Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

Kuwait: non-Kuwaiti population by region/selected countries of origin and sex, distributed by age category and relation to labour force (2018)

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Below working age (<15 years) (%) Working age (15 and above) Total
In the labour force (%) Out of the labour force (%)
Arab countries 22 53 25 1,261,062
Egypt 17 74 10 670,524
Syria 32 39 29 160,120
Saudi Arabia 32 18 50 127,604
Asia 6 89 5 1,868,208
India 7 88 5 1,012,104
Bangladesh 1 97 2 281,131
Philippines 3 95 2 213,989
Pakistan 11 77 12 109,427
Sri Lanka  3 92 4 93,749
Nepal 1 99 1 70,378
Africa 3 93 4 47,227
Other regions 24 54 22 42,028
Total 12 75 13 3,218,525

Source: PACI
1. Characteristics of data and definitions

The source of data used here is the Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI), an independant government body in charge of :
1- centralising all population and labour force data in order to manage a fully computerised population register
2- issuing mandatory civil identification cards to every resident of the country, regardless of age and nationality.
Data published by PACI are, therefore, administrative data.
Nationality group/ citizenship: collected according to the nationality group or citizenship of individuals, or the head of the household.
Nationalities are grouped according to specific features common to certain population subgroups: language,  geographic origin, etc.
or according to internationally recognized categories such as: (Arab / non-Arab Asian countries / non-Arab African countries; European countries … etc.).
Population in the labour force: population aged 15 years and over, either employed in the government, private or domestic sector, working as a street vendor, or unemployed.
Population out of the labour force:  population aged 15 years and above, not active on the labour market (includes the students, the housewives or alike, or retired persons having income).
Population aged below 15: population below working age.
The table was built out of a selection of data from two distinct datasets:
– PACI statistical database
– PACI “Population and labor market indicators”
Population out of the labour force by nationality group was calculated using available figures of total population and population included in the labour force, by nationality group.

2. Institution which provides data 

The Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI)

3. Period of data coverage: 31 December

The database is updated three times a year and the website presents only the most recent data.

4. Data availability 

Data by nationality group of expatriates can be downloaded from the “statistics” section of PACI’s website ( (English); (Arabic))
section “Statistical reports”
Analytical tables and data crosstabulations are available for download in PDF, html, .png and Excel (.csv) formats.
A selection of tables is available in the sections “General Stats” ( and “Analytic Statistics”

Data pertaining to the citizens of selected foreign countries residing in Kuwait can be found in the “Population and labor market indicators” section of PACI’s website:

Date of access: February 2019.

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