Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

GCC: Employed national and non-national populations by sex, and sex ratios in GCC countries (2015)

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    Employed nationals Employed non-nationals Total employed population
Country sex numbers men per 100 women numbers men per 100 women numbers men per 100 women
Bahrain males 139,925 218 468,223 481 608,148 377
  females 64,187 97,284 161,471
Kuwait males 198,143 132 1,567,243 309 1,765,386 269
  females 150,237 506,436 656,673
Oman males 273,508 210 1,502,686 771 1,776,194 546
  females 130,077 194,985 325,062
Qatar males 64,101 187 1,628,620 719 1,692,721 649
  females 34,322 226,395 260,717
Saudi Arabia males 4,159,744 510 5,735,735 742 9,895,479 623
  females 816,361 772,816 1,589,177
United Arab Emirates males NA NA NA NA NA NA
  females NA NA NA

Sources: national institutes of statistics, in GCC Stat. Labour Statistics in GCC Countries 2015, Issue n°3, March 2017.
1- Definitions and remarks:
Non-nationals are:
1- persons bearing nationality of a foreign State other than the GCC State of residence, or bearing no proof of nationality from any given state
(stateless persons and holders of refugee status and travel document in a third country) ;
2- Holders of residence permit residing in the given GCC country at date of census, as per definition of residence used in each of the countries.

Employment refers to: all persons of working age (15 and above), who during a reference period worked to produce goods or provide services for pay (cash or kind)
or worked for profit from their own (or partially owned) business or worked without pay in the family business or with other individuals.
It also includes those who have a temporary absence from a job during the reference period due to vacation or illness or any other reason.

Bahrain: Employment data had been estimated based on 2010 Census.
Oman: Employment data only includes civil sector, and does not include those employed in the Defense, Armed Forces, and Police (Military).
UAE: No data available.

2- Sources of data:
Data is taken from:
GCC Stat. Labour Statistics in GCC Countries 2015, Issue n°3, March 2017.

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