Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

Kuwait: Employed population aged 15 and above by nationality (Kuwaiti/ non-Kuwaiti), activity sector and age group (2014)

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Kuwaitis Non-Kuwaitis
Sector Age group Government sector Non-government sector Total Government sector Non-government sector Domestic sector Total
15-19 599 3,143 3,742 63 136 44 243
20-24 24,871 18,353 43,224 1,385 61,680 35,102 98,167
25-29 67,740 20,943 88,683 11,265 217,280 115,753 344,298
30-34 64,530 15,231 79,761 22,765 263,459 113,822 400,046
35-39 56,758 11,186 67,944 23,690 235,682 111,121 370,493
40-44 43,526 8,448 51,974 19,578 185,149 87,043 291,770
45-49 30,166 4,883 35,049 15,988 144,571 60,690 221,249
50-54 16,649 2,672 19,321 13,589 94,304 26,661 134,554
55-59 7,460 2,282 9,742 12,104 58,189 10,092 80,385
60-64 4,063 1,791 5,854 7,973 27,641 3,207 38,821
>64 3,778 2,250 6,028 5,486 17,937 1,267 24,690
Total 320,140 91,182 411,322 133,886 1,306,028 564,802 2,004,716

Source: PACI

1. Characteristics of data and definitions

The source of data used here is the Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI), an independant government body in charge of :
1- centralising all population and labour force data in order to manage a fully computerised population register
2- issuing mandatory civil identification cards to every resident of the country, regardless of age and nationality.

The other source of demographic and socioeconomic data on Kuwait is the Central Statistical Office (CSO), operating within the Planning Ministry. The CSO has conducted ten population and housing censuses since its inception in 1957.

(a) Kuwaiti: the Kuwaiti nationality rests upon a document of Kuwaiti nationality or a certificate proving Kuwaiti nationality issued by the Ministry of Interior of Kuwait.

(b) Non-Kuwaiti: his/ her nationality is determined by the name of the State having issued the passport. The foreign national also entered Kuwait legally and has a stamp of residence.
This category includes the Bidoon, a category of stateless persons living in the Emirate. Kuwait’s Bidoon population originates from three broad categories:
1) those whose ancestors failed to apply for nationality or lacked necessary documentation at the time of Kuwait’s independence in 1961;
2) those recruited to work in Kuwait’s army or police force during the 1960s who permanently settled in Kuwait, along with their families;
3) children of Kuwaiti mothers and stateless or foreign fathers (see Human Rights Watch. Prisoners of the Past. Kuwaiti Bidun and the Burden of Statelessness, June 2011, p. 3).

(c) Employed population in the labour force: population aged 15 years and above, in paid employment in the government or private sector, as itinerant worker, or in the domestic sector.

(d) Government sector: any organization of the government (organizations, authority and departments), included within the state budget
(Ministries and government departments; authorities with attached budgets; authorities with independent budgets).

(e) Non-governmental sector: any part of the private sector (a company or an individual) or any authority of the non-governmental sector.

(f) Domestic services sector: the household/ family sector, where the work is associated with the residence and its inhabitants, their service and their comfort (including maids, nannies, cooks, drivers, etc.).

Note: figures of expatriates differ slightly between PACI’s various sources of data (database; tabulated data).
2. Institution which provides data

The Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI)

3. Period of data coverage: December 2014

The database is updated three times a year and the website presents only the most recent data.

4. Data availability
Analytical tables and data crosstabulations are available for download in PDF, html, .png and Excel (.csv) formats.

Date of access: April 2015.

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