Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

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Employed population by nationality group, sex and occupation group (Kuwait) (2012)

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Kuwaitis Arabs Asians Africans Europeans North Americans South Americans Aus.- Oceanians Total N.-K. Grand total
Occupation males females males females males females males females males females males females males females males females males females males females
Legislators, senior officials and managers 7,522 2,973 34,327 2,998 21,458 1,869 197 53 1,103 245 1,392 244 99 20 117 22 58,693 5,451 66,215 8,424
Professionals 25,033 45,889 55,969 17,238 22,610 4,275 216 79 1,485 603 1,508 585 118 38 171 54 82,077 22,872 107,110 68,761
Technicians and associate professionals 30,858 26,365 13,837 4,927 20,601 19,411 84 45 364 287 1,722 541 48 7 22 13 36,678 25,231 67,536 51,596
Clerks 66,129 91,921 51,795 12,994 29,688 12,592 199 269 313 300 293 268 52 15 24 20 82,364 26,458 148,493 118,379
Service workers and shop and market sales workers 63,826 3,629 87,931 8,162 217,779 271,350 2,070 55,690 312 338 689 121 75 14 36 10 308,892 335,685 372,718 339,314
Skilled agricultural and fishery workers 131 5 4,200 1 7,499 4 363 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 12,064 5 12,195 10
Craft and related trades workers 8,818 1,067 44,375 419 107,738 1,882 137 21 257 8 417 28 35 0 11 1 152,970 2,359 161,788 3,426
Production supervisors and foremen 4,659 480 54,757 278 247,525 1,367 715 21 349 18 2,084 360 46 2 12 0 305,488 2,046 310,147 2,526
Regular work professionals 95 31 95,525 619 202,232 10,062 1,128 324 172 24 380 66 18 2 11 0 299,466 11,097 299,561 11,128
Not Stated 1,452 6,200 26,462 12,764 43,184 7,361 731 828 701 551 816 680 31 22 55 55 71,980 22,261 73,432 28,461
Total 208,523 178,560 469,178 60,400 920,314 330,173 5,840 57,330 5,058 2,374 9,301 2,893 522 120 459 175 1,410,672 453,465 1,619,195 632,025

Source: PACI

 

ANNEXED NOTE

1. Characteristics of data and definitions

The source of data used here is the Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI), an independant government body in charge of :

1- centralising all population and labour force data in order to manage a fully computerised population register

2- issuing mandatory civil identification cards to every resident of the country, regardless of age and nationality.

The other source of demographic and socioeconomic data on Kuwait is the Central Statistical Office (CSO), operating within the Planning Ministry. The CSO has conducted ten population and housing censuses since its inception in 1957.

Since 1995 a marked discrepancy was witnessed between PACI’ and CSO’ population figures. PACI’ database is connected electronically with other administrations and bodies registering demographic events and professional/ residency issues (births and death; departures and arrivals; end of service, residency and ID deliveries, etc.).

PACI’s records of residents’ movements is thus regularly updated, which limits the risk of population overcount. Therefore, it is more likely that residents were undercounted during CSO- Ministry of Planning’s census operations (see: Shah, N. Population of Kuwait. Structure and Dynamics, Kuwait: Kuwait University Academic Publication Council, 2010, chapter 1).

(a) Kuwaiti: the Kuwaiti nationality rests upon a document of Kuwaiti nationality or a certificate proving Kuwaiti nationality issued by the Ministry of Interior of Kuwait.

(b) Non-Kuwaiti: his/ her nationality is determined by the name of the State having issued the passport. The foreign national also entered Kuwait legally and has a stamp of residence.

This category includes the Bidoon, a category of stateless persons living in the Emirate. Kuwait’s Bidoon population originates from three broad categories:

1) those whose ancestors failed to apply for nationality or lacked necessary documentation at the time of Kuwait’s independence in 1961;

2) those recruited to work in Kuwait’s army or police force during the 1960s who permanently settled in Kuwait, along with their families;

3) children of Kuwaiti mothers and stateless or foreign fathers (see Human Rights Watch. Prisoners of the Past. Kuwaiti Bidun and the Burden of Statelessness, June 2011, p. 3).

(c) Population in the labour force: population aged 15 years and above, included in the labour market, either employed (in the government or private sector, as itinerant worker, employed in the domestic sector), or unemployed.

Occupations are categorised according to (slightly adapted) ISCO 88 international classification of occupations (major (1-digit) group titles).

Note: figures of expatriates differ slightly between PACI’s various sources of data (database; tabulated data).

2. Institution which provides data

The Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI)

3. Period of data coverage: December 2012

The database is updated three times a year and the website presents only the most recent data.

4. Data availability

The statistics section of PACI’s website (http://www.paci.gov.kw/en/ (English); http://www.paci.gov.kw/ (Arabic)) provides population and socio-economic data broken down by nationality (Kuwaiti/ non-Kuwaiti). Some data are displayed by nationality groups.

Analytical tables and data crosstabulations are available for download in PDF, html, .png and Excel (.csv) formats.

Date of access: June 2013.

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