Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

GCC: EMP 1.1 Percentage of nationals and non-nationals in employed population in GCC countries (2016)

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Employed % in employed population
Country population  Nationals Non-nationals
Bahrain 812,257 25.6 74.4
Kuwait 2,422,059 14.4 85.6
Oman 2,255,409 19.1 80.9
Qatar 2,052,687 4.9 95.1
Saudi Arabia 12,376,699 40.6 59.4

Sources: national institutes of statistics

1- Definitions and remarks:
Non-nationals are:
1- persons bearing nationality of a foreign State other than the GCC State of residence, or bearing no proof of nationality from any given state
(stateless persons and holders of refugee status and travel document in a third country) ;
2- Holders of residence permit residing in the given GCC country at date of census, as per definition of residence used in each of the countries.

Employment refers to: all persons of working age (15 and above), who during a reference period worked to produce goods or provide services for pay (cash or kind)
or worked for profit from their own (or partially owned) business or worked without pay in the family business or with other individuals.
It also includes those who have a temporary absence from a job during the reference period due to vacation or illness or any other reason.

Kuwait: Data for 2015.
Oman: Employment data does not include those employed in the Defense, Armed Forces, and Police (Military) of the governmental sector.
UAE: No data available.

2- Sources of data:
Data is taken from:
GCC Stat. Labour Statistics in GCC Countries 2016, Issue n°4, March 2018.

Last accessed: October 2018.

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