Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

Kuwait: Population by nationality (Kuwaiti/non-Kuwaiti), sex and administrative region (governorate) of residence (December 2014).

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Governorate Kuwaiti Non-Kuwaiti Total
Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female Total
Capital Governorate 114,750 120,955 235,705 181,262 121,086 302,348 296,012 242,041 538,053
Hawalli   Governorate 107,516 110,791 218,307 385,137 294,957 680,094 492,653 405,748 898,401
Al-Ahmadi Governorate 133,565 136,144 269,709 407,923 149,125 557,048 541,488 285,269 826,757
Al-Jahra Governorate 86,208 90,418 176,626 194,082 125,807 319,889 280,290 216,225 496,515
Al-Farwaniya Governorate 111,637 117,300 228,937 637,929 227,710 865,639 749,566 345,010 1,094,576
Mubarak Al-Kabeer Governorate 72,425 73,842 146,267 46,017 40,144 86,161 118,442 113,986 232,428
Not stated 155 151 306 2,929 2,028 4,957 3,084 2,179 5,263
Total 626,256 649,601 1,275,857 1,855,279 960,857 2,816,136 2,481,535 1,610,458 4,091,993

Source: PACI


1. Characteristics of data and definitions

The source of data used here is the Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI), an independant government body in charge of :
1- centralising all population and labour force data in order to manage a fully computerised population register
2- issuing mandatory civil identification cards to every resident of the country, regardless of age and nationality.

The other source of demographic and socioeconomic data on Kuwait is the Central Statistical Office (CSO), operating within the Planning Ministry. The CSO has conducted ten population and housing censuses since its inception in 1957.

(a) Kuwaiti: the Kuwaiti nationality rests upon a document of Kuwaiti nationality or a certificate proving Kuwaiti nationality issued by the Ministry of Interior of Kuwait.

(b) Non-Kuwaiti: his/ her nationality is determined by the name of the State having issued the passport. The foreign national also entered Kuwait legally and has a stamp of residence.
This category includes the Bidoon, a category of stateless persons living in the Emirate. Kuwait’s Bidoon population originates from three broad categories:
1) those whose ancestors failed to apply for nationality or lacked necessary documentation at the time of Kuwait’s independence in 1961;
2) those recruited to work in Kuwait’s army or police force during the 1960s who permanently settled in Kuwait, along with their families;
3) children of Kuwaiti mothers and stateless or foreign fathers (see Human Rights Watch. Prisoners of the Past. Kuwaiti Bidun and the Burden of Statelessness, June 2011, p. 3).

(c) Population in the labour force: population aged 15 years and above, included in the labour market, either employed (in the government or private sector, as itinerant worker, employed in the domestic sector), or unemployed.

(d) Population out of the labour force: population aged 15 years and above, not contributing to any economic activity and not included in the labour market, among which the students, the housewives, the retired persons or self-sufficients.

2. Institution which provides data

The Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI)

3. Period of data coverage: December 2014

The database is updated three times a year and the website presents only the most recent data.

4. Data availability
Analytical tables and data crosstabulations are available for download in PDF, html, .png and Excel (.csv) formats.

Date of access: May 2015

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