Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

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GCC: Percentage distribution of employed national and non-national populations, by sector of employment (2017-2018)

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Country and reference period Bahrain Kuwait Oman Qatar* Saudi Arabia UAE**
Sector of employment mid-2018 Dec. 2018 2017 2017 mid-2018 2017
Government Nationals 34.0 84.2 45.0 81.1 44.7 83.2
Non-nationals 1.6 5.2 2.0 6.3 0.8 7.2
Private Nationals 66.0 15.8 55.0 9.8 55.3 8.2
Non-nationals 83.1 67.7 82.0 81.8 74.4 75.0
Mixed  Nationals 8.5 7.4
Non-nationals 2.6 4.5
Domestic Nationals 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Non-nationals 15.3 27.2 16.0 8.8 24.8 11.8
Other Nationals 0.6 1.1
Non-nationals 0.5 1.5
Total Nationals 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Non-nationals 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Sources: GCC National Statistical Organisations

“Mixed” sector refers to establishments in which the government shares capital with another party,
whether national, regional or foreign.

“Other”: includes the “Diplomatic”,” International”, “Foreign” and “Regional” sectors of employment,
as well as the “NGOs-non-profit” sector.

The two sectors only exist in Qatar and the UAE.

The “Government” sector may not include employees in the security and military sectors.
Administrative records usually do not include self-employed persons.

Except for the UAE, percentages were calculated on the basis of figures of nationals and non-nationals in 
each employment sector, from the sources listed below. 

Characteristics of data, definitions, data sources and availability, please see:
Bahrain: https://gulfmigration.org/bahrain-estimated-total-employed-population-by-nationality-bahraini-non-bahraini-and-sector-public-private-domestic-quarterly-q1-2014-q2-2018/
Kuwait: https://gulfmigration.org/kuwait-employed-population-aged-15-and-above-by-nationality-group-sex-and-activity-sector-2018/
Oman: https://gulfmigration.org/oman-employed-population-by-nationality-omani-expatriate-and-sector-of-employment-public-private-domestic-2005-2017/
Saudi Arabia: https://gulfmigration.org/saudi-arabia-total-employed-population-aged-15-and-above-by-nationality-saudi-non-saudi-sex-and-sector-of-employment-governmental-private-domestic-labour-q3-2018/.
Qatar:
*: labour force (employed+unemployed). Persons seeking work for the first time are not included.
“Government” sector refers to Government departments, as well as governmental companies
and corporations.
Source: MDPS. Labour Force Survey 2017, Annual Bulletin.
https://www.mdps.gov.qa/en/statistics/Statistical%20Releases/Social/LaborForce/2017/Annual_Bulletin_Labour_force_2017_AE.pdf
https://www.mdps.gov.qa/en/statistics/Statistical%20Releases/Social/LaborForce/2017/Annual_Bulletin_Labour_force_2017_AE.xls

UAE: 
**”Government” sector refers to Federal and Local government departments.
Source: FCSA. Labour Force Survey 2017.

http://fcsa.gov.ae/en-us/Pages/Statistics/Statistics-by-Subject.aspx#/%3Fsubject=Population%20and%20social&folder=Population%20and%20social/Labor%20Force
Data is presented as percentage distribution.

Last date of access: 31 March 2019.

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