Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

GCC: Non-national population employed in domestic services, by sex (2017-2018)

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Country Reference period Number of domestic labourers % females
Males Females Non-nationals
Bahrain mid-2018 22,478 69,374 91,852 76
Kuwait Dec. 2018 349,570 298,776 648,346 46
Oman Dec. 2017 137,355 155,526 292,881 53
Qatar 2017 63,464 108,942 172,406 63
Saudi Arabia Sept. 2018 1,659,729 711,661 2,371,390 30
UAE n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.

Sources: GCC National Statistical Organisations
Domestic sector’s employees: Live-in labourers who provide a household with services for a salary
(ex.: domestic helpers, drivers, gardeners, nannies and private teachers, nurses, cooks, building guards, ..).

Sources and data characteristics:
Bahrain: Labour Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA), Kingdom of Bahrain, based on data from Bahrain
Labour Market Indicators website:
Kuwait: statistics section of PACI’s website (“Statistical Reports”): (English); (Arabic).
Oman: National Center for Statistics and Information (NCSI). Statistical Yearbook 2018
(chapter “Employment”):
Qatar: Ministry of Development Planning and Statistics (MDPS). Labour Force Survey 2017, Annual Bulletin:
Saudi Arabia: General Authority for Statistics (GAStat). Labour Force Survey 2018 (Q3):
UAE: no raw numbers and totals available.

Last date of access: 31 March 2019.

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