Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

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Population by nationality group in dates of census (1991; 2001; 2010)

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1991 2001 2010
Bahrainis 323.305 405.667 570.687
GCC 4.728 6.823 8.690
Other Arabs 17.877 20.050 58.213
Non-Bahraini Arabs 22.605 26.873 66.903
Asian 154.090 205.626 562.040
African 345 2.924 19.548
European 5.992 5.788 11.763
North American 1.303 3.195 4.149
South American 93 70 474
Oceanian 304 461 1.295
Non-Arabs 162.127 218.064 599.269
Total Non-Bahrainis 184.732 244.937 666.172
Total 508.037 650.604 1.236.859

Source: Central Informatics Organization (CIO) – Bahrain


1. Technical Notes and Definitions

The table provides data for Bahrain’s resident population by nationality group for the census years of 1991, 2001 and 2010
Reference Period: 1991: unknown; 2001 census was conducted on April 7th 2001, 2010′ census was conducted on April 27th 2010.
Implementation method: the Censuses are carried out according to de jure methodology, i.e. counting persons using their usual place of residence irrespective of where are they at census times
Population of reference: all individuals (nationals and non-nationals) present within the State’s borders during time of reference.
Nationality of the person is defined by the passport used to enter the country. A Non-Bahrainis is considered as such depending on the passport used to enter the country (or obtain the visa)

It has to be noticed that there is a discrepancy of 2288 persons between the figure for the total Bahraini population in 2010 presented in this table and the one presented in tables aggregated by nationality.

2. Institution which provides data

Central Informatics Organization, known prior to 2001 as the “Central Statistics Organisation” under the Ministry of Cabinet Affairs

3. Data availability

The census figures and results are all available on the Central Informatics Organisation (CIO) website. For Arabic version: ( For the English version: (
Data for 1991 and 2001 can be found in a table in PDF format: (
Data for 2010 can be found in a table in PDF format: (
General tables for the 2010 census can be found in tables in PDF format: (

Data of access: June 2014