q1 32,200 28,589 60,789 264 302 566 1,242 364 364
  Q2 32,181 28,210 60,391 260 278 538 386 210 210
  Q3 28,841 27,855 56,696 214 218 432 420 310 310
  Q4 24,649 31,480 56,129 253 269 522 475 257 257
2014 Q1 27,176 37,012 64,188 320 348 668 864 238 238
  Q2 3,817 4,359 8,176 47 47 94 14 19 19

Source: Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA), Expatriate Management System (EMS)
ANNEXED NOTE

1. Technical Notes and Definitions

This table shows the flow of work permits (or visas) that are given to foreigners distinguished by the type permit granted by the LMRA (EMS).
The LMRA Expatriate Management System (EMS) stores information and past history of sponsors and workers, and their dependents, within the scope of Law No. 19/2006 on regulating the labour market. The scope of the system covers regular, temporary and investor work visas for foreign workers, their dependents, in the commercial sector, the government sector and the non-commercial, non-government sector. It presently excludes domestic workers, and work visas for artists and certain other categories of workers in non-civilian organizations. The system tracks visa applications, renewals, mobility of workers between employers and from one occupation to another as well as notification of termination and runaway workers, and in general all operations of LMRA including inspection and offence management. The system is updated continuously and linked with other labour-related databases of the Kingdom, including CIO, GDNPR, GOSI, PFC, CSB, Ministry of Labour (MoL), and Ministry of Industry and Commerce (MOIC).
The Expat Management System (EMS) distinguishes four types of visas for operational purposes: regular work visas for workers with 24-month validity; temporary work visas issued for workers with 6-month validity; investor work visas issued for investors investing up to BD 100,000; and dependent visas issued for dependent members of eligible foreign workers.
Work Visa is a legal certificate to allow a foreign worker to enter the country for working purposes for a period of two years with the possibility of renewal.
Regular Worker is a worker engaged to work in an enterprise for a long period of time, i.e. for more than six months and usually two years with possibility of renewal.
Investor is a person who invests up to 100,000 Bahraini dinars.
Temporary Worker is a worker engaged to work in an enterprise for a short period of time, i.e. for less than two years and usually six months.
Worker is a generic term that refers to an employed person in general, or to an employee, a self-employed, or a particular category of worker, such as full-time or part-time worker, depending on the context in which the term is used. Four major categories of workers in terms of their status in employment are employees, employers, own-account workers, and unpaid family workers.

2. Institution which provides data

Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA).

3. Data availability

The LMRA publishes these data under its Bahrain Labour Market Indicators (BLMI) section. The BLMI dashboard can be found in: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/mi_dashboard.xml). The general BLMI data with other non-LMRA sources can be found: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/mi_data.xml)
Figures and results are often reported in tables in both PDF and Excel formats.
Data for this LMRA table found here: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2014/03/data/ems/Table_32.pdf)
The definitions that the LMRA adopts for its data can be found in the Glossary section: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/mi_glossary.xml)

Date of access: August 2014

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