Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
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Kuwait: Population by nationality group and age group (Kuwait, December 2014)

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Age Group Kuwaiti Arab Asian African European N.American S.American Australian TOTAL
0-4 165,797 108,253 46,428 455 1,184 2,258 109 177 324,661
5-9 161,291 98,225 40,122 316 1,307 2,135 106 196 303,698
10-14 140,161 74,440 25,076 228 951 1,893 85 164 242,998
15-19 131,900 65,821 17,541 321 698 1,541 102 155 218,079
20-24 118,092 83,119 66,953 9,887 639 1,046 120 117 279,973
25-29 105,239 153,222 225,758 31,876 1,117 1,508 165 89 518,974
30-34 90,762 152,100 287,778 13,393 1,426 1,631 151 118 547,359
35-39 77,544 117,702 285,098 4,537 1,584 1,413 109 119 488,106
40-44 68,154 87,088 228,534 1,630 1,530 1,428 112 115 388,591
45-49 59,570 71,961 166,684 665 1,433 1,670 121 145 302,249
50-54 47,714 51,868 93,811 338 1,255 1,810 111 140 197,047
55-59 36,638 34,842 52,445 263 1,022 1,349 92 93 126,744
60-64 26,831 21,420 22,079 139 668 896 46 75 72,154
>64 46,164 22,603 11,160 66 611 686 30 40 81,360
Total 1,275,857 1,142,664 1,569,467 64,114 15,425 21,264 1,459 1,743 4,091,993

Source: PACI

ANNEXED NOTE

1. Characteristics of data and definitions

The source of data used here is the Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI), an independant government body in charge of :
1- centralising all population and labour force data in order to manage a fully computerised population register
2- issuing mandatory civil identification cards to every resident of the country, regardless of age and nationality.

The other source of demographic and socioeconomic data on Kuwait is the Central Statistical Office (CSO), operating within the Planning Ministry. The CSO has conducted ten population and housing censuses since its inception in 1957.
Since 1995 a marked discrepancy was witnessed between PACI’ and CSO’ population figures. PACI’ database is connected electronically with other administrations and bodies registering demographic events and professional/ residency issues (births and death; departures and arrivals; end of service, residency and ID deliveries, etc.).
PACI’s records of residents’ movements is thus regularly updated, which limits the risk of population overcount. Therefore, it is more likely that residents were undercounted during CSO- Ministry of Planning’s census operations (see: Shah, N. Population of Kuwait. Structure and Dynamics, Kuwait: Kuwait University Academic Publication Council, 2010, chapter 1).

(a) Kuwaiti: the Kuwaiti nationality rests upon a document of Kuwaiti nationality or a certificate proving Kuwaiti nationality issued by the Ministry of Interior of Kuwait.

(b) Non-Kuwaiti: his/ her nationality is determined by the name of the State which issued the passport. The foreign national also entered Kuwait legally and has a stamp of residence.
This category includes the Bidoon, a category of stateless persons living in the Emirate. Kuwait’s Bidoon population originates from three broad categories:
1) those whose ancestors failed to apply for nationality or lacked necessary documentation at the time of Kuwait’s independence in 1961;
2) those recruited to work in Kuwait’s army or police force during the 1960s who permanently settled in Kuwait, along with their families;
3) children of Kuwaiti mothers and stateless or foreign fathers (see Human Rights Watch. Prisoners of the Past. Kuwaiti Bidun and the Burden of Statelessness, June 2011, p. 3).
(The children of Kuwaiti mothers and non-Kuwaiti fathers (with specific nationality) inherit the father’s nationality. They are stateless if the father is stateless).

(c) Nationality group: collected according to the nationality of the head of the household.
Nationalities are grouped according to specific features common to certain population subgroups: language, geographic origin, etc. or according to internationally recognized categories such as: (Arab / non-Arab Asian countries / non-Arab African countries; European countries … etc.).

2. Institution which provides data

The Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI)

3. Period of data coverage: 31 December 2014

The database is updated three times a year and the website presents only the most recent data.

4. Data availability

The statistics section of PACI’s website (http://www.paci.gov.kw/en/ (English); http://www.paci.gov.kw/ (Arabic)) provides population and socio-economic data broken down by nationality (Kuwaiti/ non-Kuwaiti). Some data are displayed by nationality groups.
Analytical tables and data crosstabulations are available for download in PDF, html, .png and Excel (.csv) formats.

Date of access: March 2015

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