Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

Bahrain: Population by nationality group and sex (2001)

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Nationality Group males females total
Bahrainis 204,623 201,044 405,667
GCC 3,636 3,187 6,823
Other Arabs 11,698 8,352 20,050
Arabs 15,334 11,539 26,873
Asian 148,343 57,283 205,626
African 342 2,582 2,924
European 2,833 2,955 5,788
North American 1,924 1,271 3,195
South American 35 35 70
Oceanian 215 246 461
Non-Arabs 153,692 64,372 218,064
Total Non-Bahrainis 169,026 75,911 244,937
Grand total 373,649 276,955 650,604

Source: Central Informatics Organisation (CIO) – Bahrain


1. Technical Notes and Definitions

The table provides figures of Bahrain’s resident population at date of 2001′ census
Reference period: the 2001 census was conducted on April 7th, 2001
Population of reference: all non-nationals in the country at the time of the census
Implementation method: the Censuses are carried out according to de jure methodology, i.e. counting persons using their usual place of residence irrespective of where are they at census times
Nationality of the person is defined by the passport used to enter the country. A Non-Bahrainis is considered as such depending on the passport used to enter the country (or obtain the visa)

2. Institution which provides data

Central Informatics Organization, known prior to 2001 as the “Central Statistics Organisation” under the Ministry of Cabinet Affairs

3. Data availability

This data is available on the Central Informatics Organisation (CIO) website. For the Arabic version: ( For the English version: (
This data for 1991 and 2001 censuses are available in PDF format: (
This data for 1991 and 2001 censuses are available in PDF format: (

Data of access: June 2014

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