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Saudi-Arabia: Population estimates by nationality (Saudi / non-Saudi) and sex (mid-year estimates, 1974-2017)

Saudis Non-Saudis Total
year  males females total males females total males females total
1974 3,166,013 2,997,792 6,163,805 517,178 257,219 774,397 3,683,191 3,255,011 6,938,202
1975 3,299,247 3,129,932 6,429,179 574,639 283,192 857,831 3,873,886 3,413,124 7,287,010
1976 3,436,784 3,266,657 6,703,441 638,241 311,670 949,911 4,075,025 3,578,327 7,653,352
1977 3,578,634 3,408,002 6,986,636 708,602 342,876 1,051,478 4,287,236 3,750,878 8,038,114
1978 3,724,791 3,553,986 7,278,777 786,393 377,049 1,163,442 4,511,184 3,931,035 8,442,219
1979 3,875,233 3,704,613 7,579,846 872,345 414,448 1,286,793 4,747,578 4,119,061 8,866,639
1980 4,029,922 3,859,872 7,889,794 967,252 455,350 1,422,602 4,997,174 4,315,222 9,312,396
1981 4,188,801 4,019,733 8,208,534 1,071,977 500,051 1,572,028 5,260,778 4,519,784 9,780,562
1982 4,351,793 4,184,148 8,535,941 1,187,454 548,870 1,736,324 5,539,247 4,733,018 10,272,265
1983 4,518,803 4,353,048 8,871,851 1,314,694 602,145 1,916,839 5,833,497 4,955,193 10,788,690
1984 4,689,709 4,526,340 9,216,049 1,454,788 660,237 2,115,025 6,144,497 5,186,577 11,331,074
1985 4,864,370 4,703,911 9,568,281 1,608,915 723,531 2,332,446 6,473,285 5,427,442 11,900,727
1986 5,042,619 4,885,623 9,928,242 1,778,342 792,434 2,570,776 6,820,961 5,678,057 12,499,018
1987 5,224,266 5,071,312 10,295,578 1,964,432 867,378 2,831,810 7,188,698 5,938,690 13,127,388
1988 5,409,093 5,260,787 10,669,880 2,168,647 948,820 3,117,467 7,577,740 6,209,607 13,787,347
1989 5,596,859 5,453,833 11,050,692 2,392,552 1,037,242 3,429,794 7,989,411 6,491,075 14,480,486
1990 5,787,294 5,650,206 11,437,500 2,637,820 1,133,151 3,770,971 8,425,114 6,783,357 15,208,471
1991 5,980,104 5,849,635 11,829,739 2,906,237 1,237,079 4,143,316 8,886,341 7,086,714 15,973,055
1992 6,170,757 6,047,443 12,218,200 3,193,111 1,347,068 4,540,179 9,363,868 7,394,511 16,758,379
1993 6,334,907 6,216,789 12,551,696 3,322,551 1,402,925 4,725,476 9,657,458 7,619,714 17,277,172
1994 6,488,628 6,375,082 12,863,710 3,397,772 1,440,127 4,837,899 9,886,400 7,815,209 17,701,609
1995 6,646,071 6,537,398 13,183,469 3,474,692 1,478,314 4,953,006 10,120,763 8,015,712 18,136,475
1996 6,807,325 6,703,837 13,511,162 3,553,349 1,517,511 5,070,860 10,360,674 8,221,348 18,582,022
1997 6,972,483 6,874,505 13,846,988 3,633,782 1,557,746 5,191,528 10,606,265 8,432,251 19,038,516
1998 7,141,639 7,049,510 14,191,149 3,716,031 1,599,045 5,315,076 10,857,670 8,648,555 19,506,225
1999 7,314,889 7,228,960 14,543,849 3,800,137 1,641,438 5,441,575 11,115,026 8,870,398 19,985,424
2000 7,492,332 7,412,968 14,905,300 3,886,141 1,684,952 5,571,093 11,378,473 9,097,920 20,476,393
2001 7,674,070 7,601,651 15,275,721 3,974,087 1,729,617 5,703,704 11,648,157 9,331,268 20,979,425
2002 7,860,206 7,795,126 15,655,332 4,064,017 1,775,464 5,839,481 11,924,223 9,570,590 21,494,813
2003 8,050,847 7,993,515 16,044,362 4,155,978 1,822,524 5,978,502 12,206,825 9,816,039 22,022,864
2004 8,245,575 8,198,412 16,443,987 4,248,335 1,871,564 6,119,899 12,493,910 10,069,976 22,563,886
2005 8,453,097 8,401,060 16,854,157 4,506,528 1,968,899 6,475,427 12,959,625 10,369,959 23,329,584
2006 8,663,597 8,606,584 17,270,181 4,780,413 2,071,296 6,851,709 13,444,010 10,677,880 24,121,890
2007 8,876,666 8,814,670 17,691,336 5,070,944 2,179,018 7,249,962 13,947,610 10,993,688 24,941,298
2008 9,091,249 9,024,301 18,115,550 5,379,132 2,292,343 7,671,475 14,470,381 11,316,644 25,787,025
2009 9,307,550 9,235,696 18,543,246 5,706,050 2,411,561 8,117,611 15,013,600 11,647,257 26,660,857
2010 9,575,257 9,201,253 18,776,510 5,956,214 2,503,432 8,459,646 15,531,471 11,704,685 27,236,156
2011* 9,743,626 9,662,059 19,405,685 6,297,735 2,672,935 8,970,670 16,041,361 12,334,994 28,376,355
2012* 9,962,431 9,876,017 19,838,448 6,591,296 2,766,151 9,357,447 16,553,727 12,642,168 29,195,895
2013** 9,800,955 9,408,798 19,209,753 7,054,434 3,115,943 10,170,377 16,855,389 12,524,741 29,380,130
2014** 9,844,758 9,467,938 19,312,696 7,373,986 3,310,419 10,684,405 17,218,744 12,778,357 29,997,101
2015** 10,034,561 9,658,078 19,692,639 7,696,791 3,501,306 11,198,097 17,731,352 13,159,384 30,890,736
2016 10,231,364 9,850,218 20,081,582 8,028,355 3,677,643 11,705,998 18,259,719 13,527,861 31,787,580
2017** 10,404,282 10,023,075 20,427,357 8,341,564 3,843,720 12,185,284 18,745,846 13,866,795 32,612,641
2018** 10,575,895 10,192,732 20,768,627 8,665,061 3,979,972 12,645,033 19,240,956 14,172,704 33,413,660

Source: Population estimates based on the results of population censuses 1974; 1992; 2004 and 2010 and Demographic Survey 2016. 
Central Department for Statistics and Information (CDSI)/ General Authority for Statistics (GaStat)
* mid-year estimates based on figures from census 2010
 
** mid-year estimates based on figures from Demographic Research Bulletin 2016
 
 
ANNEXED NOTE

1. Technical Notes and Definitions

Reference periods: middle of given years

2. Institution which provides data 

Central Department of Statistics and Information (CDSI), Ministry and Economy and Planning/ General Authority for Statistics (GaStat)
http://www.stats.gov.sa/en
https://www.stats.gov.sa/ar/node

3. Data availability 

Results of censuses conducted in 1992, 2004 and 2010 and Demographic Survey 2016 are available on the website of the General
Authority for Statistics (previously CDSI), in downloadable Excel and PDF formats.
https://www.stats.gov.sa/en/13
https://www.stats.gov.sa/ar/13
https://www.stats.gov.sa/en/4522

Mid-year estimates of population in Saudi Arabia since 1974 (time series) are available in Saudi Arabia Monetary Agency (SAMA)
Yearly Statistics: http://www.sama.gov.sa/en-US/EconomicReports/Pages/YearlyStatistics.aspx

GaStat Statistical Yearbooks (https://www.stats.gov.sa/en/46) and yearly estimates (https://www.stats.gov.sa/en/43) do not offer
time series.

Last date of access: April 2019.

Saudi-Arabia: Population by nationality (Saudi / non-Saudi) (mid-year estimates, 1974-2018)

year  Saudis Non-Saudis Total
1974 6,163,805 774,397 6,938,202
1975 6,429,179 857,831 7,287,010
1976 6,703,441 949,911 7,653,352
1977 6,986,636 1,051,478 8,038,114
1978 7,278,777 1,163,442 8,442,219
1979 7,579,846 1,286,793 8,866,639
1980 7,889,794 1,422,602 9,312,396
1981 8,208,534 1,572,028 9,780,562
1982 8,535,941 1,736,324 10,272,265
1983 8,871,851 1,916,839 10,788,690
1984 9,216,049 2,115,025 11,331,074
1985 9,568,281 2,332,446 11,900,727
1986 9,928,242 2,570,776 12,499,018
1987 10,295,578 2,831,810 13,127,388
1988 10,669,880 3,117,467 13,787,347
1989 11,050,692 3,429,794 14,480,486
1990 11,437,500 3,770,971 15,208,471
1991 11,829,739 4,143,316 15,973,055
1992 12,218,200 4,540,179 16,758,379
1993 12,551,696 4,725,476 17,277,172
1994 12,863,710 4,837,899 17,701,609
1995 13,183,469 4,953,006 18,136,475
1996 13,511,162 5,070,860 18,582,022
1997 13,846,988 5,191,528 19,038,516
1998 14,191,149 5,315,076 19,506,225
1999 14,543,849 5,441,575 19,985,424
2000 14,905,300 5,571,093 20,476,393
2001 15,275,721 5,703,704 20,979,425
2002 15,655,332 5,839,481 21,494,813
2003 16,044,362 5,978,502 22,022,864
2004 16,443,987 6,119,899 22,563,886
2005 16,854,157 6,475,427 23,329,584
2006 17,270,181 6,851,709 24,121,890
2007 17,691,336 7,249,962 24,941,298
2008 18,115,550 7,671,475 25,787,025
2009 18,543,246 8,117,611 26,660,857
2010 18,776,510 8,459,646 27,236,156
2011* 19,405,685 8,970,670 28,376,355
2012* 19,838,448 9,357,447 29,195,895
2013** 19,209,753 10,170,377 29,380,130
2014** 19,312,696 10,684,405 29,997,101
2015** 19,692,639 11,198,097 30,890,736
2016 20,081,582 11,705,998 31,787,580
2017** 20,427,357 12,185,284 32,612,641
2018** 20,768,627 12,645,033 33,413,660

Source: Population estimates based on the results of population censuses 1974; 1992; 2004 and 2010 and Demographic Survey 2016. 
Central Department for Statistics and Information (CDSI)/ General Authority for Statistics (GaStat)
* mid-year estimates based on figures from census 2010
 
** mid-year estimates based on figures from Demographic Research Bulletin 2016
 
 
ANNEXED NOTE

1. Technical Notes and Definitions

Reference periods: middle of given years

2. Institution which provides data 

Central Department of Statistics and Information (CDSI), Ministry and Economy and Planning/ General Authority for Statistics (GaStat)
http://www.stats.gov.sa/en
https://www.stats.gov.sa/ar/node

3. Data availability 

Results of censuses conducted in 1992, 2004 and 2010 and Demographic Survey 2016 are available on the website of the General
Authority for Statistics (previously CDSI), in downloadable Excel and PDF formats.
https://www.stats.gov.sa/en/13
https://www.stats.gov.sa/ar/13
https://www.stats.gov.sa/en/4522

Mid-year estimates of population in Saudi Arabia since 1974 (time series) are available in Saudi Arabia Monetary Agency (SAMA)
Yearly Statistics: http://www.sama.gov.sa/en-US/EconomicReports/Pages/YearlyStatistics.aspx

GaStat Statistical Yearbooks (https://www.stats.gov.sa/en/46) and yearly estimates (https://www.stats.gov.sa/en/43) do not offer
time series.

Last date of access: April 2019.

GCC: Non-national population employed in domestic services, by sex (2017-2018)

Country Reference period Number of domestic labourers % females
Males Females Non-nationals
Bahrain mid-2018 22,478 69,374 91,852 76
Kuwait Dec. 2018 349,570 298,776 648,346 46
Oman Dec. 2017 137,355 155,526 292,881 53
Qatar 2017 63,464 108,942 172,406 63
Saudi Arabia Sept. 2018 1,659,729 711,661 2,371,390 30
UAE n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.

Sources: GCC National Statistical Organisations
 
 
Definition:
 
Domestic sector’s employees: Live-in labourers who provide a household with services for a salary
(ex.: domestic helpers, drivers, gardeners, nannies and private teachers, nurses, cooks, building guards, ..).

Sources and data characteristics:
Bahrain: Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA), Kingdom of Bahrain, based on data from Bahrain
Labour Market Indicators website:
http://blmi.lmra.bh/2018/06/mi_data.xml.
Kuwait: statistics section of PACI’s website (“Statistical Reports”):
http://stat.paci.gov.kw/englishreports/ (English);
http://stat.paci.gov.kw/arabicreports/ (Arabic).
Oman: National Center for Statistics and Information (NCSI). Statistical Yearbook 2018
(chapter “Employment”):
https://www.ncsi.gov.om/Elibrary/LibraryContentDoc/bar_Statistical%20Year%20Book%202018_a8b32d59-cdc9-4987-ba29-1e7ce78d5cca.pdf
Qatar: Ministry of Development Planning and Statistics (MDPS). Labour Force Survey 2017, Annual Bulletin:
https://www.mdps.gov.qa/en/statistics/Statistical%20Releases/Social/LaborForce/2017/Annual_Bulletin_Labour_force_2017_AE.pdf
https://www.mdps.gov.qa/en/statistics/Statistical%20Releases/Social/LaborForce/2017/Annual_Bulletin_Labour_force_2017_AE.xls
Saudi Arabia: General Authority for Statistics (GAStat). Labour Force Survey 2018 (Q3):
https://www.stats.gov.sa/sites/all/modules/pubdlcnt/pubdlcnt.php?file=https://www.stats.gov.sa/sites/default/files/labour_market_3rd_q_2018_1.xlsx&nid=48417
UAE: no raw numbers and totals available.

Last date of access: 31 March 2019.

GCC: Employed population by nationality (nationals/ non-nationals) and sector of employment (2017-2018)

Sector of employment Country and reference period Bahrain Kuwait Oman Qatar* Saudi Arabia UAE
mid-2018 Dec. 2018 2017 2017 mid-2018
Government Nationals 53,932 335,253 195,680 84,348 1,391,163 n.a.
Non-nationals 9,730 123,014 36383 123,064 78,011 n.a.
Private Nationals 104,882 63,104 238,688 10,210 1,718,824 n.a.
Non-nationals 499,275 1,616,312 1,502,808 1,596,340 7,128,654 n.a.
Mixed Nationals 8,798 n.a.
Non-nationals 49,865 n.a.
Domestic Nationals 0 0 0 0 0 n.a.
Non-nationals 91,852 648,346 292,881 172,406 2,371,390 n.a.
Other Nationals 588 n.a.
Non-nationals 8,883 n.a.
Total Nationals 158,814 398,357 434,368 103,944 3,109,987 n.a.
Non-nationals 600,857 2,387,672 1,832,072 1,950,558 9,578,055 n.a.

Sources: GCC National Statistical Organisations

“Mixed” sector refers to establishments in which the government shares capital with another party,
whether national, regional or foreign.
“Other”: includes the “Diplomatic”,” International”, “Foreign” and “Regional” sectors of employment,
as well as the “NGOs-non-profit” sector.
The two sectors only exist in Qatar and the UAE.

The “Government” sector may not include employees in the security and military sectors.
Administrative records usually do not include self-employed persons.

Characteristics of data, definitions, data sources and availability, please see:
Bahrain: https://gulfmigration.org/bahrain-estimated-total-employed-population-by-nationality-bahraini-non-bahraini-and-sector-public-private-domestic-quarterly-q1-2014-q2-2018/
Kuwait: https://gulfmigration.org/kuwait-employed-population-aged-15-and-above-by-nationality-group-sex-and-activity-sector-2018/
Oman: https://gulfmigration.org/oman-employed-population-by-nationality-omani-expatriate-and-sector-of-employment-public-private-domestic-2005-2017/
Qatar:
*: labour force (employed+unemployed). Persons seeking work for the first time are not included.
“Government” sector refers to Government departments, as well as governmental companies
and corporations.
Source: MDPS. Labour Force Survey 2017, Annual Bulletin.
https://www.mdps.gov.qa/en/statistics/Statistical%20Releases/Social/LaborForce/2017/Annual_Bulletin_Labour_force_2017_AE.pdf
https://www.mdps.gov.qa/en/statistics/Statistical%20Releases/Social/LaborForce/2017/Annual_Bulletin_Labour_force_2017_AE.xls
Saudi Arabia: https://gulfmigration.org/saudi-arabia-total-employed-population-aged-15-and-above-by-nationality-saudi-non-saudi-sex-and-sector-of-employment-governmental-private-domestic-labour-q3-2018/.
UAE: no raw numbers and totals available.

Last date of access: 31 March 2019.

GCC: Percentage distribution of employed national and non-national populations, by sector of employment (2017-2018)

Country and reference period Bahrain Kuwait Oman Qatar* Saudi Arabia UAE**
Sector of employment mid-2018 Dec. 2018 2017 2017 mid-2018 2017
Government Nationals 34.0 84.2 45.0 81.1 44.7 83.2
Non-nationals 1.6 5.2 2.0 6.3 0.8 7.2
Private Nationals 66.0 15.8 55.0 9.8 55.3 8.2
Non-nationals 83.1 67.7 82.0 81.8 74.4 75.0
Mixed  Nationals 8.5 7.4
Non-nationals 2.6 4.5
Domestic Nationals 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Non-nationals 15.3 27.2 16.0 8.8 24.8 11.8
Other Nationals 0.6 1.1
Non-nationals 0.5 1.5
Total Nationals 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Non-nationals 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Sources: GCC National Statistical Organisations

“Mixed” sector refers to establishments in which the government shares capital with another party,
whether national, regional or foreign.

“Other”: includes the “Diplomatic”,” International”, “Foreign” and “Regional” sectors of employment,
as well as the “NGOs-non-profit” sector.

The two sectors only exist in Qatar and the UAE.

The “Government” sector may not include employees in the security and military sectors.
Administrative records usually do not include self-employed persons.

Except for the UAE, percentages were calculated on the basis of figures of nationals and non-nationals in 
each employment sector, from the sources listed below. 

Characteristics of data, definitions, data sources and availability, please see:
Bahrain: https://gulfmigration.org/bahrain-estimated-total-employed-population-by-nationality-bahraini-non-bahraini-and-sector-public-private-domestic-quarterly-q1-2014-q2-2018/
Kuwait: https://gulfmigration.org/kuwait-employed-population-aged-15-and-above-by-nationality-group-sex-and-activity-sector-2018/
Oman: https://gulfmigration.org/oman-employed-population-by-nationality-omani-expatriate-and-sector-of-employment-public-private-domestic-2005-2017/
Saudi Arabia: https://gulfmigration.org/saudi-arabia-total-employed-population-aged-15-and-above-by-nationality-saudi-non-saudi-sex-and-sector-of-employment-governmental-private-domestic-labour-q3-2018/.
Qatar:
*: labour force (employed+unemployed). Persons seeking work for the first time are not included.
“Government” sector refers to Government departments, as well as governmental companies
and corporations.
Source: MDPS. Labour Force Survey 2017, Annual Bulletin.
https://www.mdps.gov.qa/en/statistics/Statistical%20Releases/Social/LaborForce/2017/Annual_Bulletin_Labour_force_2017_AE.pdf
https://www.mdps.gov.qa/en/statistics/Statistical%20Releases/Social/LaborForce/2017/Annual_Bulletin_Labour_force_2017_AE.xls

UAE: 
**”Government” sector refers to Federal and Local government departments.
Source: FCSA. Labour Force Survey 2017.

http://fcsa.gov.ae/en-us/Pages/Statistics/Statistics-by-Subject.aspx#/%3Fsubject=Population%20and%20social&folder=Population%20and%20social/Labor%20Force
Data is presented as percentage distribution.

Last date of access: 31 March 2019.

Kuwait: Residence permits by type/purpose of permit and sex of holder (2017)

reference number of permit purpose of permit type of permits Males Females Total
22 residence Dependent permits 200,327 340,577 540,904
23 Study 632 229 861
24 Self residence permits 1,171 1,215 2,386
17 work Governmental sector permits 69,955 40,290 110,245
18 Private sector permits 1,323,096 119,512 1,442,608
19 Business 339 20 359
20 Domestic help 337,009 340,583 677,592
TOTAL 1,932,529 842,426 2,774,955

Source: Ministry of Interior
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
 
1. Definitions

Ministry of Interior’s (Directorate of Migration’s) records of residency permits granted to foreign residents by type/ purpose
of permit, sex and regional origin of holder, for the years 2010 to 2017.
Data presented in the table are stock data: all the non-national residents holding a residence permit on December 31st, the given year. 
The present figures include permits delivered for all purposes of stay in Kuwait:

1- Labour in all sectors: governmental (n°17); private sector (n°18); business (n°19) and domestic  (n°20) sectors
2- Residence: as family dependent (permit n°22); studies (n°23) and self-residence (n°24).

Residency procedures do not apply to GCC nationals and to Bidouns (stateless residents of Kuwait).
The table thus excludes the Bidouns, the non-Kuwaiti GCC citizens and those in irregular situation.
Holders of permit n°14 (temporary residents) are not included here. 

Dependent permit: spouse, children or elderly dependent relatives can join visa holder (sponsor) in Kuwait,

if the expatriate has obtained a residency and meets the salary requirements.
A working wife cannot sponsor her husband as a dependent. Sons over the age of 21 years cannot be sponsored as dependants,
though adult daughters and parents may be permitted. Dependent family members are not allowed to work on a Dependent Visa.
Every foreign resident including new born babies must hold a residency permit.
Self residence permit: Expatriates may sponsor themselves under article 24 of the regulations and obtain a residence for two
to five years under several conditions, among which: being aged 60 and more, having worked no less than 25 years in Kuwait,
owning a capital of 10,000 KD at least; holding a certificate of good conduct, effectively reside in Kuwait, etc.)
This form of residence can be renewed upon expiry. Self-sponsored expatriates may sponsor their wives and children.
Permits 17, 18, 19 and 20 are only granted after Ministry of Labour issues a work permit.

2. Institution which provides data 

Central Statistical Bureau (CSB), Ministry of Planning.

3. Period of data coverage

December 31st, given years.

4. Data availability 

The present data is taken from the “Migration Statistics” reports, published annually by the CSB.

The report (in Arabic and English, PDF format with Excel tables) is available on CSB’s website
(Population Statistics, then Migration Statistics)
https://www.csb.gov.kw/Pages/Statistics?ID=56&ParentCatID=+1
https://www.csb.gov.kw/Pages/Statistics_en?ID=56&ParentCatID=+1

Date of access: January 2019.

Qatar: Population by nationality (Qatari/ non-Qatari) and sex at dates/ year of census (1986-2015)

Qataris Non-Qataris Total
Census year males females total males females total males females total
1986 49,684 50,070 99,754 200,641 72,997 273,638 250,325 123,067 373,392
1997 75,881 75,792 151,673 277,905 106,896 384,801 353,786 182,688 536,474
2004 95,703 96,883 192,586 450,411 155,064 605,475 546,114 251,947 798,061
2010 120,736 122,337 243,073 1,164,003 292,359 1,456,362 1,284,739 414,696 1,699,435
Mid-2015 152,700 154,248 306,948 1,692,960 449,600 2,142,560 1,845,660 603,848 2,449,508

Source: GLMM calculations on the basis of QSA/ MDPS data
 
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Technical Notes and Definitions

Reference periods for each census: 
1970: unknown; the nights of March 16th, 1986; March 1st, 1997; March 16th, 2004, April 21st, 2010 and April 20th, 2015.
Implementation method:  de facto, as well as de jure methods.
Population of reference: all individuals (nationals and non-nationals), present within the country’s
borders during night of reference.
– Populations away from usual residence in Qatar for reasons of duty,
or on a visit abroad for less than two months, as well as individuals with no personal housing within Qatar staying
with a household for more than two months, are counted in their usual/ present residence during census night.
– Populations in transit or visiting Qatar as tourists, as well as residents of public housing or visitors staying in a household
for less than two months after night of reference were excluded.

Prior to census 2010, only a sample of foreign residents was covered in censuses.

2015: No population data disagregated by nationality was published, based on census results.
We estimated the total population of Qatar by nationality and sex, using:
1. 2015 Labour Force Survey (Q2): Figures of population aged 15 and above, by nationality (period of reference: mid-2015) 
Sampling frame of LFS 2015: Population Census 2010.
Sample size: 44,756 persons, in 6,953  households: 1- Qatari households; 2- Non-Qatari regular (non-collective) and collective households;
Reference period for the labour force data: the week prior to data collection day.
Population of reference: all Qatari and non-Qatari households present in Qatar on the night of survey,
living in normal and collective households.

2.  MDPS. Women and Men in the State of Qatar- A Statistical Profile, Doha: MDPS, 2016.  
Figures of population aged 0-14 by nationality (national/ non-national) and sex (period of reference: mid-2015). 
The figures were estimated on the basis of the percentage distribution of population by broad age groups,
sex and nationality for mid-2015 (Table 1/3, p. 18).

2. Institution which provides data 

Ministry of Development Planning and Statistics (MDPS)
(http://www.mdps.gov.qa/en/pages/default.aspx)

3. Data availability 

Released parts of censuses (1986; 1997; 2004; 2010, 2015), as well as some analytical volumes,
are available on the website of the MDPS, in PDF format.
https://www.mdps.gov.qa/en/statistics1/pages/topicslisting.aspx?parent=General&child=Census
https://www.mdps.gov.qa/en/statistics1/StatisticsSite/Census/Pages/default.aspx

Labour Force Survey Q2-2015:
https://www.mdps.gov.qa/en/statistics/Statistical%20Releases/Social/LaborForce/2015/Q2/LF-Q2-2015-AE-MDPS.pdf

MDPS. Women and Men in the State of Qatar- A Statistical Profile, Doha: MDPS, 2016.
https://www.mdps.gov.qa/en/statistics1/pages/topicslisting.aspx?parent=Social&child=GenrealSocialStatistics.

Last date of access: December 2017.

Qatar: Population by nationality (Qatari/ non-Qatari) at dates/ years of census (1970-2015)

Census Qataris Non-Qataris Total
1970 45,039 66,094 111,133
1986 99,754 273,638 373,392
1997 151,673 384,801 536,474
2004 192,586 605,475 798,061
2010 243,073 1,456,362 1,699,435
mid-2015 306,948 2,142,560 2,449,508

Source: GLMM calculations on the basis of QSA/ MDPS data
 
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
 
1. Technical Notes and Definitions

Reference periods for each census:
1970: unknown; the nights of March 16th, 1986; March 1st, 1997; March 16th, 2004, April 21st, 2010 and April 20th, 2015.
Implementation method:  de facto, as well as de jure methods.
Population of reference: all individuals (nationals and non-nationals), present within the country’s
borders during night of reference.
– Populations away from usual residence in Qatar for reasons of duty,
or on a visit abroad for less than two months, as well as individuals with no personal housing within Qatar staying
with a household for more than two months, are counted in their usual/ present residence during census night.
– Populations in transit or visiting Qatar as tourists, as well as residents of public housing or visitors staying in a household
for less than two months after night of reference were excluded.

Prior to census 2010, only a sample of foreign residents was covered in censuses.

2015: No population data disagregated by nationality was published, based on census results.
We estimated the total population of Qatar by nationality and sex, using:
1. 2015 Labour Force Survey (Q2): Figures of population aged 15 and above, by nationality (period of reference: mid-2015) 
Sampling frame of LFS 2015: Population Census 2010.
Sample size: 44,756 persons, in 6,953  households: 1- Qatari households; 2- Non-Qatari regular (non-collective) and collective households;
Reference period for the labour force data: the week prior to data collection day.
Population of reference: all Qatari and non-Qatari households present in Qatar on the night of survey,
living in normal and collective households.

2.  MDPS. Women and Men in the State of Qatar- A Statistical Profile, Doha: MDPS, 2016.  
Figures of population aged 0-14 by nationality (national/ non-national) and sex (period of reference: mid-2015). 
The figures were estimated on the basis of the percentage distribution of population by broad age groups,
sex and nationality for mid-2015 (Table 1/3, p. 18).

2. Institution which provides data 

Ministry of Development Planning and Statistics (MDPS)
(http://www.mdps.gov.qa/en/pages/default.aspx)

3. Data availability 

Released parts of censuses (1986; 1997; 2004; 2010, 2015), as well as some analytical volumes,
are available on the website of the MDPS, in PDF format.
https://www.mdps.gov.qa/en/statistics1/pages/topicslisting.aspx?parent=General&child=Census
https://www.mdps.gov.qa/en/statistics1/StatisticsSite/Census/Pages/default.aspx

Labour Force Survey Q2-2015 :
https://www.mdps.gov.qa/en/statistics/Statistical%20Releases/Social/LaborForce/2015/Q2/LF-Q2-2015-AE-MDPS.pdf

MDPS. Women and Men in the State of Qatar- A Statistical Profile, Doha: MDPS, 2016.
https://www.mdps.gov.qa/en/statistics1/pages/topicslisting.aspx?parent=Social&child=GenrealSocialStatistics.

Last date of access: December 2017.

Qatar: Economically inactive population (15 years and above) by nationality (Qatar/non-Qatari) and sex (2006 – 2017)

Qataris Non-Qataris Total
Males Females Total Males Females Total Males Females Total
2006 21,241 41,176 62,417 13,306 54,979 68,285 34,547 96,155 130,702
2007 22,410 42,604 65,014 16,387 63,704 80,091 38,797 106,308 145,105
2008 25,450 45,108 70,558 20,669 78,005 98,674 46,119 123,113 169,232
2009 27,202 46,814 74,016 19,784 83,417 103,201 46,986 130,231 177,217
2010* 24,559 47,616 72,175 22,364 96,341 118,705 46,923 143,957 190,880
2011 28,675 52,857 81,532 21,332 92,446 113,778 50,007 145,303 195,310
2012 26,427 54,399 80,826 26,568 102,085 128,653 52,995 156,484 209,479
2013 26,302 58,802 85,104 27,282 114,623 141,905 53,584 173,425 227,009
2014 28,234 59,068 87,302 32,577 119,351 151,928 60,811 178,419 239,230
2015 29,451 61,756 91,207 36,518 123,356 159,874 65,969 185,112 251,081
2016 29,889 62,616 92,505 35,785 123,746 159,531 65,674 186,362 252,036
2017 31,247 64,409 95,656 41,253 132,273 173,526 72,500 196,682 269,182

Source:  Labour Force Sample Surveys, 2006 to 2009 and 2011 to 2017; *: census 2010
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
 
1. Technical Notes and Definitions

Census 2010:
Reference period for census 2010: the night of April 21st, 2010.
Population of reference: all individuals (nationals and non-nationals), present within the country’s
borders during night of reference.
– Populations away from usual residence in Qatar for reasons of duty,
or on a visit abroad for less than two months, as well as individuals with no personal housing within Qatar staying
with a household for more than two months, are counted in their usual/ present residence during census night.
– Populations in transit or visiting Qatar as tourists, as well as residents of public housing or visitors staying in a household
for less than two months after night of reference were excluded.

Labour force Sample Surveys: 
The Statistics Authority conducted the first labour Force Sample Survey in 2001. After 2006, surveys were conducted on an annual basis.
After 2013, LFS surveys were conducted on a quarterly basis.

LFS Sampling  Sample size Reference period
frame (households) individuals
2006 independent samples 5,492 31,439 March 2006
2007 nd 5,492 31,439 October 2007
2008 nd 6,104 nd December 2008
2009 nd 6,109 35,839 October 2009
2011 nd 6,920 35,839 March 2011
2012 Census 2010 6,895 37,629 April 2012
2013 Census 2010 c. 7000 n.d. Quarterly
2014 Census 2010 8,351 53,363 Quarterly
2015 Census 2010 6,953 44,756 Quarterly
2016 Census 2015 9,199 60,016 Quarterly
2017 Census 2015 9,200 60,278 Quarterly

 
Reference period for the labor force data: the week prior to the reference date for data collection.
Population of reference: all Qatari and non-Qatari households present in Qatar on the night of survey/ periods of reference:

i. Qatari households; ii. Non-Qatari households; iii. Small labor gatherings; iv. Large labor gatherings.
The collective households are a group of persons not related to each other and sharing living conditions in a residential unit, I.e. labor camps,
students living boarding schools, nurses in hospitals… etc. The survey covered the small collective households (includes less than 7 persons)
and large collective households (includes 7 persons or more).
The survey did not cover short periods accommodation, i.e. hotels.

Inactive population: 
Full-time student: The person (15 years or older) enrolled in any educational institution as a full-time persistent student with purpose of attaining
an academic degree, irrespective of whether the schooling hours are in the morning or evening.
Any trainee enrolled in vocational training institutes is regarded as a full-time student.
Full-time housewife: The female (15 years or older) who is fully engaged in home management and family care, and does not practice any other work
Retired: The person who does not look for a job during the week preceding the survey and gets a fixed pension for work he/she had joined before
Disabled: The person (15 years or older) who is not capable of work due to illness, handicap or old age.
Others: Those able to work but not willing to, not enrolled in education, as well as any other cases encountered by the enumerator other than the above.

2. Institution which provides data 

Ministry of Development Planning and Statistics (MDPS)
(http://www.mdps.gov.qa/en/pages/default.aspx)

3. Data availability 

Labour Force Surveys and publications related to the labour force are available on MDPS’s website, in PDF format and Excel formats (selected years):
https://www.mdps.gov.qa/en/statistics1/pages/topicslisting.aspx?parent=Social&child=LaborForce

Last date of access: December 2018.

Qatar: Employed population (15 years and above) by nationality (Qatari/ non-Qatari), sex, occupation and average weekly work hours (2017)

Qatari Non-Qatari Total
Males Females Total Males Females Total Males Females Total
Legislators, Senior Officials And Managers 40 39 40 46 44 46 43 41 43
Professionals 40 38 39 45 43 44 43 40 42
Technicians And Associate Professionals 41 39 40 47 45 47 45 41 44
Clerks 40 38 39 47 47 47 43 42 43
Service Workers And Shop And Market Sales Workers 40 39 39 50 53 51 48 52 50
Skilled Agricultural And Fishery Workers 44 0 44 54 0 54 54 0 54
Craft And Related Trades Workers 42 0 42 51 53 51 51 53 51
Plant And Machine Operators And Assemblers 40 0 40 51 56 51 51 56 51
Elementary Occupations 40 39 40 49 56 53 49 56 53
Total 40 38 40 50 53 51 48 50 49

Source: Annual Bulletin of Labour Force Sample Survey 2017
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Technical Notes and Definitions

The data is taken from 2017 Labour Force Survey (yearly synthesis)
Sampling frame of LFS 2017: Population Census 2015.
Sample size: 60,278 persons, in 9,200 households: 1- Qatari households; 2- Non-Qatari regular (non-collective) households;
3- Non-Qatari small collective households or labour gatherings (2 – 6 persons); 4- Non-Qatari large collective households or large labour gatherings (7 persons or more).
Data Collection: The sample was divided into equal parts to collect data monthly.  Each month 1/3 of the quarterly data were collected during the first two weeks of the month.
Reference period for the labour force data: the week prior to data collection day.
Population of reference: all Qatari and non-Qatari households present in Qatar on the night of survey, living in normal and collective households.
The collective households are a group of persons not related to each other and sharing living conditions in a residential unit, I.e. labour camps, students living boarding
schools, nurses in hospitals… etc. The survey covered the small collective households (includes less than 7 persons) and large collective households (includes 7 persons or more).
The survey did not cover short periods accommodation, i.e. hotels.

Employed persons:
All persons aged 15 years and above, who during the week preceding the survey:
a) Perform a work for a wage, salary, profits or household gains, whether it was in cash or in kind.
b) Are temporarily not employed, however, they still have an official relation with their work

Figures do not include temporarily absent employees.

2. Institution which provides data 

Ministry of Development Planning and Statistics
(http://www.mdps.gov.qa/en/pages/default.aspx)

3. Data availability 

The Statistics Authority conducted the first labour Force Sample Survey in 2001. After 2006, surveys were conducted on an annual basis.
After 2013, LFS surveys were conducted on a quarterly basis.
Labour Force Surveys (yearly and quarterly data) can be downloaded from MDPS’s website, in PDF and Excel format:
http://www.mdps.gov.qa/en/statistics1/pages/topicslisting.aspx?parent=Social&child=LaborForce

Last date of access: January 2019.

Qatar: Economically active population aged 15 and above by nationality (Qatari/ non-Qatari), sex and age group (2017)

Qatari Non-Qatari Total
Males Females Total Males Females Total Males Females Total
15 – 19 2,844 84 2,928 4,064 917 4,981 6,908 1,001 7,909
20 – 24 10,745 5,408 16,153 177,155 33,124 210,279 187,900 38,532 226,432
25 – 29 12,112 7,029 19,141 312,935 39,341 352,276 325,047 46,370 371,417
30 – 34 9,739 9,241 18,980 371,443 59,278 430,721 381,182 68,519 449,701
35 – 39 8,012 4,257 12,269 296,271 49,527 345,798 304,283 53,784 358,067
40 – 44 7,270 5,420 12,690 218,057 33,283 251,340 225,327 38,703 264,030
45 – 49 5,869 2,817 8,686 153,937 11,672 165,609 159,806 14,489 174,295
50 – 54 6,655 1,862 8,517 94,734 6,277 101,011 101,389 8,139 109,528
55 – 59 2,002 672 2,674 53,927 3,932 57,859 55,929 4,604 60,533
60 – 64 1,233 154 1,387 22,189 1,150 23,339 23,422 1,304 24,726
65 + 406 113 519 6,858 487 7,345 7,264 600 7,864
Total 66,887 37,057 103,944 1,711,570 238,988 1,950,558 1,778,457 276,045 2,054,502

Source: Annual Bulletin of Labour Force Sample Survey 2017
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Technical Notes and Definitions

The data is taken from 2017 Labour Force Survey (yearly synthesis)
Sampling frame of LFS 2017: Population Census 2015.
Sample size: 60,278 persons, in 9,200 households: 1- Qatari households; 2- Non-Qatari regular (non-collective) households;
3- Non-Qatari small collective households or labour gatherings (2 – 6 persons); 4- Non-Qatari large collective households or large labour gatherings (7 persons or more).
Data Collection: The sample was divided into equal parts to collect data monthly.  Each month 1/3 of the quarterly data were collected during the first two weeks of the month.
Reference period for the labour force data: the week prior to data collection day.
Population of reference: all Qatari and non-Qatari households present in Qatar on the night of survey, living in normal and collective households.
The collective households are a group of persons not related to each other and sharing living conditions in a residential unit, I.e. labour camps, students living boarding
schools, nurses in hospitals… etc. The survey covered the small collective households (includes less than 7 persons) and large collective households (includes 7 persons or more).
The survey did not cover short periods accommodation, i.e. hotels.
The present data includes active population, i.e. employed and unemployed. It does not include persons seeking work for the first time

Relation to labour force (for persons aged 15 and above)
In the labour force (= economically active).
1) Employed.
All persons aged 15 years and above, who during the week preceding the survey:
a) Perform a work for a wage, salary, profits or household gains, whether it was in cash or in kind.
b) Are temporarily not employed, however, they still have an official relation with their work
2) Unemployed.
All persons aged 15 years and over who were, during the week preceding the survey, without employment, willing to work and looking seriously for a job.
There is a distinction between two kinds of unemployed persons:
a) First time unemployed: They are the persons who never worked previously, and were during the week preceding the survey looking actively for work.
b) Unemployed who previously worked: They are the persons with a work experience, who during the week preceding the survey were actively looking for a job

2. Institution which provides data 

Ministry of Development Planning and Statistics
(http://www.mdps.gov.qa/en/pages/default.aspx)

3. Data availability 
 
The Statistics Authority conducted the first labour Force Sample Survey in 2001. After 2006, surveys were conducted on an annual basis.
After 2013, LFS surveys were conducted on a quarterly basis.
Labour Force Surveys (yearly and quarterly data) can be downloaded from MDPS’s website, in PDF and Excel format:
http://www.mdps.gov.qa/en/statistics1/pages/topicslisting.aspx?parent=Social&child=LaborForce

Last date of access: January 2019.

Qatar: Economically active population aged 15 and above by nationality (Qatari/ non-Qatari), sex and education level (2017)

Qatari Non-Qatari Total
Males Females Total Males Females Total Males Females Total
Illiterate 14 0 14 21,775 1,940 23,715 21,789 1,940 23,729
Read & Write 560 112 672 202,199 23,466 225,665 202,759 23,578 226,337
Literacy 0 0 0 1,398 154 1,552 1,398 154 1,552
Primary 3,318 336 3,654 367,648 49,736 417,384 370,966 50,072 421,038
Preparatory 9,063 2,492 11,555 490,051 43,422 533,473 499,114 45,914 545,028
Vocational Training 0 0 0 30,954 106 31,060 30,954 106 31,060
Secondary 26,150 11,443 37,593 281,753 37,380 319,133 307,903 48,823 356,726
Diploma 2,550 1,190 3,740 84,581 13,883 98,464 87,131 15,073 102,204
University  21,466 19,551 41,017 205,326 64,055 269,381 226,792 83,606 310,398
Higher Diploma 1,008 798 1,806 9,045 1,044 10,089 10,053 1,842 11,895
M.A / M.Sc. 1,736 686 2,422 11,173 2,770 13,943 12,909 3,456 16,365
Ph.D. 1,022 449 1,471 5,667 1,032 6,699 6,689 1,481 8,170
Total 66,887 37,057 103,944 1,711,570 238,988 1,950,558 1,778,457 276,045 2,054,502

Source: Annual Bulletin of Labour Force Sample Survey 2017
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Technical Notes and Definitions

The data is taken from 2017 Labour Force Survey (yearly synthesis)
Sampling frame of LFS 2017: Population Census 2015.
Sample size: 60,278 persons, in 9,200 households: 1- Qatari households; 2- Non-Qatari regular (non-collective) households;
3- Non-Qatari small collective households or labour gatherings (2 – 6 persons); 4- Non-Qatari large collective households or large labour gatherings (7 persons or more).
Data Collection: The sample was divided into equal parts to collect data monthly.  Each month 1/3 of the quarterly data were collected during the first two weeks of the month.
Reference period for the labour force data: the week prior to data collection day.
Population of reference: all Qatari and non-Qatari households present in Qatar on the night of survey, living in normal and collective households.
The collective households are a group of persons not related to each other and sharing living conditions in a residential unit, I.e. labour camps, students living boarding
schools, nurses in hospitals… etc. The survey covered the small collective households (includes less than 7 persons) and large collective households (includes 7 persons or more).
The survey did not cover short periods accommodation, i.e. hotels.
The present data includes active population, i.e. employed and unemployed. It does not include persons seeking work for the first time

Relation to labour force (for persons aged 15 and above)
In the labour force (= economically active).
1) Employed.
All persons aged 15 years and above, who during the week preceding the survey:
a) Perform a work for a wage, salary, profits or household gains, whether it was in cash or in kind.
b) Are temporarily not employed, however, they still have an official relation with their work
2) Unemployed. 
All persons aged 15 years and over who were, during the week preceding the survey, without employment, willing to work and looking seriously for a job.
There is a distinction between two kinds of unemployed persons:
a) First time unemployed: They are the persons who never worked previously, and were during the week preceding the survey looking actively for work.
b) Unemployed who previously worked: They are the persons with a work experience, who during the week preceding the survey were actively looking for a job

2. Institution which provides data 

Ministry of Development Planning and Statistics
(http://www.mdps.gov.qa/en/pages/default.aspx)

3. Data availability 

The Statistics Authority conducted the first labour Force Sample Survey in 2001. After 2006, surveys were conducted on an annual basis.
After 2013, LFS surveys were conducted on a quarterly basis.
Labour Force Surveys (yearly and quarterly data) can be downloaded from MDPS’s website, in PDF and Excel format:
http://www.mdps.gov.qa/en/statistics1/pages/topicslisting.aspx?parent=Social&child=LaborForce

Last date of access: January 2019.

Qatar: Economically active population aged 15 and above by nationality (Qatari/ non-Qatari), sex and employment status (2017)

Qatari Non-Qatari Total
Males Females Total Males Females Total Males Females Total
Employer 2,549 770 3,319 2,217 172 2,389 4,766 942 5,708
Own Account Worker 252 0 252 2,328 129 2,457 2,580 129 2,709
Employee 64,086 36,287 100,373 1,707,025 238,687 1,945,712 1,771,111 274,974 2,046,085
Total 66,887 37,057 103,944 1,711,570 238,988 1,950,558 1,778,457 276,045 2,054,502

Source: Annual Bulletin of Labour Force Sample Survey 2017
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Technical Notes and Definitions

The data is taken from 2017 Labour Force Survey (yearly synthesis)
Sampling frame of LFS 2017: Population Census 2015.
Sample size: 60,278 persons, in 9,200 households: 1- Qatari households; 2- Non-Qatari regular (non-collective) households;
3- Non-Qatari small collective households or labour gatherings (2 – 6 persons); 4- Non-Qatari large collective households or large labour gatherings (7 persons or more).
Data Collection: The sample was divided into equal parts to collect data monthly.  Each month 1/3 of the quarterly data were collected during the first two weeks of the month.
Reference period for the labour force data: the week prior to data collection day.
Population of reference: all Qatari and non-Qatari households present in Qatar on the night of survey, living in normal and collective households.
The collective households are a group of persons not related to each other and sharing living conditions in a residential unit, I.e. labour camps, students living boarding
schools, nurses in hospitals… etc. The survey covered the small collective households (includes less than 7 persons) and large collective households (includes 7 persons or more).
The survey did not cover short periods accommodation, i.e. hotels.
The present data includes active population, i.e. employed and unemployed. It does not include persons seeking work for the first time

Relation to labour force (for persons aged 15 and above)
In the labour force (= economically active).
1) Employed.
All persons aged 15 years and above, who during the week preceding the survey:
a) Perform a work for a wage, salary, profits or household gains, whether it was in cash or in kind.
b) Are temporarily not employed, however, they still have an official relation with their work
2) Unemployed. 
All persons aged 15 years and over who were, during the week preceding the survey, without employment, willing to work and looking seriously for a job.
There is a distinction between two kinds of unemployed persons:
a) First time unemployed: They are the persons who never worked previously, and were during the week preceding the survey looking actively for work.
b) Unemployed who previously worked: They are the persons with a work experience, who during the week preceding the survey were actively looking for a job

2. Institution which provides data 

Ministry of Development Planning and Statistics
(http://www.mdps.gov.qa/en/pages/default.aspx)

3. Data availability 

The Statistics Authority conducted the first labour Force Sample Survey in 2001. After 2006, surveys were conducted on an annual basis.
After 2013, LFS surveys were conducted on a quarterly basis.
Labour Force Surveys (yearly and quarterly data) can be downloaded from MDPS’s website, in PDF and Excel format:
http://www.mdps.gov.qa/en/statistics1/pages/topicslisting.aspx?parent=Social&child=LaborForce

Last date of access: January 2019.

Qatar: Economically active population aged 15 and above by nationality (Qatari/ non-Qatari), sex and activity sector (2017)

Qataris Non-Qataris Total
Males Females Total Males Females Total Males Females Total
Government Department 45,703 25,176 70,879 49,866 14,782 64,648 95,569 39,958 135,527
Government Company/ Corporation 8,956 4,513 13,469 49,849 8,567 58,416 58,805 13,080 71,885
Mixed 6,010 2,788 8,798 44,203 5,662 49,865 50,213 8,450 58,663
Private 5,910 4,300 10,210 1,498,130 98,210 1,596,340 1,504,040 102,510 1,606,550
Diplomatic/International/Regional 154 70 224 3,371 1,449 4,820 3,525 1,519 5,044
Non profit 154 210 364 2,687 1,376 4,063 2,841 1,586 4,427
Domestic 0 0 0 63,464 108,942 172,406 63,464 108,942 172,406
Total 66,887 37,057 103,944 1,711,570 238,988 1,950,558 1,778,457 276,045 2,054,502

Source: Annual Bulletin of Labour Force Sample Survey 2017
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Technical Notes and Definitions

The data is taken from 2017 Labour Force Survey (yearly synthesis)
Sampling frame of LFS 2017: Population Census 2015.
Sample size: 60,278 persons, in 9,200 households: 1- Qatari households; 2- Non-Qatari regular (non-collective) households;
3- Non-Qatari small collective households or labour gatherings (2 – 6 persons); 4- Non-Qatari large collective households or large labour gatherings (7 persons or more).
Data Collection: The sample was divided into equal parts to collect data monthly.  Each month 1/3 of the quarterly data were collected during the first two weeks of the month.
Reference period for the labour force data: the week prior to data collection day.
Population of reference: all Qatari and non-Qatari households present in Qatar on the night of survey, living in normal and collective households.
The collective households are a group of persons not related to each other and sharing living conditions in a residential unit, I.e. labour camps, students living boarding
schools, nurses in hospitals… etc. The survey covered the small collective households (includes less than 7 persons) and large collective households (includes 7 persons or more).
The survey did not cover short periods accommodation, i.e. hotels.
The present data includes active population, i.e. employed and unemployed. It does not include persons seeking work for the first time

Relation to labour force (for persons aged 15 and above)
In the labour force (= economically active).
1) Employed.
All persons aged 15 years and above, who during the week preceding the survey:
a) Perform a work for a wage, salary, profits or household gains, whether it was in cash or in kind.
b) Are temporarily not employed, however, they still have an official relation with their work
2) Unemployed. 
All persons aged 15 years and over who were, during the week preceding the survey, without employment, willing to work and looking seriously for a job.
There is a distinction between two kinds of unemployed persons:
a) First time unemployed: They are the persons who never worked previously, and were during the week preceding the survey looking actively for work.
b) Unemployed who previously worked: They are the persons with a work experience, who during the week preceding the survey were actively looking for a job

2. Institution which provides data 

Ministry of Development Planning and Statistics
(http://www.mdps.gov.qa/en/pages/default.aspx)

3. Data availability 
 
The Statistics Authority conducted the first labour Force Sample Survey in 2001. After 2006, surveys were conducted on an annual basis.
After 2013, LFS surveys were conducted on a quarterly basis.
Labour Force Surveys (yearly and quarterly data) can be downloaded from MDPS’s website, in PDF and Excel format:
http://www.mdps.gov.qa/en/statistics1/pages/topicslisting.aspx?parent=Social&child=LaborForce

Last date of access: January 2019.

Qatar: Employed population (15 years and above) by nationality (Qatari/ non-Qatari), sex and occupation (2017)

Qatari Non-Qatari Total
Males Females Total Males Females Total Males Females Total
Legislators, Senior Officials and Managers 8,433 2,131 10,564 30,522 4,791 35,313 38,955 6,922 45,877
Professionals 13,970 15,333 29,303 115,297 41,294 156,591 129,267 56,627 185,894
Technicians and Associate Professionals 11,739 5,449 17,188 112,150 10,125 122,275 123,889 15,574 139,463
Clerks 16,558 10,266 26,824 59,772 23,339 83,111 76,330 33,605 109,935
Service Workers, Shops and Market Sales Workers 5,910 2,198 8,108 140,831 46,842 187,673 146,741 49,040 195,781
Skilled Agricultural and Fishery Workers 42 0 42 25,180 0 25,180 25,222 0 25,222
Craft and Related Trades Workers 4,523 0 4,523 663,594 447 664,041 668,117 447 668,564
Plant, Machine Operators and Assemblers 1,414 0 1,414 289,281 873 290,154 290,695 873 291,568
Elementary Occupations 3,444 434 3,878 272,732 109,779 382,511 276,176 110,213 386,389
Total 66,033 35,811 101,844 1,709,359 237,490 1,946,849 1,775,392 273,301 2,048,693

Source: Annual Bulletin of Labour Force Sample Survey 2017
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Technical Notes and Definitions

The data is taken from 2017 Labour Force Survey (yearly synthesis)
Sampling frame of LFS 2017: Population Census 2015.
Sample size: 60,278 persons, in 9,200 households: 1- Qatari households; 2- Non-Qatari regular (non-collective) households;
3- Non-Qatari small collective households or labour gatherings (2 – 6 persons); 4- Non-Qatari large collective households or large labour gatherings (7 persons or more).
Data Collection: The sample was divided into equal parts to collect data monthly.  Each month 1/3 of the quarterly data were collected during the first two weeks of the month.
Reference period for the labour force data: the week prior to data collection day.
Population of reference: all Qatari and non-Qatari households present in Qatar on the night of survey, living in normal and collective households.
The collective households are a group of persons not related to each other and sharing living conditions in a residential unit, I.e. labour camps, students living boarding
schools, nurses in hospitals… etc. The survey covered the small collective households (includes less than 7 persons) and large collective households (includes 7 persons or more).
The survey did not cover short periods accommodation, i.e. hotels.

Employed persons:
All persons aged 15 years and above, who during the week preceding the survey:
a) Perform a work for a wage, salary, profits or household gains, whether it was in cash or in kind.
b) Are temporarily not employed, however, they still have an official relation with their work

Figures do not include temporarily absent employees.

2. Institution which provides data 

Ministry of Development Planning and Statistics
(http://www.mdps.gov.qa/en/pages/default.aspx)
 
3. Data availability 

The Statistics Authority conducted the first labour Force Sample Survey in 2001. After 2006, surveys were conducted on an annual basis.
After 2013, LFS surveys were conducted on a quarterly basis.
Labour Force Surveys (yearly and quarterly data) can be downloaded from MDPS’s website, in PDF and Excel format:
http://www.mdps.gov.qa/en/statistics1/pages/topicslisting.aspx?parent=Social&child=LaborForce

Last date of access: January 2019.

Oman: Population by nationality (Omani/ non-Omani), sex and age group (2017)

Omanis Expatriates Total
Males Females Total Males Females Total Males Females Total
0 – 4 196,000 188,308 384,308 16,036 15,447 31,483 212,036 203,755 415,791
5 – 9 155,295 150,235 305,530 15,253 14,411 29,664 170,548 164,646 335,194
10 – 14 117,959 114,022 231,981 12,901 11,848 24,749 130,860 125,870 256,730
15 – 19 110,175 106,572 216,747 9,600 8,532 18,132 119,775 115,104 234,879
20 – 24 121,567 117,232 238,799 139,383 24,195 163,578 260,950 141,427 402,377
25 – 29 124,392 121,263 245,655 415,592 65,762 481,354 539,984 187,025 727,009
30 – 34 114,302 112,489 226,791 391,060 64,656 455,716 505,362 177,145 682,507
35 – 39 89,467 89,222 178,689 273,369 47,350 320,719 362,836 136,572 499,408
40 – 44 61,488 60,185 121,673 175,399 33,975 209,374 236,887 94,160 331,047
45 – 49 41,613 40,090 81,703 125,624 21,411 147,035 167,237 61,501 228,738
50 – 54 32,140 33,188 65,328 74,278 13,135 87,413 106,418 46,323 152,741
55 – 59 27,691 30,650 58,341 45,666 7,322 52,988 73,357 37,972 111,329
60 – 64 19,361 23,606 42,967 20,343 3,106 23,449 39,704 26,712 66,416
65 – 69 15,821 17,739 33,560 4,581 1,424 6,005 20,402 19,163 39,565
70 – 74 12,438 13,425 25,863 1,080 686 1,766 13,518 14,111 27,629
75 – 79 10,516 10,439 20,955 301 355 656 10,817 10,794 21,611
80+ 13,539 12,940 26,479 174 339 513 13,713 13,279 26,992
Total 1,263,764 1,241,605 2,505,369 1,720,640 333,954 2,054,594 2,984,404 1,575,559 4,559,963

Source: NCSI

ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Technical Notes and Definitions

Reference period: mid-2017.
Original data source: Royal Oman Police.

2. Institution which provides data 

National Center for Statistics and Information (NCSI)

3. Data availability 

NCSI. Population Statistics, Issue 7, 2017 (in Arabic).
https://www.ncsi.gov.om/Elibrary/LibraryContentDoc/bar_pouplation%207%202017_bd18dd23-b2e5-4710-be65-52158136ceef.pdf.

Last date of access: December 2018.

Oman: Employed population by nationality (Omani/ non-Omani) (2007-2017)

Omanis Expatriates Total
2007 256,180 660,950 917,130
2008 278,403 817,254 1,095,657
2009 294,937 897,161 1,192,098
2010 318,086 979,242 1,297,328
2011 358,881 1,273,848 1,632,729
2012 338,870 1,343,704 1,682,574
2013 362,597 1,501,528 1,864,125
2014 394,429 1,546,446 1,940,875
2015 365,381 1,660,663 2,026,044
2016 429,806 1,825,603 2,255,409
2017 434,368 1,832,072 2,266,440

Source: NCSI. Statistical Yearbooks, 2009 to 2018

ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Technical Notes and Definitions

Data refer to total employed population, in the public, private and domestic sectors.
Data for the governmental sector exclude Security and Defense personnels.
see: https://cbo.gov.om/sites/assets/Documents/English/Publications/AnnualReports/AnnualReport2017eng.pdf
Omanis in the private sector are registered with the Public Authority for Social Insurance (PASI).

2. Institution which provides data 

National Center for Statistics and Information (NCSI)

3. Data availability 

The data on employment by sector and nationality is available in NCSI’s Statistical Yearbooks (chapter “Employment”)
https://www.ncsi.gov.om/Elibrary/Pages/LibraryContentView.aspx
SYB 2018:

https://www.ncsi.gov.om/Elibrary/LibraryContentDoc/bar_Statistical%20Year%20Book%202018_a8b32d59-cdc9-4987-ba29-1e7ce78d5cca.pdf

Last date of access: November 2018.

Kuwait: Population aged 15 and above by nationality (Kuwaiti/ non-Kuwaiti), sex and activity status (relation to labour force) (December 2018)

Kuwaitis non-Kuwaitis Total
Males Females Total Males Females Total Males Females Total
In the labour force 218,234 207,090 425,324 1,920,306 477,757 2,398,063 2,138,540 684,847 2,823,387
Out of the labour force 183,615 229,730 413,345 83,027 238,692 321,719 266,642 468,422 735,064
N.A. 35,162 39,321 74,483 45,911 54,517 100,428 81,073 93,838 174,911
Total 437,011 476,141 913,152 2,049,244 770,966 2,820,210 2,486,255 1,247,107 3,733,362

Source: PACI
 

ANNEXED NOTE

1. Characteristics of data and definitions

The source of data used here is the Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI), an independant government body in charge of :
1- centralising all population and labour force data in order to manage a fully computerised population register
2- issuing mandatory civil identification cards to every resident of the country, regardless of age and nationality.

(a) Kuwaiti: the Kuwaiti nationality rests upon a document of Kuwaiti nationality or a certificate proving Kuwaiti nationality issued by the Ministry of Interior of Kuwait.

(b) Non-Kuwaiti: his/ her nationality is determined by the name of the State which issued the passport. The foreign national also entered Kuwait legally and has a stamp of residence.
This category includes the Bidoon, a category of stateless persons living in the Emirate.

(c) Nationality group: collected according to the nationality of the head of the household.
Nationalities are grouped according to specific features common to certain population subgroups: language,  geographic origin, etc.
or according to internationally recognized categories such as: (Arab / non-Arab Asian countries / non-Arab African countries; European countries … etc.).

(d) Population in the labour force: population aged 15 years and over, either employed in the government, private or domestic sector, working as a street vendor, or unemployed.
(e) Population out of the labour force:  population aged 15 years and above, not active on the labour market (includes the students, the housewives or alike, or retired persons having income).

2. Institution which provides data 

The Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI)

3. Period of data coverage: 31 December

The database is updated three times a year and the website presents only the most recent data.

4. Data availability 

Data can be downloaded from the “statistics” section of PACI’s website (http://www.paci.gov.kw/en/ (English); http://www.paci.gov.kw/ (Arabic))
section “Statistical reports”
Analytical tables and data crosstabulations are available for download in PDF, html, .png and Excel (.csv) formats.
A selection of tables is available in the sections “General Stats” (https://www.paci.gov.kw/stat/GeneralStat.aspx) and “Analytic Statistics”  https://www.paci.gov.kw/stat/SubCategory.aspx?ID=7

Date of access: January 2019.

Kuwait: non-Kuwaiti population by region/selected countries of origin and sex, distributed by age category and relation to labour force (2018)

Below working age (<15 years) (%) Working age (15 and above) Total
In the labour force (%) Out of the labour force (%)
Arab countries 22 53 25 1,261,062
Egypt 17 74 10 670,524
Syria 32 39 29 160,120
Saudi Arabia 32 18 50 127,604
Asia 6 89 5 1,868,208
India 7 88 5 1,012,104
Bangladesh 1 97 2 281,131
Philippines 3 95 2 213,989
Pakistan 11 77 12 109,427
Sri Lanka  3 92 4 93,749
Nepal 1 99 1 70,378
Africa 3 93 4 47,227
Other regions 24 54 22 42,028
Total 12 75 13 3,218,525

Source: PACI
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Characteristics of data and definitions

The source of data used here is the Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI), an independant government body in charge of :
1- centralising all population and labour force data in order to manage a fully computerised population register
2- issuing mandatory civil identification cards to every resident of the country, regardless of age and nationality.
Data published by PACI are, therefore, administrative data.
 
Nationality group/ citizenship: collected according to the nationality group or citizenship of individuals, or the head of the household.
Nationalities are grouped according to specific features common to certain population subgroups: language,  geographic origin, etc.
or according to internationally recognized categories such as: (Arab / non-Arab Asian countries / non-Arab African countries; European countries … etc.).
Population in the labour force: population aged 15 years and over, either employed in the government, private or domestic sector, working as a street vendor, or unemployed.
Population out of the labour force:  population aged 15 years and above, not active on the labour market (includes the students, the housewives or alike, or retired persons having income).
Population aged below 15: population below working age.
The table was built out of a selection of data from two distinct datasets:
– PACI statistical database
– PACI “Population and labor market indicators”
Population out of the labour force by nationality group was calculated using available figures of total population and population included in the labour force, by nationality group.

2. Institution which provides data 

The Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI)

3. Period of data coverage: 31 December

The database is updated three times a year and the website presents only the most recent data.

4. Data availability 

Data by nationality group of expatriates can be downloaded from the “statistics” section of PACI’s website (http://www.paci.gov.kw/en/ (English); http://www.paci.gov.kw/ (Arabic))
section “Statistical reports”
Analytical tables and data crosstabulations are available for download in PDF, html, .png and Excel (.csv) formats.
A selection of tables is available in the sections “General Stats” (https://www.paci.gov.kw/stat/GeneralStat.aspx) and “Analytic Statistics”  https://www.paci.gov.kw/stat/SubCategory.aspx?ID=7

Data pertaining to the citizens of selected foreign countries residing in Kuwait can be found in the “Population and labor market indicators” section of PACI’s website:
https://www.paci.gov.kw/stat/StatIndicators.aspx

Date of access: February 2019.

Oman: Population by country of citizenship (selected nationalities) and sex (2017)

Population by country of citizenship (selected nationalities)
Males Females Total
Oman 1,263,764 1,241,605 2,505,369
India 671,660 95,075 766,735
Bangladesh 677,881 40,975 718,856
Pakistan 247,627 21,241 268,868
Egypt 29,826 17,144 46,970
Philippines 13,247 31,966 45,213
Uganda 209 20,677 20,886
Sri Lanka 6,681 13,322 20,003
Tanzania 1,656 15,421 17,077
Nepal 10,346 6,234 16,580
Indonesia 665 13,490 14,155
Ethiopia 149 13,423 13,572
total non-Omanis 1,720,640 333,954 2,054,594
Total 2,984,404 1,575,559 4,559,963

Source: NCSI
 
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Technical Notes and Definitions

GLMM’s calculations, based on total figures and percentage distribution of foreign nationals
by sex published in: NCSI. Population Statistics, Issue 7, 2017, p. 6.
Reference period: mid-2017.
Original data source: Royal Oman Police.

2. Institution which provides data 

National Center for Statistics and Information (NCSI)

3. Data availability 

NCSI. Population Statistics, Issue 7, 2017 (in Arabic).
https://www.ncsi.gov.om/Elibrary/LibraryContentDoc/bar_pouplation%207%202017_bd18dd23-b2e5-4710-be65-52158136ceef.pdf.

Last date of access: December 2018.

Oman: Population by country of citizenship (selected nationalities) (2017)

Population by country of citizenship (selected nationalities)
Oman 2,505,369
India 766,735
Bangladesh 718,856
Pakistan 268,868
Egypt 46,970
Philippines 45,213
Uganda 20,886
Sri Lanka 20,003
Tanzania 17,077
Nepal 16,580
Indonesia 14,155
Ethiopia 13,572
total non-Omanis 2,054,594
Total 4,559,963

Source: NCSI
 
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Technical Notes and Definitions

GLMM’s calculations, based on total figures and percentage distribution of foreign nationals
by sex published in: NCSI. Population Statistics, Issue 7, 2017, p. 6.
Reference period: mid-2017.
Original data source: Royal Oman Police.

2. Institution which provides data 

National Center for Statistics and Information (NCSI)

3. Data availability 

NCSI. Population Statistics, Issue 7, 2017 (in Arabic).
https://www.ncsi.gov.om/Elibrary/LibraryContentDoc/bar_pouplation%207%202017_bd18dd23-b2e5-4710-be65-52158136ceef.pdf.

Last date of access: December 2018.

Oman: Employed population by nationality (Omani/ non-Omani), sex and education level (2017)

Omanis Expatriates Total
Males Females Total Males Females Total Males Females Total
Illiterate 5,093 1,512 6,605 36,143 4,724 40,867 41,236 6,236 47,472
Reads and writes 23,657 5,199 28,856 495,133 63,822 558,955 518,790 69,021 587,811
Primary 25,858 3,226 29,084 156,870 19,579 176,449 182,728 22,805 205,533
Preparatory 54,699 7,264 61,963 560,010 57,773 617,783 614,709 65,037 679,746
Secondary 100,894 37,389 138,283 225,278 17,099 242,377 326,172 54,488 380,660
Diploma 22,384 21,615 43,999 42,174 11,934 54,108 64,558 33,549 98,107
University 45,952 56,834 102,786 80,295 23,165 103,460 126,247 79,999 206,246
Higher Diploma 4,800 5,724 10,524 4,356 897 5,253 9,156 6,621 15,777
Master’s Degree 5,761 3,464 9,225 6,548 1,940 8,488 12,309 5,404 17,713
Ph.D 1,101 342 1,443 2,873 718 3,591 3,974 1,060 5,034
Not stated 1,464 136 1,600 15,063 5,678 20,741 16,527 5,814 22,341
Total 291,663 142,705 434,368 1,624,743 207,329 1,832,072 1,916,406 350,034 2,266,440

Source: NCSI. Statistical Yearbooks, 2009 to 2018
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Technical Notes and Definitions

Data refer to total employed population, in the public, private and domestic sectors.
Data for the governmental sector exclude Security and Defense personnels.
see: https://cbo.gov.om/sites/assets/Documents/English/Publications/AnnualReports/AnnualReport2017eng.pdf
Omanis in the private sector are registered with the Public Authority for Social Insurance (PASI).

2. Institution which provides data 

National Center for Statistics and Information (NCSI)

3. Data availability 

The data on employment by sector and nationality is available in NCSI’s Statistical Yearbooks (chapter “Employment”)
https://www.ncsi.gov.om/Elibrary/Pages/LibraryContentView.aspx
SYB 2018:
https://www.ncsi.gov.om/Elibrary/LibraryContentDoc/bar_Statistical%20Year%20Book%202018_a8b32d59-cdc9-4987-ba29-1e7ce78d5cca.pdf

Last date of access: November 2018.

Oman: Employed population by nationality (Omani/ non-Omani), sex and education level (2016)

Omanis Expatriates Total
Males Females Total Males Females Total Males Females Total
lliterate 7,056 1,956 9,012 33,465 3,523 36,988 40,521 5,479 46,000
Read and write 30,491 6,268 36,759 457,689 53,585 511,274 488,180 59,853 548,033
Primary 26,708 3,522 30,230 144,943 17,652 162,595 171,651 21,174 192,825
Preparatory 54,173 7,570 61,743 588,090 61,419 649,509 642,263 68,989 711,252
Secondary 87,332 32,744 120,076 244,018 16,318 260,336 331,350 49,062 380,412
Diploma 28,845 24,411 53,256 44,255 11,853 56,108 73,100 36,264 109,364
University 47,719 56,295 104,014 83,623 23,784 107,407 131,342 80,079 211,421
Higher Diploma 1,197 3,425 4,622 4,464 965 5,429 5,661 4,390 10,051
Master Degree 5,430 3,219 8,649 6,530 1,952 8,482 11,960 5,171 17,131
PH.D 1,034 285 1,319 2,835 782 3,617 3,869 1,067 4,936
Not stated 105 21 126 17,781 6,077 23,858 17,886 6,098 23,984
Total 290,090 139,716 429,806 1,627,693 197,910 1,825,603 1,917,783 337,626 2,255,409

Source: NCSI. Statistical Yearbooks, 2009 to 2018
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Technical Notes and Definitions

Data refer to total employed population, in the public, private and domestic sectors.
Data for the governmental sector exclude Security and Defense personnels.
see: https://cbo.gov.om/sites/assets/Documents/English/Publications/AnnualReports/AnnualReport2017eng.pdf
Omanis in the private sector are registered with the Public Authority for Social Insurance (PASI).

2. Institution which provides data 

National Center for Statistics and Information (NCSI)

3. Data availability 

The data on employment by sector and nationality is available in NCSI’s Statistical Yearbooks (chapter “Employment”)
https://www.ncsi.gov.om/Elibrary/Pages/LibraryContentView.aspx
SYB 2018:
https://www.ncsi.gov.om/Elibrary/LibraryContentDoc/bar_Statistical%20Year%20Book%202018_a8b32d59-cdc9-4987-ba29-1e7ce78d5cca.pdf

Last date of access: November 2018.

Oman: Employed population by nationality (Omani/ non-Omani) and age group (2016)

Omanis Expatriates Total
15 – 19 2,671 29 2,700
20 – 24 35,500 148,659 184,159
25 – 29 87,025 465,667 552,692
30 – 34 106,815 429,907 536,722
35 – 39 85,206 294,275 379,481
40 – 44 49,874 197,141 247,015
45 – 49 28,213 135,874 164,087
50 – 54 18,825 79,821 98,646
55 – 59 12,584 48,896 61,480
60 – 64 2,209 20,104 22,313
+65 884 5,230 6,114
Total 429,806 1,825,603 2,255,409

Source: NCSI. Statistical Yearbook 2017
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Technical Notes and Definitions

Data refer to total employed population, in the public, private and domestic sectors.
Data for the governmental sector exclude Security and Defense personnels.
see: https://cbo.gov.om/sites/assets/Documents/English/Publications/AnnualReports/AnnualReport2017eng.pdf
Omanis in the private sector are registered with the Public Authority for Social Insurance (PASI).

2. Institution which provides data 
 
National Center for Statistics and Information (NCSI)

3. Data availability 

The data on employment by sector and nationality is available in NCSI’s Statistical Yearbooks (chapter “Employment”)
https://www.ncsi.gov.om/Elibrary/Pages/LibraryContentView.aspx
SYB 2018:
https://www.ncsi.gov.om/Elibrary/LibraryContentDoc/bar_Statistical%20Year%20Book%202018_a8b32d59-cdc9-4987-ba29-1e7ce78d5cca.pdf
The data are also downloadable from NCSI’s data portal:
http://data.gov.om/byvmwhe/labour-market

Last date of access: November 2018.

Oman: Employed population by nationality (Omani/ non-Omani) and age group (2015)

Omanis Expatriates Total
15 – 19 2,807 1 2,808
20 – 24 35,916 95,567 131,483
25 – 29 87,915 460,431 548,346
30 – 34 99,693 383,068 482,761
35 – 39 76,017 298,160 374,177
40 – 44 43,424 203,768 247,192
45 – 49 25,694 115,787 141,481
50 – 54 17,763 68,416 86,179
55 – 59 11,410 34,501 45,911
60 – 64 2,225 9,358 11,583
+65 721 2,484 3,205
Total 403,585 1,671,541 2,075,126

Source: NCSI. Statistical Yearbook 2016
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Technical Notes and Definitions

Data refer to total employed population, in the public, private and domestic sectors.
Data for the governmental sector exclude Security and Defense personnels.
see: https://cbo.gov.om/sites/assets/Documents/English/Publications/AnnualReports/AnnualReport2017eng.pdf
Omanis in the private sector are registered with the Public Authority for Social Insurance (PASI).

2. Institution which provides data 

National Center for Statistics and Information (NCSI)

3. Data availability 

The data on employment by sector and nationality is available in NCSI’s Statistical Yearbooks (chapter “Employment”)
https://www.ncsi.gov.om/Elibrary/Pages/LibraryContentView.aspx
SYB 2018:
https://www.ncsi.gov.om/Elibrary/LibraryContentDoc/bar_Statistical%20Year%20Book%202018_a8b32d59-cdc9-4987-ba29-1e7ce78d5cca.pdf
The data are also downloadable from NCSI’s data portal:
http://data.gov.om/byvmwhe/labour-market

Last date of access: November 2018.

Kuwait: Employed population aged 15 and above by nationality group and sex (2018)

Total
Males Females Total
Kuwaitis 204,189 194,168 398,357
Arabs 596,985 60,121 657,106
Asians 1,291,152 372,910 1,664,062
Africans 8,637 35,322 43,959
Europeans 7,209 3,318 10,527
N. Americans 7,897 2,533 10,430
S. Americans 680 198 878
Australians/ Oceanians 557 153 710
Total non-Kuwaitis 1,913,117 474,555 2,387,672
Grand total 2,117,306 668,723 2,786,029

Source: PACI
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Characteristics of data and definitions

The source of data used here is the Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI), an independant government body in charge of :
1- centralising all population and labour force data in order to manage a fully computerised population register
2- issuing mandatory civil identification cards to every resident of the country, regardless of age and nationality.

(a) Kuwaiti: the Kuwaiti nationality rests upon a document of Kuwaiti nationality or a certificate proving Kuwaiti nationality issued by the Ministry of Interior of Kuwait.

(b) Non-Kuwaiti: his/ her nationality is determined by the name of the State having issued the passport. The foreign national also entered Kuwait legally and has a stamp of residence.
The Biduns, stateless persons living in the Emirate, are counted with the non-nationals.

(c) Employed population in the labour force: population aged 15 years and above, in paid employment in the government or private sector, as itinerant worker, or in the domestic sector.

(d) Government sector: any organization of the government (organizations, authority and departments), included within the state budget
(Ministries and government departments; authorities with attached budgets; authorities with independent budgets).

(e) Non-governmental sector: any part of the private sector (a company or an individual) or any authority of the non-governmental sector.

(f) Domestic services sector: the household/ family sector, where the work is associated with the residence and its inhabitants,
their service and their comfort (including maids, nannies, cooks, drivers, etc.).

Note: figures of expatriates may differ slightly between PACI’s various sources of data (database; tabulated data) and topic covered.

2. Institution which provides data 

The Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI)

3. Period of data coverage: December 2018

The database is updated three times a year and the website presents only the most recent data.

4. Data availability 

The statistics section of PACI’s website (“Statistical Reports”) (http://stat.paci.gov.kw/englishreports/ (English); http://stat.paci.gov.kw/arabicreports/ (Arabic))
provides population and socio-economic data broken down by nationality (Kuwaiti/ non-Kuwaiti). Some data are displayed by nationality groups.
Analytical tables and data crosstabulations are available for download in PDF, html, .png and Excel (.csv) formats.

Date of access: February 2019.

 

Oman: Employed population by nationality (Omani/ non-Omani) and sex (2007-2017)

Omanis Expatriates Total
Males Females Total Males Females Total Males Females Total
2007 190,431 65,749 256,180 586,237 74,713 660,950 776,668 140,462 917,130
2008 206,019 72,384 278,403 731,269 85,985 817,254 937,288 158,369 1,095,657
2009 215,429 79,508 294,937 801,946 95,215 897,161 1,017,375 174,723 1,192,098
2010 231,965 86,121 318,086 878,730 100,512 979,242 1,110,695 186,633 1,297,328
2011 234,517 99,182 358,881 1,023,301 116,471 1,273,848 1,257,818 215,653 1,632,729
2012 235,422 103,448 338,870 1,206,174 137,530 1,343,704 1,441,596 240,978 1,682,574
2013 250,141 112,456 362,597 1,340,562 160,966 1,501,528 1,590,703 273,422 1,864,125
2014 270,062 124,367 394,429 1,372,427 174,019 1,546,446 1,642,489 298,386 1,940,875
2015 242,080 123,301 365,381 1,474,909 185,754 1,660,663 1,716,989 309,055 2,026,044
2016 290,090 139,716 429,806 1,627,693 197,910 1,825,603 1,917,783 337,626 2,255,409
2017 291,663 142,705 434,368 1,624,743 207,329 1,832,072 1,916,406 350,034 2,266,440

Source: NCSI. Statistical Yearbooks, 2009 to 2018
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Technical Notes and Definitions

Data refer to total employed population, in the public, private and domestic sectors.
Data for the governmental sector exclude Security and Defense personnels.
see: https://cbo.gov.om/sites/assets/Documents/English/Publications/AnnualReports/AnnualReport2017eng.pdf
Omanis in the private sector are registered with the Public Authority for Social Insurance (PASI).

2. Institution which provides data 

National Center for Statistics and Information (NCSI)
 
3. Data availability 

The data on employment by sector and nationality is available in NCSI’s Statistical Yearbooks (chapter “Employment”)
https://www.ncsi.gov.om/Elibrary/Pages/LibraryContentView.aspx
SYB 2018:
https://www.ncsi.gov.om/Elibrary/LibraryContentDoc/bar_Statistical%20Year%20Book%202018_a8b32d59-cdc9-4987-ba29-1e7ce78d5cca.pdf

Last date of access: November 2018.

Oman: Employed population by country of citizenship (selected countries) and sex (government sector) (2017)

Male Female Total
Oman 113,642 82,038 195,680
GCC States 9 51 60
Egypt 6,789 3,328 10,117
Sudan 1,202 824 2,026
Jordan 360 176 536
Other Arabs 2,362 808 3,170
India 8,440 5,060 13,500
Pakistan 1,252 227 1,479
Other countries 2,634 2,861 5,495
Total 136,69 95,373 232,063

Source: NCSI. 
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Technical Notes and Definitions

Data refer to the population employed in the private and domestic sectors only (agregated figures).
Figures do not include independent, own-account workers.
Period of reference: end of year.

2. Institution which provides data 

National Center for Statistics and Information (NCSI)

3. Data availability 

The data is available in NCSI’s Statistical Yearbooks (chapter “Employment”)
https://www.ncsi.gov.om/Elibrary/Pages/LibraryContentView.aspx
SYB 2018:
https://www.ncsi.gov.om/Elibrary/LibraryContentDoc/bar_Statistical%20Year%20Book%202018_a8b32d59-cdc9-4987-ba29-1e7ce78d5cca.pdf

Last date of access: November 2018.

Oman: Employed population by country of citizenship (selected countries) and sex (private and domestic sectors) (2017)

Male Female Total
Oman 178,021 60,667 238,688
India 646,796 27,027 673,823
Bangladesh 626,665 42,069 668,734
Pakistan 227,37 1,241 228,611
Indonesia 12,58 29,036 41,616
Ethiopia 21,973 5,425 27,398
Philipines 6,563 12,56 19,122
Egypt 10,468 5,844 16,311
Nepal 640 9,973 10,613
Sri Lanka 116 9,264 9,38
Other countries 48,524 51,556 100,08
Total 1,779,716 254,661 2,034,377

Source: NCSI. 
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Technical Notes and Definitions

Data refer to the population employed in the private and domestic sectors only (agregated figures).
Figures do not include independent, own-account workers.
Period of reference: end of year.

2. Institution which provides data 

National Center for Statistics and Information (NCSI)

3. Data availability 

The data is available in NCSI’s Statistical Yearbooks (chapter “Employment”)
https://www.ncsi.gov.om/Elibrary/Pages/LibraryContentView.aspx
SYB 2018:
https://www.ncsi.gov.om/Elibrary/LibraryContentDoc/bar_Statistical%20Year%20Book%202018_a8b32d59-cdc9-4987-ba29-1e7ce78d5cca.pdf

Last date of access: November 2018.

Oman: Employed population by nationality (Omani/ non-Omani), sex and sector of economic activity (private and domestic sectors) (2017)

Omanis Expatriates Total
Males Females Total Males Females Total Males Females Total
Agriculture, forestry & fishing 764 313 1,077 91,177 172 91,349 91,941 485 92,426
Mining & quarrying 26,574 2,101 28,675 17,601 701 18,302 44,175 2,802 46,977
Manufacturing 20,653 5,615 26,268 217,198 997 218,195 237,851 6,612 244,463
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 2,347 365 2,712 1,034 9 1,043 3,381 374 3,755
Water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 991 116 1,107 4,847 17 4,864 5,838 133 5,971
Construction 44,731 11,282 56,013 618,821 923 619,744 663,552 12,205 675,757
Wholesale, retail trade & repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 24,168 12,179 36,347 233,471 5,966 239,437 257,639 18,145 275,784
Transport, storage 13,785 2,745 16,530 70,741 1,607 72,348 84,526 4,352 88,878
Accommodation and food service activities 5,456 2,493 7,949 113,675 3,233 116,908 119,131 5,726 124,857
Financial and insurance activities 8,517 7,500 16,017 3,712 402 4,114 12,229 7,902 20,131
Real estate activities 686 292 978 5,782 116 5,898 6,468 408 6,876
Professional, scientific and technical activities 3,591 2,160 5,751 17,440 1,325 18,765 21,031 3,485 24,516
Administrative and support services activities 12,681 4,144 16,825 70,648 2,388 73,036 83,329 6,532 89,861
Education 2,526 3,978 6,504 7,507 8,530 16,037 10,033 12,508 22,541
Human health and social work activities 2,455 2,349 4,804 8,263 6,352 14,615 10,718 8,701 19,419
Arts, entertainment and recreation 364 168 532 2,749 647 3,396 3,113 815 3,928
Other service activities 4,863 1,359 6,222 58,045 5,749 63,794 62,908 7,108 70,016
Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods- and services- producing activities of households for own use 14 0 14 51,549 154,080 205,629 51,563 154,080 205,643
Activities of extraterritorial organizations and bodies 6 3 9 711 333 1,044 717 336 1,053
Total 178,021 60,667 238,688 1,601,695 193,994 1,795,689 1,779,716 254,661 2,034,377

Source: NCSI. 
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Technical Notes and Definitions

Data refer to the population employed in the private and domestic sectors only (agregated figures).
Figures do not include independent, own-account workers.
Period of reference: end of year.
Classification of economic activities: ISIC Rev.4 (2008).

2. Institution which provides data 

National Center for Statistics and Information (NCSI)

3. Data availability 

The data is available in NCSI’s Statistical Yearbooks (chapter “Employment”)
https://www.ncsi.gov.om/Elibrary/Pages/LibraryContentView.aspx
SYB 2018:
https://www.ncsi.gov.om/Elibrary/LibraryContentDoc/bar_Statistical%20Year%20Book%202018_a8b32d59-cdc9-4987-ba29-1e7ce78d5cca.pdf

Last date of access: November 2018.

Oman: Employed population by nationality (Omani/ non-Omani), sex and sector of economic activity (private and domestic sectors) (2016)

Omanis Expatriates Total
Males Females Total Males Females Total Males Females Total
Agriculture, Hunting and Forestry 850 351 1,201 91,473 184 91,657 92,323 535 92,858
Fishing 20 18 38 2,154 17 2,171 2,174 35 2,209
Mining and Quarrying 26,190 1,873 28,063 18,392 746 19,138 44,582 2,619 47,201
Manufacturing 19,616 4,848 24,464 218,900 976 219,876 238,516 5,824 244,340
Electricity, Gas and Water Supply 2,572 372 2,944 1,030 13 1,043 3,602 385 3,987
Construction 43,957 10,403 54,360 650,027 956 650,983 693,984 11,359 705,343
Wholesale, Retail Trade and Repair of Motor Vehicles, Motorcycles and Personal and Household Goods 24,585 11,359 35,944 240,622 5,480 246,102 265,207 16,839 282,046
Hotels and Restaurants 5,156 2,305 7,461 110,444 2,913 113,357 115,600 5,218 120,818
Transport, Storage and Communication 14,785 3,372 18,157 70,019 2,014 72,033 84,804 5,386 90,190
Financial Intermediaries 8,481 6,953 15,434 3,681 432 4,113 12,162 7,385 19,547
Real Estate, Renting and Business Activities 18,652 6,589 25,241 88,228 3,768 91,996 106,880 10,357 117,237
Education 2,318 3,576 5,894 7,359 8,106 15,465 9,677 11,682 21,359
Health and Social Work 666 1,374 2,040 4,805 5,551 10,356 5,471 6,925 12,396
Community and Personal Services 1,147 695 1,842 48,105 5,122 53,227 49,252 5,817 55,069
Private Household with Employed Persons 0 0 0 47,905 147,583 195,488 47,905 147,583 195,488
Extra-Territorial Organizations and Bodies 0 0 0 635 339 974 635 339 974
Total 168,995 54,088 223,083 1,603,779 184,200 1,787,979 1,772,774 238,288 2,011,062

Source: NCSI. 
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Technical Notes and Definitions

Data refer to the population employed in the private and domestic sectors only (agregated figures).
Figures do not include independent, own-account workers.
Period of reference: end of year.
Classification of economic activities: ISIC Rev. 3.

2. Institution which provides data 
 
National Center for Statistics and Information (NCSI)

3. Data availability 

The data is available in NCSI’s Statistical Yearbooks (chapter “Employment”)
https://www.ncsi.gov.om/Elibrary/Pages/LibraryContentView.aspx
SYB 2018:
https://www.ncsi.gov.om/Elibrary/LibraryContentDoc/bar_Statistical%20Year%20Book%202018_a8b32d59-cdc9-4987-ba29-1e7ce78d5cca.pdf

Data can also be downloaded from NCSI’s data portal:
http://data.gov.om/
http://data.gov.om/byvmwhe/labour-market

Last date of access: November 2018.

Kuwait: non-Kuwaiti population by region/selected countries of origin and sex, distributed by age category and relation to labour force (2018)

Relation to labour force Below working age (<15 years) (%) Working age (aged 15 and above) Total
Males Females In the labour force (%) Out of the labour force (%) Males Females
Country/ region  of origin Males Females Males Females
Arab countries 17 34 71 15 13 51 855,136 405,926
Egypt 11 39 87 24 3 37 531,422 139,102
Syria 28 38 59 9 13 53 95,695 64,425
Saudi Arabia 31 33 31 5 39 62 66,683 60,921
Asia 4 10 95 74 1 15 1,364,546 503,662
India 5 17 94 60 1 22 811,409 200,695
Bangladesh 0 22 99 51 1 27 271,590 9,541
Philippines 8 2 91 95 1 3 41,868 172,121
Pakistan 7 33 90 9 3 58 91,421 18,006
Sri Lanka  5 3 93 92 2 5 34,888 58,861
Nepal 0 1 99 96 0 1 50,469 19,909
Africa 6 2 89 94 5 4 9,752 37,475
Other regions 22 27 67 36 11 37 24,334 17,694
Total 9 20 85 50 6 30 2,253,768 964,757

Source: PACI
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Characteristics of data and definitions

The source of data used here is the Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI), an independant government body in charge of :
1- centralising all population and labour force data in order to manage a fully computerised population register
2- issuing mandatory civil identification cards to every resident of the country, regardless of age and nationality.
Data published by PACI are, therefore, administrative data.

Nationality group/ citizenship: collected according to the nationality group or citizenship of individuals, or the head of the household.
Nationalities are grouped according to specific features common to certain population subgroups: language,  geographic origin, etc.
or according to internationally recognized categories such as: (Arab / non-Arab Asian countries / non-Arab African countries; European countries … etc.).
Population in the labour force: population aged 15 years and over, either employed in the government, private or domestic sector, working as a street vendor, or unemployed.
Population out of the labour force:  population aged 15 years and above, not active on the labour market (includes the students, the housewives or alike, or retired persons having income).
Population aged below 15: population below working age.
The table was built out of a selection of data from two distinct datasets:
– PACI statistical database
– PACI “Population and labor market indicators”.
Population out of the labour force by nationality group was calculated using available figures of total population and population included in the labour force, by nationality group.

2. Institution which provides data 

The Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI)

3. Period of data coverage: 31 December

The database is updated three times a year and the website presents only the most recent data.

4. Data availability 

Data by nationality group of expatriates can be downloaded from the “statistics” section of PACI’s website (http://www.paci.gov.kw/en/ (English); http://www.paci.gov.kw/ (Arabic))
section “Statistical reports”
Analytical tables and data crosstabulations are available for download in PDF, html, .png and Excel (.csv) formats.
A selection of tables is available in the sections “General Stats” (https://www.paci.gov.kw/stat/GeneralStat.aspx) and “Analytic Statistics”  https://www.paci.gov.kw/stat/SubCategory.aspx?ID=7

Data pertaining to the citizens of selected foreign countries residing in Kuwait can be found in the “Population and labor market indicators” section of PACI’s website:
https://www.paci.gov.kw/stat/StatIndicators.aspx

Date of access: February 2019.

Kuwait: Population by nationality group and sex (2018)

Males Females Total  % females
Kuwaitis 686,475 716,638 1,403,113 51.1
Arabs 855,136 405,926 1,261,062 32.2
Asians 1,364,546 503,662 1,868,208 27.0
Africans 9,752 37,475 47,227 79.4
Europeans 9,866 8,210 18,076 45.4
N. Americans 12,487 8,026 20,513 39.1
S. Americans 1,035 778 1,813 42.9
Australians/ Oceanians 946 680 1,626 41.8
Total non-Kuwaitis 2,253,768 964,757 3,218,525 30.0
Total 2,940,243 1,681,395 4,621,638 36.4

Source: PACI
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Characteristics of data and definitions

The source of data used here is the Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI), an independant government body in charge of :
1- centralising all population and labour force data in order to manage a fully computerised population register
2- issuing mandatory civil identification cards to every resident of the country, regardless of age and nationality.

(a) Kuwaiti: the Kuwaiti nationality rests upon a document of Kuwaiti nationality or a certificate proving Kuwaiti nationality issued by the Ministry of Interior of Kuwait.

(b) Non-Kuwaiti: his/ her nationality is determined by the name of the State which issued the passport. The foreign national also entered Kuwait legally and has a stamp of residence.
This category includes the Bidoon, a category of stateless persons living in the Emirate.

(c) Nationality group: collected according to the nationality of the head of the household.
Nationalities are grouped according to specific features common to certain population subgroups: language,  geographic origin, etc.
or according to internationally recognized categories such as: (Arab / non-Arab Asian countries / non-Arab African countries; European countries … etc.).

2. Institution which provides data 

The Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI)

3. Period of data coverage: 31 December

The database is updated three times a year and the website presents only the most recent data.

4. Data availability 

Data can be downloaded from the “statistics” section of PACI’s website (http://www.paci.gov.kw/en/ (English); http://www.paci.gov.kw/ (Arabic))
section “Statistical reports”
Analytical tables and data crosstabulations are available for download in PDF, html, .png and Excel (.csv) formats.
A selection of tables is available in the sections “General Stats” (https://www.paci.gov.kw/stat/GeneralStat.aspx) and “Analytic Statistics”  https://www.paci.gov.kw/stat/SubCategory.aspx?ID=7

Date of access: January 2019.

 

Kuwait: non-Kuwaiti population by region and selected countries of origin (2018)

Country/ region   Total
of citizenship
Arab countries 1,261,062
of which Egypt 670,524
               Syria 160,120
             Saudi Arabia 127,604
Asia 1,868,208
of which India 1,012,104
           Bangladesh 281,131
              Philippines 213,989
     Pakistan 109,427
      Sri Lanka  93,749
Nepal 70,378
Africa 47,227
Other regions 42,028
Total 3,218,525

Source: PACI
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Characteristics of data and definitions
 
The source of data used here is the Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI), an independant government body in charge of :
1- centralising all population and labour force data in order to manage a fully computerised population register
2- issuing mandatory civil identification cards to every resident of the country, regardless of age and nationality.
Data published by PACI are, therefore, administrative data.

Nationality group/ citizenship: collected according to the nationality group or citizenship of individuals, or the head of the household.
Nationalities are grouped according to specific features common to certain population subgroups: language,  geographic origin, etc.
or according to internationally recognized categories such as: (Arab / non-Arab Asian countries / non-Arab African countries; European countries … etc.).

The table was built out of a selection of data from two distinct datasets:
– PACI statistical database
– PACI “Population and labor market indicators”

2. Institution which provides data 

The Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI)

3. Period of data coverage: 31 December

The database is updated three times a year and the website presents only the most recent data.

4. Data availability 

Data by nationality group of expatriates can be downloaded from the “statistics” section of PACI’s website (http://www.paci.gov.kw/en/ (English); http://www.paci.gov.kw/ (Arabic))
section “Statistical reports”
Analytical tables and data crosstabulations are available for download in PDF, html, .png and Excel (.csv) formats.
A selection of tables is available in the sections “General Stats” (https://www.paci.gov.kw/stat/GeneralStat.aspx) and “Analytic Statistics”  https://www.paci.gov.kw/stat/SubCategory.aspx?ID=7

Data pertaining to the citizens of selected foreign countries residing in Kuwait can be found in the “Population and labor market indicators” section of PACI’s website:
https://www.paci.gov.kw/stat/StatIndicators.aspx

Date of access: February 2019.

Kuwait: non-Kuwaiti population by region and selected countries of origin, and sex (2018)

Country/ region of citizenship  Males Females Total
Arab countries 855,136 405,926 1,261,062
of which Egypt 531,422 139,102 670,524
Syria 95,695 64,425 160,120
Saudi Arabia 66,683 60,921 127,604
Asia 1,364,546 503,662 1,868,208
of which India 811,409 200,695 1,012,104
Bangladesh 271,590 9,541 281,131
Philippines 41,868 172,121 213,989
Pakistan 91,421 18,006 109,427
Sri Lanka  34,888 58,861 93,749
Nepal 50,469 19,909 70,378
Africa 9,752 37,475 47,227
Other regions 24,334 17,694 42,028
Total 2,253,768 964,757 3,218,525

Source: PACI
 
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Characteristics of data and definitions

The source of data used here is the Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI), an independant government body in charge of :
1- centralising all population and labour force data in order to manage a fully computerised population register
2- issuing mandatory civil identification cards to every resident of the country, regardless of age and nationality.
Data published by PACI are, therefore, administrative data.
 
 
Nationality group/ citizenship: collected according to the nationality group or citizenship of individuals, or the head of the household.
Nationalities are grouped according to specific features common to certain population subgroups: language,  geographic origin, etc.
or according to internationally recognized categories such as: (Arab / non-Arab Asian countries / non-Arab African countries; European countries … etc.).

The table was built out of a selection of data from two distinct datasets:
– PACI statistical database
– PACI “Population and labor market indicators”

2. Institution which provides data 

The Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI)

3. Period of data coverage: 31 December

The database is updated three times a year and the website presents only the most recent data.

 
4. Data availability 

Data by nationality group of expatriates can be downloaded from the “statistics” section of PACI’s website (http://www.paci.gov.kw/en/ (English); http://www.paci.gov.kw/ (Arabic))
section “Statistical reports”
Analytical tables and data crosstabulations are available for download in PDF, html, .png and Excel (.csv) formats.
A selection of tables is available in the sections “General Stats” (https://www.paci.gov.kw/stat/GeneralStat.aspx) and “Analytic Statistics”  https://www.paci.gov.kw/stat/SubCategory.aspx?ID=7

Data pertaining to the citizens of selected foreign countries residing in Kuwait can be found in the “Population and labor market indicators” section of PACI’s website:
https://www.paci.gov.kw/stat/StatIndicators.aspx

Date of access: February 2019.

Kuwait: Population by nationality group (2018)

Total 
Kuwaitis 1,403,113
Arabs 1,261,062
Asians 1,868,208
Africans 47,227
Europeans 18,076
N. Americans 20,513
S. Americans 1,813
Australians/ Oceanians 1,626
Total non-Kuwaitis 3,218,525
Total 4,621,638

Source: PACI
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Characteristics of data and definitions
 
The source of data used here is the Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI), an independant government body in charge of :
1- centralising all population and labour force data in order to manage a fully computerised population register
2- issuing mandatory civil identification cards to every resident of the country, regardless of age and nationality.

(a) Kuwaiti: the Kuwaiti nationality rests upon a document of Kuwaiti nationality or a certificate proving Kuwaiti nationality issued by the Ministry of Interior of Kuwait.

(b) Non-Kuwaiti: his/ her nationality is determined by the name of the State which issued the passport. The foreign national also entered Kuwait legally and has a stamp of residence.
This category includes the Bidoon, a category of stateless persons living in the Emirate.

(c) Nationality group: collected according to the nationality of the head of the household.
Nationalities are grouped according to specific features common to certain population subgroups: language,  geographic origin, etc.
or according to internationally recognized categories such as: (Arab / non-Arab Asian countries / non-Arab African countries; European countries … etc.).

2. Institution which provides data 

The Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI)

3. Period of data coverage: 31 December

The database is updated three times a year and the website presents only the most recent data.

4. Data availability 

Data can be downloaded from the “statistics” section of PACI’s website (http://www.paci.gov.kw/en/ (English); http://www.paci.gov.kw/ (Arabic))
section “Statistical reports”
Analytical tables and data crosstabulations are available for download in PDF, html, .png and Excel (.csv) formats.
A selection of tables is available in the sections “General Stats” (https://www.paci.gov.kw/stat/GeneralStat.aspx) and “Analytic Statistics”  https://www.paci.gov.kw/stat/SubCategory.aspx?ID=7

Date of access: January 2019.

 

Kuwait: Population in the labour force aged 15 and above by nationality group and sector of economic activity (2018)

Kuwaitis Non-Kuwaitis Total labour force
Arabs Asians Africans Europeans N. Americans S. Americans Aus.- Oceanians Total non-Kuwaitis
Agriculture, hunting and forestry 451 16,286 42,230 620 22 9 2 2 59,171 59,622
Fishing 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
Mining and quarrying 334 974 585 17 2 2 0 0 1,580 1,914
Manufacturing 4,476 42,110 104,430 563 277 188 51 16 147,635 152,111
Electricity, gas and water supply 5 99 332 2 1 2 0 0 436 441
Construction 17,573 145,598 271,965 1,153 2,086 3,594 182 155 424,733 442,306
Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles, motorcycles and personal and household goods 14,762 171,997 229,811 1,415 2,056 1,666 188 151 407,284 422,046
Hotels and restaurants 1,566 36,062 71,513 755 485 135 59 8 109,017 110,583
Transport, storage and communication 2,686 28,595 39,563 314 119 92 5 4 68,692 71,378
Financial intermediation 8,209 7,432 6,172 140 148 173 14 21 14,100 22,309
Real estate, renting and business activities 22,527 63,555 94,355 679 837 1,679 85 91 161,281 183,808
Public administration
and defence; compulsory social security
338,940 73,863 51,800 417 1,383 967 110 69 128,609 467,549
Education 2,069 15,215 7,913 505 1,802 1,352 84 151 27,022 29,091
Health and social work 688 7,754 12,685 34 463 119 18 12 21,085 21,773
Other community, social and personal service activities 2,594 24,725 75,368 1,155 481 357 41 24 102,151 104,745
Private households with employed persons 84 3,789 617,287 35,897 30 4 7 0 657,014 657,098
Extra-territorial organizations and bodies 4 189 189 54 46 1 8 0 487 491
Not Stated   8,354 28,333 38,615 243 374 139 44 18 67,766 76,120
Total 425,324 666,576 1,664,813 43,963 10,612 10,479 898 722 2,398,063 2,823,387

Source: PACI
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Characteristics of data and definitions

The source of data used here is the Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI), an independant government body in charge of :
1- centralising all population and labour force data in order to manage a fully computerised population register
2- issuing mandatory civil identification cards to every resident of the country, regardless of age and nationality.

The Biduns, stateless persons living in the Emirate, are counted with the non-nationals.

Data refer to the population employed and unemployed, registered in the three sectors of employment (public, private, domestic)
Employed population in the labour force: population aged 15 years and above, in paid employment in the government or private sector, as itinerant worker, or in the domestic sector.

Note: figures of expatriates may differ slightly between PACI’s various sources of data (database; tabulated data) and topic covered.

2. Institution which provides data 

The Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI)

3. Period of data coverage: December 2018

The database is updated three times a year and the website presents only the most recent data.

4. Data availability 

The statistics section of PACI’s website (“Statistical Reports”) (http://stat.paci.gov.kw/englishreports/ (English); http://stat.paci.gov.kw/arabicreports/ (Arabic))
provides population and socio-economic data broken down by nationality (Kuwaiti/ non-Kuwaiti). Some data are displayed by nationality groups.
Analytical tables and data crosstabulations are available for download in PDF, html, .png and Excel (.csv) formats.

Date of access: February 2019.

Kuwait: Population in the labour force aged 15 and above by nationality group and occupation group (2018)

Kuwaitis Non-Kuwaitis Total labour force
Arabs Asians Africans Europeans N. Americans S. Americans Aus.- Oceanians Total non-Kuwaitis
Legislators, senior officials and managers 11,502 28,358 18,520 243 1,546 1,277 126 137 50,207 61,709
Professionals 82,052 91,365 32,996 573 3,352 2,596 245 321 131,448 213,500
Technicians and associate professionals  120,913 30,004 66,364 246 1,075 1,832 108 40 99,669 220,582
Clerks 126,647 68,889 47,231 582 751 463 57 42 118,015 244,662
Service workers and shop and market sales workers  68,715 130,953 596,813 36,604 1,382 663 140 38 766,593 835,308
Skilled agricultural and fishery workers  149 5,507 17,660 167 4 0 0 0 23,338 23,487
Craft and related trades workers  9,525 81,116 189,601 458 609 581 66 32 272,463 281,988
Production supervisors and foremen 4,332 93,529 372,052 2,139 671 1,719 72 24 470,206 474,538
Regular work professionals 71 90,159 240,510 1,855 132 522 12 9 333,199 333,270
Not Stated 1,418 46,696 83,066 1,096 1,090 826 72 79 132,925 134,343
Total 425,324 666,576 1,664,813 43,963 10,612 10,479 898 722 2,398,063 2,823,387

Source: PACI
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Characteristics of data and definitions

The source of data used here is the Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI), an independant government body in charge of :
1- centralising all population and labour force data in order to manage a fully computerised population register
2- issuing mandatory civil identification cards to every resident of the country, regardless of age and nationality.

The Biduns, stateless persons living in the Emirate, are counted with the non-nationals.

Data refer to the population employed and unemployed, registered in the three sectors of employment (public, private, domestic)
Employed population in the labour force: population aged 15 years and above, in paid employment in the government or private sector, as itinerant worker, or in the domestic sector.

Note: figures of expatriates may differ slightly between PACI’s various sources of data (database; tabulated data) and topic covered.

2. Institution which provides data 

The Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI)

3. Period of data coverage: December 2018

The database is updated three times a year and the website presents only the most recent data.

4. Data availability 

The statistics section of PACI’s website (“Statistical Reports”) (http://stat.paci.gov.kw/englishreports/ (English); http://stat.paci.gov.kw/arabicreports/ (Arabic))
provides population and socio-economic data broken down by nationality (Kuwaiti/ non-Kuwaiti). Some data are displayed by nationality groups.
Analytical tables and data crosstabulations are available for download in PDF, html, .png and Excel (.csv) formats.

Date of access: February 2019.

Kuwait: Population in the labour force aged 15 and above by nationality group, sex and occupation group (2018)

Kuwaitis Non-Kuwaitis Total
Arabs Asians Africans Europeans N. Americans S. Americans Aus.- Oceanians Total N-K.
Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female
Legislators, senior officials and managers 7,444 4,058 25446 2,912 17,131 1,389 193 50 1,284 262 1,079 198 110 16 116 21 45,359 4,848 52,803 8,906
Professionals 27,798 54,254 68430 22,935 27,212 5,784 302 271 2,164 1,188 1,648 948 161 84 254 67 100,171 31,277 127,969 85,531
Technicians and associate professionals  58,686 62,227 23322 6,682 37,848 28,516 184 62 736 339 1,411 421 93 15 28 12 63,622 36,047 122,308 98,274
Clerks 48,214 78,433 57618 11,271 34,522 12,709 250 332 400 351 271 192 37 20 25 17 93,123 24,892 141,337 103,325
Service workers and shop and market sales workers  62,749 5,966 121785 9,168 291,079 305,734 2671 33,933 625 757 546 117 101 39 27 11 416,834 349,759 479,583 355,725
Skilled agricultural and fishery workers  145 4 5505 2 17,656 4 167 0 3 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 23,331 7 23,476 11
Craft and related trades workers  8,664 861 80378 738 187,276 2,325 429 29 580 29 510 71 65 1 30 2 269,268 3,195 277,932 4,056
Production supervisors and foremen 4,020 312 93196 333 369,986 2,066 2105 34 641 30 1,507 212 70 2 23 1 467,528 2,678 471,548 2,990
Regular work professionals 41 30 89710 449 232,802 7,708 1645 210 113 19 419 103 12 0 8 1 324,709 8,490 324,750 8,520
Not Stated 473 945 38873 7,823 75,480 7,586 703 393 693 397 523 303 39 33 50 29 116,361 16,564 116,834 17,509
Total 218,234 207,090 604263 62,313 1,290,992 373,821 8649 35,314 7,239 3,373 7,914 2,565 688 210 561 161 1,920,306 477,757 2,138,540 684,847

Source: PACI
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Characteristics of data and definitions

The source of data used here is the Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI), an independant government body in charge of :
1- centralising all population and labour force data in order to manage a fully computerised population register
2- issuing mandatory civil identification cards to every resident of the country, regardless of age and nationality.

(a) Kuwaiti: the Kuwaiti nationality rests upon a document of Kuwaiti nationality or a certificate proving Kuwaiti nationality issued by the Ministry of Interior of Kuwait.

(b) Non-Kuwaiti: his/ her nationality is determined by the name of the State having issued the passport. The foreign national also entered Kuwait legally and has a stamp of residence.
The Biduns, stateless persons living in the Emirate, are counted with the non-nationals.

Data refer to the population employed and unemployed, registered in the three sectors of employment (public, private, domestic)
(c) Employed population in the labour force: population aged 15 years and above, in paid employment in the government or private sector, as itinerant worker, or in the domestic sector.

Note: figures of expatriates may differ slightly between PACI’s various sources of data (database; tabulated data) and topic covered.
 
2. Institution which provides data 

The Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI)

3. Period of data coverage: December 2018

The database is updated three times a year and the website presents only the most recent data.

4. Data availability 

The statistics section of PACI’s website (“Statistical Reports”) (http://stat.paci.gov.kw/englishreports/ (English); http://stat.paci.gov.kw/arabicreports/ (Arabic))
provides population and socio-economic data broken down by nationality (Kuwaiti/ non-Kuwaiti). Some data are displayed by nationality groups.
Analytical tables and data crosstabulations are available for download in PDF, html, .png and Excel (.csv) formats.

Date of access: February 2019.

Kuwait: Employed population aged 15 and above by nationality group (2018)

Employed population
Kuwaitis 398,357
Arabs 657,106
Asians 1,664,062
Africans 43,959
Europeans 10,527
N. Americans 10,430
S. Americans 878
Australians/ Oceanians 710
Total non-Kuwaitis 2,387,672
Grand total 2,786,029

Source: PACI
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Characteristics of data and definitions

The source of data used here is the Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI), an independant government body in charge of :
1- centralising all population and labour force data in order to manage a fully computerised population register
2- issuing mandatory civil identification cards to every resident of the country, regardless of age and nationality.

(a) Kuwaiti: the Kuwaiti nationality rests upon a document of Kuwaiti nationality or a certificate proving Kuwaiti nationality issued by the Ministry of Interior of Kuwait.

(b) Non-Kuwaiti: his/ her nationality is determined by the name of the State having issued the passport. The foreign national also entered Kuwait legally and has a stamp of residence.
The Biduns, stateless persons living in the Emirate, are counted with the non-nationals.

(c) Employed population in the labour force: population aged 15 years and above, in paid employment in the government or private sector, as itinerant worker, or in the domestic sector.

(d) Government sector: any organization of the government (organizations, authority and departments), included within the state budget
(Ministries and government departments; authorities with attached budgets; authorities with independent budgets).

(e) Non-governmental sector: any part of the private sector (a company or an individual) or any authority of the non-governmental sector.

(f) Domestic services sector: the household/ family sector, where the work is associated with the residence and its inhabitants,
their service and their comfort (including maids, nannies, cooks, drivers, etc.).

Note: figures of expatriates may differ slightly between PACI’s various sources of data (database; tabulated data) and topic covered.
 
2. Institution which provides data 

The Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI)

3. Period of data coverage: December 2018

The database is updated three times a year and the website presents only the most recent data.

4. Data availability 

The statistics section of PACI’s website (“Statistical Reports”) (http://stat.paci.gov.kw/englishreports/ (English); http://stat.paci.gov.kw/arabicreports/ (Arabic))
provides population and socio-economic data broken down by nationality (Kuwaiti/ non-Kuwaiti). Some data are displayed by nationality groups.
Analytical tables and data crosstabulations are available for download in PDF, html, .png and Excel (.csv) formats.

Date of access: February 2019.

Kuwait: Deportations from Kuwait by type (all charges; residence law violations) (2008-2017)

administrative deportations legal deportations Total deportations
year All charges Residence law violations All charges Residence law violations Deportations, all charges Deportations, residency law violations
2008 20,457 15,467 819 28 21,276 15,495
2009 23,024 16,141 925 24 23,949 16,165
2010 24,138 9,750 1,011 33 25,149 9,783
2011 14,679 4,708 1,242 54 15,921 4,762
2012 15,259 4,479 1,045 43 16,304 4,522
2013 22,356 7,304 948 64 23,304 7,368
2014 20,766 5,015 598 22 21,364 5,037
2015 23,979 5,490 708 29 24,687 5,519
2016 30,391 6,211 853 41 31,244 6,252
2017 27,175 6,089 745 23 27,920 6,112

Source: Ministry of Interior
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Definitions
 
all charges’ includes ‘residence law violation’

The Interior Minister can issue an order to deport a foreigner in the following cases:

1. If there is a court ruling ordering the deportation of the foreigner after serving a prison sentence (legal deportation).

2. If his/her presence in the country is judged detrimental to public order and security and 3. If he/she does not have an apparent source of income (administrative deportation).
The foreigner is then turned over to the Deportation Department, upon decision from the Ministry of Interior.
A deported foreigner will have his dependent family deported with him. Once the deported foreigner leaves the country, he/she is not allowed back to Kuwait,
unless the Interior Minister issues amnesty or pardon.

2. Institution which provides data 

Central Statistical Bureau (CSB), Ministry of Planning

3. Data availability 

Published in the CSB’ Statistical Yearbooks, in Chapter “Social Services and Security” and in the “Annual Bulletins of Social Statistics”.
Statistical Yearbooks are available online at: https://www.csb.gov.kw/Pages/Statistics_en?ID=18&ParentCatID=2 (website in English)
and at https://www.csb.gov.kw/Pages/Statistics?ID=18&ParentCatID=2 (Arabic website).
Volumes are bilingual (English and Arabic). Every Yearbook is published in PDF format since 2000 and in PDF and Excel formats since 2013.
Bulletins of Social Statistics are available in bilingual version, in PDF and Excel formats:
https://www.csb.gov.kw/Pages/Statistics_en?ID=40&ParentCatID=70

Date of access: February 2019.

 

Kuwait: Employed population aged 15 and above by nationality group, sex and activity sector (2018)

Government Private Domestic Total
Males Females Total Males Females Total Males Females Total Males Females Total
Kuwaitis 170,481 164,772 335,253 33,708 29,396 63,104 0 0 0 204,189 194,168 398,357
Arabs 48,179 22,069 70,248 545,719 37,719 583,438 3,087 333 3,420 596,985 60,121 657,106
Asians 30,466 19,252 49,718 917,058 87,724 1,004,782 343,628 265,934 609,562 1,291,152 372,910 1,664,062
Africans 379 146 525 5,408 2,676 8,084 2,850 32,500 35,350 8,637 35,322 43,959
Europeans 858 562 1,420 6,347 2,750 9,097 4 6 10 7,209 3,318 10,527
N. Americans 763 174 937 7,134 2,359 9,493 0 0 0 7,897 2,533 10,430
S. Americans 74 23 97 605 172 777 1 3 4 680 198 878
Australians/ Oceanians 60 9 69 497 144 641 0 0 0 557 153 710
Total non-Kuwaitis 80,779 42,235 123,014 1,482,768 133,544 1,616,312 349,570 298,776 648,346 1,913,117 474,555 2,387,672
Grand total 251,260 207,007 458,267 1,516,476 162,940 1,679,416 349,570 298,776 648,346 2,117,306 668,723 2,786,029

Source: PACI
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Characteristics of data and definitions

The source of data used here is the Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI), an independant government body in charge of :
1- centralising all population and labour force data in order to manage a fully computerised population register
2- issuing mandatory civil identification cards to every resident of the country, regardless of age and nationality.

(a) Kuwaiti: the Kuwaiti nationality rests upon a document of Kuwaiti nationality or a certificate proving Kuwaiti nationality issued by the Ministry of Interior of Kuwait.

(b) Non-Kuwaiti: his/ her nationality is determined by the name of the State having issued the passport. The foreign national also entered Kuwait legally and has a stamp of residence.
The Biduns, stateless persons living in the Emirate, are counted with the non-nationals.

(c) Employed population in the labour force: population aged 15 years and above, in paid employment in the government or private sector, as itinerant worker, or in the domestic sector.

(d) Government sector: any organization of the government (organizations, authority and departments), included within the state budget
(Ministries and government departments; authorities with attached budgets; authorities with independent budgets).

(e) Non-governmental sector: any part of the private sector (a company or an individual) or any authority of the non-governmental sector.

(f) Domestic services sector: the household/ family sector, where the work is associated with the residence and its inhabitants,
their service and their comfort (including maids, nannies, cooks, drivers, etc.).

Note: figures of expatriates may differ slightly between PACI’s various sources of data (database; tabulated data) and topic covered.

2. Institution which provides data 

The Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI)

3. Period of data coverage: December 2018

The database is updated three times a year and the website presents only the most recent data.

4. Data availability 

The statistics section of PACI’s website (“Statistical Reports”) (http://stat.paci.gov.kw/englishreports/ (English); http://stat.paci.gov.kw/arabicreports/ (Arabic))
provides population and socio-economic data broken down by nationality (Kuwaiti/ non-Kuwaiti). Some data are displayed by nationality groups.
Analytical tables and data crosstabulations are available for download in PDF, html, .png and Excel (.csv) formats.

Date of access: February 2019.

Kuwait: Arrivals and departures by country of citizenship (2010-2017)

Arrivals
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Kuwait 3,323,671 3,481,257 3,730,939 4,049,002 4,372,866 4,267,341 4,251,259 4,203,324
Other GCC Countries 1,925,718 2,281,844 2,429,175 2,720,250 2,875,609 3,093,465 3,056,177 3,210,889
Bahrain 122,192 121,482 163,783 230,269 237,507 264,144 237,189 247,687
Oman 18,035 17,865 19,782 20,922 22,862 23,512 24,936 29,205
Qatar 30,873 33,023 35,861 39,048 49,739 58,308 67,682 87,513
Saudi Arabia 1,708,661 2,063,815 2,160,291 2,365,262 2,485,970 2,657,036 2,621,805 2,741,495
United Arab Emirates 45,957 45,659 49,458 64,749 79,531 90,465 104,565 104,989
Asian Arab Countries  607,547 557,787 533,246 518,977 523,968 539,574 534,398 543,045
Iraq 69,080 70,058 76,757 77,213 77,135 76,179 71,145 68,671
Jordan 94,480 97,267 103,020 112,618 121,434 134,986 135,003 135,243
Lebanon 117,686 104,739 108,277 111,408 116,997 123,935 127,702 132,639
Palestine 7,622 6,640 6,775 6,831 7,280 7,832 8,103 8,333
Syria 307,949 269,013 227,429 199,456 189,377 187,310 182,846 187,437
Yemen 10,730 10,070 10,988 11,451 11,745 9,332 9,599 10,722
Asian Muslim Countries  477,386 450,986 425,345 446,888 475,056 487,322 501,677 514,417
Afghanistan 12,607 12,457 12,467 13,120 13,085 13,527 12,527 13,573
Azerbaijan 290 340 410 519 627 638 607 887
Bangladesh 102,390 107,817 105,983 108,788 116,401 127,865 156,274 171,551
Brunei 37 14 21 7 30 19 8 36
Indonesia 35,664 25,793 17,693 13,800 12,218 10,992 10,047 9,308
Iran 81,136 72,067 72,432 76,384 76,988 75,289 72,652 72,354
Kazakhstan 238 159 218 320 438 579 701 1,105
Kyrgyzstan 634 229 649 826 1,028 957 1,087 1,609
Malaysia 4,105 4,320 4,294 4,733 4,038 4,121 4,465 5,342
Maldives Islands 14 36 49 90 67 83 32 37
Pakistan 228,028 215,194 200,037 215,742 232,191 232,150 220,598 208,960
Tajikstan 118 129 208 376 232 289 269 190
Turkey 11,478 11,273 10,254 11,641 17,140 20,063 21,667 28,361
Turkmenistan 48 12 33 22 58 162 128 203
Uzbekistan 599 556 597 519 515 588 615 901
Others 1
Other Asian Countries 1,076,821 1,127,510 1,160,838 1,262,823 1,379,561 1,471,959 1,579,285 1,669,723
Armenia 526 586 643 807 1,275 2,190 2,851 3,141
Bhutan 72 123 77 125 88 261 490 923
Borneo 51 84 88 61 59 114 66 64
Cambodia 64 70 113 81 161 115 99 123
Cyprus 286 380 614 573 556 593 629 712
East Timur 8 6 5 4 7 4 3 3
Georgia 1,832 1,135 551 534 564 690 753 1,110
Hong Kong 244 211 218 269 258 282 217 312
India 751,059 789,694 826,526 917,539 999,947 1,060,175 1,138,733 1,222,829
Japan 4,959 4,798 5,291 5,072 5,215 5,238 5,438 5,601
Korea 7,726 10,348 11,319 12,160 14,172 15,310 15,294 18,641
Laos 20 14 34 25 13 43 30 36
Macau 4 10 4 4 3 6 14 15
Mongolia 170 399 197 187 202 261 205 179
Myanmar (Burma) 188 376 297 288 294 336 335 258
Nepal 52,971 53,812 47,546 50,909 51,950 48,433 57,019 56,016
North Korea 0 442 354 273 182 243 182 666
Philippines 135,182 139,988 154,389 156,952 185,503 214,263 239,588 232,147
Republic of China 10,925 14,208 13,283 15,428 15,411 20,534 25,854 32,624
Singapore 1,457 1,323 1,174 1,126 1,096 1,135 1,201 1,271
South Korea 1,385 1,329 1,412 1,673 1,428 1,222 1,636 628
Sri Lanka 99,330 100,782 90,260 92,066 94,632 92,677 80,007 77,390
Thailand 7,631 6,670 5,544 6,132 5,801 6,832 7,744 13,771
Timur Islands 2 0 0 0 0 0
Taiwan 158 196 110 184 179 249 264 295
Vietnam 573 526 787 351 565 753 633 968
African Arab Countries 604,544 629,140 686,279 754,446 805,864 875,909 927,436 969,199
Algeria 3,694 3,566 4,116 4,259 4,321 4,229 4,410 4,885
Comoros Islands 425 303 411 460 409 538 512 640
Djibouti 92 82 116 174 194 215 185 216
Egypt 569,452 594,099 646,093 710,415 760,581 828,949 878,127 911,259
Libya 677 455 773 914 658 576 653 1,107
Mauritania 11,808 293 387 516 541 495 545 497
Morocco 266 11,451 13,006 13,978 13,091 13,232 13,408 16,818
Somalia 2,170 1,935 1,948 1,963 1,897 1,972 2,026 2,044
South Sudan 58 8 18 30 46
Sudan 8,043 9,049 10,420 12,995 15,489 16,191 16,818 18,021
Tunisia 7,917 7,907 9,009 8,714 8,675 9,494 10,722 13,666
African Muslim Countries 4,690 4,379 4,909 8,646 7,408 9,904 8,543 12,162
Benin 203 226 260 281 288 343 770 1,160
Burkina Faso 70 101 97 162 145 394 431 422
Cameroon 108 50 60 126 380 2,927 1,271 1,156
Chad 1,032 794 571 835 996 1,069 864 775
Eritrea 1,044 969 976 1,075 1,176 1,104 749 843
Gabon 5 8 12 87 16 14 21 20
Gambia 54 66 72 123 87 311 175 115
Mali 120 143 238 676 1,154 502 952 1,175
Niger 173 189 189 223 223 267 320 360
Nigeria 1,281 1,173 1,170 1,377 1,305 1,637 1,342 1,418
Senegal 336 385 443 452 444 554 712 653
Sierra Leone 133 158 247 293 528 122 275 3,427
Uganda 131 117 574 2,936 666 660 661 638
Other African Countries 55,975 74,349 69,109 80,115 50,993 48,063 39,910 35,171
Angola 12 20 34 46 27 23 23 27
Botswana 6 29 37 42 48 42 40 42
Burundi 11 22 15 62 43 22 108 271
Central African Republic 32 34 37 31 49 30 24 24
Congo (Brazzaville) 0 7 5 45 3 10 7 13
Dem. Republic of Congo 30 36 26 72 40 72 132 129
Ethiopia 43,611 63,866 57,541 65,180 35,602 26,977 18,414 11,835
Ghana 3,084 2,662 2,331 2,307 5,752 10,359 5,396 3,284
Guinea 97 70 78 129 104 65 67 964
Ivory Coast 58 89 71 102 192 515 1,971 3,972
Kenya 1,622 1,416 1,396 1,481 1,448 1,638 1,502 1,751
Lesotho 62 13 23 73 44 47 69 37
Liberia 288 224 221 229 159 109 90 87
Madagascar 705 458 1,978 3,510 1,476 1,205 3,798 5,119
Malawi 50 92 102 153 86 176 628 302
Mauritius 143 86 103 108 111 99 115 148
Mozambique 17 32 37 30 27 138 308 228
Namibia 15 13 9 30 14 14 14 13
Rwanda 3 15 18 54 23 32 36 70
Seychelles Islands 24 34 32 44 26 20 24 26
South Africa 5,023 4,424 4,312 5,098 4,553 4,705 5,141 5,366
Swaziland 231 71 113 115 100 91 270 139
Tanzania 211 212 235 437 249 301 256 277
Togo 299 174 111 244 475 1,013 813 605
Zambia 75 52 23 58 27 38 27 23
Zimbabwe 241 187 199 377 290 310 564 391
Other 25 4 22 58 25 12 73 28
Oceania 19,198 15,479 13,948 13,146 13,007 13,010 13,092 13,538
Australia 15,306 12,543 11,180 10,495 10,538 10,489 10,696 11,099
Fiji Islands 565 147 92 94 75 55 51 41
New Zealand 3,251 2,750 2,641 2,530 2,352 2,414 2,322 2,373
Other 76 39 35 27 41 52 23 25
North America 221,998 217,655 179,215 169,417 156,681 161,185 159,053 172,115
Canada 41,156 39,130 39,060 39,968 39,877 43,146 44,388 46,363
U.S.A 180,838 178,517 140,124 129,448 116,804 118,039 114,661 125,744
Other 4 8 31 1 0 0 4 8
South & Central America  4,945 5,318 5,404 5,489 5,686 5,961 7,004 8,664
Argentina 441 449 532 485 450 415 403 422
Belize 175 124 127 113 58 52 115 161
Bolivia 99 53 80 88 90 80 61 78
Brazil 1,374 945 1,209 1,286 1,322 1,275 1,389 1,623
Chile 99 60 91 75 96 68 88 125
Colombia 420 243 469 451 396 515 915 1,138
Costarica 21 16 19 22 26 28 35 148
Cuba 18 10 65 36 68 39 47 62
Dominican Republic 165 145 248 287 260 286 312 373
El Salvador 159 41 39 20 34 29 36 352
Equador 166 104 197 105 91 220 431 900
Grenada 30 10 17 40 57 40 66 92
Guatemala 10 13 36 71 50 39 12 8
Guyana 20 17 23 24 24 19 22 39
Haiti 31 60 84 77 125 122 52 27
Honduras 4 21 10 13 49 43 66 67
Jamaica 61 88 93 91 77 89 171 172
Mexico 276 249 385 514 648 595 792 792
Nicaragua 4 2 4 17 33 27 29 28
Panama 26 16 55 66 73 48 65 51
Paraguay 6 4 7 30 21 7 9 75
Peru 42 41 149 111 104 110 105 108
Suriname 9 12 26 32 17 154 130 31
Trinidad & Tobago 123 125 99 132 96 179 129 95
Uruguay 29 46 48 59 45 46 52 42
Venezuela 1,064 870 1,248 1,172 1,206 1,398 1,413 1,405
Others 73 51 44 72 170 215 471 767
Europe 175,406 172,922 171,050 184,700 189,683 196,323 197,130 225,895
Albania 199 205 224 171 268 262 308 852
Andorra 2 7 8 3 3 0 4 4
Austria 1,997 1,914 1,690 1,826 1,805 1,866 1,964 2,135
Belarus 454 376 287 388 342 473 537 668
Belgium 2,755 2,407 2,035 2,100 2,090 2,331 2,405 2,291
Bosnia & Herzegovina 1,124 1,327 904 816 737 889 928 1,031
Bulgaria 3,490 3,223 3,365 3,325 3,546 3,268 2,903 3,827
Croatia 806 774 658 899 1,157 1,068 967 1,252
Czech Republic 1,353 779 618 669 955 1,055 1,094 1,431
Denmark 3,206 3,063 3,279 3,304 3,373 3,770 3,854 4,142
Estonia 38 33 51 65 66 124 105 136
Finland 1,025 1,097 930 930 1,043 894 853 927
France 15,084 15,209 15,844 15,818 16,377 17,111 17,840 19,240
Germany 15,283 14,962 14,455 18,082 17,589 16,725 14,086 14,700
Greece 2,416 2,759 2,510 2,909 3,144 3,724 3,671 4,107
Hungary 1,380 1,345 1,497 1,583 1,785 1,714 1,955 2,204
Iceland 81 110 105 105 85 114 93 109
Ireland 3,000 3,174 3,424 3,441 3,954 3,678 3,651 3,829
Italy 10,925 10,021 11,002 13,598 13,108 14,121 14,662 17,125
Kosovo 198 189 192 116 109 107 153 529
Latvia 85 98 152 142 143 162 129 247
Liechtenstein 13 23 70 13 32 25 16 8
Lithuania 107 120 209 188 265 395 333 396
Luxembourg 97 87 104 95 86 96 82 115
Macedonia 791 372 386 459 542 532 575 2,003
Malta 222 169 223 230 246 227 242 363
Moldova 54 52 86 41 44 65 73 66
Monaco 6 0 3 3 1 1 4 3
Montenegro 11 33 48 38 46 102 64 69
Netherlands 7,101 7,869 7,243 8,919 9,707 10,978 10,323 9,825
Norway 2,659 2,433 1,962 1,545 1,392 1,327 1,368 1,798
Poland 1,955 1,806 1,781 1,960 2,423 2,933 2,796 4,272
Portugal 1,141 989 1,449 2,019 2,590 3,212 3,622 4,123
Romania 5,609 3,499 3,480 3,947 4,585 5,585 5,022 6,377
Russian Federation 2,579 3,190 3,119 3,263 3,590 3,797 4,810 6,255
San Marino 3 7 8 12 6 2 3 6
Serbia 628 923 942 1,150 1,306 1,771 2,141 2,592
Slovakia 2,772 915 693 772 769 842 678 879
Slovenia 286 231 296 386 393 428 320 448
Spain 6,771 6,382 5,691 7,046 7,970 8,594 9,119 10,193
Sweden 6,614 6,826 6,820 5,539 4,630 4,306 4,271 4,491
Switzerland 2,115 2,198 2,042 2,067 2,082 1,944 1,891 1,916
Ukraine 1,050 1,051 1,141 1,424 1,483 1,818 2,446 9,395
United Kingdom 67,362 70,297 69,702 73,000 73,539 73,430 74,194 78,851
Vatican 7 18 20 25 31 23 9 25
Yugoslavia 551 360 302 269 246 257 153 123
Others 1
Others 33,557 36,933 50,179 52,039 43,997 38,022 31,151 32,155
U.N 67 143 202 134 171 76 96 75
Unstated Nationality 281 257 218 184 152 139 98 97
Non Kuwaiti 33,209 36,533 49,759 51,721 43,674 37,807 30,957 31,983
Grand Total 8,531,456 9,055,559 9,459,636 10,265,938 10,900,379 11,208,038 11,306,115 11,610,297

Source: Annual Statistical Bulletin of Transport and Communication
 
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Definitions

The “Non-Kuwaitis are the Bidoun populations.

2. Institution which provides data 

Central Statistical Bureau (CSB), Ministry of Planning

3. Data availability 
 
The data is taken from the Annual Statistical Bulletin of Transport and Communication (available in PDF; also in Excel format since 2013).
https://www.csb.gov.kw/Pages/Statistics_en?ID=41&ParentCatID=%2070
https://www.csb.gov.kw/Pages/Statistics?ID=41&ParentCatID=+70

Date of access: December 2018.

Kuwait: Departures by country of citizenship (2010-2017)

Departures
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Kuwait 3,330,064 3,484,743 3,732,701 4,078,973 4,376,313 4,275,151 4,242,837 4,225,026
Other GCC Countries 1,921,482 2,274,580 2,421,562 2,717,363 2,864,362 3,076,908 3,055,650 3,203,970
Bahrain 119,816 121,160 164,695 229,729 235,997 263,070 236,330 248,373
Oman 17,948 17,812 19,774 20,945 22,714 23,261 24,777 28,636
Qatar 30,905 32,848 35,625 38,948 49,066 57,495 67,596 86,265
Saudi Arabia 1,707,076 2,058,350 2,151,987 2,363,647 2,480,981 2,643,826 2,624,808 2,737,223
United Arab Emirates 45,737 44,410 49,481 64,094 75,604 89,256 102,139 103,473
Asian Arab Countries  608,466 557,111 524,042 510,879 527,609 546,069 536,816 548,932
Iraq 69,387 70,665 77,296 77,325 77,329 76,578 71,044 68,956
Jordan 94,208 96,156 102,053 112,075 121,460 135,309 134,972 136,203
Lebanon 119,211 105,536 108,385 111,382 117,978 126,000 129,488 134,729
Palestine 7,696 6,731 6,849 6,933 7,352 7,946 8,223 8,384
Syria 307,316 268,346 218,241 191,830 191,649 191,034 183,700 190,078
Yemen 10,648 9,677 11,218 11,334 11,841 9,202 9,389 10,582
Asian Muslim Countries  518,125 493,717 441,427 457,522 482,329 479,576 473,421 479,054
Afghanistan 13,577 13,271 12,697 13,311 13,145 13,496 12,768 13,626
Azerbaijan 263 348 414 502 625 627 595 880
Bangladesh 114,113 122,441 110,559 112,808 117,939 115,021 124,882 134,209
Brunei 40 13 21 9 23 19 7 32
Indonesia 59,017 46,429 24,016 16,690 13,783 12,315 10,712 9,905
Iran 82,584 74,165 73,880 77,224 78,181 76,558 73,770 73,615
Kazakhstan 236 281 219 323 436 535 689 1,098
Kyrgyzstan 632 702 646 818 1,027 943 1,126 1,551
Malaysia 4,054 4,345 4,224 4,747 4,013 4,143 4,518 5,330
Maldives Islands 14 42 49 86 65 88 31 36
Pakistan 231,508 219,817 203,610 218,563 236,180 235,790 222,490 211,423
Tajikstan 110 125 203 367 231 281 271 186
Turkey 11,337 11,183 10,271 11,561 16,101 19,049 20,844 26,138
Turkmenistan 49 12 28 25 56 151 116 197
Uzbekistan 591 543 590 488 524 560 602 828
Others
Other Asian Countries 1,025,203 1,081,859 1,090,118 1,207,004 1,300,454 1,394,577 1,517,068 1,636,078
Armenia 510 578 564 805 1,244 2,270 2,932 3,153
Bhutan 70 110 75 114 76 130 219 620
Borneo 50 84 91 63 55 103 68 64
Cambodia 56 68 107 78 152 122 97 126
Cyprus 288 380 601 572 562 579 634 691
East Timur 8 6 5 4 7 7 1 3
Georgia 1,816 1,160 563 544 577 690 707 1,121
Hong Kong 250 210 223 273 258 287 222 306
India 727,722 768,680 782,368 872,026 942,574 1,009,173 1,093,385 1,197,953
Japan 4,942 4,849 5,280 5,061 5,201 5,179 5,412 5,586
Korea 7,715 9,778 11,021 11,990 13,955 15,336 15,049 18,171
Laos 17 16 31 26 13 46 28 38
Macau 5 11 3 3 3 4 8 15
Mongolia 162 398 207 193 205 265 214 180
Myanmar (Burma) 196 270 354 282 348 413 336 280
Nepal 44,544 47,750 43,915 46,524 51,026 49,747 52,268 47,537
North Korea 0 477 384 305 190 190 178 3,218
Philippines 121,556 125,195 131,499 151,062 168,821 186,124 217,701 230,210
Republic of China 10,488 13,094 14,050 15,086 15,422 19,725 24,748 29,629
Singapore 1,338 1,306 1,149 1,077 1,097 1,123 1,171 1,247
South Korea 1,167 945 1,006 1,473 1,579 1,557 1,674 636
Sri Lanka 93,427 99,645 90,090 92,395 90,407 94,139 90,285 80,076
Thailand 8,074 6,149 5,868 6,463 5,990 6,439 8,712 13,956
Timur Islands 1 0 0 0 0 0
Taiwan 160 193 117 187 175 249 260 296
Vietnam 642 507 546 398 517 680 759 966
African Arab Countries 599,027 610,487 658,148 731,440 788,637 853,814 914,016 958,463
Algeria 3,679 3,571 4,039 4,290 4,340 4,306 4,458 4,855
Comoros Islands 395 297 420 474 402 521 518 623
Djibouti 96 78 116 159 208 210 181 211
Egypt 564,061 576,116 619,909 689,331 744,554 807,405 865,000 900,839
Libya 684 447 763 917 668 547 647 1,066
Mauritania 11,840 290 380 508 13,223 13,338 13,678 503
Morocco 267 11,367 12,778 13,848 547 473 548 16,897
Somalia 2,238 2,019 1,992 2,016 2,003 2,129 2,079 2,210
South Sudan 7,916 8,473 9,060 62 7 16 24 48
Sudan 11,110 17,379
Tunisia 7,851 7,829 8,691 8,725 8,750 9,431 10,813 13,832
African Muslim Countries 4,747 4,434 4,395 6,460 6,964 8,757 8,253 9,234
Benin 181 218 248 262 242 294 439 591
Burkina Faso 69 96 97 144 132 232 322 313
Cameroon 106 55 48 128 117 1,347 1,475 1,346
Chad 1,029 782 575 817 999 1,077 823 730
Eritrea 1,146 1,084 1,012 1,098 1,226 1,128 790 872
Gabon 5 4 9 88 15 11 20 21
Gambia 50 63 71 122 81 134 176 166
Mali 108 126 164 497 752 612 654 778
Niger 166 188 199 209 206 236 267 320
Nigeria 1,313 1,182 1,167 1,380 1,272 1,449 1,321 1,473
Senegal 321 374 436 462 424 514 675 662
Sierra Leone 132 146 168 232 233 232 373 1,263
Uganda 121 116 201 1,021 1,265 1,491 918 699
Other African Countries 34,731 45,431 61,684 73,827 66,198 58,888 49,615 40,443
Angola 12 15 34 45 27 25 24 24
Botswana 5 22 35 39 50 43 42 38
Burundi 10 21 17 58 35 26 42 114
Central African Republic 20 24 30 31 45 30 25 25
Congo (Brazzaville) 0 7 4 44 3 5 5 9
Dem. Republic of Congo 34 36 27 61 39 57 79 97
Ethiopia 23,069 35,509 52,235 61,790 53,898 42,027 30,263 20,520
Ghana 3,038 2,701 2,015 1,692 2,338 6,028 7,002 5,541
Guinea 99 69 83 112 109 70 67 332
Ivory Coast 58 71 76 84 121 299 844 1,480
Kenya 1,655 1,428 1,389 1,398 1,456 1,626 1,422 1,546
Lesotho 57 13 27 73 45 45 60 37
Liberia 280 227 225 226 161 115 93 60
Madagascar 615 268 493 1,796 2,185 2,179 1,869 2,765
Malawi 41 83 102 150 88 84 302 260
Mauritius 123 114 87 124 112 101 112 142
Mozambique 18 33 35 26 26 99 245 329
Namibia 15 14 8 29 14 13 14 13
Rwanda 2 14 18 55 14 28 27 35
Seychelles Islands 28 27 31 45 26 23 21 26
South Africa 4,539 4,079 4,080 4,804 4,502 4,674 5,144 5,368
Swaziland 226 61 114 121 99 92 266 135
Tanzania 202 196 241 421 250 299 236 279
Togo 291 165 70 149 253 564 800 794
Zambia 48 34 17 51 23 20 22 33
Zimbabwe 222 187 177 351 260 307 517 414
Other 24 13 14 52 19 9 72 27
Oceania 19,154 15,540 13,963 13,165 12,978 12,980 13,072 13,403
Australia 15,335 12,596 11,213 10,558 10,472 10,488 10,680 10,938
Fiji Islands 546 163 85 70 87 74 45 64
New Zealand 3,238 2,752 2,637 2,524 2,386 2,390 2,332 2,380
Other 35 29 28 13 32 27 12 21
North America 198,991 190,257 161,215 154,087 141,896 145,848 145,696 160,266
Canada 41,253 38,543 38,981 39,835 39,439 42,322 44,227 45,927
U.S.A 157,733 151,709 122,202 114,251 102,457 103,526 101,466 114,334
Other 5 5 32 1 0 0 3 5
South & Central America  4,715 5,276 5,291 5,432 5,538 5,918 6,814 8,607
Argentina 441 612 529 501 460 426 391 436
Belize 171 153 129 111 58 54 116 167
Bolivia 90 92 79 85 82 76 66 78
Brazil 1,364 1,242 1,224 1,287 1,351 1,290 1,371 1,628
Chile 90 79 88 74 97 68 96 116
Colombia 413 405 468 444 413 513 895 1,134
Costarica 14 23 16 20 29 26 31 147
Cuba 21 32 61 36 66 38 38 70
Dominican Republic 170 198 254 287 255 288 315 374
El Salvador 160 52 39 19 34 26 35 336
Equador 149 154 205 103 90 218 445 908
Grenada 29 13 17 42 56 39 68 97
Guatemala 8 19 30 74 51 37 12 9
Guyana 20 16 23 24 25 17 19 39
Haiti 4 13 9 19 23 44 21 24
Honduras 5 21 11 11 48 33 64 71
Jamaica 55 90 89 87 77 84 152 167
Mexico 262 358 378 504 627 581 811 753
Nicaragua 4 2 4 10 33 30 32 28
Panama 20 19 46 64 68 46 65 47
Paraguay 8 6 5 27 19 8 9 76
Peru 40 49 144 120 102 104 104 102
Suriname 6 2 5 19 5 32 31 36
Trinidad & Tobago 123 131 97 135 97 177 124 98
Uruguay 29 48 48 58 43 45 53 43
Venezuela 965 1,395 1,250 1,198 1,192 1,390 1,404 1,378
Others 54 52 43 73 137 228 472 764
Europe 173,568 171,244 168,525 179,992 185,538 190,235 193,208 223,078
Albania 194 198 209 166 269 247 304 824
Andorra 1 7 8 4 3 0 4 4
Austria 1,998 1,917 1,695 1,794 1,801 1,854 1,980 2,124
Belarus 331 323 253 373 342 453 526 681
Belgium 2,771 2,391 2,047 2,057 2,057 2,275 2,397 2,266
Bosnia & Herzegovina 1,108 1,214 1,037 801 755 863 937 1,040
Bulgaria 3,499 3,281 3,299 3,349 3,644 3,310 2,966 3,900
Croatia 815 756 661 873 1,168 1,046 976 1,234
Czech Republic 1,354 786 622 666 959 1,050 1,107 1,417
Denmark 3,202 3,050 3,249 3,253 3,368 3,358 3,388 3,722
Estonia 30 27 48 67 65 119 100 123
Finland 1,025 1,096 923 919 1,041 903 852 943
France 15,053 15,216 15,735 15,726 16,284 17,110 17,659 19,235
Germany 14,659 14,462 13,313 16,368 16,036 15,308 13,832 14,659
Greece 2,337 2,823 2,487 2,906 3,082 3,709 3,674 4,081
Hungary 1,393 1,318 1,501 1,571 1,816 1,737 1,960 2,205
Iceland 76 97 94 92 86 99 88 109
Ireland 2,955 3,173 3,383 3,408 3,951 3,660 3,616 3,786
Italy 10,945 9,979 10,949 13,472 12,911 13,760 14,229 16,578
Kosovo 194 195 196 113 117 93 150 508
Latvia 81 91 155 139 141 162 123 232
Liechtenstein 10 13 68 10 23 17 10 7
Lithuania 108 116 206 190 264 384 340 372
Luxembourg 89 82 101 91 84 87 82 111
Macedonia 814 369 396 446 544 526 576 1,984
Malta 213 168 221 234 235 235 236 370
Moldova 52 50 71 50 48 59 77 68
Monaco 6 1 3 3 1 1 3 3
Montenegro 11 32 40 48 41 101 65 66
Netherlands 7,053 7,560 6,637 7,824 8,626 9,670 9,792 9,622
Norway 2,656 2,445 1,961 1,532 1,386 1,300 1,344 1,595
Poland 1,942 1,749 1,815 1,940 2,407 2,924 2,825 4,298
Portugal 1,156 970 1,461 2,015 2,670 3,233 3,644 4,118
Romania 5,569 3,535 3,412 3,904 4,595 5,543 5,103 6,396
Russian Federation 2,395 3,116 2,999 3,211 3,536 3,765 4,783 6,279
San Marino 3 6 8 10 6 2 3 6
Serbia 583 912 909 1,133 1,293 1,669 2,087 2,610
Slovakia 2,755 910 710 756 767 805 664 870
Slovenia 287 224 295 379 394 422 312 448
Spain 6,595 6,120 5,629 6,950 8,014 8,486 9,000 9,639
Sweden 6,453 6,789 6,842 5,461 4,658 4,305 4,222 4,491
Switzerland 2,098 2,173 2,045 2,038 2,102 1,915 1,888 1,919
Ukraine 1,042 1,022 1,142 1,421 1,432 1,738 2,337 9,554
United Kingdom 67,106 70,090 69,372 71,917 72,235 71,659 72,348 77,915
Vatican 8 17 20 25 30 25 8 25
Yugoslavia 543 375 298 287 251 248 165 123
Others 0 0
Others 34,686 37,330 51,373 53,157 44,718 37,762 31,178 32,401
U.N 66 140 197 123 134 57 88 74
Unstated Nationality 278 249 217 182 145 143 94 88
Non Kuwaiti 34,342 36,941 50,959 52,852 44,439 37,562 30,996 32,239
Grand Total 8,472,959 8,972,009 9,334,444 10,189,301 10,803,534 11,086,483 11,187,644 11,538,955

Source: Annual Statistical Bulletin of Transport and Communication
 
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Definitions

The “Non-Kuwaitis are the Bidoun populations.

2. Institution which provides data 

Central Statistical Bureau (CSB), Ministry of Planning

3. Data availability 

The data is taken from the Annual Statistical Bulletin of Transport and Communication (available in PDF; also in Excel format since 2013).
https://www.csb.gov.kw/Pages/Statistics_en?ID=41&ParentCatID=%2070
https://www.csb.gov.kw/Pages/Statistics?ID=41&ParentCatID=+70

Date of access: December 2018.

Kuwait: Population by nationality (Kuwaiti/ non-Kuwaiti) (1990-2018)

Year Kuwaitis Non-Kuwaitis Total
1990 578,511 1,573,169 2,151,680
1993 657,493 988,134 1,645,627
1995 708,115 1,250,679 1,958,794
1996 732,403 1,361,486 2,093,889
1998 786,010 1,484,855 2,270,865
1999 812,255 1,442,699 2,254,954
2000 841,790 1,375,468 2,217,258
2001 870,283 1,438,819 2,309,102
2002 898,285 1,521,643 2,419,928
2003 927,686 1,618,998 2,546,684
2004 956,234 1,797,422 2,753,656
2005 992,217 1,998,972 2,991,189
2006 1,023,316 2,159,644 3,182,960
2007 1,054,598 2,345,039 3,399,637
2008 1,087,552 2,354,261 3,441,813
2009 1,118,911 2,365,970 3,484,881
2010 1,148,363 2,433,691 3,582,054
2011 1,183,185 2,514,107 3,697,292
2012 1,212,436 2,611,292 3,823,728
2013 1,242,499 2,722,645 3,965,144
2014 1,275,857 2,816,136 4,091,993
2015 1,307,605 2,931,401 4,239,006
2016 1,337,693 3,073,431 4,411,124
2017 1,370,013 3,130,463 4,500,476
2018 1,403,113 3,218,525 4,621,638

Source: PACI

ANNEXED NOTE
1. Characteristics of data and definitions
The source of data used here is the Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI), an independant government body in charge of :
1- centralising all population and labour force data in order to manage a fully computerised population register
2- issuing mandatory civil identification cards to every resident of the country, regardless of age and nationality.

The other source of demographic and socioeconomic data on Kuwait is the Central Statistical Office (CSO), operating within the Planning Ministry. The CSO has conducted ten population and housing censuses since its inception in 1957.
Since 1995 a marked discrepancy was witnessed between PACI’ and CSO’ population figures. PACI’ database is connected electronically with other administrations and bodies registering demographic events and professional/ residency issues (births and death; departures and arrivals; end of service, residency and ID deliveries, etc.).
PACI’s records of residents’ movements is thus regularly updated, which limits the risk of population overcount. Therefore, it is more likely that residents were undercounted during CSO- Ministry of Planning’s census operations (see: Shah, N. Population of Kuwait. Structure and Dynamics, Kuwait: Kuwait University Academic Publication Council, 2010, chapter 1).

(a) Kuwaiti: the Kuwaiti nationality rests upon a document of Kuwaiti nationality or a certificate proving Kuwaiti nationality issued by the Ministry of Interior of Kuwait.

(b) Non-Kuwaiti: his/ her nationality is determined by the name of the State which issued the passport. The foreign national also entered Kuwait legally and has a stamp of residence.
This category includes the Bidoon, a category of stateless persons living in the Emirate. Kuwait’s Bidoon population originates from three broad categories:
1) those whose ancestors failed to apply for nationality or lacked necessary documentation at the time of Kuwait’s independence in 1961;
2) those recruited to work in Kuwait’s army or police force during the 1960s who permanently settled in Kuwait, along with their families;
3) children of Kuwaiti mothers and stateless or foreign fathers (see Human Rights Watch. Prisoners of the Past. Kuwaiti Bidun and the Burden of Statelessness, June 2011, p. 3).
(The children of Kuwaiti mothers and non-Kuwaiti fathers (with specific nationality) inherit the father’s nationality. They are stateless if the father is stateless).

(c) Nationality group: collected according to the nationality of the head of the household.
Nationalities are grouped according to specific features common to certain population subgroups: language,  geographic origin, etc. or according to internationally recognized categories such as: (Arab / non-Arab Asian countries / non-Arab African countries; European countries … etc.).

2. Institution which provides data 

The Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI)

3. Period of data coverage: 31 December

The database is updated three times a year and the website presents only the most recent data.

4. Data availability 

The statistics section of PACI’s website (http://www.paci.gov.kw/en/ (English); http://www.paci.gov.kw/ (Arabic)) provides population and socio-economic data broken down by nationality (Kuwaiti/ non-Kuwaiti). Some data are displayed by nationality groups.
Analytical tables and data crosstabulations are available for download in PDF, html, .png and Excel (.csv) formats.

Date of access: March 2018

Bahrain: Issuances of work visas by type and status (new, renewed) (Q3 2008 – Q2 2018)

Regular labourers Investors Temporary labourers
New Visas Renewals Total New Visas Renewals Total New Visas Renewals Total
2008 Q3 9,014 5,630 14,644 31 5 36 455 3 458
Q4 27,238 5,640 32,878 78 23 101 1,793 24 1,817
2009 Q1 34,458 8,298 42,756 93 55 148 2,340 86 2,426
Q2 27,693 29,431 57,124 105 128 233 1,013 620 1,633
Q3 24,234 25,948 50,182 91 65 156 538 406 944
Q4 25,648 32,258 57,906 97 69 166 832 582 1,414
2010 Q1 24,992 39,256 64,248 139 86 225 1,653 277 1,930
Q2 24,229 31,852 56,081 186 111 297 524 330 854
Q3 25,208 27,477 52,685 139 115 254 445 476 921
Q4 25,266 27,382 52,648 141 177 318 632 346 978
2011 Q1 22,929 28,220 51,149 117 193 310 1,300 214 1,514
Q2 22,070 27,210 49,280 153 187 340 561 378 939
Q3 29,075 22,966 52,041 128 137 265 593 178 771
Q4 28,407 28,141 56,548 121 143 264 650 358 1,008
2012 Q1 30,517 32,925 63,442 172 238 410 863 377 1,240
Q2 30,485 28,613 59,098 222 244 466 1,194 437 1,631
Q3 31,083 26,381 57,464 236 213 449 956 395 1,351
Q4 28,814 27,357 56,171 210 252 462 1,547 449 1,996
2013 Q1 32,200 28,589 60,789 264 302 566 1,242 364 1,606
Q2 32,181 28,210 60,391 260 278 538 386 210 596
Q3 28,841 27,855 56,696 214 218 432 420 310 730
Q4 24,649 31,480 56,129 253 269 522 475 257 732
2014 Q1 27,176 37,012 64,188 320 348 668 864 238 1,102
Q2 31,134 34,138 65,272 382 378 760 265 132 397
Q3 34,611 31,253 65,864 291 316 607 443 118 561
Q4 32,233 35,040 67,273 271 385 656 565 142 707
2015 Q1 33,870 40,211 74,081 292 475 767 541 243 784
Q2 38,635 42,933 81,568 259 417 676 379 169 548
Q3 33,325 41,495 74,820 190 362 552 486 170 656
Q4 38,696 50,969 89,665 282 427 709 513 195 708
2016 Q1 50,160 60,179 110,339 509 656 1,165 623 134 757
Q2 49,538 61,643 111,181 444 554 998 246 129 375
Q3 50,466 53,606 104,072 329 443 772 179 143 322
Q4 51,567 63,969 115,536 553 523 1,076 2 160 162
2017 Q1 47,355 67,064 114,419 937 595 1,532 52 52
Q2 36,736 64,512 101,248 1,035 498 1,533 5 5
Q3 42,793 62,045 104,838 980 482 1,462 0
Q4 44,087 67,794 111,881 934 585 1,519 0
2018 Q1 39,302 75,225 114,527 939 865 1,804 0
Q2 39,566 73,856 113,422 1,061 861 1,922 0

Source: Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA), Expatriate Management System (EMS)
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Technical Notes and Definitions

Within the scope of Law No. 19/2006 on regulating the labour market, the LMRA Expatriate Management System (EMS)
issues regular, temporary and investor work visas for foreign workers in the private, governmental and non-commercial, non-government sectors,
as well as records and issues residency visas to their family dependents.
The system tracks visa applications, renewals, mobility of workers between employers and from one occupation to another.
Domestic workers are registered separately and are not included in the present figures.
The system is updated continuously and linked with other labour-related databases of the Kingdom, including CIO, GDNPR, GOSI, PFC, CSB,
Ministry of Labour (MoL), and Ministry of Industry and Commerce (MOIC).

The Expat Management System (EMS) distinguishes four types of visas for operational purposes: regular work visas for workers with 24-month validity;
temporary work visas issued for workers with 6-month validity; investor work visas issued for investors investing up to BD 100,000;
and dependent visas issued for family members of eligible foreign workers.
A Regular worker is engaged to work in an enterprise for a long period of time, i.e. for more than six months and usually two years with possibility of renewal.
An Investor is a person who invests up to 100,000 Bahraini dinars.
A Temporary worker is engaged to work in an enterprise for a short period of time, i.e. for less than two years and usually six months.
Four major categories of workers in terms of their status in employment are employees, employers, own-account workers, and unpaid family workers.

The definitions that the LMRA adopts for its data can be found in the Glossary section: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/mi_glossary.xml)

 
2. Institution which provides data 

Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA).

3. Data availability 

The LMRA publishes these data under its Bahrain Labour Market Indicators (http://www.lmra.bh/blmi), data section (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2018/06/mi_data.xml), table 33.
Figures and results are often reported in tables in both PDF and Excel formats.

Date of access: December 2018

Bahrain: Terminations of work visas by type (Q3 2008 – Q2 2018)

Regular workers Investors Temporary workers
2008 Q3 3,914 2 83
Q4 5,370 0 659
2009 Q1 15,255 10 1,755
Q2 15,211 4 657
Q3 14,032 6 816
Q4 14,744 9 943
2010 Q1 16,043 12 1,016
Q2 15,662 6 549
Q3 16,806 8 420
Q4 16,433 13 377
2011 Q1 17,629 7 716
Q2 17,472 14 698
Q3 14,606 9 311
Q4 15,143 12 310
2012 Q1 14,748 10 226
Q2 14,628 14 328
Q3 14,087 21 582
Q4 17,086 24 1,510
2013 Q1 19,998 26 1,457
Q2 20,057 31 713
Q3 22,051 24 475
Q4 23,957 32 444
2014 Q1 22,855 30 411
Q2 23,041 44 905
Q3 20,548 42 373
Q4 21,832 57 236
2015 Q1 23,297 69 313
Q2 24,001 50 665
Q3 22,198 39 379
Q4 26,034 46 374
2016 Q1 22,919 57 385
Q2 24,944 82 536
Q3 23,625 60 399
Q4 28,076 64 290
2017 Q1 27,958 58 275
Q2 26,204 74 144
Q3 25,559 61 43
Q4 26,131 90 1
2018 Q1 26,984 136
Q2 27,384 108

Source: Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA), Expatriate Management System (EMS)
 
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Technical Notes and Definitions

Within the scope of Law No. 19/2006 on regulating the labour market, the LMRA Expatriate Management System (EMS)
issues regular, temporary and investor work visas for foreign workers in the private, governmental and non-commercial, non-government sectors,
as well as records and issues residency visas to their family dependents.
The system tracks visa applications, renewals, mobility of workers between employers and from one occupation to another.
Domestic workers are registered separately and are not included in the present figures.
The system is updated continuously and linked with other labour-related databases of the Kingdom, including CIO, GDNPR, GOSI, PFC, CSB,
Ministry of Labour (MoL), and Ministry of Industry and Commerce (MOIC).

The Expat Management System (EMS) distinguishes four types of visas for operational purposes: regular work visas for workers with 24-month validity;
temporary work visas issued for workers with 6-month validity; investor work visas issued for investors investing up to BD 100,000;
and dependent visas issued for family members of eligible foreign workers.
A Regular worker is engaged to work in an enterprise for a long period of time, i.e. for more than six months and usually two years with possibility of renewal.
An Investor is a person who invests up to 100,000 Bahraini dinars.
A Temporary worker is engaged to work in an enterprise for a short period of time, i.e. for less than two years and usually six months.
Four major categories of workers in terms of their status in employment are employees, employers, own-account workers, and unpaid family workers.

The definitions that the LMRA adopts for its data can be found in the Glossary section: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/mi_glossary.xml)

2. Institution which provides data 

Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA).

3. Data availability 

The LMRA publishes these data under its Bahrain Labour Market Indicators (http://www.lmra.bh/blmi), data section (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2018/06/mi_data.xml), table 33.
Figures and results are often reported in tables in both PDF and Excel formats.

Date of access: December 2018

Saudi Arabia: Work visas alloted by type/ sector of activity (private sector; governmental; domestic) (2004-Q3 2018)

year private sector government sector domestic sector Total
2004 423,172 24,821 355,395 803,388
2005 352,924 32,034 339,985 724,943
2006 716,347 42,149 441,247 1,199,743
2007 1,141,601 51,935 445,106 1,638,642
2008 1,191,204 70,924 495,885 1,758,013
2009 932,494 61,143 496,092 1,489,729
2010 1,061,717 68,297 565,537 1,695,551
2011 1,181,911 110,223 647,796 1,939,930
2012 1,586,532 125,909 828,425 2,540,866
2013 950,252 57,007 714,593 1,721,852
2014 1,574,504 104,466 847,927 2,526,897
2015 1,973,391 78,882 995,930 3,048,203
2016 1,403,731 142,824 1,173,500 2,720,055
2017 Q1 146,561 12,288 155,643 314,492
2017 Q2 191,584 9,739 185,499 386,822
2017 Q3 203,021 113,661 192,498 509,180
2017 Q4 177,669 17,711 212,085 407,465
2017 718,835 153,399 745,725 1,617,959
2018 Q1 105,987 14,352 221,128 341,467
2018 Q2 199,529 14,170 180,854 394,553
2018 Q3 87,502 7,258 156,558 251,318

1. Definitions

The labour visa allows the worker to enter Saudi Arabia. It is issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
In order to employ workers from abroad, the sponsoring company must first file a “Block Visa” request with the Ministry of Labor, requesting pre-approval to sponsor foreign employees.
Once the Block Visa request is approved, the sponsoring company in Saudi Arabia should obtain a visa authorization number and an electronic power of attorney authorized by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Saudi Arabia.
Foreign nationals may then apply for work visas through Saudi consular posts in their country of residence. Several documents are required before issuance of work visas, including medical certificate.
Therefore, work visas are more than the actual workers present in the country, as some eventually do not terminate the procedure, or are rejected at a later stage (entry visa; residency procedures…).

 

2. Institution which provides data 

Ministry of Labour, now Ministry of Labour and Social Development (MLSD) (https://mlsd.gov.sa/en/node)

 

3. Data availability 

Until 2015, the data was published in Ministry of Labour’s Statistical Yearbooks
MoL’s Yearbooks until 2015 are no longer available on MLSD’s website.
MLSD’s Yearbook for 2016 has the figure of work visas issued that year:
https://mlsd.gov.sa/sites/default/files/uploads/v.26%20%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AA%D9%82%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%B1%20%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B3%D9%86%D9%88%D9%8A%202016.pdf
Figures for 2017 and 2018 are published in the Labour Force Surveys (quarterly):
https://www.stats.gov.sa/en/814

Last date of access: January 2019.

Saudi Arabia: Total employed population (aged 15 and above) by nationality (Saudi / Non-Saudi), sex and sector of employment (governmental, private, domestic labour) (Q3, 2018)

Saudis Non-Saudis Total
Males Females Total Males Females Total Males Females Total
Public sector 869,820 521,343 1,391,163 46,948 31,063 78,011 916,768 552,406 1,469,174
Private sector 1,173,765 545,059 1,718,824 6,916,213 212,441 7,128,654 8,089,978 757,500 8,847,478
Domestic services sector 0 0 0 1,659,729 711,661 2,371,390 1,659,729 711,661 2,371,390
Grand total 2,043,585 1,066,402 3,109,987 8,622,890 955,165 9,578,055 10,666,475 2,021,567 12,688,042

Source: GOSI, MCS and MLSD records, in Labour Force Survey 2018 (Q3), GAStat.  
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Technical Notes and Definitions

Since 2016, Labour Force Surveys are conducted quarterly.
Period of reference: Q3

Since Q3 2016, apart from sample survey results, the Labour Force Surveys’ publications display administrative data:
the records of Saudi and foreign labourers covered by social security schemes  (civil service and social insurance),
as well as Ministry of Labour’s records of domestic labourers.
1. The public sector includes those subject to Civil Service regulations and government employees subject to social insurance regulations (GOSI)
2. The Social Insurance Law of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has become compulsorily applied to all Saudi workers in the private sector and to citizens
of any other GCC Member State, effective from 01/01/2006.
Saudi and foreign workers in the sector have to be recorded by the General Organization for Social Insurance (GOSI).
3. Since 2017, the Ministry of Labour and Social Development records all labourers in the domestic sector.

The present data do not include employees in the security and military sectors and employed persons non-registered in the records of GOSI and MCS
Therefore, data presented here may differ from the concerned ministries’ records of actual employment, and from the results of Labour Force Surveys,
which incorporate all workers in their samples. 
 
2. Institution which provides data 

General Authority for Statistics (GAStat), Saudi Arabia

3. Data availability 

CDSI’s, and later GAStat’s Labour Force Surveys are available online on GAStat’s website since 1999:
https://www.stats.gov.sa/en/814
The present data is taken from Labour Force Survey 2018 (Q3) (Excel format).
https://www.stats.gov.sa/sites/all/modules/pubdlcnt/pubdlcnt.php?file=https://www.stats.gov.sa/sites/default/files/labour_market_3rd_q_2018_1.xlsx&nid=48417

Last date of access: January 2019.

Kuwait: Residence Permits by Nationality Group of Holder (2010-2017)

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Arab countries 696,730 722,575 750,426 802,213 837,363 877,959 898,660 916,169
Non-Arab Asian countries 1,307,218 1,338,340 1,391,040 1,458,161 1,525,083 1,620,129 1,714,717 1,775,919
Non-Arab African countries 48,486 73,403 83,144 93,004 73,300 61,070 49,634 47,254
Europe 9,870 10,216 10,554 10,921 11,443 12,081 12,482 13,565
North America 19,296 19,191 19,311 18,244 18,297 18,403 18,860 19,079
Central and South America 1,082 1,121 1,131 1,109 1,104 1,179 1,343 1,499
Australia and Oceania 1,448 1,416 1,408 1,426 1,419 1,452 1,495 1,467
Other 14 13 13 11 9 3 4 3
Total 2,084,144 2,166,275 2,257,027 2,385,089 2,468,018 2,592,276 2,697,195 2,774,955

Source: Ministry of Interior
 
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Definitions

Ministry of Interior’s (Directorate of Migration’s) records of residency permits granted to foreign residents by type/ purpose of permit,
sex and regional origin of holder, for the years 2010 to 2017.
Data presented in the table are stock data: all the non-national residents holding a residence permit on December 31st, the given year. 
The present figures include permits delivered for all purposes of stay in Kuwait:

1- Labour in all sectors: governmental (n°17); private sector (n°18); business (n°19) and domestic  (n°20) sectors
2- Residence: as family dependent (permit n°22); studies (n°23) and self-residence (n°24).

Residency procedures do not apply to GCC nationals and to Bidouns (stateless residents of Kuwait).
The table thus excludes the Bidouns, the non-Kuwaiti GCC citizens and those in irregular situation.
The present figures do not include the holders of permit n°14 (temporary residents). 
 
2. Institution which provides data 

Central Statistical Bureau (CSB), Ministry of Planning.

3. Period of data coverage

December 31st, given years.

4. Data availability 

The present data is taken from the “Migration Statistics” reports, published annually by the CSB.

The report (in Arabic and English, PDF format with Excel tables) is available on CSB’s website (Population Statistics, then Migration Statistics)
https://www.csb.gov.kw/Pages/Statistics?ID=56&ParentCatID=+1
https://www.csb.gov.kw/Pages/Statistics_en?ID=56&ParentCatID=+1

Date of access: January 2019.

 

Bahrain: Terminations of family dependent visas (Q3 2008 – Q2 2018)

Terminations of dependent visas
2008 Q3 1,023
Q4 894
2009 Q1 1,929
Q2 2,214
Q3 1,845
Q4 1,708
2010 Q1 1,828
Q2 2,433
Q3 2,041
Q4 1,736
2011 Q1 2,067
Q2 2,759
Q3 2,062
Q4 2,052
2012 Q1 2,469
Q2 2,661
Q3 2,082
Q4 2,463
2013 Q1 3,390
Q2 4,124
Q3 3,569
Q4 3,579
2014 Q1 4,002
Q2 3,961
Q3 3,567
Q4 3,379
2015 Q1 3,900
Q2 4,259
Q3 3,781
Q4 3,962
2016 Q1 4,213
Q2 4,754
Q3 3,907
Q4 4,271
2017 Q1 4,574
Q2 4,709
Q3 4,327
Q4 4,398
2018 Q1 5,150
Q2 5,129

Source: Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA), Expatriate Management System (EMS)

ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Technical Notes and Definitions

Within the scope of Law No. 19/2006 on regulating the labour market, the LMRA Expatriate Management System (EMS)
issues regular, temporary and investor work visas for foreign workers in the private, governmental and non-commercial, non-government sectors,
as well as records and issues residency visas to their family dependents.
The system tracks visa applications, renewals, mobility of workers between employers and from one occupation to another.
Domestic workers are registered separately.
The system is updated continuously and linked with other labour-related databases of the Kingdom, including CIO, GDNPR, GOSI, PFC, CSB,
Ministry of Labour (MoL), and Ministry of Industry and Commerce (MOIC).

The Expat Management System (EMS) distinguishes four types of visas for operational purposes: regular work visas for workers with 24-month validity;
temporary work visas issued for workers with 6-month validity; investor work visas issued for investors investing up to BD 100,000;
and dependent visas issued for family members of eligible foreign workers.
A Regular worker is engaged to work in an enterprise for a long period of time, i.e. for more than six months and usually two years with possibility of renewal.
An Investor is a person who invests up to 100,000 Bahraini dinars.
A Temporary worker is engaged to work in an enterprise for a short period of time, i.e. for less than two years and usually six months.
Four major categories of workers in terms of their status in employment are employees, employers, own-account workers, and unpaid family workers.

The definitions that the LMRA adopts for its data can be found in the Glossary section: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/mi_glossary.xml)

2. Institution which provides data 

Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA).

3. Data availability 

The LMRA publishes these data under its Bahrain Labour Market Indicators (http://www.lmra.bh/blmi), data section (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2018/06/mi_data.xml), table 33.
Figures and results are often reported in tables in both PDF and Excel formats.

Date of access: December 2018

Bahrain: Issuances of family dependent visas by status (new, renewed) (Q3 2008 – Q2 2018)

Family dependents
New Visas Renewals Total
2008 Q3 3,080 3,073 6,153
Q4 6,128 4,451 10,579
2009 Q1 7,123 6,439 13,562
Q2 7,581 8,326 15,907
Q3 5,904 5,152 11,056
Q4 5,119 6,974 12,093
2010 Q1 6,241 11,539 17,780
Q2 6,021 10,897 16,918
Q3 5,795 6,670 12,465
Q4 4,890 7,244 12,134
2011 Q1 5,024 9,538 14,562
Q2 6,135 9,199 15,334
Q3 5,450 5,910 11,360
Q4 5,067 7,319 12,386
2012 Q1 6,553 9,953 16,506
Q2 7,031 9,923 16,954
Q3 6,763 7,057 13,820
Q4 4,936 7,970 12,906
2013 Q1 7,636 10,150 17,786
Q2 7,814 11,056 18,870
Q3 6,248 7,375 13,623
Q4 5,492 8,746 14,238
2014 Q1 6,955 11,595 18,550
Q2 8,172 11,913 20,085
Q3 6,949 8,186 15,135
Q4 6,030 9,505 15,535
2015 Q1 7,740 11,760 19,500
Q2 8,202 12,921 21,123
Q3 6,926 8,412 15,338
Q4 5,485 10,757 16,242
2016 Q1 8,488 14,243 22,731
Q2 8,277 13,971 22,248
Q3 6,325 8,626 14,951
Q4 6,583 10,689 17,272
2017 Q1 8,724 13,461 22,185
Q2 8,753 12,895 21,648
Q3 7,888 8,681 16,569
Q4 7,033 10,521 17,554
2018 Q1 7,104 13,856 20,960
Q2 7,310 15,034 22,344

Source: Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA), Expatriate Management System (EMS)

ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Technical Notes and Definitions

Within the scope of Law No. 19/2006 on regulating the labour market, the LMRA Expatriate Management System (EMS)
issues regular, temporary and investor work visas for foreign workers in the private, governmental and non-commercial, non-government sectors,
as well as records and issues residency visas to their family dependents.
The system tracks visa applications, renewals, mobility of workers between employers and from one occupation to another.
Domestic workers are registered separately.
The system is updated continuously and linked with other labour-related databases of the Kingdom, including CIO, GDNPR, GOSI, PFC, CSB,
Ministry of Labour (MoL), and Ministry of Industry and Commerce (MOIC).

The Expat Management System (EMS) distinguishes four types of visas for operational purposes: regular work visas for workers with 24-month validity;
temporary work visas issued for workers with 6-month validity; investor work visas issued for investors investing up to BD 100,000;
and dependent visas issued for family members of eligible foreign workers.
A Regular worker is engaged to work in an enterprise for a long period of time, i.e. for more than six months and usually two years with possibility of renewal.
An Investor is a person who invests up to 100,000 Bahraini dinars.
A Temporary worker is engaged to work in an enterprise for a short period of time, i.e. for less than two years and usually six months.
Four major categories of workers in terms of their status in employment are employees, employers, own-account workers, and unpaid family workers.

The definitions that the LMRA adopts for its data can be found in the Glossary section: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/mi_glossary.xml)

2. Institution which provides data 

Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA).

3. Data availability 

The LMRA publishes these data under its Bahrain Labour Market Indicators (http://www.lmra.bh/blmi), data section (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2018/06/mi_data.xml), table 33.
Figures and results are often reported in tables in both PDF and Excel formats.

Date of access: December 2018

Bahrain: Issuances of domestic work visas by status (new, renewed) (2002 -2017)

Domestic workers
New visas Renewal
2002 21,459 9,624
2003 25,607 10,188
2004 29,731 10,390
2005 30,562 11,904
2006 31,876 13,029
2007 33,393 14,324
2008 36,319 15,060
2009 35,683 16,222
2010 26,821 13,949
2011 33,205 18,712
2012 39,803 17,919
2013 39,235 17,537
2014 37,173 19,882
2015 38,618 19,835
2016 39,070 20,259
2017 38,130 20,538

Source: Ministry of Labour (MOL) and LMRA Domestic Workers System (DMS). 
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Technical Notes and Definitions

Until September 2014, visas were issued by the Ministry of Labour.
Figures refer to active domestic workers holding a labour permit, for which a residency permit has been issued.
A Domestic worker is an employee who works, and often also lives, within the employer’s household.

2. Institution which provides data 

Ministry of Labour (MOL).
Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA).

3. Data availability 

The LMRA publishes these data under its Bahrain Labour Market Indicators (http://www.lmra.bh/blmi), dashboard section (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2018/06/mi_dashboard.xml).
Tables are in PDF format.
http://blmi.lmra.bh/2018/06/data/ems/Table_80.pdf

Date of access: December 2018

 

Bahrain: Inflows of foreign population by type of permit (family dependent, labour) (2009-2017)

Family dependents Labourers Total visas
Regular worker Investor Temporary worker Domestic worker
2009 52,618 217,236 722 6,719 51,905 329,200
2010 59,297 225,662 1,094 4,683 40,770 331,506
2011 53,642 209,017 1,179 4,232 51,917 319,987
2012 60,186 236,175 1,787 6,218 57,722 362,088
2013 64,517 234,005 2,058 3,664 56,772 361,016
2014 69,305 262,597 2,691 2,767 57,055 394,415
2015 72,203 320,134 2,704 2,696 58,453 456,190
2016 77,202 441,128 4,011 1,616 59,329 583,286
2017 77,956 432,386 6,046 57 58,668 575,113

Source: LMRA-EMS and DWS; Ministry of Labour
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Technical Notes and Definitions

GLMM compilation of data submitted quarterly to LMRA from the Expatriates Management System (EMS), Domestic Workers System (DWS) (from 2014) and from MoL:
until September 2014,domestic labourers’  visas were issued by the Ministry of Labour.
The data refer to inflows (new and renewed permits). They are not net flows, since yearly figures of permits’ terminations are not substracted from these numbers.

2. Institution which provides data 

Ministry of Labour (MOL).
Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA).

3. Data availability

The LMRA publishes these data under its Bahrain Labour Market Indicators (http://www.lmra.bh/blmi),  data section (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2018/06/mi_data.xml), table 33
and dashboard section (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2018/06/mi_dashboard.xml), table 80 (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2018/06/data/ems/Table_80.pdf).

Date of access: December 2018

Oman: Population by country of citizenship (selected nationalities) and sex (2017)

Population by country of citizenship (selected nationalities)
Males Females Total
Oman 1,263,764 1,241,605 2,505,369
India 671,660 95,075 766,735
Bangladesh 677,881 40,975 718,856
Pakistan 247,627 21,241 268,868
Egypt 29,826 17,144 46,970
Philippines 13,247 31,966 45,213
Uganda 209 20,677 20,886
Sri Lanka 6,681 13,322 20,003
Tanzania 1,656 15,421 17,077
Nepal 10,346 6,234 16,580
Indonesia 665 13,490 14,155
Ethiopia 149 13,423 13,572
total non-Omanis 1,720,640 333,954 2,054,594
Total 2,984,404 1,575,559 4,559,963

Source: NCSI

 

ANNEXED NOTE

1. Technical Notes and Definitions

GLMM’s calculations, based on total figures and percentage distribution of foreign nationals
by sex published in: NCSI. Population Statistics, Issue 7, 2017
Reference period: mid-2017.
Original data source: Royal Oman Police.

 

2. Institution which provides data 

National Center for Statistics and Information (NCSI)

 

3. Data availability 

NCSI. Population Statistics, Issue 7, 2017
https://www.ncsi.gov.om/Elibrary/LibraryContentDoc/bar_pouplation%207%202017_bd18dd23-b2e5-4710-be65-52158136ceef.pdf.

Last date of access: December 2018.

Oman: Employed population by nationality (Omani/ expatriate) and sector of employment (public, private, domestic) (2005-2017)

Omanis Expatriates total workforce
public sector private sector Total employed Omanis public sector private sector domestic sector Total employed expatriates
2005 109,424 98,537 207,961 22,990 424,788 n.a. 447,778 655,739
2006 116,054 114,311 230,365 22,752 510,713 n.a. 533,465 763,830
2007 124,405 131,775 256,180 22,503 638,447 n.a. 660,950 917,130
2008 131,209 147,194 278,403 22,319 698,489 96,446 817,254 1,095,657
2009 136,622 158,315 294,937 22,916 779,653 94,592 897,161 1,192,098
2010 140,370 177,716 318,086 23,612 862,209 93,421 979,242 1,297,328
2011 159,258 174,441 333,699 25,182 1,006,928 107,662 1,139,772 1,473,471
2012 166,804 172,066 338,870 27,522 1,190,300 125,882 1,343,704 1,682,574
2013 180,737 181,860 362,597 30,392 1,332,431 138,705 1,501,528 1,864,125
2014 196,919 197,510 394,429 36,053 1,270,213 240,180 1,546,446 1,940,875
2015 193,965 209,620 403,585 35,502 1,373,842 262,196 1,671,540 2,075,125
2016 195,937 233,869 429,806 37,624 1,504,936 283,043 1,825,603 2,255,409
2017 195,680 238,688 434,368 36,383 1,502,808 292,881 1,832,072 2,266,440

Source: NCSI. Statistical Yearbooks, 2009 to 2018
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Technical Notes and Definitions

Data for the governmental sector exclude Security and Defense personnels.
see: https://cbo.gov.om/sites/assets/Documents/English/Publications/AnnualReports/AnnualReport2017eng.pdf
Omanis in the private sector are registered with the Public Authority for Social Insurance (PASI).

 

2. Institution which provides data

National Center for Statistics and Information (NCSI)

 

3. Data availability 

The data on employment by sector and nationality is available in NCSI’s Statistical Yearbooks (chapter “Employment”)
https://www.ncsi.gov.om/Elibrary/Pages/LibraryContentView.aspx
SYB 2018:
https://www.ncsi.gov.om/Elibrary/LibraryContentDoc/bar_Statistical%20Year%20Book%202018_a8b32d59-cdc9-4987-ba29-1e7ce78d5cca.pdf

Last date of access: November 2018.

Bahrain: Foreign population by country of citizenship, sex and migration status (worker/ family dependent) (selected countries, June 2018)

Workers Dependents
Males Females Total Males Females Total
India 229,998 11,217 241,215 20,434 48,456 68,890
Bangladesh 123,360 170 123,530 1,428 3,432 4,860
Pakistan 46,477 781 47,258 3,397 7,407 10,804
Philippines 13,844 17,926 31,770 1,303 2,523 3,826
Sri Lanka 3,595 505 4,100 422 1,212 1,634
Egypt 9,308 1,593 10,901 4,929 8,203 13,132
Jordan 2,752 467 3,219 1,744 2,810 4,554
Yemen 2,624 52 2,676 1,401 2,236 3,637
Syria 1,379 104 1,483 848 1,386 2,234
United Kingdom 1,831 606 2,437 587 1,126 1,713
Other nationalities 30,915 8,987 39,902 3,568 7,562 11,130
Total 466,083 42,408 508,491 40,061 86,353 126,414

Source: Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA), Expatriate Management System (EMS)
 
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Technical Notes and Definitions

The data displays the stocks, at a given date, of expats visa holders, registered as workers or as family dependants (LMRA Law 19/2006) in EMS.
Non-Bahraini workers (for male, female and both sexes) are Expat visa applications (GCC workers are not included).
The scope of the system covers regular, temporary and investor work visas for foreign workers, their dependents, in the commercial sector,
the government sector and the non-commercial, non-government sector.
It presently excludes domestic workers, and work visas for artists and certain other categories of workers in non-civilian organizations. 
It distinguishes four types of visas for operational purposes: regular work visas for workers with 24-month validity; temporary work visas
issued for workers with 6-month validity; investor work visas issued for investors investing up to BD 100,000; and dependent visas issued
for dependent members of eligible foreign workers.
The system tracks visa applications, renewals, mobility of workers between employers and from one occupation to another as well as
notification of termination and runaway workers, and in general all operations of LMRA including inspection and offence management.
The system is updated continuously and linked with other labour-related databases of the Kingdom, including CIO, GDNPR, GOSI, PFC, CSB,
Ministry of Labour (MoL), and Ministry of Industry and Commerce (MOIC).

Work Visa is a legal certificate to allow a foreign worker to enter the country for working purposes for a period of two years with the possibility of renewal.

Worker  is a generic term that refers to an employed person in general, or to an employee, a self-employed, or a particular category of worker,
such as full-time or part-time worker, depending on the context in which the term is used. Four major categories of workers in terms of their
status in employment are employees, employers, own-account workers, and unpaid family workers.

2. Institution which provides data 

Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA).

3. Data availability 

Source: Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA), Kingdom of Bahrain, based on data from Bahrain Labour Market Indicators website http://blmi.lmra.bh/2018/06/mi_data.xml.
The data can be retrieved from the data section of LMRA website. Tables are updated on a quarterly basis and are available in PDF and in Excel formats.

Last date of access: October 2018.

Bahrain: Estimated total employed population by nationality (Bahraini/Non-Bahraini) and sector (public, private, domestic) (Quarterly: Q1 2014 – Q2 2018)

Public Sector Private Sector Domestic Workers Total workers (all sectors)
Year Quarter Bahrainis Non-Bahrainis Total Bahrainis Non-Bahrainis Total Bahrainis Non-Bahrainis Total Bahrainis Non-Bahrainis Total
2014 Q1 56,988 10,010 66,998 96,537 392,789 489,326 0 105,203 105,203 153,525 508,002 661,527
Q2 56,817 9,818 66,635 97,794 396,578 494,372 0 106,105 106,105 154,611 512,501 667,112
Q3 56,831 10,196 67,027 98,358 404,463 502,821 0 106,997 106,997 155,189 521,656 676,845
Q4 57,119 10,241 67,360 99,219 412,857 512,076 0 107,711 107,711 156,338 530,809 687,147
2015 Q1 57,061 10,181 67,242 99,368 419,553 518,921 0 108,746 108,746 156,429 538,480 694,909
Q2 57,237 9,953 67,190 101,200 431,541 532,741 0 110,365 110,365 158,437 551,859 710,296
Q3 57,171 10,245 67,416 101,011 437,789 538,800 0 111,002 111,002 158,182 559,036 717,218
Q4 57,130 10,409 67,539 101,198 445,374 546,572 0 111,002 111,002 158,328 566,785 725,113
2016 Q1 56,432 10,266 66,698 104,451 461,139 565,590 0 111,002 111,002 160,883 582,407 743,290
Q2 56,174 10,031 66,205 103,537 474,118 577,655 0 111,002 111,002 159,711 595,151 754,863
Q3 55,473 9,968 65,441 101,953 491,482 593,435 0 111,002 111,002 157,426 612,452 769,878
Q4 54,952 10,007 64,959 102,167 509,062 611,229 0 111,002 111,002 157,119 630,071 787,190
2017 Q1 54,719 10,000 64,719 102,063 501,093 603,156 0 99,417 99,417 156,782 610,510 767,292
Q2 54,800 9,883 64,683 102,461 496,416 598,877 0 100,058 100,058 157,261 606,357 763,618
Q3 54,536 9,853 64,389 103,103 495,444 598,547 0 98,376 98,376 157,639 603,673 761,312
Q4 54,613 9,880 64,493 103,802 495,912 599,714 0 98,905 98,905 158,415 604,697 763,112
Q1 53,977 9,865 63,842 104,399 498,340 602,739 0 103,527 103,527 158,376 611,732 770,108
2018 Q2 53,932 9,730 63,662 104,882 499,275 604,157 0 91,852 91,852 158,814 600,857 759,671

Source: Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA) – Bahrain
 
 
ANNEXED NOT
 
1. Technical Notes and Definitions
Data are extracted from the files submitted by Expatriate Management System (LMRA-EMS), General Organisation for Social Insurance (GOSI), Pension Fund Commission (PFC),
and Civil Service Bureau (CSB) monthly data files to LMRA.
LMRA data, along with GOSI and PFC, do not include non-civilian employees (engaged in military, defense and other relevant entities and ranked as so).
1. From 2008 Q2 onward, “Public sector” for Non-Bahraini workers refers to workers in the “Government sector” of the Expatriate Management System (EMS) of LMRA.
2. “Private Sector” for Non-Bahraini workers refers to the sum of “Commercial” and “Non-Commercial, Non-Government” (NCNG) sectors of LMRA’s EMS system.

Employee is defined as who works in a paid employment job, i.e., a job where the explicit or implicit contract of employment gives the incumbent a basic remuneration
that is independent of the revenue of the unit for which he or she works (the unit can be a corporation, a non-profit institution, a government or a household).
A Bahraini citizen is defined here as a legal national of the Kingdom of Bahrain. This category excludes nationals of the GCC.
A Non-Bahraini citizen is defined here as any foreigner or expatriate of a nationality other than Bahraini.
Public Sector is defined here as the one where employees are registered at the Public Fund Commission (PFC)
Private Sector is defined here as the one where employees are registered at the General Organisation for Social Insurance (GOSI)
Domestic Worker is defined here as an employee who works, and often lives within the employer’s household.
Employment as defined by the LMRA is in line with the ILO resolution concerning statistics of the economically active population, employment, unemployment and underemployment.
It includes all persons above a specific age during a specific period either in paid employment or in self-employment and includes the following:
(a) paid employment
(a1) at work: persons who during the reference period performed some work for wage or salary, in cash or in kind, even for one hour
(a2) with a job but not at work: persons who, having already worked in their present job, were temporarily not at work during the reference period and had a formal attachment to their job
(e.g., absence because of illness or injury, holiday or vacation, strike or lockout, educational or training leave, maternity or parental leave, reduction in economic activity, etc.)
(b) self employment
(b1) at work: persons who during the reference period performed some work for profit or family gain, in cash or in kind
(b2) with an enterprise but not at work: persons with an enterprise, which may be a business enterprise, a farm or a service undertaking,
who were temporarily not at work during the reference period for any specific reason.

2. Institution which provides data 
Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA)

3. Data availability 
Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA), Kingdom of Bahrain, based on data from Bahrain Labour Market Indicators (http://blmi.lmra.bh/2018/06/data/lmr/Table_A.xls).
Data are tabulated in PDF and Excel formats.

The definitions that the LMRA adopts for its data can be found in the Glossary section: (http://blmi.lmra.bh/mi_glossary.xml)

Date of access: November 2018.

Saudi Arabia: Work permits issued by occupation category (private sector, 2005-2016)

Occupation group of labour permit’ holder year
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Managers and Business Managers 2,734 2,696 3,074 2,805 2,195 2,571 2,917 5,783 17,759 43,168 62,128 65,925
Specialists in Scientific, Technical and Humanities Fields 126,026 141,212 165,374 202,815 193,168 220,620 246,072 346,015 574,031 670,622 731,283 706,920
Technicians in Scientific, Technical and Humanities Fields 128,777 149,232 181,873 215,444 210,863 227,939 274,137 355,758 541,819 679,036 758,143 720,876
Clerical Workers 3,015 2,839 3,035 3,516 2,782 2,787 2,824 4,655 21,724 53,177 61,239 60,311
Sales Persons 87,332 86,441 84,097 89,070 64,240 60,404 76,451 96,774 224,624 397,408 484,391 509,897
Service Persons 976,412 1,052,607 1,107,318 1,227,295 1,097,139 1,097,820 1,321,468 1,476,851 2,093,041 2,206,953 2,600,583 2,681,555
Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and Fishing 173,927 117,042 182,101 320,285 89,161 85,516 101,872 104,082 122,665 89,735 96,268 95,342
Industrial, Chemical and Food Industries  98,731 107,942 122,535 136,856 128,052 121,719 146,705 157,049 213,935 210,646 228,416 218,854
Engineering Support 762,347 881,072 1,113,632 1,400,231 1,435,208 1,526,254 1,915,647 2,263,432 3,063,833 3,169,703 3,497,091 3,190,830
Autres 4,405
TOTAL 2,359,301 2,541,083 2,963,039 3,598,317 3,222,808 3,345,630 4,088,093 4,811,095 6,874,799 7,520,448 8,519,542 8,254,915

Source: Ministry of Labour
 
1. Data collection methodology

The issuance of the residency and work permits begins with filing an application with the Ministry of Labor.
After its approval, the Ministry of Labour forwards the application to the Ministry of Interior for the issuance of the residency permit.

Classification used for occupations is adapted from ISCO 1988.

2. Institution which provides data 

Ministry of Labour, now Ministry of Labour and Social Development (MLSD) (https://mlsd.gov.sa/en/node)

3. Data availability 

Published in Ministry of Labour’s Statistical Yearbooks
MoL’s Yearbooks until 2015 are no longer available on MLSD’s website.
The “open data” section of the Ministry’s website (Arabic only) has the figure of work permits issued in 2016, by occupation category:
https://mlsd.gov.sa/ar/open-data

Last date of access: 4 November 2018.

Saudi Arabia: Number of work permits issued by year (private sector) (2000-2016)

Number of
labour permits
2000 2,439,672
2001 2,369,611
2002 2,663,666
2003 2,563,800
2004 2,716,573
2005 2,359,301
2006 2,541,083
2007 2,963,039
2008 3,598,317
2009 3,222,809
2010 3,345,630
2011 4,088,093
2012 4,811,095
2013 6,874,799
2014 7,524,326
2015 8,524,762
2016 8,254,915

Sources: Ministry of Labour
 
1. Data collection methodology

The issuance of the residency and work permits begins with filing an application with the Ministry of Labor.
After its approval, the Ministry of Labour forwards the application to the Ministry of Interior for the issuance of the residency permit.

2. Institution which provides data 

Ministry of Labour, currently Ministry of Labour and Social Development (MLSD) (https://mlsd.gov.sa/en/node)

3. Data availability 

Published in Ministry of Labour’s Statistical Yearbooks
MoL’s Yearbooks until 2015 are no longer available on MLSD’s website.
MLSD’s Yearbook for 2016 has the figure of work permits delivered that year, as well as the “open data” section of the Ministry’s website (Arabic only):
https://mlsd.gov.sa/sites/default/files/uploads/v.26%20%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AA%D9%82%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%B1%20%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B3%D9%86%D9%88%D9%8A%202016.pdf
https://mlsd.gov.sa/ar/open-data

Last date of access: 4 November 2018.

Saudi Arabia: Number of residency permits issued by year (1984-2017)

Number of residency permits issued
1984 802,859
1985 563,747
1986 591,261
1987 641,169
1988 615,552
1989 705,679
1990 750,412
1991 919,879
1992 1,062,305
1993 1,095,450
1994 767,243
1995 619,178
1996 962,235
1997 962,235
1998 876,276
1999 661,527
2000 765,903
2001 810,920
2002 1,016,151
2003 1,029,573
2004 879,261
2005 650,764
2006 1,084,646
2007 1,423,861
2008 1,641,096
2009 n.a.
2010 1,639,591
2011 1,411,688
2012 1,922,012
2013 1,839,861
2014 1,962,443
2015 2,212,635
2016 1,823,332
2017 1,842,824

Sources: General Directorate of Passports, Ministry of Interior.

1. Data collection methodology

The Ministry of Interior issues the residency permit, for workers and for family dependents.

2. Institution which provides data 

CDSI/ General Authority for Statistics (GAStat)

3. Data availability 

(a) Published in the CDSI/GAStat Statistical Yearbooks, in Chapter “Social services” until 2016 and in section “Population and Demography” in 2017
Statistical Yearbooks are available online at:

https://www.stats.gov.sa/en/930

Date of access: October 2018.

 

Saudi Arabia: Arrivals and departures of non-Saudis by country of nationality (2012-2013, last available data)

ARRIVALS
 Nationality 2012 2013
ARAB COUNTRIES
Iraq 327,398 317,340
Syria 1,047,421 766,571
Lebanon 299,605 315,819
Jordan 1,274,151 1,321,988
Kuwait 2,048,280 2,236,217
Yemen 975,918 1,161,271
Bahrain 2,200,313 2,333,263
Qatar 848,677 887,337
UAE 358,426 412,757
Oman 224,011 223,656
Palestine 132,810 123,811
Algeria 258,395 225,494
Mauritania 6,345 5,690
Egypt 2,913,193 2,929,835
Morocco 156,122 142,065
Sudan 520,938 546,087
Tunisia 87,963 71,386
Libya 124,544 148,438
Somalia 9,615 8,893
Djibouti 1,586 1,324
Displaced Arab Tribes
Comore Islands 5,256 5,765
Kuwait (No-Nationality)
Other Arab Nationalities 57,932 63,743
Total 13,878,899 14,248,750
ASIA
Afghanistan 63,591 70,773
Turkey 528,283 541,045
Iran 736,908 516,888
Malaysia 194,431 233,380
Japan 24,916 25,853
Indonesia 565,070 685,238
Philippines 605,264 664,154
Pakistan 2,128,457 2,148,051
India 2,838,593 3,060,859
China 3,935 4,676
South Korea 51,722 61,688
Singapore 14,119 14,106
Bangladesh 537,203 508,099
Hong Kong 70 56
Thailand 13,541 11,596
Sri Lanka 215,143 196,169
Other Asian Nationalities 300,375 309,696
Total 8,821,621 9,052,327
EUROPE
Britain 337,891 338,208
France 72,053 70,398
Holland 28,001 27,613
Belgium 13,405 14,199
Italy 38,360 42,089
Sweden 9,191 8,151
Norway 4,369 4,066
Switzerland 7,056 6,987
Austria 8,459 8,607
Germany 63,707 64,057
Spain 19,829 24,868
Denmark 6,594 6,169
Greece 9,468 11,154
Cyprus 2,650 2,998
Finland 3,997 3,539
Other European Nationalities 74,127 89,775
Total 699,157 722,878
AFRICA
Ethiopia 284,135 287,581
Mali 4,596 4,625
Nigeria 79,547 53,323
South Africa 63,232 59,879
Chad 6,894 5,151
Other African Nationalities 93,713 73,130
Total 532,117 483,689
AMERICA AND OCEANIA
U.S.A 272,670 287,182
Canada 98,597 104,953
Australia 35,052 34,585
Other American and Oceanian Nationalities 36,412 35,037
Total 442,731 461,757
Unknown Nationalities 6,394 670
TOTAL ARRIVALS 24,380,919 24,970,071
Arrivals sans Soudan 23,859,981 24,423,984
DEPARTURES
 Nationality 2012 2013
ARAB COUNTRIES
Iraq 326,154 317,096
Syria 965,288 744,351
Lebanon 297,040 317,273
Jordan 1,268,860 1,328,446
Kuwait 1,986,919 2,198,227
Yemen 932,616 1,106,502
Bahrain 2,202,027 2,328,778
Qatar 834,866 881,299
UAE 332,099 399,397
Oman 175,575 205,219
Palestine 131,859 123,959
Algeria 256,639 226,049
Mauritania 6,175 5,851
Egypt 2,836,158 3,006,934
Morocco 149,333 140,472
Sudan 457,736 517,593
Tunisia 85,773 71,685
Libya 124,092 148,443
Somalia 9,941 9,943
Djibouti 1,501 1,357
Displaced Arab Tribes
Comore Islands 4,744 5,762
Kuwait (No-Nationality)
Other Arab Nationalities 57,693 63,661
Total 13,443,088 14,148,297
ASIA
Afghanistan 64,740 72,969
Turkey 522,929 546,151
Iran 736,076 516,498
Malaysia 192,823 233,467
Japan 24,199 25,996
Indonesia 714,352 805,812
Philippines 575,309 613,577
Pakistan 1,854,276 1,985,447
India 2,619,544 3,016,048
China 3,666 4,708
South Korea 48,936 60,871
Singapore 13,726 14,141
Bangladesh 562,860 532,259
Hong Kong 72 54
Thailand 13,293 12,215
Sri Lanka 187,503 192,242
Other Asian Nationalities 269,041 305,773
Total 8,403,345 8,938,228
EUROPE
Britain 334,926 338,560
France 70,550 70,917
Holland 27,161 27,515
Belgium 12,825 14,235
Italy 37,249 42,221
Sweden 8,864 8,234
Norway 4,176 4,079
Switzerland 6,695 6,992
Austria 8,216 8,628
Germany 62,411 64,314
Spain 18,765 24,473
Denmark 6,466 6,200
Greece 8,750 11,172
Cyprus 2,364 3,030
Finland 3,812 3,577
Other European Nationalities 67,876 89,363
Total 681,106 723,510
AFRICA
Ethiopia 85,064 129,864
Mali 4,180 4,724
Nigeria 78,319 53,416
South Africa 61,927 59,995
Chad 7,205 5,440
Other African Nationalities 74,439 75,140
Total 311,134 328,579
AMERICA AND OCEANIA
U.S.A 267,703 287,770
Canada 97,041 105,775
Australia 34,113 34,844
Other American and Oceanian Nationalities 34,065 35,227
Total 432,922 463,616
Unknown Nationalities 919 684
GRAND TOTAL 23,272,514 24,602,914

Source: Ministry of Interior, General Directorate of Passports
 
1. Institution which provides data 

General Authority for Statistics (GAStat)

2. Data availability 

Published in Gastat’s Statistical Yearbooks, in Chapter “Social services”, until 2013 only.
After 2013, data pertaining to border crossings are not disagregated by nationality of the traveller.
All Statistical Yearbooks are available online at:
https://www.stats.gov.sa/en/46

Last date of access: October 2018.

GCC: Total population and percentage of nationals and non-nationals in GCC countries (national statistics, 2017-2018) (with numbers)

Country (date) Total population Nationals Foreign nationals  % nationals % non-nationals
Bahrain (mid-2017) 1,501,116 677,506 823,610 45.1 54.9
Kuwait (November 2018) 4,640,415 1,398,952 3,241,463 30.1 69.8
Oman (November 2018) 4,656,133 2,606,585 2,049,548 56.0 44.0
Qatar (end October 2018) 2,743,932 348,479** 2,395,453** 12.7* 87.3*
Saudi Arabia (mid-2018) 33,413,660 20,768,627 12,645,033 62.2 37.8
UAE (end 2016) 9,121,176 1,153,576** 7,967,600** 12.6*** 87.4***
Total**** 56,076,432 26,953,725 29,122,707 48.1 51.9

Source: National institutes of statistics and author’s calculations based on NIS’ data (see below) 
* Ratio is calculated on the basis of data available for 2015 (see below)
** Our estimate
*** Ratio is calculated on the basis of Emirati population’s estimates (see below)
**** Total provides the sum and ratio of population numbers at different dates. It is not  exactly the total population at any
of these dates.

1- Definition:
Non-nationals are:
1- persons bearing nationality of a foreign State other than the GCC State of residence, or bearing no proof of nationality from any given state
(stateless persons and holders of refugee status and travel document in a third country);
2- Holders of residence permit residing in the given GCC country at date of census, as per definition of residence used in each of the countries.

Figures by nationality for Qatar and the UAE are estimates.

2- Sources of data:
(1) Bahrain Central Informatics Organisation (CIO), CIO’s website, “Statistics” and “Population” sections http://www.data.gov.bh/en/ResourceCenter
(2) Kuwait Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI), homepage as of 12 November 2018 https://www.paci.gov.kw/Default.aspx
(3) National Centre for Statistical Information (NCSI), homepage as of 10 November 2018, https://www.ncsi.gov.om/Pages/NCSI.aspx
(4) Qatar Ministry of Development Planning and Statistics, homepage as of 11 Nov. 2018, data for end of October 2018. https://www.mdps.gov.qa/en/statistics1/Pages/default.aspx.
The percentage distribution of population by broad age group for mid-2015, by sex and nationality was available in 2016’ Woman and Man in the State of Qatar-A Statistical Profile.
https://www.mdps.gov.qa/en/statistics/Statistical%20Releases/Social/GenrealSocialStatistics/MenWomenProfile/2016/Woman_Man_2016_En.pdf
The Labour Force Survey for the first quarter of 2015 gave the numbers of Qataris and foreigners aged 15 and above for March 2015,
which were used to estimate the number of residents aged below 15 years, by nationality.
https://www.mdps.gov.qa/en/statistics/Statistical%20Releases/Social/LaborForce/2015/Q1/LF_Q1_2015.xls
The total population figure obtained is 2,402,774 (306,187 Qataris + 2,096,587 non-Qataris), which is very close to census 2015’s total population figure: 2,404,775.
The difference comes from the rounded-up percentages used for the calculation.
(5) Saudi Arabia General Authority for Statistics,  population estimates based on the results of Demographic Survey 2016, https://www.stats.gov.sa/en/43.
(6) UAE Federal Competitiveness and Statistics Authority (FCSA), estimates of intercensal population (end of 2006-mid-2010)
http://original.fcsa.gov.ae/EnglishHome/ReportDetailsEnglish/tabid/121/Default.aspx?ItemId=1914&PTID=104&MenuId=1
Emirati population’s average annual growth rate was calculated for the period (2006-2009); the Emirati population was then estimated for 2016 (end of the year), on that basis.
The respective shares of Emirati and non-Emirati populations were then calculated, using FCSA’s figure of the total resident population for the end of 2016.
http://fcsa.gov.ae/_layouts/download.aspx?SourceUrl=%2Fen-us%2FLists%2FD_StatisticsSubjectV2%2FAttachments%2F757%2Fpopulation%202016.xlsx

Saudi Arabia: Non – Saudi domestic workers by sex and main group of household occupations (Q2, 2018)

Main groups of household occupations Male Female Total
Housekeeper 1,525 947 2,472
Drivers 1,357,228 0 1,357,228
Servants and house cleaners 250,350 698,798 949,148
Cookers and food provider 16,130 2,653 18,783
Houses, buildings and restrooms guards 34,137 0 34,137
Farmers houses 2,634 0 2,634
Home Tailors 740 1,253 1,993
Nurses and health professionals in homes 615 1,888 2,503
Private teachers and Nannies at homes 542 4,693 5,235
Not specified 32,688 14,282 46,970
Total 1,696,589 724,514 2,421,103

Source: Ministry of Labour and Social Development (MLSD)
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Technical Notes and Definitions

Since Q3 2016, instead of survey results, the Labour Force Surveys’ publications display administrative data: the records of Saudi and foreign labourers covered by social security schemes
(private and governmental sectors), and Ministry of Labour’s records of domestic labourers.
1. Labourers in the governmental sector are recorded by the Ministry of Civil Service.
2. The Social Insurance Law of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has become compulsorily applied to all Saudi workers in the private sector
of any other GCC Member State effective from 01/01/2006. Saudi and foreign workers in the sector have to be recorded by the General Organization for Social Insurance (GOSI).
3. Since 2017, the Ministry of Labour and Social Development records all labourers in the domestic sector.

Therefore, the present data do not include employed persons non-registered in the records of MLSD

2. Institution which provides data 

General Authority for Statistics (GAStat) https://www.stats.gov.sa/en

3. Data availability 

Data on foreign labourers employed in the domestic sector have been published quarterly since Q2, 2016 in GAStat’s Labour Force Surveys.
https://www.stats.gov.sa/en/813
The present data is taken from Labour Force Survey 2018 (Q2) (Excel format).

Last date of access: October 2018.

Saudi Arabia: Employed population by nationality (Saudi / non-Saudi) and sex, 1999-2016 (Q3)

Saudis Non-Saudis Total
Males Females Total Males Females Total Males Females Total
1999_Half1 2,247,720 347,370 2,595,090 2,552,901 444,863 2,997,764 4,800,621 792,233 5,592,854
2000_Half1 2,352,092 351,279 2,703,371 2,591,426 418,548 3,009,974 4,943,518 769,827 5,713,345
2001_Half1 2,413,780 363,193 2,776,973 2,613,943 417,699 3,031,642 5,027,723 780,892 5,808,615
2002_Half1 2,480,225 364,366 2,844,591 2,635,599 432,817 3,068,416 5,115,824 797,183 5,913,007
2003 2,594,493 396,844 2,991,337 2,857,748 466,417 3,324,165 5,452,240 863,262 6,315,502
2004 2,708,760 429,323 3,138,083 3,079,897 500,018 3,579,914 5,788,657 929,340 6,717,997
2005 2,823,028 461,801 3,284,828 3,302,045 533,618 3,835,663 6,125,073 995,419 7,120,491
2006_Half1 2,937,295 494,279 3,431,574 3,524,194 567,218 4,091,412 6,461,489 1,061,497 7,522,986
2007_Half1 3,082,301 502,456 3,584,757 3,581,716 599,868 4,181,584 6,664,017 1,102,324 7,766,341
2007_Half2 3,096,972 503,879 3,600,851 3,598,598 545,002 4,143,600 6,695,570 1,048,881 7,744,451
2008_Half1 3,185,417 493,183 3,678,600 3,651,823 626,409 4,278,232 6,837,240 1,119,592 7,956,832
2008_Half2 3,274,356 482,313 3,756,669 3,677,482 583,149 4,260,631 6,951,838 1,065,462 8,017,300
2009_Half2 3,332,628 505,340 3,837,968 3,736,810 573,214 4,310,024 7,069,438 1,078,554 8,147,992
2010 3,411,801 543,406 3,955,207 4,258,619 621,046 4,879,665 7,670,420 1,164,452 8,834,872
2011_Half2 3,538,669 604,402 4,143,071 5,094,771 697,692 5,792,463 8,633,440 1,302,094 9,935,534
2012_Half1 3,632,143 619,580 4,251,723 5,186,605 698,065 5,884,670 8,818,748 1,317,645 10,136,393
2012_Half2 3,750,781 646,590 4,397,371 5,310,039 682,914 5,992,953 9,060,820 1,329,504 10,390,324
2013_Half1 3,951,255 679,862 4,631,117 5,362,127 641,489 6,003,616 9,313,382 1,321,351 10,634,733
2013_Half2 3,989,632 727,495 4,717,127 5,342,675 669,321 6,011,996 9,332,307 1,396,816 10,729,123
2014_Half1 4,092,494 796,220 4,888,714 5,383,884 627,791 6,011,675 9,476,378 1,424,011 10,900,389
2014_Half2 4,120,467 805,717 4,926,184 5,496,822 644,667 6,141,489 9,617,289 1,450,384 11,067,673
2015_Half1 4,133,251 811,458 4,944,709 5,622,863 662,293 6,285,156 9,756,114 1,473,751 11,229,865
2015_Half2 4,159,744 816,361 4,976,105 5,735,735 772,816 6,508,551 9,895,479 1,589,177 11,484,656
2016_Q2 4,172,988 830,630 5,003,618 5,865,521 816,976 6,682,497 10,038,509 1,647,606 11,686,115
2016_Q3 4,185,853 835,726 5,021,579 6,708,562 646,558 7,355,120 10,894,415 1,482,284 12,376,699

source: Labour Force Surveys (1999 to 2002; 2006 to 2009; 2011 to 2016 (Q3); population censuses 2004 and 2010
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Technical Notes and Definitions

sampling  sample size
frame (households) reference period
1999 Population 15,000 April 16th-May 16th, 1999
2000 Census 15,000 April  2000
2001 1992 15,000 March 2001
2002 15,000 April 2002
2006 Population Census 2004 23,000 May  2006
2007  R1 23,000 February 19th-March 20th, 2007
2007  R2 23,000 August 15th-September 13th, 2007
2008  R1 23,000 February 2008
2008  R2 23,000 August 2008
2009 23,000 July 24th-August 22nd, 2009
2011 Population Census 2010 29,000 October 2011
2012  R1 29,000 January 25th-February 17th, 2012
2012  R2
2013  R1 33,500  January 13th-February 5th, 2013
2014 R1 33,500 January 2014
2014 R2 33,500 August 2014
2015 R1 33,500 May 2015
2015 R2 33,500 November 2015
2016 Q2 33,325 May 2016
2016 Q3 33,325 August 2016

Population of reference: all individuals (nationals and non-nationals)  residing in the Kingdom during the period of reference.
The ultimate sampling unit is the household.

(a) Household and household members: A person or group of persons, related or not related, who share housing and food.
Servants, drivers and similar categories are considered to be part of the household if they live in the same housing unit.

(b) Employed person: A person aged 15 years and above who worked during the reference week for at least one hour for pay or profit, or who had a job but were temporarily absent from work.
Employment refers to people who during the reference period:
– worked for one hour or more for wage or salary, in cash or in kind
– worked for one hour or more for profit or family gain, in cash or in kind
– worked for at least 15 hours without pay on a family business or farm
– did volunteer work
Reference period for employment: The seven days preceding the interview date.

Data collected during Labor Force Surveys include all employed persons, including those employed in the security and military sector .
Since Q3 2016, instead of survey results, the Labour Force Surveys’ publications display administrative data: the records of Saudi and foreign labourers covered by social security schemes
(GOSI and MCS, respectively for the private and the governmental sectors), and Ministry of Labour’s records of domestic labourers.
Administrative data used to describe the labour market after Q3 2016 differ significantly from survey data, since administrative records publications do not incorporate employees
. in the security and military sectors and employed persons non-registered in the records of GOSI and MCS
This is the reason why the time series is interrupted in 2016.

2. Institution which provides data 

General Authority for Statistics (GAStat).

3. Data availability 

Surveys conducted since 1999 are available on the website of GAStat, in Excel and PDF formats:
https://www.stats.gov.sa/en/814

Date of access: October 2018.

 

Oman: Population by nationality (Omani/ non-Omani) and sex (2000-2017) ( Mid-year estimates )

Omanis Non-Omanis Total
Males Females Total Males Females Total Males Females Total
2000 1,777,685 623,571 2,401,256
2001 897,377 928,747 1,826,124 129,269 522,294 651,563 1,026,646 1,451,041 2,477,687
2002 918,914 950,666 1,869,580 175,512 492,650 668,162 1,094,426 1,443,316 2,537,742
2003 881,018 900,540 1,781,558 146,558 412,699 559,257 1,027,576 1,313,239 2,340,815
2004 891,796 911,135 1,802,931 162,889 449,756 612,645 1,054,685 1,360,891 2,415,576
2005 911,677 931,007 1,842,684 138,315 527,838 666,153 1,049,992 1,458,845 2,508,837
2006 932,136 951,440 1,883,576 146,783 546,703 693,486 1,078,919 1,498,143 2,577,062
2007 952,208 970,489 1,922,697 169,172 651,630 820,802 1,121,380 1,622,119 2,743,499
2008 973,060 994,120 1,967,180 206,954 693,294 900,248 1,180,014 1,687,414 2,867,428
2009 998,237 1,019,322 2,017,559 204,565 951,793 1,156,358 1,202,802 1,971,115 3,173,917
2010 966,746 990,590 1,957,336 194,325 621,818 816,143 1,161,071 1,612,408 2,773,479
2011 988,235 1,024,923 2,013,158 216,180 1,065,960 1,282,140 1,204,415 2,090,883 3,295,298
2012 1,029,642 1,062,918 2,092,560 260,672 636,976 1,530,441 1,290,314 1,699,894 3,623,001
2013 1,071,388 1,100,614 2,172,002 281,583 1,401,621 1,683,204 1,352,971 2,502,235 3,855,206
2014 1,117,126 1,143,579 2,260,705 295,956 1,436,232 1,732,188 1,413,082 2,579,811 3,992,893
2015 1,160,516 1,184,430 2,344,646 313,742 1,500,414 1,814,456 1,474,258 2,684,844 4,159,102
2016 1,202,435 1,225,390 2,427,825 325,533 1,660,693 1,986,226 1,527,968 2,886,083 4,414,051
2017 1,241,605 1,263,764 2,505,369 333,954 1,720,640 2,054,594 1,575,559 2,984,404 4,559,963

Source: National Centre for Statistics and Information
 
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Technical Notes and Definitions

The table refers to the population estimated or registered in the Sultanate as of the mid of each given year.

1- Population recorded at each census date in 1993; 2003 and 2010
2- Population registered in the National Registration System, a civil register recording all Omani and expatriate residents 
The civil registration is based on the civil status system and is maintained by the General Directorate of Civil Status, a part of the Royal Oman Police.
Since 2004, registration of all vital events taking place in the Sultanate (births, death, marriages and divorces) in the civil register is mandatory for Omanis and residents of the Sultanate.
DGCS also issues and keeps records of identity cards for Omanis and residence cards to foreign residents.
3- Population estimated by projection based on partial statistical operations and on population censuses (1993 and 2003). 
Projections were prepared by the use of the” Component Method” which takes into consideration all the components of demographic growth (births, deaths, migrants’ entries and exits)

2. Institution which provides data 

National Center for Statistics and Information (NCSI)

3. Data availability 

Uploaded from NCSI Oman Data portal
http://data.gov.om/OMPOP2016/population

Date of access: October 2018.

Saudi Arabia: Work visas alloted by type/ sector of activity (private sector; governmental; domestic) (2004-2017)

year private sector government sector domestic sector Total
2004 423,172 24,821 355,395 803,388
2005 352,924 32,034 339,985 724,943
2006 716,347 42,149 441,247 1,199,743
2007 1,141,601 51,935 445,106 1,638,642
2008 1,191,204 70,924 495,885 1,758,013
2009 932,494 61,143 496,092 1,489,729
2010 1,061,717 68,297 565,537 1,695,551
2011 1,181,911 110,223 647,796 1,939,930
2012 1,586,532 125,909 828,425 2,540,866
2013 950,252 57,007 714,593 1,721,852
2014 1,574,504 104,466 847,927 2,526,897
2015 1,973,391 78,882 995,930 3,048,203
2016 1,403,731 142,824 1,173,500 2,720,055
2017 Q1 146,561 12,288 155,643 314,492
2017 Q2 191,584 9,739 185,499 386,822
2017 Q3 203,021 113,661 192,498 509,180
2017 Q4 177,669 17,711 212,085 407,465
2017 718,835 153,399 745,725 1,617,959
2018 Q1 105,987 14,352 221,128 341,467
2018 Q2 199,529 14,170 180,854 394,553

1. Definitions

The labour visa allows the worker to enter Saudi Arabia. It is issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
In order to employ workers from abroad, the sponsoring company must first file a “Block Visa” request with the Ministry of Labor, requesting pre-approval to sponsor foreign employees.
Once the Block Visa request is approved, the sponsoring company in Saudi Arabia should obtain a visa authorization number and an electronic power of attorney authorized by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Saudi Arabia.
Foreign nationals may then apply for work visas through Saudi consular posts in their country of residence. Several documents are required before issuance of work visas, including medical certificate.
Therefore, work visas are more than the actual workers present in the country, as some eventually do not terminate the procedure, or are rejected at a later stage (entry visa; residency procedures…).

2. Institution which provides data

Ministry of Labour, now Ministry of Labour and Social Development (MLSD) (https://mlsd.gov.sa/en/node)

3. Data availability 

Until 2015, the data was published in Ministry of Labour’s Statistical Yearbooks
MoL’s Yearbooks until 2015 are no longer available on MLSD’s website.
MLSD’s Yearbook for 2016 has the figure of work visas issued that year:
https://mlsd.gov.sa/sites/default/files/uploads/v.26%20%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AA%D9%82%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%B1%20%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B3%D9%86%D9%88%D9%8A%202016.pdf
Figures for 2017 and 2018 are published in the Labour Force Surveys (quarterly):
https://www.stats.gov.sa/en/814

Last date of access: 4 November 2018.

 

GCC: Employed national and non-national populations by sex, and sex ratios in GCC countries (2016)

Employed nationals Employed non-nationals Total employed population
Country sex numbers men per 100 women numbers men per 100 women numbers men per 100 women
Bahrain males 143,007 220 503,755 502 646,762 391
females 65,139 100,356 165,495
Kuwait males 198,143 132 1,567,243 309 1,765,386 269
females 150,237 506,436 656,673
Oman males 290,090 208 1,627,693 822 1,917,783 568
females 139,716 197,910 337,626
Qatar males 65,051 179 1,716,659 732 1,781,710 658
females 36,394 234,583 270,977
Saudi Arabia males 4,185,853 501 6,708,562 1038 10,894,415 735
females 835,726 646,558 1,482,284
United Arab Emirates males NA NA NA NA NA NA
females NA NA NA

Sources: national institutes of statistics.

 

1- Definitions and remarks:
Non-nationals are:
1- persons bearing nationality of a foreign State other than the GCC State of residence, or bearing no proof of nationality from any given state
(stateless persons and holders of refugee status and travel document in a third country) ;
2- Holders of residence permit residing in the given GCC country at date of census, as per definition of residence used in each of the countries.

Employment refers to: all persons of working age (15 and above), who during a reference period worked to produce goods or provide services for pay (cash or kind)
or worked for profit from their own (or partially owned) business or worked without pay in the family business or with other individuals.
It also includes those who have a temporary absence from a job during the reference period due to vacation or illness or any other reason.

Kuwait: 2015 data.
Oman: Employment data does not include those employed in the Defense, Armed Forces, and Police (Military) in the governmental sector.
UAE: No data available.

2- Sources of data:
Data is taken from:
GCC Stat. Labour Statistics in GCC Countries 2016, Issue n°4, March 2018.
https://gccstat.org/images/gccstat/docman/indicators/vital_employed_analysis_2016.xlsx

Last accessed: October 2018.

GCC: Labour Force Participation Rates by sex in GCC countries (%) (2016)

Males Females Total employed population
nationals non-nationals nationals non-nationals nationals non-nationals
Bahrain 63.2 97.8 32.2 58.2 47.8 87.9
Kuwait 52.9 95.3 39.3 65.8 46.0 85.7
Oman n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Qatar 68.5 98.0 36.9 65.6 52.4 92.5
Saudi Arabia 64.6 93.3 19.0 22.8 42.0 73.1
United Arab Emirates 64.1 95.0 30.9 54.3 47.5 83.5

Sources: national institutes of statistics.

 

1- Definitions and remarks:
Labour Force Participation Rates refer to the percentage of active (employed or unemployed) population aged 15 and above in the category (sex and nationality).
Ex.: 22.8% of foreign women in Saudi Arabia are economically active (i.e.: employed or unemployed).

Kuwait: 2015 data.
Oman: data not available.

2- Sources of data:
Data is taken from:
GCC Stat. Labour Statistics in GCC Countries 2016, Issue n°4, March 2018.
https://gccstat.org/images/gccstat/docman/indicators/vital_employed_analysis_2016.xlsx

Last accessed: October 2018.

GCC: EMP 1.1 Percentage of nationals and non-nationals in employed population in GCC countries (2016)

Employed % in employed population
Country population  Nationals Non-nationals
Bahrain 812,257 25.6 74.4
Kuwait 2,422,059 14.4 85.6
Oman 2,255,409 19.1 80.9
Qatar 2,052,687 4.9 95.1
Saudi Arabia 12,376,699 40.6 59.4
UAE  NA NA NA

Sources: national institutes of statistics

1- Definitions and remarks:
Non-nationals are:
1- persons bearing nationality of a foreign State other than the GCC State of residence, or bearing no proof of nationality from any given state
(stateless persons and holders of refugee status and travel document in a third country) ;
2- Holders of residence permit residing in the given GCC country at date of census, as per definition of residence used in each of the countries.

Employment refers to: all persons of working age (15 and above), who during a reference period worked to produce goods or provide services for pay (cash or kind)
or worked for profit from their own (or partially owned) business or worked without pay in the family business or with other individuals.
It also includes those who have a temporary absence from a job during the reference period due to vacation or illness or any other reason.

Kuwait: Data for 2015.
Oman: Employment data does not include those employed in the Defense, Armed Forces, and Police (Military) of the governmental sector.
UAE: No data available.

2- Sources of data:
Data is taken from:
GCC Stat. Labour Statistics in GCC Countries 2016, Issue n°4, March 2018.
https://gccstat.org/images/gccstat/docman/indicators/vital_employed_analysis_2016.xlsx

Last accessed: October 2018.

Saudi Arabia: deportations from Saudi Arabia by month (March 2011-August 2018)

Monthly figures Cumulated figures
3/2011 33,323 33,323
4/2011 34,311 67,634
5/2011 30,504 98,138
6/2011 38,703 136,841
7/2011 29,724 166,565
8/2011 30,751 197,316
9/2011 43,704 241,020
10/2011 36,087 277,107
11/2011 53,014 330,121
12/2011 54,384 384,505
Total 3 to 12/ 2011  384,505
1/2012 47,473 431,978
2/2012 48,826 480,804
3/2012 46,413 527,217
4/2012 49,296 576,513
5/2012 50,734 627,247
6/2012 53,851 681,098
7/2012 44,693 725,791
8/2012 60,972 786,763
9/2012 51,963 838,726
10/2012 41,944 880,670
11/2012 51,049 931,719
12/2012 47,288 979,007
Total 2012 594,502
1/2013 46,579 1,025,586
2/2013 51,009 1,076,595
3/2013 52,322 1,128,917
4/2013 53,713 1,182,630
5/2013 61,203 1,243,833
6/2013 50,157 1,293,990
7/2013 30,585 1,324,575
8/2013 29,395 1,353,970
9/2013 34,266 1,388,236
10/2013 32,300 1,420,536
11/2013 123,470 1,544,006
12/2013 100,961 1,644,967
Total 2013 665,960
01/2014 55,069 1,700,036
02/2014 52,283 1,752,319
03/2014 50,960 1,803,279
04/2014 42,295 1,845,574
05/2014 49,437 1,895,011
06/2014 50,543 1,945,554
07/2014 44,119 1,989,673
08/2014 43,650 2,033,323
09/2014 55,186 2,088,509
10/2014 44,781 2,133,290
11/2014 55,410 2,188,700
12/2014 61,687 2,250,387
Total 2014 605,420
01/2015 55,930 2,306,317
02/2015 58,230 2,364,547
03/2015 63,134 2,427,681
04/2015 63,785 2,491,466
05/2015 47,405 2,538,871
06/2015 31,403 2,570,274
07/2015 21,355 2,591,629
08/2015 21,676 2,613,305
09/2015 24,214 2,637,519
10/2015 18,257 2,655,776
11/2015 34,107 2,689,883
12/2015 28,379 2,718,262
Total 2015 467,875
01/2016 29,050 2,747,312
02/2016 30,403 2,777,715
03/2016 27,106 2,804,821
04/2016 30,431 2,835,252
05/2016 30,918 2,866,170
06/2016 28,519 2,894,689
07/2016 25,238 2,919,927
08/2016 27,443 2,947,370
09/2016 23,640 2,971,010
10/2016 30,447 3,001,457
11/2016 42,486 3,043,943
12/2016 41,142 3,085,085
Total 2016 366,823
01/2017 35,578 3,120,663
02/2017 33,417 3,154,080
03/2017 33,234 3,187,314
04/2017 37,330 3,224,644
05/2017 40,166 3,264,810
06/2017 31,541 3,296,351
07/2017 81,686 3,378,037
08/2017 52,131 3,430,168
09/2017 36,488 3,466,656
10/2017 18,549 3,485,205
11/2017 30,907 3,516,112
12/2017 30,447 3,546,559
Total 2017 461,474
01/2018 44,382 3,590,941
02/2018 47,406 3,638,347
03/2018 45,162 3,683,509
04/2018 46,282 3,729,791
05/2018 46,566 3,776,357
06/2018 42,443 3,818,800
07/2018 40,610 3,859,410
08/2018 33,838 3,893,248
09/2018

Source: Ministry of Interior.
 
1. Definition

Saudi Arabia for years has been routinely performing deportations of illegal workers, during amnesty periods and rounding up operations of various scales.

2. Institution which provides data 

Ministry of Interior

3. Data availability 

Monthly figures for irregulars’ arrests and deportations are available online on the Ministry of Interior’s website,
Path: Section “Sectors”, “National center for security operations”, “Statistics”, “monthly statistics”. Data available in the Arabic section only.
Figures are computed by Hijri months.

Last date of access: Septembre 2018

Saudi Arabia: Arrests of infiltrators into Saudi Arabia by Border Police (monthly data, November 2012-August 2018)

Month/ Year Arrests at Saudi borders
11/2012 25,553
12/2012 21,378
1/2013 28,816
2/2013 33,005
3/2013 26,213
4/2013 24,344
5/2013 22,276
6/2013 77,552
7/2013 17,837
8/2013 20,305
9/2013 14,698
10/2013 31,436
11/2013 35,116
12/2013 27,328
01/2014 25,534
02/2014 20,260
03/2014 17,541
04/2014 23,080
05/2014 20,474
06/2014 18,939
07/2014 27,050
08/2014 15,905
09/2014 18,500
10/2014 16,817
11/2014 18,242
12/2014 20,515
1/2015 19,347
2/2015 18,605
3/2015 6,884
4/2015 4,485
5/2015 5,065
6/2015 6,327
7/2015 4,078
8/2015 726
9/2015 1,713
10/2015 1,907
11/2015 2,493
12/2015 1,760
01/2016 2,014
02/2016 2,255
03/2016 2,336
04/2016 1,916
05/2016 1,476
06/2016 3,247
07/2016 1,987
08/2016 1,791
09/2016 1,794
10/2016 1,658
11/2016 1,476
12/2016 1,550
01/2017 3,322
02/2017 3,860
03/2017 3,508
04/2017 1,900
05/2017 1,798
06/2017 1,459
07/2017 1,658
08/2017 2,665
09/2017 2,378
10/2017 7,347
11/2017 3,230
12/2017 2,349
01/2018 3,371
02/2018 3,017
03/2018 2,073
04/2018 3,016
05/2018 2,215
06/2018 3,059
07/2018 3,348

Source: Ministry of Interior, Border Police

 

1. Definition
Infiltrators are persons who entered illegally into Saudi Arabia’s territory.
These arrests are made by border guards (Interior Ministry) at the country’s external borders.

2. Institution which provides data 

Ministry of interior

3. Data availability 
Figures of arrests at Saudi borders are available on the website of the Ministry of Interior
Path: Section “Sectors”, “National center for security operations”, “Statistics”, “monthly statistics”. Data available in the Arabic section only.
Figures are disagregated by administrative region where the arrest took place.
Figures are computed by Hijri months.

Last date of access: Septembre 2018

Saudi Arabia: Private sector employees by nationality (Saudi / Non-Saudi) and sex (2005-2017)

Saudis Non-Saudis Total
Males Females Total Males Females Total Males Females Total
2005 590,000 30,000 620,000 4,660,000 80,000 4,740,000 5,300,000 100,000 5,400,000
2006 673,830 39,921 713,751 4,782,034 84,955 4,866,989 5,455,864 124,876 5,580,740
2007 714,565 51,056 765,621 4,964,241 96,994 5,061,235 5,678,806 148,050 5,826,856
2008 777,606 51,451 829,057 5,301,290 91,600 5,392,890 6,078,896 143,051 6,221,947
2009* 633,075 48,406 681,481 6,125,028 89,039 6,214,067 6,758,103 137,445 6,895,548
2010 669,037 55,618 724,655 6,178,130 88,415 6,266,545 6,847,167 144,033 6,991,200
2011 744,990 99,486 844,476 6,823,554 113,466 6,937,020 7,568,544 212,952 7,781,496
2012 918,793 215,840 1,134,633 7,244,206 108,694 7,352,900 8,162,999 324,534 8,487,533
2013 1,068,315 398,538 1,466,853 8,051,394 161,388 8,212,782 9,119,709 559,926 9,679,635
2014 1,136,897 413,071 1,549,968 8,300,627 169,512 8,470,139 9,437,524 582,583 10,020,107
2015 1,239,463 499,611 1,739,074 8,698,869 179,247 8,878,116 9,938,332 678,858 10,617,190
2016 1,261,538 547,777 1,809,315 8,826,453 208,817 9,035,270 10,087,991 756,594 10,844,585
2017 1,293,072 605,855 1,898,927 8,091,976 220,298 8,312,274 9,385,048 826,153 10,211,201

Source: Ministry of Labour and Social Development, Data section
 
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 

1. Technical Notes and Definitions

* Workers double-counted and with incomplete or incorrect information were excluded.

2. Institution which provides data 

Ministry of Labour and Social Development (MLSD).
https://mlsd.gov.sa/en/
https://mlsd.gov.sa/

3. Data availability 

Ministry of Labour’s records of employees and job-seekers in the private sector are published in chapter “Labour and Social Security” of GAStat’s Annual Yearbooks (in Arabic and English, Excel format):
https://www.stats.gov.sa/en/940
The present time-series data is taken from the Saudi Arabial Monetary Authority (SAMA) Annual Statistics (“miscellaneous statistics” section) (Excel format)
http://www.sama.gov.sa/en-US/EconomicReports/Pages/YearlyStatistics.aspx

Last date of access: July 2018.

Saudi Arabia: Public sector employees by nationality (Saudi / Non-Saudi) and sex (1970-2017)

Saudis Non-Saudis Total
Males Females Total Males Females Total Males Females Total
1970 97,002 20,276 117,278
1971 110,453 23,629 134,082
1972 120,765 28,288 149,053
1973 127,658 31,106 158,764
1974 131,667 34,748 166,415
1975 142,341 42,400 184,741
1976 140,807 47,055 187,862
1977 148,062 50,976 199,038
1978 154,789 57,252 212,041
1979 165,056 64,182 229,238
1980 183,501 69,397 252,898
1981 195,604 72,867 268,471
1982 247,978 86,243 334,221
1983 258,124 106,124