Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

Percentage of nationals and non-nationals in employed population in GCC countries (national statistics, latest year or period available)

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  Employed % in employed population
Country date/ period  population  Nationals Non-nationals
Bahrain (1) April  2010 703.207 25,2 74,8
Kuwait (2) December 2013 2.328.581 17,1 82,9
Oman (3) December 2012 1.682.248 20,1 79,9
Qatar (4) Q4 2013 1.541.754 6,1 93,9
Saudi Arabia (5) June 2013 10.729.123 44,0 56,0
United Arab Emirates (6) May 2009 3.137.000 7,1 92,9
Total* 20.121.913 29,6 70,4

Sources: national institutes of statistics, latest year or period available as of April 2014.


* Total provides the sum of population numbers at different dates between May 2009 and December 2013. It is not exactly the total population at any of these dates. 


1- Definition:

Non-nationals are:

1- persons bearing nationality of a foreign State other than the GCC State of residence, or bearing no proof of nationality from any given state (stateless persons and holders of refugee status and travel document in a third country) ;

2- Holders of residence permit residing in the given GCC country at date of census, as per definition of residence used in each of the countries.


Employment refers to a person aged 15 years and above who during the reference period:

– worked for one hour or more for wage or salary, in cash or in kind

– worked for one hour or more for profit or family gain, in cash or in kind


2- Sources of data:

(1) Bahrain Central Informatics Organisation (CIO), Census 2010;

(2) Kuwait Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI), Dec. 2012

(3) National Centre for Statistical Information (NCSI), Statistical Yearbook 2013 (Data does not include nationals and non-nationals in the “Public administration and defense, compulsory social security”.)

(4) Qatar Statistics Authority (QSA), Quarterly Labor Force Survey 2013 (Q4, September-December 2013).

(5) Saudi Arabia Central Department for Statistics and Information (CDSI), Labor Force Survey 2013, Round 2

(6) UAE National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), Labor Force Survey 2009.


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