Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

Kuwait: Population by nationality group and sex (2018)

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Males Females Total  % females
Kuwaitis 686,475 716,638 1,403,113 51.1
Arabs 855,136 405,926 1,261,062 32.2
Asians 1,364,546 503,662 1,868,208 27.0
Africans 9,752 37,475 47,227 79.4
Europeans 9,866 8,210 18,076 45.4
N. Americans 12,487 8,026 20,513 39.1
S. Americans 1,035 778 1,813 42.9
Australians/ Oceanians 946 680 1,626 41.8
Total non-Kuwaitis 2,253,768 964,757 3,218,525 30.0
Total 2,940,243 1,681,395 4,621,638 36.4

Source: PACI
1. Characteristics of data and definitions

The source of data used here is the Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI), an independant government body in charge of :
1- centralising all population and labour force data in order to manage a fully computerised population register
2- issuing mandatory civil identification cards to every resident of the country, regardless of age and nationality.

(a) Kuwaiti: the Kuwaiti nationality rests upon a document of Kuwaiti nationality or a certificate proving Kuwaiti nationality issued by the Ministry of Interior of Kuwait.

(b) Non-Kuwaiti: his/ her nationality is determined by the name of the State which issued the passport. The foreign national also entered Kuwait legally and has a stamp of residence.
This category includes the Bidoon, a category of stateless persons living in the Emirate.

(c) Nationality group: collected according to the nationality of the head of the household.
Nationalities are grouped according to specific features common to certain population subgroups: language,  geographic origin, etc.
or according to internationally recognized categories such as: (Arab / non-Arab Asian countries / non-Arab African countries; European countries … etc.).

2. Institution which provides data 

The Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI)

3. Period of data coverage: 31 December

The database is updated three times a year and the website presents only the most recent data.

4. Data availability 

Data can be downloaded from the “statistics” section of PACI’s website ( (English); (Arabic))
section “Statistical reports”
Analytical tables and data crosstabulations are available for download in PDF, html, .png and Excel (.csv) formats.
A selection of tables is available in the sections “General Stats” ( and “Analytic Statistics”

Date of access: January 2019.


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