Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

Kuwait: Population by nationality (Kuwait/ non-Kuwaiti), sex and age group (December 2016)

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  Kuwaitis Non-Kuwaitis   TOTAL  
Age group males females total males females total males females total
0-4 84,418 80,956 165,374 78,804 74,997 153,801 163,222 155,953 319,175
5-9 83,857 81,410 165,267 74,338 70,946 145,284 158,195 152,356 310,551
10-14 75,786 73,667 149,453 56,262 52,703 108,965 132,048 126,370 258,418
15-19 67,323 64,547 131,870 43,747 41,227 84,974 111,070 105,774 216,844
20-24 65,100 63,019 128,119 128,936 53,354 182,290 194,036 116,373 310,409
25-29 54,078 53,986 108,064 312,241 138,383 450,624 366,319 192,369 558,688
30-34 47,291 50,382 97,673 338,530 148,917 487,447 385,821 199,299 585,120
35-39 38,944 43,136 82,080 330,559 130,634 461,193 369,503 173,770 543,273
40-44 33,856 38,442 72,298 254,143 103,270 357,413 287,999 141,712 429,711
45-49 29,037 33,579 62,616 197,467 73,941 271,408 226,504 107,520 334,024
50-54 24,304 28,519 52,823 128,167 44,425 172,592 152,471 72,944 225,415
55-59 17,545 22,422 39,967 77,925 24,576 102,501 95,470 46,998 142,468
60-64 13,038 17,774 30,812 40,662 12,977 53,639 53,700 30,751 84,451
>64 21,507 29,770 51,277 27,521 13,779 41,300 49,028 43,549 92,577
Total 656,084 681,609 1,337,693 2,089,302 984,129 3,073,431 2,745,386 1,664,415 4,411,124

Source: PACI
 
ANNEXED NOTE
 
1. Characteristics of data and definitions

The source of data used here is the Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI), an independant government body in charge of :
1- centralising all population and labour force data in order to manage a fully computerised population register
2- issuing mandatory civil identification cards to every resident of the country, regardless of age and nationality.

The other source of demographic and socioeconomic data on Kuwait is the Central Statistical Office (CSO), operating within the Planning Ministry. The CSO has conducted ten population and housing censuses since its inception in 1957.
Since 1995 a marked discrepancy was witnessed between PACI’ and CSO’ population figures. PACI’ database is connected electronically with other administrations and bodies registering demographic events and professional/ residency issues (births and death; departures and arrivals; end of service, residency and ID deliveries, etc.).
PACI’s records of residents’ movements is thus regularly updated, which limits the risk of population overcount. Therefore, it is more likely that residents were undercounted during CSO- Ministry of Planning’s census operations (see: Shah, N. Population of Kuwait. Structure and Dynamics, Kuwait: Kuwait University Academic Publication Council, 2010, chapter 1).

(a) Kuwaiti: the Kuwaiti nationality rests upon a document of Kuwaiti nationality or a certificate proving Kuwaiti nationality issued by the Ministry of Interior of Kuwait.

(b) Non-Kuwaiti: his/ her nationality is determined by the name of the State which issued the passport. The foreign national also entered Kuwait legally and has a stamp of residence.
This category includes the Bidoon, a category of stateless persons living in the Emirate. Kuwait’s Bidoon population originates from three broad categories:
1) those whose ancestors failed to apply for nationality or lacked necessary documentation at the time of Kuwait’s independence in 1961;
2) those recruited to work in Kuwait’s army or police force during the 1960s who permanently settled in Kuwait, along with their families;
3) children of Kuwaiti mothers and stateless or foreign fathers (see Human Rights Watch. Prisoners of the Past. Kuwaiti Bidun and the Burden of Statelessness, June 2011, p. 3).
(The children of Kuwaiti mothers and non-Kuwaiti fathers (with specific nationality) inherit the father’s nationality. They are stateless if the father is stateless).

(c) Nationality group: collected according to the nationality of the head of the household.
Nationalities are grouped according to specific features common to certain population subgroups: language,  geographic origin, etc. or according to internationally recognized categories such as: (Arab / non-Arab Asian countries / non-Arab African countries; European countries … etc.).

2. Institution which provides data 

The Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI)

3. Period of data coverage: 31 December 2016

The database is updated three times a year and the website presents only the most recent data.

4. Data availability 
 
The statistics section of PACI’s website (http://www.paci.gov.kw/en/ (English); http://www.paci.gov.kw/ (Arabic)) provides population and socio-economic data broken down by nationality (Kuwaiti/ non-Kuwaiti). Some data are displayed by nationality groups.
Analytical tables and data crosstabulations are available for download in PDF, html, .png and Excel (.csv) formats.

Date of access: March 2017

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