Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

GCC: National and foreign national populations by aggregated age groups in GCC countries (national statistics, 2005-2015)

    age Nationals  Foreign nationals Total population % foreign nationals
Country date/ period  group numbers % numbers % numbers % in each age group
Bahrain (1) Mid-2014 0-14 201,455 32 68,132 10 269,587 21 25
    15-64 402,778 64 604,588 88 1,007,366 77 60
    65+ 26,511 4 11,098 2 37,609 3 30
Kuwait (2) December 2015 0-14 473,744 36 399,723 14 873,467 21 46
    15-64 784,803 60 2,493,384 85 3,278,187 77 76
    65+ 49,058 4 38,294 1 87,352 2 44
Oman(3) Mid-2015 0-14 837,655 36 90,959 5 928,614 22 10
    15-64 1,406,430 60 1,715,721 95 3,122,151 75 55
    65+ 100,861 4 7,476 0 108,337 3 7
Qatar (4) April 2010 0-14 96,811 40 135,773 9 232,584 14 58
    15-64 138,915 57 1,314,119 90 1,453,034 86 90
    65+ 7,347 3 6,471 0 13,818 1 47
Saudi Arabia (5) April 2010 0-14 5,550,117 30 1,638,196 19 7,188,313 26 23
    15-64 12,629,476 67 6,739,636 80 19,369,112 71 35
    65+ 596,917 3 81,814 1 678,731 2 12
United Arab Emirates (6) December 2005 0-14 313,872 38 486,699 15 800,571 20 61
    15-64 488,592 59 2,780,314 85 3,268,906 80 85
    65+ 21,708 3 13,919 0 35,627 1 39
GCC Total*   0-14 7,473,654 31 2,819,482 15 10,293,136 24 27
    15-64 15,850,994 66 15,647,762 84 31,498,756 74 50
    65+ 802,402 3 159,072 1 961,474 2 17

Sources: national institutes of statistics, latest year or period available as of 20 April 2016.
* Total provides the sum of population numbers at different dates. It is not exactly the total population at any of these dates.

1- Definition:
Non-nationals are:
1- persons bearing nationality of a foreign State other than the GCC State of residence, or bearing no proof of nationality from any given state (stateless persons and holders of refugee status and travel document in a third country) ;
2- Holders of residence permit residing in the given GCC country at date of census, as per definition of residence used in each of the countries.

2- Sources of data:
(1) Bahrain Central Informatics Organisation (CIO), CIO’s website, “Statistics” and “Population” sections http://www.data.gov.bh/en/ResourceCenter
(2) Kuwait Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI), “Population” Bulletin 2015, 31 December 2015
(3) National Centre for Statistical Information (NCSI), Bulletin of Population Statistics n°5, 2015
(4) Qatar Statistics Authority (QSA), Census 2010; http://gulfmigration.eu/population-aged-15-years-and-above-by-sex-10-years-age-groups-and-nationality-qatari-non-qatari-and-total-population-by-sex-and-5-years-age-groups-2010/
(5) Saudi Arabia Central Department for Statistics and Information (CDSI), Census 2010
(6) UAE National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), Census 2005.

Date of access: 20 April 2016

Saudi Arabia: Work permits granted by economic activity sector (2012)

Economic activity sector of permit holder Work permits
Agriculture, Forests, Hunting and Fishing 156,353
Mines, Oil, Gas and Quarries 14,974
Manufacturing industries 475,173
Electricity, Gas and Water 8,534
Construction 2,696,389
Retails and Hotels 806,523
Transports and Storage 169,495
Finance, Insurance, Real estate services and Businesses 67,972
Collective, Social, and Personal services 415,682
Non stated
Total 4,811,095

Source: Ministry of Labour
1. Definitions

Classification used for economic activity is adapted from ISIC 3.1

2. Data collection methodology

The issuance of the residency and work permits begins with filing an application with the Ministry of Labor.
After its approval, the Ministry of Labor forwards the application to the Ministry of Interior for the issuance of the residency permit.

3. Institution which provides data

Ministry of Labour

4. Data availability

Published in Ministry of Labour’s Statistical Yearbooks
MoL Yearbooks (in Arabic) are available online at http://portal.mol.gov.sa/ar/Statistics/Pages/default.aspx (all issues since 2004)
2012’s Yearbook:
http://portal.mol.gov.sa/ar/Statistics/Documents/%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%83%D8%AA%D8%A7%D8%A8%20%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A7%D8%AD%D8%B5%D8%A7%D8%A6%D9%8A%20%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B3%D9%86%D9%88%D9%8A%20%D9%84%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%85%202012%D9%85%20.pdf

Last date of access: July 2015.