Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

Kuwait: Employed population aged 15 and above by nationality group and sex (2018)

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Males Females Total
Kuwaitis 204,189 194,168 398,357
Arabs 596,985 60,121 657,106
Asians 1,291,152 372,910 1,664,062
Africans 8,637 35,322 43,959
Europeans 7,209 3,318 10,527
N. Americans 7,897 2,533 10,430
S. Americans 680 198 878
Australians/ Oceanians 557 153 710
Total non-Kuwaitis 1,913,117 474,555 2,387,672
Grand total 2,117,306 668,723 2,786,029

Source: PACI
1. Characteristics of data and definitions

The source of data used here is the Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI), an independant government body in charge of :
1- centralising all population and labour force data in order to manage a fully computerised population register
2- issuing mandatory civil identification cards to every resident of the country, regardless of age and nationality.

(a) Kuwaiti: the Kuwaiti nationality rests upon a document of Kuwaiti nationality or a certificate proving Kuwaiti nationality issued by the Ministry of Interior of Kuwait.

(b) Non-Kuwaiti: his/ her nationality is determined by the name of the State having issued the passport. The foreign national also entered Kuwait legally and has a stamp of residence.
The Biduns, stateless persons living in the Emirate, are counted with the non-nationals.

(c) Employed population in the labour force: population aged 15 years and above, in paid employment in the government or private sector, as itinerant worker, or in the domestic sector.

(d) Government sector: any organization of the government (organizations, authority and departments), included within the state budget
(Ministries and government departments; authorities with attached budgets; authorities with independent budgets).

(e) Non-governmental sector: any part of the private sector (a company or an individual) or any authority of the non-governmental sector.

(f) Domestic services sector: the household/ family sector, where the work is associated with the residence and its inhabitants,
their service and their comfort (including maids, nannies, cooks, drivers, etc.).

Note: figures of expatriates may differ slightly between PACI’s various sources of data (database; tabulated data) and topic covered.

2. Institution which provides data 

The Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI)

3. Period of data coverage: December 2018

The database is updated three times a year and the website presents only the most recent data.

4. Data availability 

The statistics section of PACI’s website (“Statistical Reports”) ( (English); (Arabic))
provides population and socio-economic data broken down by nationality (Kuwaiti/ non-Kuwaiti). Some data are displayed by nationality groups.
Analytical tables and data crosstabulations are available for download in PDF, html, .png and Excel (.csv) formats.

Date of access: February 2019.


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