Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

GCC: Employed population by nationality (nationals/ non-nationals) and sector of employment (2017-2018)

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Sector of employment Country and reference period Bahrain Kuwait Oman Qatar* Saudi Arabia UAE
mid-2018 Dec. 2018 2017 2017 mid-2018
Government Nationals 53,932 335,253 195,680 84,348 1,391,163 n.a.
Non-nationals 9,730 123,014 36383 123,064 78,011 n.a.
Private Nationals 104,882 63,104 238,688 10,210 1,718,824 n.a.
Non-nationals 499,275 1,616,312 1,502,808 1,596,340 7,128,654 n.a.
Mixed Nationals 8,798 n.a.
Non-nationals 49,865 n.a.
Domestic Nationals 0 0 0 0 0 n.a.
Non-nationals 91,852 648,346 292,881 172,406 2,371,390 n.a.
Other Nationals 588 n.a.
Non-nationals 8,883 n.a.
Total Nationals 158,814 398,357 434,368 103,944 3,109,987 n.a.
Non-nationals 600,857 2,387,672 1,832,072 1,950,558 9,578,055 n.a.

Sources: GCC National Statistical Organisations

“Mixed” sector refers to establishments in which the government shares capital with another party,
whether national, regional or foreign.
“Other”: includes the “Diplomatic”,” International”, “Foreign” and “Regional” sectors of employment,
as well as the “NGOs-non-profit” sector.
The two sectors only exist in Qatar and the UAE.

The “Government” sector may not include employees in the security and military sectors.
Administrative records usually do not include self-employed persons.

Characteristics of data, definitions, data sources and availability, please see:
Bahrain: https://gulfmigration.org/bahrain-estimated-total-employed-population-by-nationality-bahraini-non-bahraini-and-sector-public-private-domestic-quarterly-q1-2014-q2-2018/
Kuwait: https://gulfmigration.org/kuwait-employed-population-aged-15-and-above-by-nationality-group-sex-and-activity-sector-2018/
Oman: https://gulfmigration.org/oman-employed-population-by-nationality-omani-expatriate-and-sector-of-employment-public-private-domestic-2005-2017/
Qatar:
*: labour force (employed+unemployed). Persons seeking work for the first time are not included.
“Government” sector refers to Government departments, as well as governmental companies
and corporations.
Source: MDPS. Labour Force Survey 2017, Annual Bulletin.
https://www.mdps.gov.qa/en/statistics/Statistical%20Releases/Social/LaborForce/2017/Annual_Bulletin_Labour_force_2017_AE.pdf
https://www.mdps.gov.qa/en/statistics/Statistical%20Releases/Social/LaborForce/2017/Annual_Bulletin_Labour_force_2017_AE.xls
Saudi Arabia: https://gulfmigration.org/saudi-arabia-total-employed-population-aged-15-and-above-by-nationality-saudi-non-saudi-sex-and-sector-of-employment-governmental-private-domestic-labour-q3-2018/.
UAE: no raw numbers and totals available.

Last date of access: 31 March 2019.

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